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Manganberzeliite

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Formula:
(Ca,Na)3(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Yellow-orange, yellowish ...
Hardness:
4½ - 5
Name:
Named in 1894 by Lars Johan Igelstrom for Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist [August 20, 1779 Linköping, Sweden - August 7, 1848 Stockholm, Sweden] and the prefix MANGAN-, in allusion to its being the manganese dominant member of the series with berzeliite. Berzelius is the father of analytical chemistry, inventor of chemical symbol notation. and discoverer of cerium, selenium, silicon, thorium, titanium, and zirconium, in addition to other elements that he gave to his students to work on.
Isostructural with:
Berzeliite-Manganberzeliite Series. The manganese analogue of Berzeliite. Structurally related to Palenzonaite and to the Garnet Group of silicates.

Classification of Manganberzeliite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.AC.25

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
38.2.1.2
38.2.1.2

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5(XO4)3
20.8.18

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
8 : Arsenates of Mn
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First Recorded Occurrence of Manganberzeliite

Year of Discovery:
1894
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Occurrences of Manganberzeliite

Geological Setting:
Metamorphosed Mn deposit

Physical Properties of Manganberzeliite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Yellow-orange, yellowish red; colorless to orange in transmitted light.
Comment:
Depth of red tint increases with increase in the Mn content.
Streak:
White to orange
Hardness (Mohs):
4½ - 5
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
4.28 - 4.46 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.38 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Measured values are for the middle of the series with berzeliite to the Mn end member.

Crystallography of Manganberzeliite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Ia3d
Space Group Setting:
Ia3d
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.52Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,962.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals very rare, as trapezohedrons with small modifying faces. Commonly massive or as rounded grains.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.10 (40)
3.34 (30)
3.13 (50)
2.80 (100)
2.67 (40)
2.56 (90)
1.736 (40)
1.673 (80)
Comments:
ICDD 20-1089 (synthetic)

Optical Data of Manganberzeliite

Type:
Isotropic
RI values:
n = 1.770 - 1.781
Birefringence:
Exhibits weak anomalous birefringence at times.
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Manganberzeliite

Formula:
(Ca,Na)3(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Manganberzeliite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Berzeliite (see here)
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3
8.AC.10Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10ArseniopleiteNaCaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.10Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
8.AC.10JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
8.AC.10FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe22+(PO4)3
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe23+(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2O
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
8.AC.15Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
8.AC.25BerzeliiteNaCa2(Mg,Mn2+)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn22+(VO4)3
8.AC.25SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 ·
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
8.AC.45WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7
8.AC.45BobdownsiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3F)
8.AC.50Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
8.AC.50Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe42+Na4}{Fe432+}(PO4)36
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe72+(PO4)6
8.AC.55HarrisoniteCa(Fe2+,Mg)6(PO4)2(SiO4)2
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2
8.AC.70StanfielditeCa7Ca2Mg9(PO4)12
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12
8.AC.80Tillmannsite(Ag3Hg)(VO4,AsO4)
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8
20.8.1SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
20.8.2EveiteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
20.8.3ArsenoclasiteMn52+(AsO4)2(OH)4
20.8.4FlinkiteMn22+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
20.8.5JarosewichiteMn32+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6
20.8.6AllactiteMn72+(AsO4)2(OH)8
20.8.7KrautiteMn(HAsO4) · H2O
20.8.8SynadelphiteMn92+(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2O
20.8.9SterlinghilliteMn3(AsO4)2 · 4H2O
20.8.10GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
20.8.11Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
20.8.12Manganohörnesite(Mn,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.8.13FluckiteCaMn2+(HAsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.8.14BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.8.15ParabrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.8.16Wallkilldellite-(Mn)Ca2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
20.8.17BerzeliiteNaCa2(Mg,Mn2+)2(AsO4)3
20.8.19Magnesiochlorophoenicite(Mg,Mn)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
20.8.20VillyaelleniteMnMn2Ca2(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2O
20.8.21Hematolite(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
20.8.22GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
38.2.1.1BerzeliiteNaCa2(Mg,Mn2+)2(AsO4)3
38.2.1.3Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn22+(VO4)3
38.2.1.4SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3

Other Names for Manganberzeliite

Other Information

Other Information:
Readily soluble in HNO3 or HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Manganberzeliite

Reference List:
Igelström (1886) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 9: 218 (as Pyrrho-arsenite).

Högbom (1887) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 9: 397.

Igelström (1893) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 15: 471 (as Chlorarsenian ?).

Igelström (1894) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 23: 592 (as Manganberzeliit).

Mauzelius analysis in: Sjögren (1895) Bull. Geol. Inst. Upsala: 2: 92.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 191.

Doelter, C. (1914) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie (in 4 volumes divided into parts): 3 [1]: 635, 639.

Hintze, Carl (1922) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4A]: 214.

Landergren (1930) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 52: 123.

Bubeck, W. and Machatschki, F. (1935): The crystal structure of berzeliite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 90: 44-50.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 681-683.

Blix, R. and Wickman, F. E. (1960): The mineral berzeliite. Arkiv Mineral. Geol. 2, 417-424.

American Mineralogist (1963) 48: 663.

Ito, J. (1968): Synthesis of the berzeliite (Ca2NaMg2As3O12)-manganese berzeliite (Ca2NaMn2As3O12) series (arsenate garnet). American Mineralogist: 53: 316-319.

Hawthorne, F. C. (1976). Refinement of the crystal structure of berzeliite. Acta Cryst., B32, 1581-1583.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 65.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 90: 44-50 (berzeliite).

Kolitsch, U. (2002). Unpublished data. [crystal structure refinement of manganberzeliite]

Internet Links for Manganberzeliite

Localities for Manganberzeliite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
• Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
          • Reppia
Bracco, R. & Ciriotti, M.E. (2003): Todorokite e Manganberzeliite dalla Liguria. Micro (UK report), 2003, 3-6
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Maira Valley
        • Canosio
          • Vallone della Valletta
Cámara, F., Ciriotti, M.E., Bittarello, E., Nestola, F., Massimi, F., Radica, F., Costa, E., Benna, P., Piccoli, G.C. (2014) Arsenic-bearing new mineral species from Valletta mine, Maira Valley, Piedmont, Italy: I. Grandaite, Sr2Al(AsO4)2(OH), description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 757-774.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Iwaki
Matsubara, S. (1975): Manganberzeliite from Gozaisho mine, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Kobutsugaku Zasshi 12, 238-52. (in Japanese); Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Kato, A., Matsuyama, F., Mouri, T. and Suzuki, Y. (2001): Arseniopleite from the Gozaisho mine, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. C, 27, 51-62. ; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 18 (1996) , No. 4 pp 155-160
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Atasu
Kayupova, M. M. (1963): Mineralogy of the Dzhumart iron-manganese deposit. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR, Seriya Geologicheskaya, 1963 (6), 57-80.
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
American Mineralogist, 53, pp. 316 (1968); Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark (Nordmarksberg)
GFF 123, 29
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 683.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 266.
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Ausserferrera
Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
        • Starlera Valley
Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 230.; Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
      • Rheinwald
        • Splügen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 266.; Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2011): I minerali dell'Alpe Tanatz. Passo dello Spluga (Grigioni, Svizzera). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2011, 90-99
USA
 
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Frondel, C. & Ito, J.: American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 663-664; Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world’s most magnificent mineral deposits, part 5: 673.
Venezuela
 
  • Miranda
Onac, B. P., & Forti, P. (2011). State of the art and challenges in cave minerals studies. Studia UBB, Geologia, 56(1), 33-42.
Franco Urbani (2009) Venezuelan Cave Minerals: Second Review. Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. p 345
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