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Manganberzeliite

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Formula:
(Ca,Na)
 
3
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
System:IsometricColour:Yellow-orange, yellowish ...
Hardness:4½ - 5
Name:Named in 1894 by Lars Johan Igelstrom for Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist [August 20, 1779 Linköping, Sweden - August 7, 1848 Stockholm, Sweden] and the prefix MANGAN-, in allusion to its being the manganese dominant member of the series with berzeliite. Berzelius is the father of analytical chemistry, inventor of chemical symbol notation. and discoverer of cerium, selenium, silicon, thorium, titanium, and zirconium, in addition to other elements that he gave to his students to work on.
Isostructural with:Garnet Structural Group


Berzeliite-Manganberzeliite Series. The manganese analogue of Berzeliite. Structurally related to Palenzonaite and to the Garnet Group of silicates.

Classification of Manganberzeliite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/A.08-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.AC.25

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 7th edition ID:38.2.1.2
Dana 8th edition ID:38.2.1.2

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5(XO4)3
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.8.18

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
8 : Arsenates of Mn
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Type Occurrence of Manganberzeliite

Type Locality:Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden
Year of Discovery:1894
Associated Minerals at type locality:
ManganophylliteHausmannite

Occurrences of Manganberzeliite

Geological Setting:Metamorphosed Mn deposit

Physical Properties of Manganberzeliite

Lustre:Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Yellow-orange, yellowish red; colorless to orange in transmitted light.
Comment:Depth of red tint increases with increase in the Mn content.
Streak:White to orange
Hardness (Mohs):4½ - 5
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density (measured):4.28 - 4.46 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.38 g/cm3
Comment:Measured values are for the middle of the series with berzeliite to the Mn end member.

Crystallography of Manganberzeliite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:Ia3d {I41/a 3 2/d}
Space Group Setting:Ia3d
Cell Parameters:a = 12.52Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,962.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Crystals very rare, as trapezohedrons with small modifying faces. Commonly massive or as rounded grains.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
5.10 (40)
3.34 (30)
3.13 (50)
2.80 (100)
2.67 (40)
2.56 (90)
1.736 (40)
1.673 (80)
Comments:ICDD 20-1089 (synthetic)

Optical Data of Manganberzeliite

Type:Isotropic
RI values: n = 1.770 - 1.781
Birefringence:Exhibits weak anomalous birefringence at times.
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:Very High
Pleochroism:Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Manganberzeliite

Formula:
(Ca,Na)
 
3
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ca,Na)3(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
Essential elements:As, Ca, Mn, O
All elements listed in formula:As, Ca, Mg, Mn, Na, O

Relationship of Manganberzeliite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Berzeliite (see here)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.AC.05Howardevansite
NaCuFe
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Alluaudite
(Na,Ca)Mn
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Arseniopleite
NaCaMn
2+
 
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Caryinite
(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)(Mn
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite
(Na,Ca)Fe
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Hagendorfite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Johillerite
Na(Mg,Zn)
 
3
Cu(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite
(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe
2+
 
)Mn(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Nickenichite
Na
 
0.8
Ca
 
0.4
Cu
 
0.4
(Mg,Fe)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Varulite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Mn
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Ferrohagendorfite
NaCaFe
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Bradaczekite
NaCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Yazganite
NaFe
3+
2
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
· H
 
2
O
8.AC.10Groatite
NaCaMn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.15Bobfergusonite
Na
 
2
Mn
 
5
FeAl(PO
 
4
)
 
6
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Qingheiite
NaMn
3+
 
Mg(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Rosemaryite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe
2+
 
)(Fe
3+
 
,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Wyllieite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite
◻NaFe
2+
 
Fe
3+
 
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)
Na
 
2
Fe
2+
 
MgAl(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.18Manitobaite
Na
 
16
Mn
2+
 
 
25
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
30
8.AC.20Marićite
NaFe
2+
 
(PO
 
4
)
8.AC.25Berzeliite
NaCa
 
2
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.25Palenzonaite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
CaMn
2+
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.25Schäferite
Ca
 
2
NaMg
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.30Brianite
Na
 
2
CaMg(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
(Ce,La,Nd)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.40Olgite
(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)
 
2
Na(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.40Bario-olgite
(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)
 
2
Na(PO
 
4
)
 
2
·
8.AC.45Strontiowhitlockite
Sr
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(HPO
 
4
)
8.AC.45Whitlockite
Ca
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(HPO
 
4
)
8.AC.45Merrillite
Ca
 
9
NaMg(PO
 
4
)
 
7
8.AC.45Tuite
Ca
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.45Ferromerrillite
Ca
 
9
NaFe
2+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
7
8.AC.45Bobdownsite
Ca
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(PO
 
3
F)
8.AC.50Chladniite
{Ca}{Na
 
8
}{Ca
 
4
Na
 
4
}{(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Fillowite
{Mn
2+
 
}{Na
 
8
}{Ca
 
4
Na
 
4
}{(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Johnsomervilleite
Na
 
10
Ca
 
6
Mg
 
18
Fe
 
25
(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Galileiite
{Fe
2+
 
}{Na
 
8
}{Fe
2+
4
Na
 
4
}{Fe
2+
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y)
{(Y, Ca)}{Na
 
6
 
2
}{(Ca,Na)
 
8
}{(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Xenophyllite
Na
 
4
Fe
2+
7
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
8.AC.55Harrisonite
Ca(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.60Kosnarite
KZr
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.65Panethite
(Na,Ca)
 
2
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.70Stanfieldite
Ca
 
7
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
9
(PO
 
4
)
 
12
8.AC.75Ronneburgite
K
 
2
MnV
 
4
O
 
12
8.AC.80Tillmannsite
(Ag
 
3
Hg)(VO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
)
8.AC.85Filatovite
K(Al,Zn)
 
2
(As,Si)
 
2
O
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.8.1Sarkinite
Mn
2+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.8.2Eveite
Mn
2+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.8.3Arsenoclasite
Mn
2+
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
20.8.4Flinkite
Mn
2+
2
Mn
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
20.8.5Jarosewichite
Mn
2+
3
Mn
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
20.8.6Allactite
Mn
2+
7
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
8
20.8.7Krautite
Mn(HAsO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
20.8.8Synadelphite
Mn
2+
9
(As
5+
 
O
 
4
)
 
2
(As
3+
 
O
 
3
)(OH)
 
9
· 2H
 
2
O
20.8.9Sterlinghillite
Mn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
20.8.10Geigerite
Mn
2+
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
20.8.11Akrochordite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
20.8.12Manganohörnesite
(Mn,Mg)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.8.13Fluckite
CaMn
2+
 
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.8.14Brandtite
Ca
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.8.15Parabrandtite
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.8.16Wallkilldellite-(Mn)
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
20.8.17Berzeliite
NaCa
 
2
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
20.8.19Magnesiochlorophoenicite
(Mg,Mn)
 
3
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
6
20.8.20Villyaellenite
MnMn
 
2
Ca
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
20.8.21Hematolite
(Mn,Mg,Al)
 
15
(As
5+
 
O
 
4
)
 
2
(As
3+
 
O
 
3
)(OH)
 
23
20.8.22Grischunite
NaCa
 
2
Mn
2+
5
Fe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
38.2.1.1Berzeliite
NaCa
 
2
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
38.2.1.3Palenzonaite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
CaMn
2+
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
38.2.1.4Schäferite
Ca
 
2
NaMg
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3

Other Names for Manganberzeliite

Synonyms:
ManganoberzeliiteMn-BerzeliitePyrrharsenite
Other Languages:
German:Manganberzeliit
Manganoberzeliit
Spanish:Manganberzeliita
Manganoberzeliita
Varieties:
PyrrhoarseniteSilicomanganberzeliite

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent.
Other Information:Readily soluble in HNO3 or HCl.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Manganberzeliite

Reference List:

- +
Igelström (1886) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 9: 218 (as Pyrrho-arsenite).

Högbom (1887) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 9: 397.

Igelström (1893) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 15: 471 (as Chlorarsenian ?).

Igelström (1894) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 23: 592 (as Manganberzeliit).

Mauzelius analysis in: Sjögren (1895) Bull. Geol. Inst. Upsala: 2: 92.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 191.

Doelter, C. (1914) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie (in 4 volumes divided into parts): 3 [1]: 635, 639.

Hintze, Carl (1922) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4A]: 214.

Landergren (1930) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 52: 123.

Bubeck, W. and Machatschki, F. (1935): The crystal structure of berzeliite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 90: 44-50.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 681-683.

Blix, R. and Wickman, F. E. (1960): The mineral berzeliite. Arkiv Mineral. Geol. 2, 417-424.

American Mineralogist (1963) 48: 663.

Ito, J. (1968): Synthesis of the berzeliite (Ca2NaMg2As3O12)-manganese berzeliite (Ca2NaMn2As3O12) series (arsenate garnet). American Mineralogist: 53: 316-319.

Hawthorne, F. C. (1976). Refinement of the crystal structure of berzeliite. Acta Cryst., B32, 1581-1583.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 65.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 90: 44-50 (berzeliite).

Kolitsch, U. (2002). Unpublished data. [crystal structure refinement of manganberzeliite]

Internet Links for Manganberzeliite

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  • Localities for Manganberzeliite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Nus
        • Saint-Barthélemy
    • Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Ne
          • Graveglia Valley
    Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
            • Reppia
    Bracco, R. & Ciriotti, M.E. (2003): Todorokite e Manganberzeliite dalla Liguria. Micro (UK report), 2003, 3-6
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Malenco Valley
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Tohoku Region
        • Fukushima Prefecture
          • Iwaki City
    Matsubara, S. (1975): Manganberzeliite from Gozaisho mine, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Kobutsugaku Zasshi 12, 238-52. (in Japanese); Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Kato, A., Matsuyama, F., Mouri, T. and Suzuki, Y. (2001): Arseniopleite from the Gozaisho mine, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. C, 27, 51-62. ; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 18 (1996) , No. 4 pp 155-160
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Atasu
    Kayupova, M. M. (1963): Mineralogy of the Dzhumart iron-manganese deposit. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR, Seriya Geologicheskaya, 1963 (6), 57-80.
    Namibia
     
    • Otjozondjupa Region
      • Grootfontein District
        • Kombat
    Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
    Portugal
     
    • Aveiro District
      • Albergaria-a-Velha
        • Branca
    Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    American Mineralogist, 53, pp. 316 (1968); Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
        • Nordmark (Nordmarksberg)
    GFF 123, 29
    • Västmanland
      • Hällefors
        • Grythyttan
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 683.
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Hinterrhein Valley
        • Ferrera Valley
          • Ausserferrera
    Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
          • Starlera Valley
    Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 230.; Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
        • Rheinwald
          • Splügen
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 266.; Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2011): I minerali dell'Alpe Tanatz. Passo dello Spluga (Grigioni, Svizzera). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2011, 90-99
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 266.
    USA
     
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Franklin
    Frondel, C. & Ito, J.: American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 663-664; Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world’s most magnificent mineral deposits, part 5: 673.
    Venezuela
     
    • Miranda
    Onac, B. P., & Forti, P. (2011). State of the art and challenges in cave minerals studies. Studia UBB, Geologia, 56(1), 33-42.
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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