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Meixnerite

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Formula:
Mg
 
6
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
16
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
System:TrigonalHardness:2
Member of:Hydrotalcite Group > Hydrotalcite Supergroup
Name:
Named in honour of Professor Heinrich Hermann Meixner (1908–1981), Austrian mineralogist, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.


Easily confused with hydrotalcite.

Classification of Meixnerite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/F.05-10
Strunz 9th edition ID:4.FL.05
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.FL.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
L : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 8th edition ID:6.4.6.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
4 : Miscellaneous
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.4.10

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
4 : Oxides of Be, Mg and the alkaline earths
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Type Occurrence of Meixnerite

Type Locality:"In der Gleisen" Quarry, Nöchling, Waldviertel, Lower Austria, Austria
Year of Discovery:1975

Physical Properties of Meixnerite

Hardness (Mohs):2

Crystallography of Meixnerite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:R3m
Cell Parameters:a = 3.046(2) Å, c = 22.93(2) Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 7.528
Unit Cell Volume:V 184.24 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:Z = 3/8
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
7.64 (55)
3.82 (72)
2.57 (64)
2.287 (70)
1.94 (100)
1.52 (75)
1.494 (57)

Optical Data of Meixnerite

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.517 nε = 1.500
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.017

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low

Chemical Properties of Meixnerite

Formula:
Mg
 
6
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
16
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Mg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2·4H2O
Essential elements:Al, H, Mg, O
All elements listed in formula:Al, H, Mg, O

Relationship of Meixnerite to other Species

Member of:Hydrotalcite Group > Hydrotalcite Supergroup
Other Members of Group:

- +
Desautelsite
Mg
 
6
Mn
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
Droninoite
Ni
 
6
Fe
2+
3
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Hydrotalcite
Mg
 
6
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
Iowaite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Jamborite
(Ni
2+
 
,Ni
3+
 
,Co,Fe)(OH)
 
2
(OH,S,H
 
2
O)
Pyroaurite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
Reevesite
Ni
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
(CO
 
3
) · 4H
 
2
O
Stichtite
Mg
 
6
Cr
 
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
Takovite
Ni
 
6
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
Woodallite
Mg
 
6
Cr
 
2
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.FL.Trébeurdenite
Fe
2+
2
Fe
3+
4
O
 
2
(OH)
 
10
CO
 
3
·3H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Woodallite
Mg
 
6
Cr
 
2
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Iowaite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Jamborite
(Ni
2+
 
,Ni
3+
 
,Co,Fe)(OH)
 
2
(OH,S,H
 
2
O)
4.FL.05Muskoxite
Mg
 
7
Fe
 
4
O
 
13
· 10H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Fougèrite
Fe
2+
4
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
]·3H
 
2
O
4.FL.10Hydrocalumite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
(Cl,CO
 
3
,OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.15Kuzelite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[SO
 
4
] · 6H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Aurorite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ag,Ca)Mn
4+
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Chalcophanite
(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn
 
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Ernienickelite
NiMn
 
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Jianshuiite
(Mg,Mn)Mn
 
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.25Woodruffite
Zn(Mn
4+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)
 
5
O
 
10
·3½H
 
2
O
4.FL.30Asbolane
(Ni,Co)
 
2-x
Mn
4+
 
(O,OH)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
4.FL.35Buserite
Na
 
4
Mn
 
14
O
 
27
· 21H
 
2
O
4.FL.40Ranciéite
(Ca,Mn)Mn
 
4
O
 
9
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.40Takanelite
(Mn,Ca)Mn
 
4
O
 
9
· H
 
2
O
4.FL.45Birnessite
(Na,Ca)
 
0.5
(Mn
4+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
O
 
4
· 1.5H
 
2
O
4.FL.55Cianciulliite
Mn(Mg,Mn)
 
2
Zn
 
2
(OH)
 
10
· 2-4H
 
2
O
4.FL.60Jensenite
Cu
 
3
[TeO
 
6
] · 2H
 
2
O
4.FL.65Leisingite
Cu(Mg,Cu,Fe,Zn)
 
2
[TeO
 
6
] · 6H
 
2
O
4.FL.70Akdalaite
4Al
 
2
O
 
3
· H
 
2
O
4.FL.75Cafetite
(Ca,Mg)(Fe,Al)
 
2
Ti
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.80Mourite
UMo
 
5
O
 
12
(OH)
 
10
4.FL.85Deloryite
Cu
 
4
(UO
 
2
)(MoO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.4.1Bromellite
BeO
7.4.2Behoite
Be(OH)
 
2
7.4.3Clinobehoite
Be(OH)
 
2
7.4.4Chrysoberyl
BeAl
 
2
O
 
4
7.4.5Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S
Mg
 
3
Al
 
8
BeO
 
16
7.4.6Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S
Mg
 
2
BeAl
 
6
O
 
12
7.4.7Periclase
MgO
7.4.8Brucite
Mg(OH)
 
2
7.4.9Spinel
MgAl
 
2
O
 
4
7.4.11Lime
CaO
7.4.12Portlandite
Ca(OH)
 
2
7.4.13Chlormayenite
Ca
 
12
Al
 
14
O
 
32
Cl
 
2
7.4.14Hydrocalumite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
(Cl,CO
 
3
,OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.4.15Marokite
CaMn
 
2
O
 
4
7.4.16Ranciéite
(Ca,Mn)Mn
 
4
O
 
9
· 3H
 
2
O
7.4.17Hollandite
Ba(Mn
4+
6
Mn
3+
2
)O
 
16
7.4.18Romanèchite
(Ba,H
 
2
O)
 
2
Mn
 
5
O
 
10
7.4.19Todorokite
(Ca,K,Na,Mg,Ba,Mn)(Mn,Mg,Al)
 
6
O
 
12
· 3H
 
2
O

Other Names for Meixnerite

Synonyms:
IMA1974-003
Other Languages:
German:Meixnerit
Simplified Chinese:羟镁铝石
Spanish:Meixnerita
Traditional Chinese:羥鎂鋁石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Meixnerite

Reference List:

- +
Koritnig, S. and P. Süsse (1975) Meixnerite, Mg6Al2(OH)18•4H2O, ein neues Magnesium-Aluminium-Hydroxid-Mineral. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrog. Mitt., 22, 79–87.

American Mineralogist (1976) 61: 176.

Pöllmann, H., Witzke, T. & Dickschas, D. (1998): Meixnerite with the composition [Mg5Al3(OH)16][(OH)3(H2O)4] of Maroldsweisach, Bavaria. Aufschluss 49, 230-232 (in German).

Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Genin, J.-M.R., Kameda, T., Colombo, F. (2012): Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1289-1336.

Internet Links for Meixnerite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Meixnerite on Webmineral
  • Look for Meixnerite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Meixnerite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Meixnerite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Find Meixnerite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
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  • Fabre Minerals - search for Meixnerite specimens
  • Localities for Meixnerite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Lower Austria
      • Waldviertel
        • Nöchling
    Tschermaks Min.Petr.Mitt.(1975) 22, 79-87
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Maroldsweisach
    Pöllmann, H., Witzke, T. & Dickschas, D. (1998): Meixnerite with the composition [Mg5Al3(OH)16][(OH)3(H2O)4] of Maroldsweisach, Bavaria. Aufschluss 49, 230-232 (in German).; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Sounion area
            • Sounion Mines
    Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Zheleznogorsk
    Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.
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