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Mawsonite

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Formula:
Cu
 
6
Fe
 
2
SnS
 
8
System:TetragonalColour:Brownish orange
Hardness:3½ - 4
Name:
For Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958), Australian geologist and Antarctic explorer.
This page provides mineralogical data about Mawsonite.

Classification of Mawsonite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/C.08-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.CB.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
Dana 8th edition ID:2.9.3.1

2 : SULFIDES
9 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:6.1.8

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
1 : Sulphostannates and other sulfides containing Sn
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Type Occurrence of Mawsonite

Co-type Localities:Royal George mine, Swinton, Tingha, Hardinge Co., New South Wales, Australia
North Lyell mine, Mount Lyell Mines, Queenstown district, Tasmania, Australia
General Appearance of Type Material:Rounded to irregular inclusions in bornite.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:British Museum (Natural History)
Year of Discovery:1965
Geological Setting of type material:Massive to disseminated copper ores

Physical Properties of Mawsonite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Brownish orange
Hardness (Mohs):3½ - 4
Cleavage:Imperfect/Fair
2 imperfect at right angles.
Density (calculated):4.65 g/cm3

Crystallography of Mawsonite

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Class (H-M):4 2m - Scalenohedral
Space Group:P4m2
Cell Parameters:a = 7.603(2) Å, c = 5.358(1) Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 0.705
Unit Cell Volume:V 309.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:1
Morphology:Rounded to irregular inclusions in bornite.

Optical Data of Mawsonite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Very Strong - Bright straw yellow to Royal blue
Colour in reflected light:Brownish orange
Pleochroism:Strong
Comments:Orange
Brown with slight orange tint

Chemical Properties of Mawsonite

Formula:
Cu
 
6
Fe
 
2
SnS
 
8
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu6Fe2SnS8
Essential elements:Cu, Fe, S, Sn
All elements listed in formula:Cu, Fe, S, Sn
Empirical Formula:
Cu
1+
6
Fe
3+
2
Sn
4+
 
S
 
8
Common Impurities:Zn,Se

Relationship of Mawsonite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.CB.05aColoradoite
HgTe
2.CB.05aHawleyite
CdS
2.CB.05aMetacinnabar
HgS
2.CB.05cPolhemusite
(Zn,Hg)S
2.CB.05bSakuraiite
(Cu,Zn,Fe)
 
3
(In,Sn)S
 
4
2.CB.05aSphalerite
ZnS
2.CB.05aStilleite
ZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemannite
HgSe
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZn
Cu
 
2
Fe
 
3
Zn
 
5
S
 
10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite
(Fe,Zn)S
2.CB.10aChalcopyrite
CuFeS
 
2
2.CB.10aEskebornite
CuFeSe
 
2
2.CB.10aGallite
CuGaS
 
2
2.CB.10bHaycockite
Cu
 
4
Fe
 
5
S
 
8
2.CB.10aLenaite
AgFeS
 
2
2.CB.10bMooihoekite
Cu
 
9
Fe
 
9
S
 
16
2.CB.10bPutoranite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
16
2.CB.10aRoquesite
CuInS
 
2
2.CB.10bTalnakhite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
16
2.CB.10aLaforêtite
AgInS
 
2
2.CB.15aČernýite
Cu
 
2
(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aFerrokesterite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aHocartite
Ag
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aIdaite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
6
2.CB.15aKesterite
Cu
 
2
(Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aKuramite
Cu
 
3
SnS
 
4
2.CB.15bMohite
Cu
 
2
SnS
 
3
2.CB.15aPirquitasite
Ag
 
2
ZnSnS
 
4
2.CB.15aStannite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15cStannoidite
Cu
+
6
Cu
2+
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
3
Sn
 
2
S
 
12
2.CB.15aVelikite
Cu
 
2
HgSnS
 
4
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZn
Cu
 
8
(Fe,Zn)
 
3
Ge
 
2
S
 
12
(?)
2.CB.20Chatkalite
Cu
 
6
FeSn
 
2
S
 
8
2.CB.30Colusite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(As,Sn,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Germanite
Cu
 
13
Fe
 
2
Ge
 
2
S
 
16
2.CB.30Germanocolusite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Ge,As)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Nekrasovite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Sn,As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Stibiocolusite
Cu
 
13
V
 
4
(Sb,Sn,As)
 
3
S
 
16
2.CB.30Ovamboite
Cu
 
20
(Fe,Cu,Zn)
 
6
W
 
2
Ge
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Maikainite
Cu
 
20
(Fe,Cu)
 
6
Mo
 
2
Ge
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.35aHemusite
Cu
 
6
SnMoS
 
8
2.CB.35aKiddcreekite
Cu
 
6
SnWS
 
8
2.CB.35aPolkovicite
(Fe,Pb)
 
3
(Ge,Fe)
 
1-x
S
 
4
2.CB.35aRenierite
(Cu,Zn)
 
11
(Ge,As)
 
2
Fe
 
4
S
 
16
2.CB.35aVinciennite
Cu
+
7
Cu
2+
3
Fe
2+
2
Fe
3+
2
Sn(As,Sb)S
 
16
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite
(Pb,Fe)
 
3
Ge
 
1-x
S
 
4
2.CB.35bCatamarcaite
Cu
 
6
GeWS
 
8
2.CB.40Lautite
CuAsS
2.CB.45Cadmoselite
CdSe
2.CB.45Greenockite
CdS
2.CB.45Wurtzite
(Zn,Fe)S
2.CB.45Rambergite
MnS
2.CB.45Buseckite
(Fe,Zn,Mn)S
2.CB.55aCubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.55bIsocubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.60Picotpaulite
TlFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.60Raguinite
TlFeS
 
2
2.CB.65Argentopyrite
AgFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.65Sternbergite
AgFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.70Sulvanite
Cu
 
3
VS
 
4
2.CB.75Vulcanite
CuTe
2.CB.80Empressite
AgTe
2.CB.85Muthmannite
AuAgTe
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
6.1.1Kuramite
Cu
 
3
SnS
 
4
6.1.2Mohite
Cu
 
2
SnS
 
3
6.1.3Velikite
Cu
 
2
HgSnS
 
4
6.1.4Hemusite
Cu
 
6
SnMoS
 
8
6.1.5Kiddcreekite
Cu
 
6
SnWS
 
8
6.1.6Stannite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
6.1.7Rhodostannite
Cu
 
2
FeSn
 
3
S
 
8
6.1.9Chatkalite
Cu
 
6
FeSn
 
2
S
 
8
6.1.10Ferrokesterite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
6.1.11Kesterite
Cu
 
2
(Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
6.1.12Stannoidite
Cu
+
6
Cu
2+
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
3
Sn
 
2
S
 
12
6.1.13Černýite
Cu
 
2
(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
6.1.14Vinciennite
Cu
+
7
Cu
2+
3
Fe
2+
2
Fe
3+
2
Sn(As,Sb)S
 
16
6.1.15Pirquitasite
Ag
 
2
ZnSnS
 
4
6.1.16Hocartite
Ag
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)SnS
 
4
6.1.17Teallite
(Pb,Sn)SnS
 
2
6.1.18Franckeite
Fe
2+
 
(Pb,Sn
2+
 
)
 
6
Sn
4+
2
Sb
 
2
S
 
14
6.1.19Lévyclaudite
Pb
 
8
Sn
 
7
Cu
 
3
(Bi,Sb)
 
3
S
 
28
6.1.20Cylindrite
Pb
 
3
Sn
 
4
FeSb
 
2
S
 
14
6.1.21Potosíite
Pb
 
6
Sn
 
3
FeSb
 
3
S
 
16
6.1.22Sakuraiite
(Cu,Zn,Fe)
 
3
(In,Sn)S
 
4
6.1.23Petrukite
(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)
 
3
(Sn,In)S
 
4
6.1.24Incaite
(Pb,Ag)
 
4
Sn
 
4
FeSb
 
2
S
 
15

Other Names for Mawsonite

Synonyms:
IMA1964-030
Other Languages:
German:Mawsonit
Japanese:モーソン鉱
Russian:Моусонит
Simplified Chinese:硫锡铁铜矿
硫铁锡铜矿
Spanish:Mawsonita

Other Information

Magnetism:Ferromagnetic
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Mawsonite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1965: 50: 900-908.

Canadian Mineralogist (1976): 14: 529-535.

Canadian Mineralogist (1979): 17: 125-135.

Science Report of Tohuku University (1980): 14: 278.

Internet Links for Mawsonite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Mawsonite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Mawsonite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
    PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
    • La Rioja
      • Sierra de Famatina
        • La Mejicana District
    Brotkorb (2002): las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
    • Salta
      • El Quevar
    Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
      • Organullo Mining District
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Hardinge Co.
        • Tingha
          • Swinton
    R.E Brown and W.J Stroud, Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, 1997.; American Mineralogist 1965: 50: 900-908.
    • Tasmania
      • Queenstown district
    AM 1965, 900-08
    R Bottrill, unpub. data
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
    AGSO Research Newsletter May 2000
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Goldberg group
          • Zirknitz
            • Kleine Zirknitz valley
              • Kluidscharte
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Lower Austria
      • Industrieviertel
        • Bucklige Welt
    Hackenberg 2003
    Hackenberg, M. (2003): Bergbau im Semmeringgebiet. Arch. f. Lagerst.forsch. Geol. B.-A., 24, 5-97.
    • Salzburg
      • Saalfelden
        • Leogang
          • Hütten
            • Schwarzleograben
              • Schwarzleo District
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    Leblhuber (2000)
              • Vogel Alp
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Sill valley (Wipp valley)
          • Stubai valley
            • Unterberg valley
              • Habicht
    Vavtar, F. (1986): Das Zinn-Kupfer-Erzvorkommen am Glücksgrat (Stubai-Kristallin). Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 35, 287-298.
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Mineralogical Magazine 1968 36 : 1045-1051.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Chelopech
    Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Kamloops Mining Division
        • Cache Creek
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • New Brunswick
      • Charlotte Co.
        • Saint George Parish
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Parrish, I. S., 1977, Mineral Catalog for the Mount Pleasant Deposit of Brunswick Tin Mines, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 15, p. 121-126.
    • Nova Scotia
      • Lunenburg Co.
        • New Ross
    G.A. O'Reilly, E.J. Farley, and M.H. Charest, "Metasomatic-Hydrothermal Mineral Deposits of the New Ross-Mahone Bay Area, Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. of Mines and Energy, paper 82-2, 1982.
    • Ontario
      • Cochrane District
        • Timmins area
          • Kidd Township
    ontariominerals.com; Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22 (2), 227-232; Canadian Mineralogist, 18, 353-360
      • Sudbury District
        • Levack Township
    Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
    Chile
     
    • Tarapacá Region
      • El Tamarugal Province
        • Collahuasi district
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    China
     
    • Fujian Province
      • Longyan Prefecture
        • Wuping Co.
          • Zijinshan ore field
    Dianfen Chen, Jianguo Na, Youheng Xiong, Tongde Zhong, and Xueming Li (1998): Acta Geologica Sinica 72(3), 249-259
    • Hebei Province
      • Chengde Prefecture
        • Xinglong Co.
    Yingfu Zhao and Zengyao Lu (2004): Mineral Resources and Geology 18(3), 212-216
    • Hunan Province
      • Hengyang Prefecture
        • Changning Co.
    Xiangmei Ren (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(2), 147-151
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
        • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
    Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
    Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Ébreuil
          • Échassières
    G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
      • Puy-de-Dôme
        • Servant
          • Les Chaillats (Chaillat)
    G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
    • Burgundy
      • Saône-et-Loire
        • Bourbon-Lancy
          • Chalmoux
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Limousin
      • Creuse
        • Soumans
          • Montebras
    P. Picot, Z. Johan : "Atlas of Ore Minerals", BRGM, Elsevier, 1982
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Nantiat
          • Vaulry
    P. Cantinolle et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 245-248
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Hautes-Alpes
        • Villar d'Arène
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
    Greece
     
    • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
      • Kykládes Prefecture
        • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
          • Tinos Island
    Econ. Geol. 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Rudabányai Mtns
        • Rudabánya
    Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Recsk
    No reference listed
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Sapporo
    Polymetallic mineralization at the Shin-Ohtoyo Deposit, Harukayama District, Hokkaido, Japan, Imai, Akira; Matsueda, Hiroharu; Yamada, Ryoichi; Masuta, Kenzo, Resource Geology (Tokyo 1998), vol.49, no.2, pp.75-88, 1999
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Fukui Prefecture
          • Ono City
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 25, pp,229-236 (1987)
      • Chugoku region
        • Okayama prefecture
          • Mito-cho
            • Aida
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
        • Shimane Prefecture
    Soeda, A., & Hirowatari, F. (1978). Arsenian hauchecornite from the Tsumo mine, Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 9(4), 199-209.
      • Kanto region
        • Tochigi Prefecture
          • Nikko City
            • Ashio-machi
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
      • Kinki Region
        • Hyogo Prefecture
          • Asago City
            • Ikuno-cho-ono
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    No reference listed
          • Kawabe-gun
            • Inagawa-cho
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 25, pp,229-236 (1987); Shimizu, M., Shimizu, M., & Tsunoda, K. (2008). Physicochemical Environment of Formation of Tin Sulfide-Bearing. Far Eastern Studies 7:23-40
          • Shisou City
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 25, pp,229-236 (1987)
          • Yabu City
            • Oya-cho-akenobe
    Mining Annual Review:1985:407.; Am Min 61:3-4 pp 260-265; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 25, pp,229-236 (1987)
        • Kyoto Prefecture
          • Fukuchiyama
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 25, pp,229-236 (1987)
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Pavlodar Province (Pavlodar Oblysy; Pavlodarskaya Oblast')
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
    Norway
     
    • Nord-Trøndelag
      • Grong
        • Godejorda
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 21
    • Telemark
      • Kviteseid
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 278 pp( p. 21).
    Peru
     
    • Arequipa Department
      • Castilla Province
    Marcoux, E., Moëlo, Y. & Milési, J.P. (1994): Vinciennite and Cu-excess tennantite from Layo (Cu, Sn, As, Au) epithermal deposits (Southern Peru). Mineral. Petrol. 51, 21-36.
    • Junín Department
      • Yauli Province
    Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80
    Portugal
     
    • Beja District
      • Castro Verde
        • Santa Bárbara de Padrões
    Relvas, J. M. R. S. et al. (2006): Hydrothermal Alteration and Mineralization in the Neves-Corvo Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide Deposit, Portugal. I. Geology, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry. Econ. Geology 101, 753-790.
    • Viseu District
    Ing Soen Oen : "Paragenetic relations of some Cu-Fe-Sn-Sulfides in the Mangualde Pegmatite, North Portugal", Mineral. Deposita (Berl.) 5, 59-84, 1970.
    Romania
     
    • Caraş-Severin Co.
      • Banat Mts
        • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
          • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
    Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 65(3), pp. 351–372
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]
      • Khabarovskiy Kray
    Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Russian Academy of Sciences, Dimitriy Belakovskiy, Curator Leninskiy prospekt 18-2, Moscow 117071, Russia
    Fersman Mineraloical Museum Russian Academy of Sciences, Dimitriy Belakovskiy, Curator Leninskiy prospekt 18-2, Moscow 117071, Russia
    • Northern Caucasus Region
      • Karachaevo-Cherkesskaya Republic (Karachai-Cherkess Republic; Karachay-Cherkessia Republic)
    Jambor J L, Grew E S (1994) New mineral names, American Mineralogist 79, 387-391
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Pervomayskiy
    O. Plotinskaya data
    South Korea
     
    • Ulsan
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 12 (1984) , No. 4 pp 162-172
    Spain
     
    • Castile and Leon
      • Salamanca
    Revista de minerales, 2000 (Mars), 260-263.
    Sweden
     
    • Södermanland
      • Nyköping
        • Tunaberg
    Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
    Dobbe, Rene T. M. (1991): Tellurides, selenides, and associated minerals in the Tunaberg copper deposits, SE Bergslagen, central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology 44, 89-106
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Ayer
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 270.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Grimentz
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Callington District
          • Calstock
            • Gunnislake
    Dr. Kurt Greenwall collection (Dr. Werner H. Paar analyses)
        • St Austell District
          • Treverbyn
            • Stenalees
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:65
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 291; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
    • Colorado
      • Hinsdale Co.
        • Lake City District (Lake District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
          • Lake City
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Park Co.
        • Alma District
          • Mount Bross
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
      • Angren Region
        • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
    Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
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