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Spinel Group

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Cubic oxides of general formula AE2O4. These species are sub-divided into three series: Spinel series (E = Al), Magnetite series (E = Fe), and the Chromite series (E = Cr). Also known as Spinelid.

Compare also Thiospinel Group, a group of spinel-type non-oxides.

Classification of Spinel Group

Spinel Group in petrology

An essential component of (items highlighted in red)
Common component of (items highlighted in red)
Accessory component of (items highlighted in red)

Chemical Properties of Spinel Group


Relationship of Spinel Group to other Species

Group Members:
Chromite Fe2+Cr23+O4
Cochromite (Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Coulsonite Fe2+V23+O4
Cuprospinel Cu2+Fe23+O4
Filipstadite (Sb0.5Fe0.5)Mn2O4
Franklinite Zn2+Fe23+O4
Gahnite ZnAl2O4
Galaxite Mn2+Al2O4
Hercynite Fe2+Al2O4
Jacobsite Mn2+Fe23+O4
Magnesiochromite MgCr2O4
Magnesiocoulsonite MgV2O4
Magnesioferrite MgFe23+O4
Magnetite Fe2+Fe23+O4
Manganochromite Mn2+Cr2O4
Nichromite (Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Qandilite (Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Spinel MgAl2O4
Trevorite Ni2+Fe23+O4
Ulvöspinel Fe2TiO4
Vuorelainenite Mn2+V23+O4
Zincochromite ZnCr2O4

Other Names for Spinel Group

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:尖晶石族

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Spinel Group

Reference List:
Rinne (1928) Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Beil.-Bd.: 58: 43.

Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 687-689.

Navrotsky, A., Kleppa, O.J. (1967) The thermodynamics of cation distributions in simple spinels. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry: 29: 2701-2714.

Hill, R.J., Craig, J.R., and Gibbs, G.V. (1979) Systematics of the spinel structure type. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 4: 317-339.

Essene, E.J., Peacor, D.R. (1983) Crystal chemistry and petrology of coexisting galaxite and jacobsite and other spinel solutions and solvi. American Mineralogist: 68: 449-455.

Grimes, N.W., Thompson, P., Kay, H.F. (1983) New symmetry and structure for spinel. Proceedings of the Royal Society: A386: 333-345.

O'Neill, H. St.C., Navrotsky, A. (1983) Simple spinels: crystallographic parameters, cation radii, lattice energies, and cation distribution. American Mineralogist: 68: 181-194.

Navrotsky, A. (1986) Cation-distribution energetics and heats of mixing in MgFe2O4-MgAl2O4, ZnFe2O4-ZnAl2O4, and NiAl2O4-ZnAl2O4 spinels: study by high-temperature calorimetry. American Mineralogist: 71: 1160-1169.

Princivalle, F., Della Giusta, A., Carbonin, S. (1989) Comparative crystal chemistry of spinels from some suites of ultramafic rocks. Mineralogy and Petrology: 40: 117-126.

O'Neill, H.St.C., Dollase, W.A. (1994) Crystal structures and cation distribution in simple spinels from powder XRD structural refinements: MgCr2O4, ZnCr2O4, Fe3O4, and the temperature dependence of the cation distribution in ZnAl2O4. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 20: 541-555.

Hazen, R.M., Yang, H. (1999) effects of cation substitution and order-disorder on P-V-T equations of state of cubic spinels. American Mineralogist: 84: 1956-1960.

Lavrentiev, M.Y., Purton, J.A., Allan, N.L. (2003) Ordering in spinels - a Monte Carlo study. American Mineralogist: 88: 1522-1531.

Papike, J.J., Karner, J.M., Shearer, C.K. (2005) Comparative planetary mineralogy: Valence-state partitioning of Cr, Fe, Ti and V among crystallographic sites in olivine, pyroxene, and spinel from planetary basalts. American Mineralogist: 90: 277-290.

Internet Links for Spinel Group URL:
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Localities for Spinel Group

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
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