Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Bastnäsite-(Nd)

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Nd(CO3)F
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
Pale purplish pink to ...
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Name:
Name first published without approval for a mineral from the Clara Mine, Black Forest, Germany, tentatively identified by Walenta (1992) as a Nd-dominant bastnäsite (see also Kolitsch et al. 1997, Kolitsch, 1997).
The F-analogue of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd).

Classification of Bastnäsite-(Nd)

Approved 2011
5.BD.20a

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.1.4

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-29123.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Bastnäsite-(Nd)

General Appearance of Type Material:
Occurs in the outer rim zone in crystals of bastnäsite-(Ce), found in cavities in yttrian fluorite.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Science Museum, Tokyo, registration number NSM-F15494.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Granite pegmatite.

Physical Properties of Bastnäsite-(Nd)

Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Pale purplish pink to colourless
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
4 - 4½
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
on {1010}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
5.23 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Bastnäsite-(Nd)

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6 m2 - Ditrigonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P62c
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.0792(13) Å, c = 9.721(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.373
Unit Cell Volume:
V 421.92 ų
Z:
6
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.86 (71)
3.54 (70)
2.86 (100)
2.43 (22)
2.04 (31)
2.00 (48)
1.883 (29)
1.662 (16)

Chemical Properties of Bastnäsite-(Nd)

Formula:
Nd(CO3)F
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Average of 6 electron-microprobe analyses; CO2 was estimated by stoichiometry. Sample from the type locality.
Y2O3 (0.19)
La2O3 (18.64)
Ce2O3 (18.64)
Pr2O3 (6.41)
Nd2O3 (26.86)
Sm2O3 (2.95)
Gd2O3 (1.30)
Dy2O3 (0.07)
F (8.98)
CO2 (19.92)
O=F (-3.78)
Total (100.18)
Empirical Formula:
Nd0.353La0.253Ce0.251Pr0.086Sm0.037Gd0.016Y0.004Dy0.001CO2.978F1.044
Common Impurities:
La,Ce,Pr,Sm,Gd

Relationship of Bastnäsite-(Nd) to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Bastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)(La,Ce)(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)(Y,Ce)(CO3)F
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
ThorbastnäsiteTh(Ca,Ce)(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4F
5.BD.10Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3F
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)3-xF2x+1
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)3-xF2x+1
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)F
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)(La,Ce)(CO3)F
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)(Y,Ce)(CO3)F
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Y,Gd)(CO3)2F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)Ca(Y,Ce)(CO3)2F
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteTh(Ca,Ce)(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F

Other Names for Bastnäsite-(Nd)

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bastnäsite-(Nd)

Reference List:
WALENTA, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Christian Weise Verlag, München. [tentative identification of a Nd-dominant bastnäsite]

KOLITSCH, U., GRAF, H. W. & BLAß, G. (1997): Untersuchungen über die Seltenerden-Carbonate Bastnäsit und Synchisit von der Grube Clara im Schwarzwald: Nachweis von Bastnäsit-(Ce), Bastnäsit-(Nd), Bastnäsit-(La) und Synchisit-(Ce). Aufschluss 48, 367-379.

Kolitsch, U. (1997): Ianthinit und weitere Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Erzgräber 11 (2), 76-88.

Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K. and Husdal, T. (2011): Bastnäsite-(Nd), IMA 2011-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2890; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893.

Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K. and Husdal, T.A. (2013): Bastnäsite-(Nd), a new Nd-dominant member of the bastnäsite group from the Stetind pegmatite, Tysfjord, Nordland, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25, 187-191.

Internet Links for Bastnäsite-(Nd)

Localities for Bastnäsite-(Nd)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Kolitsch, U., Graf, H. W. & Blaß, G. (1997): Untersuchungen über die Seltenerden-Carbonate Bastnäsit und Synchisit von der Grube Clara im Schwarzwald: Nachweis von Bastnäsit-(Ce), Bastnäsit-(Nd), Bastnäsit-(La) und Synchisit-(Ce). Aufschluss 48, 367-379; Kolitsch, U. (1997): Ianthinit und weitere Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Erzgräber 11 (2), 76-88; Kolitsch, U., Gröbner, J. Blass, G. & Graf, H.-W. (2007): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (III): Cerianit-(Ce), Dravit, Florencit-(La), Gilmarit, Olenit und Scotlandit. Lapis 32 (6), 19-23; 70 (in German).
Norway (TL)
 
  • Nordland
    • Tysfjord
Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K. and Husdal, T. (2011): Bastnäsite-(Nd), IMA 2011-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2890; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Miyawaki,R.,Yokoyama, K. & Husdal, T. A. (2013): Bastnäsite-(Nd), a new Nd-dominant member of the bastnäsite group from the Stetind pegmatite, Tysfjord, Nordland, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy 25, 187-191
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Tisovec
Ondrejka M., Uher P., Pršek J., Ozdín D., 2007: Arsenian monazite-(Ce) and xenotime-(Y), REE arsenates and carbonates from the Tisovec-Rejkovo rhyolite, Western Carpathians, Slovakia: Composition and substitutions in the (REE,Y)XO4 system (X = P, As, Si, Nb, S). Lithos, 95, 116-129.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: June 30, 2015 09:34:01 Page generated: June 12, 2015 04:02:48