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Nickeline

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Formula:
NiAs
System:HexagonalColour:Pale copper red
Lustre:MetallicHardness:5 - 5½
Member of:Nickeline Group
Name:Originally named kupfernickel in 1694 by Urban Hjärne from the German nickname for Satan or Nick (in the sense of a mischievous deceiver), because the ore seemed to contain copper but yielded none. Renamed nickeline in 1832 by Francois Sulpice Beudant in allusion to its nickel contents. Also renamed niccolite by James Dwight Dana in 1868 from the Latin "niccolum".

Classification of Nickeline

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/C.20-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.CC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
C : With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.
Dana 8th edition ID:2.8.11.1

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.11.27

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni
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Physical Properties of Nickeline

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Pale copper red
Comment:Tarnishes to Lead grey, greyish, or black
Streak:Pale Brownish black
Hardness (Mohs):5 - 5½
Tenacity:Brittle
Fracture:Conchoidal
Density (measured):7.784 g/cm3
Density (calculated):7.834 g/cm3

Crystallography of Nickeline

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Class (H-M):6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:P63/mcm
Cell Parameters:a = 3.602Å, c = 5.009Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.391
Unit Cell Volume:V 56.28 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Twinning:On {1011} producing fourlings, possibly on {3141}
Crystal Atlas:
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Nickeline - {100}, {101}, {001}
Nickeline - Prismatic {110}

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Nickeline

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Very strong, light greenish yellow to slate-gray
Colour in reflected light:white with strong yellowish pink hue
Pleochroism:Strong
Comments:Whitish yellow-pink to light brownish pink.

Chemical Properties of Nickeline

Formula:
NiAs
Essential elements:As, Ni
All elements listed in formula:As, Ni
Common Impurities:Sb,Fe,Co,S

Relationship of Nickeline to other Species

Member of:Nickeline Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Achavalite
(Fe,Cu)Se
Breithauptite
NiSb
Freboldite
CoSe
Kotulskite
Pd(Te,Bi)
Langisite
(Co,Ni)As
Sobolevskite
Pd(Bi,Te)
Sudburyite
(Pd,Ni)Sb
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.CC.UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh
(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)
 
9
S
 
11
2.CC.05Achavalite
(Fe,Cu)Se
2.CC.05Breithauptite
NiSb
2.CC.05Freboldite
CoSe
2.CC.05Kotulskite
Pd(Te,Bi)
2.CC.05Langisite
(Co,Ni)As
2.CC.05Sederholmite
beta-NiSe
2.CC.05Sobolevskite
Pd(Bi,Te)
2.CC.05Stumpflite
Pt(Sb,Bi)
2.CC.05Sudburyite
(Pd,Ni)Sb
2.CC.05Jaipurite
CoS
2.CC.05Zlatogorite
NiCuSb
 
2
2.CC.10Pyrrhotite
Fe
 
1-x
S (x = 0 to 0.17)
2.CC.10Smythite
(Fe,Ni)
 
3+x
S
 
4
(x=0-0.3)
2.CC.10Troilite
FeS
2.CC.15Cherepanovite
RhAs
2.CC.15Modderite
(Co,Fe)As
2.CC.15Ruthenarsenite
(Ru,Ni)As
2.CC.15Westerveldite
(Fe,Ni,Co)As
2.CC.20Millerite
NiS
2.CC.20Mäkinenite
γ-NiSe
2.CC.20UM1990-38-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh
(Ir,Pt,Ni,Fe)S
2.CC.25Mackinawite
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
8
2.CC.30Hexatestibiopanickelite
(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
2.CC.30Vavřínite
Ni
 
2
SbTe
 
2
2.CC.35aBraggite
(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
2.CC.35bCooperite
PtS
2.CC.35aVysotskite
(Pd,Ni)S
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.11.1Heazlewoodite
Ni
 
3
S
 
2
3.11.2Godlevskite
(Ni,Fe)
 
9
S
 
8
3.11.3Millerite
NiS
3.11.4Polydymite
Ni
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
3.11.5Vaesite
NiS
 
2
3.11.6Shandite
Ni
 
3
Pb
 
2
S
 
2
3.11.7Donharrisite
Ni
 
8
Hg
 
3
S
 
9
3.11.8Violarite
Fe
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
3.11.9Pentlandite
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
8
3.11.10Bravoite
(Fe,Ni)S
 
2
3.11.11Siegenite
CoNi
 
2
S
 
4
-NiCo
 
2
S
 
4
3.11.12Fletcherite
Cu(Ni,Co)
 
2
S
 
4
3.11.13Villamaninite
(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S
 
2
3.11.14Mäkinenite
γ-NiSe
3.11.15Sederholmite
beta-NiSe
3.11.16Trüstedtite
Ni
 
3
Se
 
4
3.11.17Wilkmanite
Ni
 
3
Se
 
4
3.11.18Kullerudite
NiSe
 
2
3.11.19Penroseite
(Ni,Co,Cu)Se
 
2
3.11.20Tyrrellite
Cu(Co
3+
 
,Ni
3+
 
)
 
2
Se
 
4
3.11.21Imgreite
NiTe (?)
3.11.22Melonite
NiTe
 
2
3.11.23Kitkaite
NiTeSe
3.11.24Dienerite
3.11.25Orcelite
Ni
 
5-x
As
 
2
3.11.26Maucherite
Ni
 
11
As
 
8
3.11.28Rammelsbergite
NiAs
 
2
3.11.29Pararammelsbergite
NiAs
 
2
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite
NiAs
 
2-3
3.11.31Oregonite
Ni
 
2
FeAs
 
2
3.11.32Westerveldite
(Fe,Ni,Co)As
3.11.33Langisite
(Co,Ni)As
3.11.34Gersdorffite
NiAsS
3.11.35Jolliffeite
NiAsSe
3.11.36Breithauptite
NiSb
3.11.38Ullmannite
NiSbS
3.11.39Willyamite
(Co,Ni)SbS

Other Names for Nickeline

Synonyms:
Arsenical NickelCopper NickelKupfernickelKupfernickerKupfernikkel
Nickelite
Other Languages:
Basque:Nikelina
Finnish:Nikkoliitti
French:Nickéline
German:Nickelin
Arsennickel
Niccolit
Nickelit
Rotnickelkies
Greek:Νικελίνης
Hungarian:Nikkelin
Italian:Niccolite
Norwegian (Bokmål):Kobbernikkel
Polish:Nikielin
Russian:Никелин
Simplified Chinese:红砷镍矿
Slovak:Nikelín
Spanish:Niccolita
Nickelita
Niquel Rojo
Ukrainian:Нікелін

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Nickeline

Reference List:

- +
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1933): 84: 408.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 236-238.

Internet Links for Nickeline

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Nickeline on Wikipedia
  • Look for Nickeline on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Nickeline details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Find Nickeline on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
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  • Specimens:The following Nickeline specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Nickeline

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