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Axinite-(Mn)

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Formula:
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
(OH)
System:TriclinicColour:Brown, golden-yellow
Hardness:6½ - 7
Member of:Axinite Group
Name:Named in 1797 by Rene Just Haüy from the Greek αξίνα ("axina") for "axe", in allusion to the common habit of its crystals. Called manganaxinit by J. Fromm in 1909. The name manganaxinite was used by Aminoff in 1919 when referring to specimens from Franklin, New Jersey, USA and further supported by Charles Palache in 1929. From the Greek αξίνα ("axina") for "axe", in allusion to the common habit of its crystals, and manganese dominance in the formula. Renamed with suffix "-Mn" by IMA in 2008.


Axinite Group. Axinite-(Fe)-Axinite-(Mn) Series, and the Axinite-(Mn)-Tinzenite Series. The Mn2+ analogue of Axinite-(Fe) and Axinite-(Mg).

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Classification of Axinite-(Mn)

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/E.06-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.BD.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
D : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in tetrahedral [4] and greater coordination
Dana 8th edition ID:56.2.2.3

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Hey's CIM Ref.:17.5.40

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
5 : Borosilicates
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Type Occurrence of Axinite-(Mn)

Co-type Localities:Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany
Franklin Mine, Franklin, Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
Year of Discovery:1909

Physical Properties of Axinite-(Mn)

Lustre:Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Brown, golden-yellow
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):6½ - 7
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
{100} good, {001}, {110}, and {011} poor

Crystallography of Axinite-(Mn)

Crystal System:Triclinic
Class (H-M):1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:P1
Space Group Setting:P1
Cell Parameters:a = 7.16Å, b = 9.19Å, c = 8.97Å
α = 88.26°, β = 82.8°, γ = 77.26°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.779 : 1 : 0.976
Unit Cell Volume:V 571.16 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Structure
  Reference
Andreozzi G B Lucchesi S Graziani G Russo U (2004) Site distribution of Fe2+ and Fe3+ in axinite mineral group: New crystal-chemical formula Sample 47. American Mineralogist 89:1763-1771.

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More Crystal Structures
Click here to view more crystal structures at the American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
6.31 (20)
3.69 (10)
3.47 (70)
3.44 (20)
3.16 (100)
2.89 (20)
2.81 (50)
2.19 (20)
Comments:ICDD 27-84

Optical Data of Axinite-(Mn)

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.672 - 1.693 nβ = 1.677 - 1.701 nγ = 1.681 - 1.704
2V:Measured: 69° to 87°, Calculated: 62° to 82°
Birefringence:0.01
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.009 - 0.011

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:strong
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:yellow-colorless to amber-pale yellow

Chemical Properties of Axinite-(Mn)

Formula:
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
(OH)
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Essential elements:Al, B, Ca, H, Mn, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, B, Ca, H, Mn, O, Si
Common Impurities:Ti,Fe,Mg,Na,K,H2O

Relationship of Axinite-(Mn) to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Tinzenite (see here)
Forms a series with Axinite-(Fe) (see here)
Member of:Axinite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Axinite-(Fe)
Ca
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
OH
Axinite-(Mg)
Ca
 
2
MgAl
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
OH
Tinzenite
(CaMn
2+
 
)
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
(OH)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.BD.05Bertrandite
Be
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(OH)
 
2
9.BD.10Hemimorphite
Zn
 
4
Si
 
2
O
 
7
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.BD.15Junitoite
CaZn
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
7
· H
 
2
O
9.BD.20Axinite-(Fe)
Ca
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
OH
9.BD.20Axinite-(Mg)
Ca
 
2
MgAl
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
OH
9.BD.20Tinzenite
(CaMn
2+
 
)
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
(OH)
9.BD.25Vistepite
SnMn
 
4
B
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
16
(OH)
 
2
9.BD.30Boralsilite
Al
 
16
B
 
6
Si
 
2
O
 
37
9.BD.35Werdingite
(Mg,Fe)
 
2
Al
 
14
Si
 
4
B
 
4
O
 
37
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
17.5.1Manandonite
LiAl
 
4
(BSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
6
17.5.2Reedmergnerite
Na[BSi
 
3
O
 
8
]
17.5.3Searlesite
Na(H
 
2
BSi
 
2
O
 
7
)
17.5.4Olenite
Na(Al
 
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
O
 
3
(OH)
17.5.5Elbaite
Na(Li
 
1.5
Al
 
1.5
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.6Kalborsite
K
 
6
Al
 
4
BSi
 
6
O
 
20
(OH)
 
4
Cl
17.5.7Boromuscovite
KAl
 
2
(BSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
17.5.8Poudretteite
KNa
 
2
B
 
3
Si
 
12
O
 
30
17.5.9Liddicoatite
Ca(Li
 
2
Al)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.10Datolite
Ca(HBSiO
 
5
)
17.5.11Danburite
CaB
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
17.5.12Howlite
Ca
 
2
B
 
5
SiO
 
9
(OH)
 
5
17.5.13Bakerite
Ca
 
4
(H
 
5
B
 
5
Si
 
3
O
 
20
)
17.5.14Oyelite
Ca
 
10
Si
 
8
B
 
2
O
 
29
· 12.5H
 
2
O
17.5.15Kornerupine
Mg
 
3
Al
 
6
(Si,Al,B)
 
5
O
 
21
(OH)
17.5.16Harkerite
Ca
 
12
Mg
 
4
Al(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
17.5.17Serendibite
(Ca,Na)
 
2
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
[O
 
2
|(Si,Al,B)
 
6
O
 
18
]
17.5.18Stillwellite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO
 
5
17.5.19Tadzhikite-(Ce)
(Ca,Ce)
 
4
(Ce,Y)
 
2
(Ti
4+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Al)[B
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
22
](OH)
 
2
17.5.20Melanocerite-(Ce)
(Ce,Ca)
 
5
(Si,B)
 
3
O
 
12
(OH,F) · nH
 
2
O
17.5.21Okanoganite-(Y)
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Y,Ce)
 
12
Si
 
6
B
 
2
O
 
27
F
 
14
17.5.22Tritomite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Y,Th)
 
5
(Si,B)
 
3
(O,OH,F)
 
13
17.5.23Tritomite-(Y)
(Y,Ca,La,Fe)
 
5
(Si,B,Al)
 
3
(O,OH,F)
 
13
17.5.24Cappelenite-(Y)
Ba(Y,Ce)
 
6
Si
 
3
B
 
6
O
 
24
F
 
2
17.5.25Dumortierite
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
7
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(BO
 
3
)O
 
3
17.5.26Holtite
(Ta
 
0.6
 
0.4
)Al
 
6
BSi
 
3
O
 
18
(O,OH)
 
2.25
17.5.27Dravite
Na(Mg
 
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.28 Ferridravite
17.5.29Axinite-(Mg)
Ca
 
2
MgAl
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
OH
17.5.30Uvite
Ca(Mg
 
3
)MgAl
 
5
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(F/OH)
17.5.31Garrelsite
Ba
 
3
NaSi
 
2
B
 
7
O
 
16
(OH)
 
4
17.5.32Tienshanite
KNa
 
3
Na
 
6
Ca
 
2
Ba
 
6
Mn
 
6
(Ti
4+
 
,Nb)
 
6
B
 
12
Si
 
36
O
 
114
(O,OH,F)
 
11
17.5.33Leucosphenite
BaNa
 
4
Ti
 
2
B
 
2
Si
 
10
O
 
30
17.5.34Taramellite
Ba
 
4
(Fe
3+
 
,Ti,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
17.5.35Titantaramellite
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
17.5.36Nagashimalite
Ba
 
4
(V,Ti)
 
4
B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
(O,OH)
 
2
Cl
17.5.37Chromium-dravite
Na(Mg
 
3
)Cr
3+
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.38Wawayandaite
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
2
BBe
 
9
Si
 
6
O
 
23
(OH,Cl)
 
15
17.5.39Werdingite
(Mg,Fe)
 
2
Al
 
14
Si
 
4
B
 
4
O
 
37
17.5.41Axinite
17.5.42Tinzenite
(CaMn
2+
 
)
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
(OH)
17.5.44Schorl
Na(Fe
2+
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.45Fluor-buergerite
Na(Fe
3+
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
O
 
3
F
17.5.46Feruvite
Ca(Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
MgAl
 
5
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.47Axinite-(Fe)
Ca
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
OH
17.5.48Homilite
Ca
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)B
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
17.5.49Grandidierite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)(BO
 
3
)O
 
2
17.5.50Hyalotekite
(Pb,Ba,K)
 
4
(Ca,Y)
 
2
(B,Be)
 
2
(Si,B)
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
28
(F,Cl)
17.5.51Hellandite-(Y)
(Ca,REE)
 
4
Y
 
2
Al(Be,Li)
 
2-x
B
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
22
(OH)
 
2

Other Names for Axinite-(Mn)

Synonyms:
ManganaxiniteManganseverginiteManganseveringiteSeverginite
Other Languages:
Esperanto:Manganaksinito
German:Manganaxinit
Manganseverginit
Manganseveringit
Severginit
Sewerginit
Russian:Аксинит-(Mn)
Spanish:Manganaxinita
Manganseverginita
Manganseveringita
Severginita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Magenta-red (SW UV) (Franklin, NJ massive material only).
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Axinite-(Mn)

Reference List:

- +
J. Fromme, 1910, Min. pet. Mitt. v 28, p. 329.

Aminoff, Gregori, 1919, [Mineralogical Studies on Material from Sjogren's Mineral Collection], Arkiv. Kemi. Min. Geol., v7 (17), p. 1-58.

Palache, Charles, 1929, Paragenetic Classification of the Minerals of Franklin, New Jersey, American Mineralogist, v 14, p. 1-18.

Sanero, E. and Gottardi, G.
, Nomenlature and Crystal-Chemistry of Axinites, American Mineralogist (1968): 53: 1407-1411.

Grew, Edward S., and Anovitz, L. M., (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).

Internet Links for Axinite-(Mn)

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Manganaxinite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Axinite-(Mn) specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Axinite-(Mn)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
    Birch et al., 1982, Minerals of Broken Hill
    Canada
     
    • Nunavut Territory
      • Mackenzie District
        • Itchen Lake
    Hicken, A.K., McClenaghan, M.B., Layton-Matthews, D., Paulen, R.C., Averill, S.A. and Crabtree, D. (2013) Indicator mineral signatures of the Izok Lake Zn-Cu-Pb-Agvolcanogenic
    • Ontario
      • Hastings Co.
    Dana's New Mineralogy
    Finland
     
    • Southern Finland Region
      • Forssa
    Ilkka Mikkola data
    France
     
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Hautes-Pyrénées
    Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Isère
        • Bourg d'Oisans
          • St Christophe-en-Oisans
    Gautron, L. and Meisser, N. (2001). Prehnite from La Combe de la Selle, Saint Christophe en Oisans - Isère - France. Mineralogical Record, 32 (3), 223-232.
    Germany
     
    • Lower Saxony
    AM 64 (1979), 635; HB2/2 (1995)
        • Bad Harzburg
    Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Monaghan
      • Calliagh
    No reference listed
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • Genova and La Spezia Provinces
        • different municipalities
          • Tre Monti mining concession
    Castellaro, F., Passarino, G. (2011): I minerali di Monte Alpe. Sezione dell'antica Concessione Tre Monti (La Spezia e Genova). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana. 4/2011, 214-224.
      • Genova Province
        • Ne
          • Graveglia Valley
    Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
    Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
            • Reppia
    Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
    • Piedmont
      • Cuneo Province
        • Varaita Valley
          • Bellino
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Sardinia
      • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
        • Calangianus
    Tanca, G.A., Gamboni, A., Mamberti, M. & Mascia, S. (2007) – Furru e Conca, Massiccio granitico del Monte Limbara, Calangianus, Olbia-Tempio Pausania - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano. 31,4,pp.274-281.
    • Tuscany
      • Livorno Province
        • Campiglia Marittima
          • Temperino
    Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Saitama Prefecture
    H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
          • Hannou
    Alfredo Petrov collection
          • Hidaka
    Akira Kato (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 28 (November 2009).
        • Tochigi Prefecture
          • Kanuma City
    Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
    • Kyushu Region
      • Miyazaki prefecture
        • Takachiho
    Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities. (Granit, Prague)
      • Nansei Archipelago
        • Kagoshima Prefecture
          • Amami-Oshima Island
            • Yamato-son (Yamato village)
    Momoi, H. (1964) Mem. Fac. Sci., Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 73-78.
      • Oita Prefecture
        • Ono-gun
    Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9; Gaines, Skinner, Foord, Mason, Rosenzweig, and King, 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy.
    • Shikoku Island
      • Kochi Prefecture
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
    Kayupova, M.M. (1965) Doklady of the Academy of Sciences U.S.S.R., Earth Science sections, 163, 97-100.
    Madagascar
     
    • Antananarivo Province
      • Vakinankaratra Region
        • Sahatany Pegmatite Field (Mt Ibity area)
          • Sahatany Valley
    Larsen, K. E. (2003): Mineralene i Sahatany pegmatittfelt, Madagaskar. Bergverksmuseets skrifter 25, 5-18 (in norwegian)
    Mexico
     
    • San Luis Potosí
      • Mun. de Guadalcázar
    Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
    Morocco
     
    • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
      • Meknès Prefecture
        • Meknès
          • El Hammam (El Hamman)
    Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
    New Zealand
     
    • South Island
      • Canterbury
    Journal of Metamorphic Geology Number 2: 103 - 266 (1996)
      • Otago
        • Dunedin
    Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    Norway
     
    • Aust-Agder
      • Arendal
        • Arendal Iron Mines
    Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert M. (2006): Minerals of the heulandite- and axinite series in Norway- additional data. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 33: 27-34
    Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
    • Buskerud
      • Drammen
        • Drammensmarka
    Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert M. (2006): Minerals of the heulandite- and axinite series in Norway- additional data. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 33: 27-34
      • Kongsberg
        • Kongsberg Silver Mining District
    Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
    • Hordaland
      • Ullensvang
    Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
    • Nordland
    Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
    • Oslo
      • Bjerke
        • Årvoll
    Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
    • Troms
      • Bjarkøy
    Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
    Peru
     
    • Ancash Department
      • Bolognesi Province
    Min. Rec. 28, no. 4 (1997); Hyrsl, J. (2013): Neue Funde von Axinit-(Fe) und Epidot nahe Sayan in Zentral-Peru. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 141-144.
    Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
    • La Libertad Department
      • Santiago de Chuco Province
        • Quiruvilca District
    Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
    • Lima Department
      • Oyon Province
    No reference listed
    Romania
     
    • Suceava Co.
      • Suceava district
        • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
    http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Kavalerovo Mining District
          • Dal'negorsk (Dalnegorsk; Tetyukhe; Tjetjuche; Tetjuche)
    [MinRec 32:9]
    [MinRec 32:9]
            • Dal'negorsk B deposit
    Pavel M. Kartashov
    [MinRec 32:9]
    [MinRec 32:9]
    [MinRec 32:9]
    [MinRec 32:9]
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    Pletnev P. (1995) Mineralogy of gondites and metavolcanic rocks of Kogaevskogo Mn deposit. Urals Summer Mineralogical School-1995. 58-60
    Slovakia
     
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
        • Gemerská Poloma (Poloma; Veszverés)
          • Šramky
    Ozdín D., Volek M., Števko M., 2006: Study of hydrotermal veins with axinites from the Western Carpathians. Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.87
    Spain
     
    • Madrid
    Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
        • Nordmark district
        • Persberg district
    Tanzania
     
    • Manyara Region
      • Simanjiro District
        • Lelatema Mts
          • Merelani Hills (Mererani)
    Tony Nikischer
    Turkey
     
    • Aegean Region
      • Izmir Province
        • Izmir
          • Efemçukuru Au deposit
    Oyman, T., Minareci, F., and Pişkin, Ö. (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 35-53.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
    Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
      • Graham Co.
        • Aravaipa District
          • Santa Teresa Mts
            • Aravaipa
              • Landsman Camp (Landsman group)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 288; Reiter, B.E. (1981), Controls on lead-zinc skarn mineralization, Iron Cap mine area, Aravaipa district, Graham Co., AZ, in C. Stone and J.P. Jenney (editors), AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 13: 117-125.; Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 4.
      • Pima Co.
        • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
          • Comobabi Mts
            • Kovaya Hills
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 179, 288; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 328; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
    • California
      • El Dorado Co.
        • Foothill Copper Belt
          • Fairplay District
            • Fairplay
    Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1911b), Axinite from California: USGS Bulletin 490: 42; Tucker, W. Burling & C.A. Waring (1919), El Dorado County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 276-278; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 65, 91, 175.
      • Plumas Co.
        • Genesee Valley
    Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Bear Valley Mining District
    Rocks & Min.:61:33-34.
      • San Diego Co.
        • Ramona District
          • Ramona
    Foord, Eugene E. et al (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 106.
    Foord, Eugene E. et al (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 121.
    • Minnesota
      • St. Louis Co.
        • Mesabi Range
          • Babbitt
    Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
    • Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Franklin
    Aminoff, G., 1919, Mineralogical Studies on Material from Sjogren's Mineral Collection, Archiv. Kemi. Min. Geol. v 7, (17), p. 1-58.
    Van King
    FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
    Richard Gunter
    Palache(1935):16 & 100; Dunn(1995):Pt1:133 & Pt3:417.
          • Ogdensburg
            • Sterling Hill
    Dunn(1995):Pt3:418.
    Leonard S.Wiener and Sigrid Ballew,1995, Updated by Kenny Gay,2006, A Listing Of North Carolina Minerals,Geologic Note No.4
      • Mitchell Co.
        • Spruce Pine District
          • Spruce Pine
    Lumpkin,Gregory R.,and Ribbe,Paul H.,(1979)Chemistry and Physical Properties of Axinite:American Mineralogist Vol.64,p.635-645
    • Pennsylvania
      • Chester Co.
        • Wallace Township
    Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
      • Delaware Co.
        • Swarthmore (Borough of Swarthmore)
    Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
      • Northampton Co.
        • Forks Township
    Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
        • Hanover Township
          • Campbell's Hump (Quaker Hill)
    Smith, R. C., 1978, The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1966 - 1975
    Smith, R. C. II, 1978, The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1966 - 1975
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