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Nadorite

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Big Photo

Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden
© Christian Rewitzer 2011




Formula:
PbSbClO
 
2
System:OrthorhombicColour:Brown, yellow to ...
Lustre:Adamantine, ResinousHardness:3½ - 4
Member of:Nadorite Group
Name:After the type locality at Djebel Nador, Constantine, Algeria.
Isostructural with:Unnamed (Tetragonal Dimorph of Nadorite)


Nadorite Group.
A secondary mineral in antimony-bearing hydrothermal deposits.

A tetragonal dimorph is known as a synthetic phase and in slags.

Classification of Nadorite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:3/D.10-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:3.DC.30

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
C : With Pb (As,Sb,Bi), without Cu
Dana 8th edition ID:10.2.5.2

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
2 : A(O,OH)Xq
Hey's CIM Ref.:24.3.4

24 : Antimonates and Antimonites
3 : Antimonates of Ti and Pb
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Type Occurrence of Nadorite

Type Locality:Nador n'Bails Mine, Djebel Nador, Guelma, Constantine Province, Algeria
Year of Discovery:1870
Associated Minerals at type locality:
SmithsoniteBindheimite

Physical Properties of Nadorite

Lustre:Adamantine, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Brown, yellow to brownish yellow
Streak:White, yellow to yellowish white
Hardness (Mohs):3½ - 4
Cleavage:Perfect
On {010}, perfect.
Density (measured):7.02 g/cm3
Density (calculated):7.06 g/cm3

Crystallography of Nadorite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:Cmcm
Cell Parameters:a = 5.603Å, b = 12.245Å, c = 5.448Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.458 : 1 : 0.445
Unit Cell Volume:V 373.78 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Crystals tabular {010}, or elongated [100], also lenticular [010] with a square or octagonal outline. May be subparallel or divergent platy groups.
Twinning:On {101}, nearly perpendicular (91°45'), common.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.71 (30)
2.800 (100)
2.703 (25)
2.057 (25)
1.945 (30)
1.615 (30)
1.587 (30)

Optical Data of Nadorite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 2.300 nβ = 2.340 - 2.350 nγ = 2.360 - 2.400
2V:Measured: 85° , Calculated: 88°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.060 - 0.100

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:strong

Chemical Properties of Nadorite

Formula:
PbSbClO
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:PbSbClO2
Essential elements:Cl, O, Pb, Sb
All elements listed in formula:Cl, O, Pb, Sb

Relationship of Nadorite to other Species

Member of:Nadorite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Perite
PbBiClO
 
2
Common Associates:
ValentiniteSphaleriteSmithsoniteSénarmontiteBindheimite
MimetiteJamesoniteGalenaCerussiteAnglesite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
3.DC.05Laurionite
PbCl(OH)
3.DC.05Paralaurionite
PbCl(OH)
3.DC.10Fiedlerite
Pb
 
3
FCl
 
4
(OH) · H
 
2
O
3.DC.15Penfieldite
Pb
 
2
Cl
 
3
(OH)
3.DC.20Laurelite
Pb
 
7
F
 
12
Cl
 
2
3.DC.25Bismoclite
(BiO)Cl
3.DC.25Daubréeite
(BiO)(OH,Cl)
3.DC.25Matlockite
PbFCl
3.DC.25Rorisite
CaFCl
3.DC.25Zavaritskite
(BiO)F
3.DC.25Zhangpeishanite
BaFCl
3.DC.30Perite
PbBiClO
 
2
3.DC.35Aravaipaite
Pb
 
3
F
 
3
[AlF
 
6
] · H
 
2
O
3.DC.37Calcioaravaipaite
PbCa
 
2
AlF
 
9
3.DC.40Thorikosite
Pb
 
3
Cl
 
2
(OH)(SbO
 
3
,AsO
 
3
)
3.DC.45Mereheadite
Pb
 
47
Cl
 
25
(OH)
 
13
O
 
24
(CO
 
3
)(BO
 
3
)
 
2
3.DC.50Blixite
Pb
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
Cl
3.DC.55Pinalite
Pb
 
3
WO
 
5
Cl
 
2
3.DC.60Symesite
Pb
 
10
(SO
 
4
)O
 
7
Cl
 
4
· H
 
2
O
3.DC.65Ecdemite
Pb
 
6
Cl
 
4
(As
 
2
O
 
7
)
3.DC.65Heliophyllite
Pb
 
6
Cl
 
4
(As
 
2
O
 
7
)
3.DC.70Mendipite
Pb
 
3
Cl
 
2
O
 
2
3.DC.75Damaraite
Pb
 
3
Cl(OH)O
 
2
3.DC.80Onoratoite
Sb
 
8
Cl
 
2
O
 
11
3.DC.85Cotunnite
PbCl
 
2
3.DC.90Pseudocotunnite
K
 
2
PbCl
 
4
3.DC.95Barstowite
Pb
 
4
Cl
 
6
(CO
 
3
) · H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
24.3.2Derbylite
Fe
3+
4
Ti
 
3
Sb
3+
 
O
 
13
(OH)
24.3.3Hemloite
(Ti,V
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
12
(As
3+
 
,Sb
3+
 
)
 
2
O
 
23
(OH)
24.3.5Bindheimite
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
2
O
 
6
O
24.3.6Monimolite
24.3.7Thorikosite
Pb
 
3
Cl
 
2
(OH)(SbO
 
3
,AsO
 
3
)

Other Names for Nadorite

Synonyms:
Ochrolite
Other Languages:
German:Nadorit
Russian:Надорит
Simplified Chinese:氯锑铅矿
Spanish:Nadorita
Swedish:Ochrolith

Other Information

Other Information:Alters to Cerussite.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Nadorite

Reference List:

- +
Flajolot, M (1870); Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris, 71, 237.

Cesàro (1888) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 11: 44.

Flink (1889) Ak. Stockholm, Öfversigy: 46: 5 (as Ochrolith).

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 863.

Goldschmidt, V. (1920) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 6: 66.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 113.

Barthoux (1925) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 48: 246.

Russell (1927) Mineralogical Magazine: 21: 272.

Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 211.

Sillén and Melander (1941) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 103: 420.

Bolfa, Pastant, and Roubault (1949) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 228: 1739 (synthesis).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1039-1040.

Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi (1969): 4: 525.

Giuseppetti G., Tadini C. (1973) - Riesame della struttura cristallina della nadorite: PbSbO2Cl. Periodico di mineralogia – Roma: 42: 335-345 (in Italian with English abs.).

Internet Links for Nadorite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Nadorite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Nadorite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Nadorite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Algeria
     
    • Constantine Province
      • Guelma
        • Djebel Nador
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1024, 1040.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
    Birch BH Book
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Hüttenberg
          • Waitschach
    Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
    Bulgaria
     
    • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
      • Rhodope Mts
    Min.Mag.(1982) 46, 357-361
    Germany
     
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Westerwald
        • Wied Iron Spar District
          • Neuwied
            • Puderbach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Morocco
     
    • Oriental Region
      • Oujda-Angad Province
        • Touissit District
    Mineralogical Record Nov-Dec 2013 Volume 44 Number 6
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Keller, P. & Innes, J. (1986): "Neue Minerale von Tsumeb." Lapis, 11 (9), 28-32.
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1040; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
        • Persberg district
          • Pajsberg
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 794, 1040.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Callington District
          • Pillaton
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • Wadebridge District
          • St Endellion
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
            • Trewetha
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1040.
          • St Kew
    Clayton, R.E., and Spiro, B: (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 315-331.
          • St Minver
            • Port Quin
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    USA
     
    • California
      • Riverside Co.
        • Crestmore
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