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Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
White to grayish white
For Marie Louise Lindberg-Smith of the USGS.
The Mn analogue of humboldtine.

May appear as a dehydration product of falottaite (Mn-oxalate trihydrate).

An orthorhombic polymorph is known as a synthetic compound (Huizing et al., 1977; Lethbridge et al., 2003).

Classification of Lindbergite

Approved 2003

A : Salts of organic acids
B : Oxalates URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Lindbergite

Year of Discovery:
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Secondary mineral associated with phosphates in a granite pegmatite

Physical Properties of Lindbergite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
White to grayish white
Hardness (Mohs):
on {010}
not observed
2.1 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.356 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Lindbergite

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.995Å, b = 5.632Å, c = 9.967Å
β = 128.34°
a:b:c = 2.13 : 1 : 1.77
Unit Cell Volume:
V 528.1 ų
Pseudomorphous after short prismatic crystals of the trihydrate; aggregates of platelets.
Space group C2/c.

Optical Data of Lindbergite

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.424 nβ = 1.550 nγ = 1.650
Measured: 80° , Calculated: 77°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.226
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
not detected

Chemical Properties of Lindbergite

Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Lindbergite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
GlushinskiteMg(C2O4) · 2H2O
HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Humboldtine)Zn(C2O4) · 2H2O
10.AB.05HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
10.AB.10GlushinskiteMg(C2O4) · 2H2O
10.AB.15MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
10.AB.20StepanoviteNaMgFe3+(C2O4)3 · 8-9H2O
10.AB.25MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
10.AB.30WheatleyiteNa2Cu(C2O4)2 · 2H2O
10.AB.35ZhemchuzhnikoviteNaMgAl(C2O4)3 · 8H2O
10.AB.40WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · 2H2O
10.AB.45WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
10.AB.50CaoxiteCa(C2O4) · 3H2O
10.AB.55Oxammite(NH4)2(C2O4) · H2O
10.AB.65Coskrenite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
10.AB.70Levinsonite-(Y)(Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
10.AB.75Zugshunstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
10.AB.80NovgorodovaiteCa2(C2O4)Cl2 · 2H2O

Other Names for Lindbergite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lindbergite

Reference List:
Huizing, A.; Van Hal, H. A. M.; Kwestroo, W.; Langereis, C.; Van Loosdregt, P. C. (1977): Hydrates of manganese(II) oxalate. Mater. Res. Bull. 12, 605-611.

Lethbridge, Zoe A. D.; Congreve, Aileen F.; Esslemont, Emma; Slawin, Alexandra M. Z.; Lightfoot, Philip. (2003): Synthesis and structure of three manganese oxalates: MnC2O4.2H2O, [C4H8(NH2)2][Mn2(C2O4)3] and Mn2(C2O4)(OH)2. Journal of Solid State Chemistry 172, 212-218.

Atencio, D., Coutinho, J. M.V., Graeser, S., Matioli, P. A., Menezes Filho, L. A. D. (2004): Lindbergite, a new manganese oxalate dihydrate from Boca Rica mine, Galiléia, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and Parsettens, Oberhalbstein, Switzerland. Am. Mineral., 89, 1087-1091.

J. Soleimannejad, H. Aghabozorg, S. Hooshmand, M. Ghadermazi and J. Attar Gharamaleki (2007): The monoclinic polymorph of catena-poly[<[diaquamanganese(II)]- -oxalato-4O1,O2:O1',O2']. Acta Crystallogr. E63, m2389-m2390.

Echigo, T. & Kimata, M. (2008): Single-crystal X-ray diffraction and spectroscopic studies on humboldtine and lindbergite: weak Jahn–Teller effect of Fe2+ ion. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 35, 467-475.

Internet Links for Lindbergite

Localities for Lindbergite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Rettenegg
        • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
          • Prinzkogel mines
            • Southern District
Jakely, D., Bernhard, F. & Weiß, A. (2008): Die Mineralien der Silber-Blei-Zink-Erzvorkommen am Prinzenkogel bei Rettenegg in der Oststeiermark. Joannea Mineralogie, 5, 1-159 / Der Steirische Mineralog, Sonderband 1, 1-159.
Brazil (TL)
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce valley
      • Galiléia
        • Sapucaia do Norte
AmMin 89:1087
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Offenburg
Walenta, K. (2003): Oxalatmineralien aus dem Schwarzwald. Erzgräber 17, 9-16. (in German)
      • Triberg
        • Gremmelsbach
Walenta, K. (2003): Oxalatmineralien aus dem Schwarzwald. Erzgräber 17, 9-16. (in German); American Mineralogist 89:1087-1091
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Blaß, G. & Graf, H.-W. (2000): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt 11(4), 57-60 (in German); U. Kolitsch, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und J. Gröbner (2004): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 29 (2) 18-23; 50. (in German); American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Freiberg District
        • Bräunsdorf
J. Gröbner and U. Kolitsch (2007): Aktuelle Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge III. Mineralien-Welt 18 (5), 16-19. (in German)
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
Kolitsch, U., Lackner, E., Ciriotti, M. E. (2008): Lindbergite: primo ritrovamento italiano a Molinello. MICRO (UK report), 1/2008, 69-72.
          • Reppia
Giorgio Bortolozzi - Probed.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antigorio Valley
          • Devero Valley
            • Baceno
              • Devero Alp
Albertini, C. & Meisser, N. (2012): Lindbergite del Monte Cervandone, Alpe Devero, Baceno (Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2012, 18-25. ; ALBERTINI C., MEISSER N. (2012) - Lindbergite del Monte Cervandone (Alpe Devero, Baceno, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXXVI, 1, 18-25; Albertini, C. & Meisser, N. (2012): Lindbergite del Monte Cervandone (Alpe Devero, Baceno, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 36, 1, 18-25 (in Italian).
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
  • Scotland
    • Buchan Grampian
American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
      • Winterham
American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
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