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Malayaite

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Formula:
CaSn(SiO
 
4
)O
System:MonoclinicColour:Pale creamy-yellow, deep ...
Hardness:3½ - 4
Member of:Titanite Group
Name:Named after the type locality, the Malay peninsula (Malaysia).


Titanite Group.

The tin (Sn4+) analogue of Titanite.

Classification of Malayaite

IMA status:Approved 1964
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/B.12-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.AG.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
G : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in > [6] +- [6] coordination
Dana 8th edition ID:52.4.3.2

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.12.2

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
12 : Silicates of Sn
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Type Occurrence of Malayaite

Type Locality:Sungei Lah (Sungei Lok), Chenderiang, Balang Padang, Perak, Malaysia
Year of Discovery:1964

Physical Properties of Malayaite

Colour:Pale creamy-yellow, deep orange-yellow
Hardness (Mohs):3½ - 4

Crystallography of Malayaite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 7.15Å, b = 8.89Å, c = 6.66Å
β = 113.4°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.804 : 1 : 0.749
Unit Cell Volume:V 388.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Malayaite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.765 nβ = 1.784 nγ = 1.799
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.034

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:none

Chemical Properties of Malayaite

Formula:
CaSn(SiO
 
4
)O
Simplified for copy/paste:CaSn(SiO4)O
Essential elements:Ca, O, Si, Sn
All elements listed in formula:Ca, O, Si, Sn
Common Impurities:Fe

Relationship of Malayaite to other Species

Member of:Titanite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Lederite (of Shepard)
Natrotitanite
(Na
 
0.5
Y
 
0.5
)Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
Titanite
CaTi(SiO
 
4
)O
Vanadomalayaite
CaV
4+
 
(SiO
 
4
)O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.AG.05Abswurmbachite
CuMn
3+
6
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
8
9.AG.05Braunite
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
6
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
8
9.AG.05Neltnerite
CaMn
3+
6
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
8
9.AG.05Braunite-II
CaMn
3+
14
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
20
9.AG.10Långbanite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
4
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
9
Sb
5+
 
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
16
9.AG.15Titanite
CaTi(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.15Vanadomalayaite
CaV
4+
 
(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.15Natrotitanite
(Na
 
0.5
Y
 
0.5
)Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.20Cerite-(Ce)
(Ce,Ca)
 
9
(Mg,Fe)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
9.AG.20Cerite-(La)
(La,Ce,Ca)
 
9
(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
9.AG.20Aluminocerite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Ca)
 
9
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
9.AG.25Trimounsite-(Y)
Y
 
2
Ti
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
5
9.AG.25Yftisite-(Y)
(Y,Dy,Er)
 
4
(Ti,Sn)(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O(F,OH)
 
6
9.AG.30Sitinakite
KNa
 
2
Ti
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
5
(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
9.AG.35Kittatinnyite
Ca
 
2
Mn
 
2
Mn(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
9.AG.40aNatisite
Na
 
2
Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.40bParanatisite
Na
 
2
Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
Al(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(La)
(La,Ce)
 
2
Al(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
9.AG.50Kuliokite-(Y)
Y
 
4
Al(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
F
 
5
9.AG.55Chantalite
CaAl
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
9.AG.60Mozartite
CaMn
3+
 
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
9.AG.60Vuagnatite
CaAl(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
9.AG.65Hatrurite
Ca
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.70Jasmundite
Ca
 
11
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
O
 
2
S
9.AG.75Afwillite
Ca
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
9.AG.80Bultfonteinite
Ca
 
2
(HSiO
 
4
)F · H
 
2
O
9.AG.85Zoltaiite
BaV
4+
2
V
3+
12
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
19
9.AG.90Tranquillityite
(Fe
2+
 
,Ca)
 
8
(Zr,Y)
 
2
Ti
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.12.1Brannockite
(K,Na)□
 
2
Li
 
3
(Sn,Zr,Ti)
 
2
[Si
 
12
O
 
30
]
14.12.3Stokesite
CaSn[Si
 
3
O
 
9
] · 2H
 
2
O
14.12.4Pabstite
Ba(Sn,Ti)(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)

Other Names for Malayaite

Synonyms:
IMA1964-024
Other Languages:
German:Malayait
Russian:Малаяит
Simplified Chinese:马来亚石
Spanish:Malayaita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Malayaite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 1551.

American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 801-806.

Internet Links for Malayaite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Malayaite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Malayaite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Malayaite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Malayaite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Tasmania
      • Hampshire district
        • Kara Mines
    http://www.homestead.com/rbottrill/files/KARA-mins.htm
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Atlin Mining Division
        • Tuya Range
    G. W. Robinson, V. King (1993) Whats New in Minerals. Mineralogical Record 24:381-395
    • Yukon Territory
      • Watson Lake Mining District
        • Cassiar Mts
          • Screw Creek
    Rocks & Min.: 60(1):13.
    China
     
    • Fujian Province
      • Longyan Prefecture
        • Xinluo District
    Da Zhang, Bailin Cheng, Wan Jiang, Ganguo Wu, Runmin Peng, Jinshui Chen, and Limin Fang (1999): Geological Exploration for Nonferrous Metals 8(3), 129-135
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Hechi Prefecture
        • Nandan Co.
    Hosking, K.F.G., 1985. Malayaite (CaSnO2SiO2) and its relationship to closely associated cassiterite from the Dachang Mining Region, Peoplesí Republic of China. Warta Geologi 11(4):155-159
    • Hunan Province
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Beihu District
          • Qitianling complex
    Yan Shuang, Xianwu Bi, Ruizhong Hu, Jiantang Peng, Changsheng Zhu, and Dahua Li (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(3), 363-372; Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1867
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Jiujiang Prefecture
        • De'an Co.
    Wenxue Zhou and Wenliang Gao (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(6), 22-28; Baimao Wen and Hongli Kou (2010): Jiangxi Nonferrous Metals 24(1), 26-28
          • Pengshan Sn-Pb-Zn ore field
    Shudong Lu, Shiling Wang, Wenliang Gao, E Xiao, and Chunwei Xu (2004): Journal of East China Institute of Technology 27(3), 201-208
    Hansheng Cao (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(12), 1-7; Xilin Liu (1991): Geology of Jiangxi 5(3), 203-211; Chen, J., Halls, C., and Stanley, C.J. (1992): Ore Geology Reviews 7(3), 225-248
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Hradec Králové Region
        • Krkonoše Mtn (Riesengebirge)
    Šrein, V.: Malayait z Obřího dolu – první nález v ČSSR. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1985, roč. 30, č. 3, s. 330.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Havlíčkův Brod (Německý Brod; Deutschbrod)
          • Ledeč nad Sázavou
            • Horní Nezdín
    Švestka J., Pauliš P.: Malayait z Horního Nezdína u Ledče nad Sázavou (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2010, roč. 18, č. 2, s. 96-98.
    Houzar, S., Novák, M., Doležalová, H., Hrazdil, V., Pfeiferová, A.: Přehled mineralogie, petrografie a geologie nedvědických mramorů, svratecké krystalinikum. Acta Musei Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2006, roč. 91, s. 3-77.
    Germany
     
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Ehrenfriedersdorf
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Vigezzo Valley
            • Druogno
              • Orcesco
    Guelfi F., Orlandi P., Vezzalini G.(1985) : La malayaite della Val Vigezzo (Novara). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc.Nat. Mem. serie A,92, 255-258 and: Mattioli V. (1987) - Novità mineralogiche in Val d'Ossola - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, fasc. 1, pp.1-11
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Okayama Prefecture
          • Takahashi City
            • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
              • Shitouyouzei
    Matsueda, H. (1980) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 5, #4, 15-77.; Matsueda, H. (1980) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 5, #4, 15-77.
        • Shimane Prefecture
    Takenouchi, S. (1971). Hydrothermal synthesis and consideration of the genesis of malayaite. Mineralium Deposita, 6(4), 335-347.; USGS Bulletin 1930
        • Yamaguchi Prefecture
          • Iwakuni City
    Alfredo Petrov - unpublished
    Takenouchi, S. (1971). Hydrothermal synthesis and consideration of the genesis of malayaite. Mineralium Deposita, 6(4), 335-347.
    • Kyushu Region
      • Miyazaki Prefecture
        • Hinokage-cho
    Takenouchi, S. (1971). Hydrothermal synthesis and consideration of the genesis of malayaite. Mineralium Deposita, 6(4), 335-347.
        • Takachiho
    Miyahisa et al (1975) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 70, 25-29.; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
      • Oita Prefecture
        • Ono-gun
    Takenouchi, S. (1971). Hydrothermal synthesis and consideration of the genesis of malayaite. Mineralium Deposita, 6(4), 335-347.
    Malaysia
     
    • Perak
      • Balang Padang
        • Chenderiang
    [Min.Mag.(1965) 35, 622-627; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p127]
    Morocco
     
    • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
      • Meknès Prefecture
        • Meknès
          • El Hammam (El Hamman)
    Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
    Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Pieczka A., Gołębiowska B., Parafiniuk J. 2006: The stannite-group minerals from Rędziny (Lower Silesia, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 175 - 177
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Magadanskaya Oblast'
    Политов В.К. (1983) Малайяит Каньонского оловорудного месторождения, - Минералогический журнал, № 3, с. 54–65 (in Rus.).
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Ladoga Region
    Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, pp. 1307-1311). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
    Thailand
     
    • Yala Province
    Charusiri, B., & Charusiri, P. (1990) Geology and Sn-mineralization at Pinyok Mine Yala, Southern Thailand.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • St Just District
          • St Just
            • Botallack
              • Cliff outcrops
    Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • Devon
        • Okehampton area (Northern Dartmoor)
    Mineralogical Magazine 1966 35 : 1017-1018; Am Min 62:801-806 [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]; Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177
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