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Mendipite

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Formula:
Pb3Cl2O2
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Colourless, white, grey, ...
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Name:
After the locality at the Mendip Hills, Somerset, England, UK.
Chemically similar to damaraite.

Classification of Mendipite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
3.DC.70

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
C : With Pb (As,Sb,Bi), without Cu
10.3.1.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
3 : A3(O,OH)2Xq
8.8.5

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
8 : Halides of Pb
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-2641.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Mendipite

Year of Discovery:
1839

Physical Properties of Mendipite

Adamantine, Resinous, Silky, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless, white, grey, often tinged yellow, blue, red; nearly colourless in transmitted light
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {110} perfect; {100} and {010} less perfect.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
7.24 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.22 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Mendipite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
2 2 2 - Disphenoidal
Space Group:
P21 21 21
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.52Å, b = 11.87Å, c = 5.87Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.802 : 1 : 0.495
Unit Cell Volume:
V 663.32 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Fibrous or columnar masses, often radiated.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.40 (6)
3.78 (6)
3.51 (7)
3.08 (6)
3.04 (8)
2.78 (10)
2.64 (9)

Optical Data of Mendipite

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 2.240 nβ = 2.270 nγ = 2.310
2V:
Measured: 90° , Calculated: 84°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.070
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Mendipite

Formula:
Pb3Cl2O2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Mendipite to other Species

3.DC.05LaurionitePbCl(OH)
3.DC.05ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
3.DC.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
3.DC.15PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
3.DC.20LaurelitePb7F12Cl2
3.DC.25Bismoclite(BiO)Cl
3.DC.25Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)
3.DC.25MatlockitePbFCl
3.DC.25RorisiteCaFCl
3.DC.25Zavaritskite(BiO)F
3.DC.25ZhangpeishaniteBaFCl
3.DC.30NadoritePbSbClO2
3.DC.30PeritePbBiClO2
3.DC.35AravaipaitePb3F3[AlF6] · H2O
3.DC.37CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
3.DC.40ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
3.DC.45MereheaditePb47Cl25(OH)13O24(CO3)(BO3)2
3.DC.50BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
3.DC.55PinalitePb3WO5Cl2
3.DC.60SymesitePb10(SO4)O7Cl4 · H2O
3.DC.65EcdemitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
3.DC.65HeliophyllitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
3.DC.75DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2
3.DC.80OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11
3.DC.85CotunnitePbCl2
3.DC.90PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4
3.DC.95BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
8.8.1AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
8.8.2MatlockitePbFCl
8.8.3LaurelitePb7F12Cl2
8.8.4CotunnitePbCl2
8.8.6DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2
8.8.7LaurionitePbCl(OH)
8.8.8ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
8.8.9PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
8.8.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
8.8.11BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
8.8.12PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4
8.8.13DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
8.8.14PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
8.8.15ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
8.8.17BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2
8.8.18BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
8.8.19AravaipaitePb3F3[AlF6] · H2O
8.8.20YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8
8.8.21KolaritePbTeCl2
8.8.22HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)

Other Names for Mendipite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Soluble in dilute nitric acid.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Mendipite

Reference List:
Berzelius (1823) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar: 184.

Berzelius (1824) Edinburgh Journal of Science: 1: 379.

Haidinger (1825) Mohs: 2: 151.

Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 502.

Breithaupt, A. (1832) Vollständige Characteristik etc. 2nd. Ed.: 61 (as Chlor-Spath).

Lévy, A. (1837) Description d’une collection de minéraux formée par M. Henri Heuland, et appartenant à M. Ch. H. Turner, de Rooksnest, dans le comté de Surrey en Angleterre. 3 volumes and atlas of 85 plates, London: 2: 448 (as Berzélite).

Glocker, E.F. (1839) Handbuch der Mineralogie, 2nd. edition, Nürnberg.: 604.

Dufrénoy (1856): 3: 280.

Rimann (1918) Anal. soc. quim. argentina: 6: 326 (as Pseudomendipite).

Spencer (1923) Mineralogical Magazine: 20: 67.

Bannister (1934) Mineralogical Magazine: 23: 596.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 56-58.

Gabrielson, O. (1958) The crystal structure of mendipite, Pb3O2Cl2. Arkiv Mineral. Geol., 2(16), 299–304.

Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi (1969): 4: 523.

Vincent, H. and Perrault, G. (1971): Structure cristalline de l’oxychlorure de plomb synthétique Pb3O2Cl2. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 94, 323–331.

Symes, R.F. and Embrey, P.G. (1977): Mendipite and other rare oxychloride minerals from the Mendip Hills, Somerset, England. Mineral. Record, 8, 298–303.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2000): 563-569.

Krivovichev, Sergey V.; Burns, Peter C. (2001): Crystal chemistry of lead oxide chlorides. I. Crystal structures of synthetic mendipite, Pb3O2Cl2, and synthetic damaraite, Pb3O2(OH)Cl. Eur. J. Mineral. 13, 801-809.

Internet Links for Mendipite

Specimens:
The following Mendipite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Mendipite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Scott, K. M. (1994): Lead oxychlorides at Elura, western NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 58, 336-338.; Chapman, J. & Scott, K. (2005): Supergene minerals from the oxidised zone of the Elura (Endeavor) lead-zinc-silver deposit. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 83-90.
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Clarendon
Bywater, S. (1987): Minerals from the Mount Malvern mine. Mineralogical News (Journal of the Mineralogical Society of South Australia), 7 (1), 41.; Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Sauerland
      • Brilon
Rhodius, R. (1847): Justus Liebig's Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie 62, 373, Naumann, Zirkel: "Elemente der Mineralogie", 13th Ed., Engelmann (Leipzig), 1898; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 57.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1980): Mendipit Pb3Cl2O2 - Neufund für Lavrion, Griechenland. Der Aufschluss, 31 (5), 153-155.
        • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
        • Sounion area
Laurion The mineralsin the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
        • Thorikos area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
Pilipenko, P. P. (1915): Mineralogy of the Western Altai. Bull. Imp. Tomsk University, Tomsk, no. 63.
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
UK
 
  • England
    • Bristol
      • Westbury on Trym
BMS Database
    • Cornwall
      • St Agnes District
        • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (http://britishmicromountsociety.homestead.com/Gannell-Smelter.html)
    • Somerset
      • Cranmore
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46; Turner, R.W., (2006) A Mechanism for the formation of the Mineralised Mn Deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Min. Mag. vol. 70, no. 6, pp 629 - 653; Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 410-411
      • Holwell
BMS Database
      • Mendip Hills
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 57.
        • Priddy
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 57; Mineralogical Record: 27: 253.
USA
 
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Easthampton
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • Schuylkill Township
MinRec 20:369-386
Mineral and/or Locality  
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