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Lindbergite

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Formula:
Mn
2+
 
(C
 
2
O
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:White to grayish white
Hardness:
Name:For Marie Louise Lindberg-Smith of the USGS


The Mn analogue of humboldtine.

May appear as a dehydration product of falottaite (Mn-oxalate trihydrate).

An orthorhombic polymorph is known as a synthetic compound (Huizing et al., 1977; Lethbridge et al., 2003).

Classification of Lindbergite

IMA status:Approved 2003
Strunz 8th edition ID:9/A.01-45
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:10.AB.05

10 : ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
A : Salts of organic acids
B : Oxalates
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Type Occurrence of Lindbergite

Type Locality:Boca Rica claim, Sapucaia do Norte, Galiléia, Doce valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Year of Discovery:2001
Geological Setting of type material:Secondary mineral associated with phosphates in a granite pegmatite

Physical Properties of Lindbergite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:White to grayish white
Streak:white
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
on {010}
Parting:not observed
Density (measured):2.1 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.356 g/cm3

Crystallography of Lindbergite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:a = 11.995Å, b = 5.632Å, c = 9.967Å
β = 128.34°
Ratio:a:b:c = 2.13 : 1 : 1.77
Unit Cell Volume:V 528.1 ų
Z:4
Morphology:Pseudomorphous after short prismatic crystals of the trihydrate; aggregates of platelets.
Comment:Space group C2/c.

Optical Data of Lindbergite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.424 nβ = 1.550 nγ = 1.650
2V:Measured: 80° , Calculated: 77°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.226

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:not detected
Pleochroism:Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Lindbergite

Formula:
Mn
2+
 
(C
 
2
O
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Mn2+(C2O4)·2H2O
Essential elements:C, H, Mn, O
All elements listed in formula:C, H, Mn, O

Relationship of Lindbergite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
10.AB.05Humboldtine
Fe
2+
 
(C
 
2
O
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
10.AB.10Glushinskite
Mg(C
 
2
O
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
10.AB.15Moolooite
Cu(C
 
2
O
 
4
) · 0.4H
 
2
O
10.AB.20Stepanovite
NaMgFe
3+
 
(C
 
2
O
 
4
)
 
3
· 8-9H
 
2
O
10.AB.25Minguzzite
K
 
3
Fe
3+
 
(C
 
2
O
 
4
)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
10.AB.30Wheatleyite
Na
 
2
Cu(C
 
2
O
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
10.AB.35Zhemchuzhnikovite
NaMg(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(C
 
2
O
 
4
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
10.AB.40Weddellite
Ca(C
 
2
O
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
10.AB.45Whewellite
Ca(C
 
2
O
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
10.AB.50Caoxite
Ca(C
 
2
O
 
4
) · 3H
 
2
O
10.AB.55Oxammite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
(C
 
2
O
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
10.AB.60Natroxalate
Na
 
2
(C
 
2
O
 
4
)
10.AB.65Coskrenite-(Ce)
(Ce,Nd,La)
 
2
(C
 
2
O
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
10.AB.70Levinsonite-(Y)
(Y,Nd,La)Al(C
 
2
O
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
10.AB.75Zugshunstite-(Ce)
(Ce,Nd,La)Al(C
 
2
O
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
10.AB.80Novgorodovaite
Ca
 
2
(C
 
2
O
 
4
)Cl
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O

Other Names for Lindbergite

Synonyms:
IMA2003-029
Other Languages:
German:Lindbergit

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lindbergite

Reference List:

- +
Huizing, A.; Van Hal, H. A. M.; Kwestroo, W.; Langereis, C.; Van Loosdregt, P. C. (1977): Hydrates of manganese(II) oxalate. Mater. Res. Bull. 12, 605-611.

Lethbridge, Zoe A. D.; Congreve, Aileen F.; Esslemont, Emma; Slawin, Alexandra M. Z.; Lightfoot, Philip. (2003): Synthesis and structure of three manganese oxalates: MnC2O4.2H2O, [C4H8(NH2)2][Mn2(C2O4)3] and Mn2(C2O4)(OH)2. Journal of Solid State Chemistry 172, 212-218.

Atencio, D., Coutinho, J. M.V., Graeser, S., Matioli, P. A., Menezes Filho, L. A. D. (2004): Lindbergite, a new manganese oxalate dihydrate from Boca Rica mine, Galiléia, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and Parsettens, Oberhalbstein, Switzerland. Am. Mineral., 89, 1087-1091.

J. Soleimannejad, H. Aghabozorg, S. Hooshmand, M. Ghadermazi and J. Attar Gharamaleki (2007): The monoclinic polymorph of catena-poly[<[diaquamanganese(II)]- -oxalato-4O1,O2:O1',O2']. Acta Crystallogr. E63, m2389-m2390.

Echigo, T. & Kimata, M. (2008): Single-crystal X-ray diffraction and spectroscopic studies on humboldtine and lindbergite: weak Jahn–Teller effect of Fe2+ ion. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 35, 467-475.

Internet Links for Lindbergite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
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  • Localities for Lindbergite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Fischbacher Alpen
        • Rettenegg
          • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
            • Prinzkogel mines
              • Southern District
    Jakely, D., Bernhard, F. & Weiß, A. (2008): Die Mineralien der Silber-Blei-Zink-Erzvorkommen am Prinzenkogel bei Rettenegg in der Oststeiermark. Joannea Mineralogie, 5, 1-159 / Der Steirische Mineralog, Sonderband 1, 1-159.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Doce valley
        • Galiléia
          • Sapucaia do Norte
    AmMin 89:1087
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Offenburg
    Walenta, K. (2003): Oxalatmineralien aus dem Schwarzwald. Erzgräber 17, 9-16. (in German)
        • Triberg
          • Gremmelsbach
    Walenta, K. (2003): Oxalatmineralien aus dem Schwarzwald. Erzgräber 17, 9-16. (in German); American Mineralogist 89:1087-1091
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Blaß, G. & Graf, H.-W. (2000): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt 11(4), 57-60 (in German); U. Kolitsch, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und J. Gröbner (2004): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 29 (2) 18-23; 50. (in German); American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Freiberg District
          • Bräunsdorf
    J. Gröbner and U. Kolitsch (2007): Aktuelle Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge III. Mineralien-Welt 18 (5), 16-19. (in German)
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Ne
          • Graveglia Valley
    Kolitsch, U., Lackner, E., Ciriotti, M. E. (2008): Lindbergite: primo ritrovamento italiano a Molinello. MICRO (UK report), 1/2008, 69-72.
            • Reppia
    Giorgio Bortolozzi - Probed.
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Baceno
            • Devero Alp (Devero Valley; Val Devero)
    Albertini, C. & Meisser, N. (2012): Lindbergite del Monte Cervandone, Alpe Devero, Baceno (Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2012, 18-25. ; ALBERTINI C., MEISSER N. (2012) - Lindbergite del Monte Cervandone (Alpe Devero, Baceno, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXXVI, 1, 18-25; Albertini, C. & Meisser, N. (2012): Lindbergite del Monte Cervandone (Alpe Devero, Baceno, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 36, 1, 18-25 (in Italian).
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Albula Valley
        • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
          • Tinizong (Tinzen)
    American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • Buchan Grampian (Banffshire)
    American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
    USA
     
    • Virginia
      • Amelia Co.
        • Winterham
    American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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    Updated Mineral Entry: OrpheiteFrom Uwe Kolitsch, 30th Oct 2014 13:36:58