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Morinite

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Formula:
NaCa
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)F
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Colourless, white, light ...
Hardness:4 - 4½
Name:After Mr. Morineau, Director of the tin mine at Montebras, France.
This page provides mineralogical data about Morinite.

Classification of Morinite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.50-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DM.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
M : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 2:1
Dana 8th edition ID:42.4.2.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:22.1.16

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
1 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with fluoride
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Type Occurrence of Morinite

Type Locality:Montebras Mines, Montebras, Soumans, Creuse, Limousin, France
General Appearance of Type Material:Druses in granite
Year of Discovery:1891
Geological Setting of type material:Granite
Associated Minerals at type locality:
WavelliteWarditeRoscheriteCassiteriteApatite

Physical Properties of Morinite

Lustre:Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Comment:Lustre tends toward pearly on the {100} cleavage surface.
Colour:Colourless, white, light rose-pink; colourless to light rose-pink in transmitted light.
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):4 - 4½
Cleavage:Perfect
On {100}, perfect; on {001}, imperfect.
Density (measured):2.94 g/cm3

Crystallography of Morinite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Morphology:Crystals prismatic [001] and tabular {100}. Terminal faces are frequently rounded, and the vertical faces are striated [001]. Also occurs as radial-fibrous or columnar crusts or aggregates.

Optical Data of Morinite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.551 nβ = 1.563 nγ = 1.565
2V:Measured: 43° , Calculated: 44°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.014

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:r < v strong

Chemical Properties of Morinite

Formula:
NaCa
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)F
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4·2H2O
Essential elements:Al, Ca, F, H, Na, O, P
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ca, F, H, Na, O, P

Relationship of Morinite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DM.05Esperanzaite
NaCa
 
2
Al
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)F
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DM.10Clinotyrolite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
10
· 10H
 
2
O
8.DM.10Tyrolite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
8
· 11H
 
2
O
8.DM.15Betpakdalite-CaCa
[Ca
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
17
Ca(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][Mo
6+
8
As
5+
2
Fe
3+
3
O
 
36
(OH)]
8.DM.15Melkovite
[Ca
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
15
Ca(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][Mo
 
8
P
 
2
Fe
3+
3
O
 
36
(OH)]
8.DM.15Betpakdalite-NaCa
[Na
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
17
Ca(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][Mo
6+
8
As
5+
2
Fe
3+
3
O
 
34
(OH)
 
3
]
8.DM.20Phosphovanadylite-Ba
Ba[V
4+
4
P
 
2
O
 
8
(OH)
 
8
]·12H2O
8.DM.20Phosphovanadylite-Ca
Ca[V
4+
4
P
 
2
O
 
12
(OH)
 
4
] · 12H
 
2
O
8.DM.25Yukonite
Ca
 
3
Fe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DM.30Uduminelite
Ca
 
3
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DM.35Delvauxite
CaFe
 
4
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
8
· 4-6H
 
2
O not confirmed ·
8.DM.40Santafeite
(Na,Ca,Sr)
 
12
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Al,Mg)
 
8
Mn
4+
8
(VO
 
4
)
 
16
(OH,O)
 
20
· 8H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
22.1.1Amblygonite
LiAl(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.2Lacroixite
NaAl(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.3Natrophosphate
Na
 
7
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
F · 19H
 
2
O
22.1.5Nacaphite
Na
 
2
Ca(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.6Arctite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
22.1.7Nefedovite
Na
 
5
Ca
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
F
22.1.9Fluorapatite
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
22.1.10Herderite
CaBePO
 
4
(F,OH)
22.1.11Isokite
CaMg(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.12Panasqueiraite
CaMg(PO
 
4
)(OH,F)
22.1.13Babefphite
BaBePO
 
4
(F,OH)
22.1.14Fluellite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)F
 
2
(OH) · 7H
 
2
O
22.1.15Minyulite
KAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F) · 4H
 
2
O
22.1.17Bøggildite
Na
 
2
Sr
 
2
Al
 
2
PO
 
4
F
 
9
22.1.18Fluorstrophite
SrCaSr
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
22.1.19Viitaniemiite
Na(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(F,OH)
 
3
22.1.20Väyrynenite
Mn
2+
 
Be(PO
 
4
)(OH,F)
22.1.21Maxwellite
NaFe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)F
22.1.22Wagnerite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.23Triplite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(F,OH)
22.1.24Magniotriplite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
PO
 
4
F
22.1.25Zwieselite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.26Mcauslanite
HFe
2+
3
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
F · 18H
 
2
O
22.1.27Richellite
CaFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
2
22.1.28Svabite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
F
22.1.29Tilasite
CaMg(AsO
 
4
)F
22.1.30Johnbaumite-M
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
OH
22.1.31Durangite
NaAl(AsO
 
4
)F

Other Names for Morinite

Synonyms:
Ježekite
Other Languages:
German:Jezekit
Morinit
Russian:Моринит
Simplified Chinese:红磷钠矿
Spanish:Jezekita
Morinita

Other Information

Other Information:Decomposed by hot H2SO4; incompletely so in cold H2SO4 or aqua regia.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Morinite

Reference List:

- +
Lacroix (1891) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 14: 187.

Carnot and Lacroix (1908) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 31: 149.

Slavík (1914) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 37: 152.

Slavík (1914) Ac. sc. Bohême Bull., No. 4: 19.

Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 160.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 783-784 (as Morinite), 784-785 (as Ježekite).

American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 585-594.

Hawthorne, F.C. (1979): The crystal structure of morinite. Canadian Mineralogist, 17, 93–102.

Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie (1985): 108: 536.

Internet Links for Morinite

Search Engines:
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Morinite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Morinite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Belen Department
        • El Portezuelo Granite
    Edwardo Jawerbaum, prominant Argentinian collector.
    COLOMBO, Fernando; LIRA, Raúl and PANNUNZIO MINER, Elisa V.. Mineralogical Characterization Of Topaz From Miarolitic Pegmatites And W-Bearing Greisen In The A-Type El Portezuelo Granite, Papachacra (Catamarca Province). Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.2, pp. 194-200.
    • Córdoba
      • Punilla Department
    Gunnar Farber specimens; Kampf, A.R., Colombo, F., González del Tánago, J. (2010): Gayite, a new dufrénite-group mineral from the Gigante granitic pegmatite, Córdoba province, Argentina. American Mineralogist, 95, 386–391.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • North Mt Lofty Ranges
          • Kapunda
    Vince Piesley Collection
    • Tasmania
      • Heazlewood district
        • Luina
    Am Min 85:231-235
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
    R Bottrill (unpub data); Bottrill (unpub)
    Canada
     
    • Nova Scotia
      • Lunenburg Co.
        • New Ross
    Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Ondruš, P., Beran, P. & Susser, C. (2006): Mineralogy of phosphate accumulations in the Huber stock, Krásno ore district, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 103-147.
    Finland
     
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Orivesi
        • Eräjärvi area
    Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
    France
     
    • Limousin
      • Creuse
        • Soumans
          • Montebras
    Patureau, J., Chiappero, P-J. & Lebocey, J. (2011): Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans, Creuse. Le Règne Minéral. 99, 5-33
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Bessines-sur-Gartempe
    Boisson, J. M. (1988) - Les monts d'Ambazac, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (2), 3-33.
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Oberpfälzer Wald
          • Vohenstrauß
            • Pleystein
    Dill, H.G., Weber, B. (2009), Pleystein-City on Pegmatite, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Recife, Brazil.
            • Waidhaus
              • Hagendorf
    http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Ehrenfriedersdorf
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 783.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Karibib District
        • Etiro Farm 50
    http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
    Portugal
     
    • Viseu District
      • Sátão
        • Ferreira de Aves
          • Aldeia Nova
    Pedro Alves (2013) Morinita de la mina “Senhora da Assunção”, Ferreira de Aves (Viseu, Portugal). ACOPIOS-Revista Ibérica de Mineralogía, Vol 4 (2013): 73-84.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • St Austell District
          • Treverbyn
            • Stenalees
    Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 517-518.
    USA
     
    • California
    San Diego Natural History Museum
    • Connecticut
      • Middlesex Co.
        • Portland
          • Collins Hill
            • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
    Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State (Taylor Assoc./Mineralogical Press)
    • Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Iron Point District
          • Valmy
    Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
    • South Dakota
      • Pennington Co.
        • Keystone District
          • Keystone
    Rocks & Min.:60:110,112 & 116.
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