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Machatschkiite

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Formula:
(Ca,Na)
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 15H
 
2
O
System:TrigonalHardness:2 - 3
Name:
Honors Felix Karl Ludwig Machatschki (1895–1970), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
This page provides mineralogical data about Machatschkiite.

Classification of Machatschkiite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/C.27-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.CJ.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
J : With only large cations
Dana 8th edition ID:39.3.8.1

39 : HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
3 : Miscellaneous
Hey's CIM Ref.:22.3.3

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates
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Type Occurrence of Machatschkiite

Type Locality:Anton Mine (St. Anton Mine), Heubach Valley, Wittichen, Schenkenzell, Black Forest, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Year of Discovery:1977

Physical Properties of Machatschkiite

Hardness (Mohs):2 - 3

Crystallography of Machatschkiite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Cell Parameters:a = 15.1Å, c = 22.59Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.496
Unit Cell Volume:V 4,460.68 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
8.59 (10)
5.34 (8)
3.59 (8)
2.86 (8)
2.83 (8)
2.70 (8)
2.67 (8)

Optical Data of Machatschkiite

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.593 nε = 1.585
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.008

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate

Chemical Properties of Machatschkiite

Formula:
(Ca,Na)
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 15H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4)·15H2O
Essential elements:As, Ca, H, O, P
All elements listed in formula:As, Ca, H, Na, O, P, S

Relationship of Machatschkiite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.CJ.05Stercorite
Na(NH
 
4
)HPO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CJ.10Mundrabillaite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Ca(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
8.CJ.10Swaknoite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Ca(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
8.CJ.15Nabaphite
NaBaPO
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
8.CJ.15Nastrophite
Na(Sr,Ba)PO
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
8.CJ.20Haidingerite
CaHAsO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
8.CJ.25Vladimirite
Ca
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(AsO
 
3
OH) · 4H
 
2
O
8.CJ.30Ferrarisite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 9H
 
2
O
8.CJ.40Phaunouxite
Ca
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O
8.CJ.40Rauenthalite
Ca
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
8.CJ.45Brockite
(Ca,Th,Ce)PO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
8.CJ.45Grayite
(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
8.CJ.45Rhabdophane-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
8.CJ.45Rhabdophane-(La)
(La,Ce)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
8.CJ.45Rhabdophane-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,La)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
8.CJ.45Tristramite
(Ca,U,Fe)(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
8.CJ.45Smirnovskite
CaTh(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
8.CJ.50Ardealite
Ca
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
) · 4H
 
2
O
8.CJ.50Brushite
Ca(HPO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
8.CJ.50Churchite-(Y)
Y(PO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
8.CJ.50Pharmacolite
Ca(HAsO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
8.CJ.50Churchite-(Nd)
Nd(PO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
8.CJ.55Mcnearite
NaCa
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CJ.60Dorfmanite
Na
 
2
HPO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CJ.65Sincosite
Ca(VO)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
8.CJ.65Bariosincosite
Ba(VO)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CJ.70Catalanoite
Na
 
2
(HPO
 
4
) · 8H
 
2
O
8.CJ.75Guérinite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 9H
 
2
O
8.CJ.85Ningyoite
CaU(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 1-2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
22.3.1Parnauite
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 7H
 
2
O
22.3.2Ardealite
Ca
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
) · 4H
 
2
O
22.3.4Clinotyrolite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
10
· 10H
 
2
O
22.3.5Peisleyite
Na
 
2
Al
 
9
[(P,S)O
 
4
]
 
8
(OH)
 
6
•28H
 
2
O
22.3.6Chalcophyllite
Cu
 
18
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
27
· 33H
 
2
O
22.3.7Woodhouseite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.8Schlossmacherite
(H
 
3
O)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
22.3.9Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.10Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.11Sanjuanite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.12Kribergite
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.13Hotsonite
Al
 
11
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
21
· 16H
 
2
O
22.3.14Weilerite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.15Tsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.16Arsentsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.17Hinsdalite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.18Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.19Orpheite
22.3.20Coconinoite
Fe
3+
2
Al
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· 20H
 
2
O
22.3.21Sasaite
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
14
(PO
 
4
)
 
11
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
7
· 83H
 
2
O
22.3.22Tristramite
(Ca,U,Fe)(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
22.3.23Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.24Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.25Diadochite
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.26Sarmientite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.27Bukovskýite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.28Zýkaite
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.29Tooeleite
Fe
3+
6
(As
3+
 
O
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.30Pitticite
(Fe, SO
 
4
, AsO
 
4
, H
 
2
O) ?
22.3.31Xiangjiangite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 22H
 
2
O

Other Names for Machatschkiite

Synonyms:
IMA1976-010
Other Languages:
German:Machatschkiit
Russian:Махачкиит
Spanish:Machatschkiita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Machatschkiite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 1260.

American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 851-852.

Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen (1982): 30: 145-155.

Internet Links for Machatschkiite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Machatschkiite on Webmineral
  • Look for Machatschkiite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Machatschkiite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Machatschkiite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Machatschkiite

    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Heubach Valley
    Tscherm.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1977) 24, 125-132
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