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Nissonite

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Formula:
Cu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for William H. Nisson (1912–1965), amateur mineralogist, mineral collector and dealer, of Petaluma, California, USA, who first noted the mineral.
This page provides mineralogical data about Nissonite.

Classification of Nissonite

Approved 1966
8.DC.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1 and < 2:1
42.7.5.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
19.2.6

19 : Phosphates
2 : Phosphates of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Nissonite

Year of Discovery:
1966

Crystallography of Nissonite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 22.58Å, b = 5.02Å, c = 10.51Å
β = 99.33°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 4.498 : 1 : 2.094
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,175.57 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.8 (100)
4.36 (70)
3.72 (55)
2.768 (100)
2.679 (60)
2.531 (55)
2.218 (65)

Optical Data of Nissonite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.584 nβ = 1.620 nγ = 1.621
2V:
Measured: 19° , Calculated: 18°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.037
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
small

Chemical Properties of Nissonite

Formula:
Cu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Nissonite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
8.DC.07EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
8.DC.10LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
8.DC.12StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
8.DC.15ArthuriteCuFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15OjuelaiteZnFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15Cobaltarthurite(Co,Mg)Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15BendadaiteFe2+Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15KunatiteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)ZnFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)Fe2+Al3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.17KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
8.DC.20BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.20CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.22KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
8.DC.25FerristrunziteFe3+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.DC.25FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.25MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.25MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.25StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.27BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
8.DC.30GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2O
8.DC.30StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30UshkoviteMgFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30MaghrebiteMgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
8.DC.32TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
8.DC.35VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.37VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2O
8.DC.40CacoxeniteFe243+Al(PO4)17O6(OH)12 · 17H2O
8.DC.45Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
8.DC.45Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
8.DC.47KingiteAl3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2O
8.DC.50WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
8.DC.50AllanpringiteFe33+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.DC.52KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
8.DC.55MapimiteZn2Fe33+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2O
8.DC.57OgdensburgiteCa2Fe43+(Zn,Mn2+)(AsO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2O
8.DC.60Nevadaite(Cu2+,Al,V3+)6Al8(PO4)8F8(OH)2 · 22H2O
8.DC.60Cloncurryite(Cu,VO)Al2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 4.5-5H2O
19.2.1LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
19.2.2CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
19.2.3ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
19.2.4LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
19.2.5PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
19.2.7ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
19.2.8TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
19.2.9SieleckiiteCu3Al4(PO4)2(OH)12 · 2H2O
19.2.10PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
19.2.11HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
19.2.13ChalcosideriteCu(Fe3+,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
19.2.14PhosphofibriteK<0.5(Fe3+,Cu)8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 7H2O

Other Names for Nissonite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Nissonit
Spanish:Nissonita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Nissonite

Reference List:
Mrose, M.E., R. Meyrowitz, J.T. Alfors & C.W. Chesterman (1966), Nissonite, CMg(PO4)(OH)•2½H2O, a new hydrous copper-magnesium-phosphate mineral from Panoche Valley, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts, 1966: 145-146.

Mrose, M.E., R. Meyrowitz, J.T. Alfors & C.W. Chesterman (1966), Nissonite: American Mineralogist: 52: 927.

American Mineralogist (1990): 75: 1170-1175.

Internet Links for Nissonite

Localities for Nissonite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Min Rec 24:49
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39.
USA (TL)
 
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Panoche Valley
          • Llanada
Mrose, M.E., Meyrowitz, R., Alfors, J.T., and Chesterman, C.W. (1967) Nissonite. American Mineralogist: 52: 927; Hey, CIM: 498.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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