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Nickel

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Formula:
Ni
System:IsometricColour:White
Lustre:MetallicHardness:


See also awaruite.

Classification of Nickel

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:1/A.08-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.AA.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
A : Copper-cupalite family
Dana 7th edition ID:1.1.17.2
Dana 8th edition ID:1.1.11.5

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Hey's CIM Ref.:1.61

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
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Type Occurrence of Nickel

Type Locality:Bogota, Canala Commune, Northern Province, New Caledonia
Year of Discovery:1967

Physical Properties of Nickel

Lustre:Metallic
Colour:White
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Nickel

Crystal System:Isometric
Cell Parameters:a = 3.52Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 43.61 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Nickel

Type:Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Nickel

Formula:
Ni
Essential elements:Ni
All elements listed in formula:Ni
Common Impurities:Fe,Co

Relationship of Nickel to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
1.AA.05Aluminium
Al
1.AA.05Copper
Cu
1.AA.05Electrum
(Au, Ag)
1.AA.05Gold
Au
1.AA.05Lead
Pb
1.AA.05Silver
Ag
1.AA.05UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd
(Cu,Pd,Au)
1.AA.05UM1991-06-E:AuCu
Au
 
3
Cu
1.AA.10aAuricupride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.AA.10bTetra-auricupride
AuCu
1.AA.10aCuproauride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.AA.15Anyuiite
Au(Pb,Sb)
 
2
1.AA.15Khatyrkite
(Cu,Zn)Al
 
2
1.AA.15Iodine
I
 
2
1.AA.15Novodneprite
AuPb
 
3
1.AA.15UM1985-02-E:AlZn
ZnAl
 
2
1.AA.20Cupalite
(Cu,Zn)Al
1.AA.25Hunchunite
Au
 
2
Pb
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
1.1Copper
Cu
1.2Silver
Ag
1.5Gold
Au
1.6Auricupride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.7Tetra-auricupride
AuCu
1.8Zinc
Zn
1.9Cadmium
Cd
1.10Danbaite
CuZn
 
2
1.11Zhanghengite
CuZn
1.12Mercury
Hg
1.13Kolymite
Cu
 
7
Hg
 
6
1.14Moschellandsbergite
Ag
 
2
Hg
 
3
1.15Eugenite
Ag
 
11
Hg
 
2
1.16Schachnerite
Ag
 
1.1
Hg
 
0.9
1.17Paraschachnerite
Ag
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.18Luanheite
Ag
 
3
Hg
1.19Weishanite
(Au,Ag)
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.20Indium
In
1.21Aluminium
Al
1.22Khatyrkite
(Cu,Zn)Al
 
2
1.23Cupalite
(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24Diamond
C
1.25Graphite
C
1.26Chaoite
C
1.27Lonsdaleite
C
1.28Silicon
Si
1.29Tin
Sn
1.30Lead
Pb
1.31Anyuiite
Au(Pb,Sb)
 
2
1.31Novodneprite
AuPb
 
3
1.32Leadamalgam
Pb
 
0.7
Hg
 
0.3
1.33Arsenic
As
1.34Arsenolamprite
As
1.35Paxite
CuAs
 
2
1.36Koutekite
Cu
 
5
As
 
2
1.37Domeykite
Cu
 
3
As
1.38Algodonite
(Cu
 
1-x
As
 
x
)
1.39Novakite
Cu
 
20
AgAs
 
10
1.40Kutinaite
Ag
 
6
Cu
 
14
As
 
7
1.41Antimony
Sb
1.42Stibarsen
AsSb
1.43Paradocrasite
Sb
 
3
As
1.44Horsfordite
Cu, Sb
1.45Cuprostibite
Cu
 
2
(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum
(Ag
 
1-x
Sb
 
x
)
1.47Aurostibite
AuSb
 
2
1.48Dyscrasite
Ag
 
3
Sb
1.49Bismuth
Bi
1.50Maldonite
Au
 
2
Bi
1.51Sulphur
S
 
8
1.52Rosickýite
S
1.53Selenium
Se
1.54Tellurium
Te
1.55Chromium
Cr
1.56Rhenium
Re
1.57Iron
Fe
1.58Chromferide
Fe
 
3
Cr
 
1-x
(x=0.6)
1.59Ferchromide
Cr
 
3
Fe
 
1-x
1.60Wairauite
CoFe
1.62Kamacite
(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite
(Fe,Ni)
1.64Tetrataenite
FeNi
1.65Awaruite
Ni
 
3
Fe
1.66Palladium
(Pd,Pt)
1.67Potarite
PdHg
1.68Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.70Cabriite
Pd
 
2
CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.72Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.73Rustenburgite
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.75Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.76Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium
(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82Platinum
Pt
1.83Hongshiite
PtCu
1.84Niggliite
PtSn
1.85Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.86Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.87Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.88Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.89Rhodium
(Rh,Pt)
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
1.1.17.1Iron
Fe
1.1.17.3Kamacite
(Fe,Ni)
1.1.17.4Taenite
(Fe,Ni)
1.1.17.5Tetrataenite
FeNi
1.1.17.6Awaruite
Ni
 
3
Fe
1.1.17.6Hexaferrum
(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)

Other Names for Nickel

Synonyms:
IMA1966-039
Other Languages:
Afrikaans:Nikkel
Arabic:نيكل
Armenian:Նիկել
Azeri:Nikel
Basque:Nikel
Belarusian:Нікель
Bengali:নিকেল
Bosnian (Latin Script):Nikl
Bulgarian:Никел
Catalan:Níquel
Chuvash:Никĕль
Corsican:Nichele
Croatian:Nikal
Czech:Nikl
Danish:Nikkel
Dutch:Nikkel
Esperanto:Nikelo
Estonian:Nikkel
Finnish:Nikkeli
French:Nickel
Friulian:Nichel
Galician:Níquel
Georgian:ნიკელი
German:Nickel
Greek:Νικέλιο
Haitian:Nikèl
Hebrew:ניקל
Hindi:निकेल
Hungarian:Nikkel
Icelandic:Nikkel
Ido:Nikelo
Indonesian:Nikel
Italian:Nichel
Japanese:ニッケル
Javanese:Nikel
Korean:니켈
Kurdish (Latin Script):Nîkel
Latin:Niccolum
Latvian:Niķelis
Lithuanian:Nikelis
Lojban:nikle
Low Saxon:Nickel
Luxembourgish:Néckel
Macedonian:Никел
Malayalam:നിക്കല്‍
Manx:Nickyl
Maori:Konukōreko
Marathi:निकेल
Nahuatl:Iztāctepoztli
Norwegian (Bokmål):Nikkel
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Nikkel
Occitan:Niquèl
Persian:نیکل
Polish:Nikiel
Portuguese:Níquel
Quechua:Nikil
Romanian:Nichel
Russian:Никель
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Никл
Serbo-Croatian:Nikl
Sicilian:Nichel
Simplified Chinese:自然镍
Slovak:Nikel
Slovenian:Nikelj
Spanish:Níquel
Swahili:Nikeli
Swedish:Nickel
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Никел
Tamil:நிக்கல்
Thai:นิกเกิล
Turkish:Nikel
Ukrainian:Нікель
Uzbek (Latin Script):Nikel
Vietnamese:Niken
Yiddish:ניקל
Varieties:
Oktibbehite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Nickel

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1968): 53: 348.

Mineralogical Magazine (1975): 40: 247.

Internet Links for Nickel

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Nickel on Wikipedia
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Nickel details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Nickel specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Localities for Nickel

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
          • Mount Barker
            • Nairne
    No reference listed
    • Tasmania
      • Rosebery district
    Bottrill & Baker in press - Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania
    • Western Australia
      • Leonora Shire
        • Ten Mile Outcamp
    Economic Geology; October 1981; v. 76; no. 6; p. 1686-1697
      • Wiluna Shire
        • Lake Way Station
    Grguric, B.A., Seat, Z., Karpuzov, A.A., Simonov, O.N. (2013) The West Jordan deposit, a newly-discovered Type 2 dunite-hosted nickel sulphide system in the northern Agnew-Wiluna Belt, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 51, pg. 79-92
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Frohnleiten
        • Kirchdorf
    Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1666) Ein vorläufiger Bericht über seltene Ni- und Cr-Mineralien vom Kirchdorftunnel der Brucker Schnellstraße, Steiermark. Pp. 250-252 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Similkameen Mining Division
        • Tulameen River
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    China
     
    • Gansu Province
      • Dingxi Prefecture
        • Min Co.
    Liu Jiajun, Mao Guangjian, Ma Xinghua, Li Lixing, Guo Yuqian, Liu Guangzhi (2008): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 51(6), 769-777.
    • Jiangsu Province
      • Lianyungang Prefecture
        • Donghai Co.
          • Maobei
    Jingsui Yang, Zhiqin Xu, Wenji Bai, Qingsong Fang, and Zhongming Zhang (2006): 3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), July 10-14, 2006, Abstract 59-SE-A0643.
    • Sichuan Province
      • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Garzê Co. (Ganzi Co.)
    Guangfu Zou and Ying Mao (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(suppl.), 395-398
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
        • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
    Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
    Finland
     
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Suomussalmi
    Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
    Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E., Vignola, P. (1996): Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work, Ed., Milano, 800 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Shikoku Island
      • Kagawa Prefecture
    Miura et al (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 211.
    New Caledonia
     
    • Northern Province
      • Canala Commune
    Ramdohr, P. (1967) On the wide-spread paragenesis of ore minerals originating during serpentinization. Geologiya Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, No. 2, 32-43 (in Russian)
    • Southern Province
    Poland
     
    • Małopolskie
      • Wieliczka
    Mazur L. 1969: Rodzimy nikiel z kopalni soli w Wieliczce. Prz. Geol. nr 3.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
        • Anabarskii massif
          • Popigai river
    (Pis'ma v Astronomicheskii Zhurnal, vol. 1, Apr. 1975, p. 43-47.) Soviet Astronomy Letters, vol. 1, Mar.-Apr. 1975, p. 88, 89. Translation.
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    S. ISHIMARU, S. ARAI and H. SHUKUNO (2009) Metals in oxidized and metasomatized peridotite xenoliths derived from the mantle wedge. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009.
        • Bezymyannyi Volcano
    No reference listed
        • Tolbachik volcano
          • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
            • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
    Glavatskih S.F., Trubkin H.V. (2003) Native tellurium and nickel from high-temperature gas exhalates of Great Fissure Tolbachik eruption (Kamchatka), - DAN, 389(2), p. 231-234 (in Rus.).
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Khanka Lake
    V.V. Seredin data; [AmMin 84:992]
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Northern Karelia
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Polar Urals
        • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
          • Rai-Iz (Raiz)
    Jan Pašava, Ilja Knésl, Anna Vymazalová, Ivan Vavřín, Ludmila Ivanovna Gurskaya, Leonid Ruslanovich Kolbantsev (2011) Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements (PGE) in chromites from Centralnoye I, Polar Urals, Russia. Geoscience Frontiers 2:81-85
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Poltár Co.
    Maťo,Ľ., Maťová, 1994: Mineralizácia v okolí Ozdína, výskyt zlata s obsahom Sb-Ni v tmavých bridliciach, JZ časti veporského kryštalinika (stredné Slovensko). Min.Slovaca, 26,1,30 – 37
    South Africa
     
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Ehlanzeni District
    Minerals of South Africa
    Sweden
     
    • Jämtland
      • Östersund
    Jan Olov Nyström, Frans E. Wickman (1991) The Ordovician chondrite from Brunflo, central Sweden, II. Secondary minerals. Lithos 27:167-185
    The Moon
     
    • Mare Crisium
    Andrei V. Mokhov & Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
    • Oceanus Procellarum (Ocean of Storms)
    Frondell Judith W. (1978) Lunar mineralogy, - "Mir", Moscow, pp. 335 (in Rus.)
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
        • Willow Creek District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • California
    San Diego Natural History Museum
    • Colorado
      • Larimer Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Mississippi
    [var: Oktibbehite] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
    • Washington
      • Snohomish Co.
        • Sultan District
          • Sultan Basin
            • Little Chief Peak
    Phipps, Richard W.; Mckay, Donald T., Jr.; Norman, David K.; Wolff, Fritz E., 2003, Inactive and abandoned mine lands-Spada Lake and Cecile Creek Watershed analysis units, Snohomish an Okanogan Counties, Washington: Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources, Open File 2003-3, 36 p.
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