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Thiospinel Group

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Formula:
AE
 
2
X
 
4
Name:"Thio" = sulphur and spinel in allusion to the member species's chemical composition as sulphides (and related minerals such as selenides, tellurides, etc.) and their spinel-like structure.


A group of sulphides and related minerals (X = S, Se, Te) with a spinel structure (compare the Spinel Group of oxides).

Classification of Thiospinel Group

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Chemical Properties of Thiospinel Group

Formula:
AE
 
2
X
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:AE2X4

Relationship of Thiospinel Group to other Species

Group Members:
Linnaeite Group 
  Bornhardtite 
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
Se
 
4
  Cadmoindite 
CdIn
 
2
S
 
4
  Carrollite 
Cu(Co,Ni)
 
2
S
 
4
  Cuproiridsite 
(Cu,Fe)Ir
 
2
S
 
4
  Cuprokalininite 
CuCr
 
2
S
 
4
  Cuprorhodsite 
(Cu,Fe)Rh
 
2
S
 
4
  Daubréelite 
Fe
2+
 
Cr
3+
2
S
 
4
  Ferrorhodsite 
(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
2
S
 
4
  Fletcherite 
Cu(Ni,Co)
 
2
S
 
4
  Florensovite 
(Cu,Zn)Cr
 
1.5
Sb
 
0.5
S
 
4
  Greigite 
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
S
 
4
  Indite 
FeIn
 
2
S
 
4
  Kalininite 
ZnCr
 
2
S
 
4
  Linnaeite 
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
S
 
4
  Malanite 
Cu(Pt
3+
 
,Ir
3+
 
)
 
2
S
 
4
  Polydymite 
Ni
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
  Siegenite 
CoNi
 
2
S
 
4
-NiCo
 
2
S
 
4
  Trüstedtite 
Ni
 
3
Se
 
4
  Tyrrellite 
Cu(Co
3+
 
,Ni
3+
 
)
 
2
Se
 
4
  Violarite 
Fe
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
  Xingzhongite 
(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)
 
2
S
 
4

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Thiospinel Group

Reference List:

- +
Vaughan, D.J., Burns, R.J., and Burns, V.M. (1971) Geochemistry and bonding of thiospinel minerals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 35: 365-381.

Grimes, N.W. (1974) An X-ray diffraction investigation of sulfide spinels. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics: 7: 1-6.

Von Philipsborn, H. (1974) Zur Kristallchemie Von Sulfide und Selenid Spinellen. Fortschritte der Mineralogie: 51: 201-239.

Higgins, J.B., Speer, J.A., and Craig, J.R. (1975) A note on thiospinel space group assignment. Philosophical Magazine: 32: 685.

Vaughan, D.J. and Tossell, J.A. (1981) Electronic structure of thiospinel minerals: Results from MO calculations. American Mineralogist: 66: 1250-1253.

Rudashevsky, N.S., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Mochalov, A.G., Trubkin, N.V., Shumskaya, N.I., and Zhdanov, V.V. (1985) Cuprorhodsite CuRh2S4 and cuproiridsite CuIr2S4 - new natural thiospinels of platinum-group elements. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 114: 187-195 (in Russian).

Vaughan, D.J. and Craig, J.R. (1985) The crystal chemistry of iron-nickel thiospinels. American Mineralogist: 70: 1036-1043.

Charnock, J., Garner, C.D., Pattrick, R.A.D., and Vaughan, D.J. (1990) An EXAFS study of thiospinel minerals. American Mineralogist: 75: 247-255.

Wagner, T., Cook, N.J. (1999) Carrollite and related minerals of the linnaeite group: Solid solutions and nomenclature in the light of new data from the Siegerland district, Germany. Can. Mineral., 37, 545-558.

Barkov, A.Y., Martin, R.F., Halkoaho, T.A.A., and Poirier, G. (2000a) The mechanism of charge compensation in Cu-Fe-PGE thiospinels from the Penikat layered intrusion, Finland. American Mineralogist: 85: 694-697.

Internet Links for Thiospinel Group

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