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Thiospinel Group

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Formula:
AE2X4
Name:
"Thio" = sulphur and spinel in allusion to the member species's chemical composition as sulphides (and related minerals such as selenides, tellurides, etc.) and their spinel-like structure.
A group of sulphides and related minerals (X = S, Se, Te) with a spinel structure (compare the Spinel Group of oxides).

Classification of Thiospinel Group

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Chemical Properties of Thiospinel Group

Formula:
AE2X4

Relationship of Thiospinel Group to other Species

Group Members:
Linnaeite Group 
  Bornhardtite Co2+Co23+Se4
  Cadmoindite CdIn2S4
  Carrollite Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
  Cuproiridsite (Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
  Cuprokalininite CuCr2S4
  Cuprorhodsite (Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
  Daubréelite Fe2+Cr23+S4
  Ferrorhodsite (Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
  Fletcherite Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
  Florensovite (Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4
  Greigite Fe2+Fe23+S4
  Indite FeIn2S4
  Kalininite ZnCr2S4
  Linnaeite Co2+Co23+S4
  Malanite Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
  Polydymite Ni2+Ni23+S4
  Siegenite CoNi2S4
  Trüstedtite Ni3Se4
  Tyrrellite Cu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
  Violarite Fe2+Ni23+S4
  Xingzhongite (Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Thiospinel Group

Reference List:
Vaughan, D.J., Burns, R.J., and Burns, V.M. (1971) Geochemistry and bonding of thiospinel minerals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 35: 365-381.

Grimes, N.W. (1974) An X-ray diffraction investigation of sulfide spinels. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics: 7: 1-6.

Von Philipsborn, H. (1974) Zur Kristallchemie Von Sulfide und Selenid Spinellen. Fortschritte der Mineralogie: 51: 201-239.

Higgins, J.B., Speer, J.A., and Craig, J.R. (1975) A note on thiospinel space group assignment. Philosophical Magazine: 32: 685.

Vaughan, D.J. and Tossell, J.A. (1981) Electronic structure of thiospinel minerals: Results from MO calculations. American Mineralogist: 66: 1250-1253.

Rudashevsky, N.S., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Mochalov, A.G., Trubkin, N.V., Shumskaya, N.I., and Zhdanov, V.V. (1985) Cuprorhodsite CuRh2S4 and cuproiridsite CuIr2S4 - new natural thiospinels of platinum-group elements. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 114: 187-195 (in Russian).

Vaughan, D.J. and Craig, J.R. (1985) The crystal chemistry of iron-nickel thiospinels. American Mineralogist: 70: 1036-1043.

Charnock, J., Garner, C.D., Pattrick, R.A.D., and Vaughan, D.J. (1990) An EXAFS study of thiospinel minerals. American Mineralogist: 75: 247-255.

Wagner, T., Cook, N.J. (1999) Carrollite and related minerals of the linnaeite group: Solid solutions and nomenclature in the light of new data from the Siegerland district, Germany. Can. Mineral., 37, 545-558.

Barkov, A.Y., Martin, R.F., Halkoaho, T.A.A., and Poirier, G. (2000a) The mechanism of charge compensation in Cu-Fe-PGE thiospinels from the Penikat layered intrusion, Finland. American Mineralogist: 85: 694-697.

Internet Links for Thiospinel Group

Localities for Thiospinel Group

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
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