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Spinel Group

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Formula:
AE
 
2
O
 
4


Cubic oxides of general formula AE2O4. These species are sub-divided into three series: Spinel series (E = Al), Magnetite series (E = Fe), and the Chromite series (E = Cr). Also known as Spinelid.

Compare also Thiospinel Group, a group of spinel-type non-oxides.

Classification of Spinel Group

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Chemical Properties of Spinel Group

Formula:
AE
 
2
O
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:AE2O4

Relationship of Spinel Group to other Species

Group Members:
Ceylonite 
Chromite 
Fe
2+
 
Cr
3+
2
O
 
4
Cochromite 
(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)
 
2
O
 
4
Coulsonite 
Fe
2+
 
V
3+
2
O
 
4
Cuprospinel 
Cu
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
O
 
4
Filipstadite 
(Sb
 
0.5
Fe
 
0.5
)Mn
 
2
O
 
4
Franklinite 
Zn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
O
 
4
Gahnite 
ZnAl
 
2
O
 
4
Galaxite 
(Mn,Fe,Mg)(Al,Fe)
 
2
O
 
4
Hercynite 
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
O
 
4
Jacobsite 
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
O
 
4
Magnesiochromite 
Mg(Cr,Al,Fe)
 
2
O
 
4
Magnesiocoulsonite 
MgV
 
2
O
 
4
Magnesioferrite 
MgFe
3+
2
O
 
4
Magnetite 
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
O
 
4
Manganochromite 
(Mn,Fe)(Cr,V)
 
2
O
 
4
Nichromite 
(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)
 
2
O
 
4
Qandilite 
(Mg,Fe)
 
2
(Ti,Fe,Al)O
 
4
Spinel 
MgAl
 
2
O
 
4
  Kenomagnetite 
Trevorite 
Ni
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
O
 
4
Ulvöspinel 
Fe
 
2
TiO
 
4
Vuorelainenite 
(Mn,Fe)(V,Cr)
 
2
O
 
4
Zincochromite 
ZnCr
 
2
O
 
4

Other Names for Spinel Group

Other Languages:
Japanese:尖晶石
Simplified Chinese:尖晶石族

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Spinel Group

Reference List:

- +
Rinne (1928), Jb. Min., Beil.-Bd.: 58: 43.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 687-689.

Navrotsky, A. and Kleppa, O.J. (1967), The thermodynamics of cation distributions in simple spinels. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry: 29: 2701-2714.

Hill, R.J., Craig, J.R., and Gibbs, G.V. (1979) Systematics of the spinel structure type. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 4: 317-339.

Essene, E.J. and Peacor, D.R. (1983) Crystal chemistry and petrology of coexisting galaxite and jacobsite and other spinel solutions and solvi. American Mineralogist: 68: 449-455.

Grimes, N.W., Thompson, P., and Kay, H.F. (1983) New symmetry and structure for spinel. Proceedings of the Royal Society: A386: 333-345.

O'Neill, H. St.C. and Navrotsky, A. (1983), Simple spinels: crystallographic parameters, cation radii, lattice energies, and cation distribution. American Mineralogist: 68: 181-194.

Navrotsky, A. (1986), Cation-distribution energetics and heats of mixing in MgFe2O4-MgAl2O4, ZnFe2O4-ZnAl2O4, and NiAl2O4-ZnAl2O4 spinels: study by high-temperature calorimetry. American Mineralogist: 71: 1160-1169.

Princivalle, F., Della Giusta, A., and Carbonin, S. (1989) Comparative crystal chemistry of spinels from some suites of ultramafic rocks. Mineralogy and Petrology: 40: 117-126.

O'Neill, H.St.C. and Dollase, W.A. (1994) Crystal structures and cation distribution in simple spinels from powder XRD structural refinements: MgCr2O4, ZnCr2O4, Fe3O4, and the temperature dependence of the cation distribution in ZnAl2O4. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 20: 541-555.

Hazen, R.M. and Yang, H. (1999), effects of cation substitution and order-disorder on P-V-T equations of state of cubic spinels. American Mineralogist: 84: 1956-1960.

Lavrentiev, M.Y., Purton, J.A., and Allan, N.L. (2003), Ordering in spinels - a Monte Carlo study. American Mineralogist: 88: 1522-1531.

Papike, J.J., Karner, J.M., and Shearer, C.K. (2005) Comparative planetary mineralogy: Valence-state partitioning of Cr, Fe, Ti and V among crystallographic sites in olivine, pyroxene, and spinel from planetary basalts. American Mineralogist: 90: 277-290.

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  • Localities for Spinel Group

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