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Pale creamy-yellow, deep ...
3½ - 4
Member of:
Named after the type locality, the Malay peninsula (Malaysia).
Titanite Group.

The tin (Sn4+) analogue of Titanite.

Classification of Malayaite

Approved 1964

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
G : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in > [6] +- [6] coordination

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
12 : Silicates of Sn URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Malayaite

Year of Discovery:

Physical Properties of Malayaite

Pale creamy-yellow, deep orange-yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
3½ - 4

Crystallography of Malayaite

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.15Å, b = 8.89Å, c = 6.66Å
β = 113.4°
a:b:c = 0.804 : 1 : 0.749
Unit Cell Volume:
V 388.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Malayaite

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.765 nβ = 1.784 nγ = 1.799
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.034
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Malayaite

All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:

Relationship of Malayaite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
Lederite (of Shepard)
9.AG.30SitinakiteKNa2Ti4(SiO4)2O5(OH) · 4H2O
9.AG.35KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
9.AG.75AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
9.AG.80BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
14.12.3StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O

Other Names for Malayaite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:马来亚石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Malayaite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 1551.

American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 801-806.

Internet Links for Malayaite

The following Malayaite specimens are currently listed for sale on

Localities for Malayaite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Tasmania
    • Hampshire district
      • Kara Mines
  • British Columbia
    • Atlin Mining Division
      • Tuya Range
G. W. Robinson, V. King (1993) Whats New in Minerals. Mineralogical Record 24:381-395
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake Mining District
      • Cassiar Mts
        • Screw Creek
Rocks & Min.: 60(1):13.
Layne, G.D. and and Spooner, E.T.C. (1988): The Geology and Mineralogy of the JC Tin Skarn, Yukon Territory, Canada. In: Hutchison, C. S., Ed.: Geology of Tin Deposits in Asia and the Pacific, Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 163-184.
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Xinluo District
Da Zhang, Bailin Cheng, Wan Jiang, Ganguo Wu, Runmin Peng, Jinshui Chen, and Limin Fang (1999): Geological Exploration for Nonferrous Metals 8(3), 129-135
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Nandan Co.
Hosking, K.F.G., 1985. Malayaite (CaSnO2SiO2) and its relationship to closely associated cassiterite from the Dachang Mining Region, Peoplesí Republic of China. Warta Geologi 11(4):155-159
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Beihu District
        • Qitianling complex
Yan Shuang, Xianwu Bi, Ruizhong Hu, Jiantang Peng, Changsheng Zhu, and Dahua Li (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(3), 363-372; Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1867
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Jiujiang Prefecture
      • De'an Co.
Wenxue Zhou and Wenliang Gao (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 22-28; Baimao Wen and Hongli Kou (2010): Jiangxi Nonferrous Metals 24(1), 26-28
        • Pengshan Sn-Pb-Zn ore field
Shudong Lu, Shiling Wang, Wenliang Gao, E Xiao, and Chunwei Xu (2004): Journal of East China Institute of Technology 27(3), 201-208
Hansheng Cao (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(12), 1-7; Xilin Liu (1991): Geology of Jiangxi 5(3), 203-211; Chen, J., Halls, C., and Stanley, C.J. (1992): Ore Geology Reviews 7(3), 225-248
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Krkonoše Mtn (Riesengebirge)
Šrein, V.: Malayait z Obřího dolu – první nález v ČSSR. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1985, roč. 30, č. 3, s. 330.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Havlíčkův Brod (Německý Brod; Deutschbrod)
        • Ledeč nad Sázavou
          • Horní Nezdín
Švestka J., Pauliš P.: Malayait z Horního Nezdína u Ledče nad Sázavou (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2010, roč. 18, č. 2, s. 96-98.
Houzar, S., Novák, M., Doležalová, H., Hrazdil, V., Pfeiferová, A.: Přehled mineralogie, petrografie a geologie nedvědických mramorů, svratecké krystalinikum. Acta Musei Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2006, roč. 91, s. 3-77.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Druogno
            • Orcesco
Guelfi F., Orlandi P., Vezzalini G.(1985) : La malayaite della Val Vigezzo (Novara). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc.Nat. Mem. serie A,92, 255-258 and: Mattioli V. (1987) - Novità mineralogiche in Val d'Ossola - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, fasc. 1, pp.1-11
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Shitouyouze
Matsueda, H. (1980) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 5, #4, 15-77.; Matsueda, H. (1980) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 5, #4, 15-77.
      • Shimane Prefecture
        • Masuda
Takenouchi, S. (1971). Hydrothermal synthesis and consideration of the genesis of malayaite. Mineralium Deposita, 6(4), 335-347.; USGS Bulletin 1930
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Iwakuni City
Alfredo Petrov - unpublished
Takenouchi, S. (1971). Hydrothermal synthesis and consideration of the genesis of malayaite. Mineralium Deposita, 6(4), 335-347.; Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
        • Mine city
Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Hinokage-cho
Takenouchi, S. (1971). Hydrothermal synthesis and consideration of the genesis of malayaite. Mineralium Deposita, 6(4), 335-347.
      • Takachiho
Miyahisa et al (1975) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 70, 25-29.; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
    • Oita Prefecture
      • Bungo-Ohno City
Takenouchi, S. (1971). Hydrothermal synthesis and consideration of the genesis of malayaite. Mineralium Deposita, 6(4), 335-347.
Malaysia (TL)
  • Perak
    • Balang Padang
      • Chenderiang
[Min.Mag.(1965) 35, 622-627; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p127]
  • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
    • Meknès Prefecture
      • Meknès
        • El Hammam (El Hamman)
Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Pieczka A., Gołębiowska B., Parafiniuk J. 2006: The stannite-group minerals from Rędziny (Lower Silesia, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 175 - 177
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Magadanskaya Oblast'
Политов В.К. (1983) Малайяит Каньонского оловорудного месторождения, - Минералогический журнал, № 3, с. 54–65 (in Rus.).
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, pp. 1307-1311). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
  • Yala Province
Charusiri, B., & Charusiri, P. (1990) Geology and Sn-mineralization at Pinyok Mine Yala, Southern Thailand.
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Botallack
            • Cliff outcrops
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    • Devon
      • Okehampton area (Northern Dartmoor)
Mineralogical Magazine 1966 35 : 1017-1018; Am Min 62:801-806 [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]; Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177
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