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Nordstrandite

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Formula:
Al(OH)
 
3
System:TriclinicHardness:3
Polymorph of:Bayerite, Doyleite, Gibbsite
This page provides mineralogical data about Nordstrandite.

Classification of Nordstrandite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/F.02-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.FE.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
E : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 8th edition ID:6.3.3.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
3 : X(OH)3
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.6.6

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
6 : Oxides of Al
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Type Occurrence of Nordstrandite

Co-type Localities:Mt Alifan, Lamlan Ridge, Guam
Gunong Kapor, Bau, Kuching, Sarawak, Borneo Island, Malaysia
Year of Discovery:1958

Physical Properties of Nordstrandite

Hardness (Mohs):3

Crystallography of Nordstrandite

Crystal System:Triclinic
Class (H-M):1 - Pedial
Space Group:P1
Cell Parameters:a = 5.08Å, b = 5.12Å, c = 4.98Å
α = 93.67°, β = 118.92°, γ = 70.27°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.992 : 1 : 0.973
Unit Cell Volume:V 105.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:Non-standard unit-cell setting
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
4.789 (100)
4.322 (12)
4.207 (10)
2.392 (9)
2.263 (15)
2.016 (8)
1.9008 (8)

Optical Data of Nordstrandite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.580 nβ = 1.583 nγ = 1.602
2V:Measured: 24° , Calculated: 44°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.022

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:r < v moderate

Chemical Properties of Nordstrandite

Formula:
Al(OH)
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:Al(OH)3
Essential elements:Al, H, O
All elements listed in formula:Al, H, O

Relationship of Nordstrandite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.FE.05Amakinite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(OH)
 
2
4.FE.05Brucite
Mg(OH)
 
2
4.FE.05Portlandite
Ca(OH)
 
2
4.FE.05Pyrochroite
Mn(OH)
 
2
4.FE.05Theophrastite
Ni(OH)
 
2
4.FE.10Bayerite
Al(OH)
 
3
4.FE.10Doyleite
Al(OH)
 
3
4.FE.10Gibbsite
Al(OH)
 
3
4.FE.15Böhmite
AlO(OH)
4.FE.15Lepidocrocite
γ-Fe
3+
 
O(OH)
4.FE.20Grimaldiite
CrO(OH)
4.FE.20Heterogenite
CoO(OH)
4.FE.25Feitknechtite
Mn
3+
 
O(OH)
4.FE.25Lithiophorite
(Al,Li)MnO
 
2
(OH)
 
2
4.FE.30Quenselite
PbMnO
 
2
(OH)
4.FE.35Ferrihydrite
Fe
3+
5
O
 
3
(OH)
 
9
4.FE.40Feroxyhyte
Fe
3+
 
O(OH)
4.FE.40Vernadite
(Mn
4+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Ca,Na)(O,OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
4.FE.45Quetzalcoatlite
Zn
 
6
Cu
 
3
(TeO
 
6
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· Ag
 
x
Pb
 
y
Cl
 
x+2y
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.6.1Corundum
Al
 
2
O
 
3
7.6.2Böhmite
AlO(OH)
7.6.2Diaspore
AlO(OH)
7.6.4Gibbsite
Al(OH)
 
3
7.6.5Bayerite
Al(OH)
 
3
7.6.7Doyleite
Al(OH)
 
3
7.6.8Akdalaite
4Al
 
2
O
 
3
· H
 
2
O

Other Names for Nordstrandite

Synonyms:
Bayerite IIRandomite
Other Languages:
German:Nordstrandit
Randomit
Russian:Нордстрандит
Simplified Chinese:和诺三水铝石
Spanish:Nordstrandita
Randomita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Nordstrandite

Reference List:

- +
Wall, J.R.D., E.B. Wolfenden, E.H. Beard, and T. Deans (1962): Nordstrandite in soil from West Sarawak, Borneo. Nature, 196, 264–265.

Hathaway, J.C. and S.O. Schlanger (1962): Nordstrandite from Guam. Nature, 196, 265–266.

American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 214.

Saalfeld, H. and O. Jarchow (1968): Die Kristallstruktur
von Nordstrandite, Al(OH)3. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 109, 185-191.

Chao, G.Y. and J. Baker (1982): Nordstrandite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Can. Mineral., 20, 77–85.

Internet Links for Nordstrandite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Nordstrandite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Nordstrandite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    AmMin 60:285-291 (1975)
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Hafner group
          • Pölla valley
            • Zanaischg (Zaneischg)
    A.Pichler (2009)
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Rauris valley
          • Hüttwinkl valley
            • Grieswies - Krumlkeeskopf area
    Walter, F. (2009)
    • Styria
      • Bad Gleichenberg
        • Wilhelmsdorf
    Alker, A., Golob, P., Postl, W. & Waltinger, H. (1981): Hydrotalkit, Nordstrandit und Motukoreait vom Stradner Kogel, südlich Gleichenberg, Steiermark. Mitt.-Bl. Abt. Mineral. Landesmuseum Joanneum 49, 1-13.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    Bolivia
     
    • Cochabamba Department
      • Ayopaya Province
    Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
    Brazil
     
    • Santa Catarina
    Norberto Dani et al (2001) Nordstrandite in Bauxite Derived from Phonolite, Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil Clays and Clay Minerals, 49:216-226
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Hastings Co.
        • Dungannon Township
    Sabina, A.P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13 (4), 226-228
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    Chao, G.Y. and Baker, J. (1982), Nordstrandite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 20: 77-85.
        • Lajemmerais RCM
          • Varennes & St-Amable
            • Saint-Amable sill
    HORVÁTH, L. (2010) The minerals of the Saint-Amable sill: an update. MICRONEWS 44(4), 23-28.
      • Montréal
        • Mont Royal
    Tarassoff collection
    • Saskatchewan
    D. M. Egan (1986) The Occurrence of Scarbroite at Muskiki Lake, Saskatchewan, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 50:180
    Croatia
    AmMin 60:285-291 (1975)
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad; Carlsbad)
          • Děpoltovice
    Sejkora J., Jebavá I., Plášil J., Bureš B., Tvrdý J.: Nordstrandit z lomu v Děpoltovicích u Karlových Varů (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2010, roč. 18, č. 1, s. 33-41.
        • Žlutice (Luditz)
    Černý, P. et al.: Mokrá u Žlutic, lokalita gibbsitu, böhmit a zeolitů. Minerál, 2002, roč. 10, č. 6, s. 403 - 408.
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Maroldsweisach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Niederberg area
        • Wülfrath
          • Rohdenhaus
    Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V. Aufschluss 42, 155-171.
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
    Henrich, J. M. (1998): Die Königin der Eisensteingruben. Die Grube Eisenzecher Zug bei Eiserfeld im Siegerland – ein Fundort begehrter Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 9 (5), 16-35.
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Daun
          • Üdersdorf
    Hentschel, G., Die Minerale der Üdersdorfer Lava, Lapis, Weise Verlag, München, 11/1989
        • Mayen
          • Ettringen
            • Bellerberg volcano
    [Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 11, 87-90, 1982] [Lapis, 15 (5), 9-36]
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
          • Bärenstein
    T. Witzke (1994): Neufunde aus Sachsen (II): Nordstrandit vom Bärenstein bei Annaberg in Sachsen.- Lapis 19, 10, 36-39
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    No reference listed
    Greenland
     
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Igaliku (Igaliko)
          • Narsaarsuk Plateau
    Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg./ Petersen, O.V., Johnsen, O. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1976): Nordstrandite from Narssârssuk, Greenland. Mineralogical Record 7, 78-82
    Guam
     
    • Lamlan Ridge
    Nature,(1962) 196, 265-266; Am Min 50:1029-1037
    Am Min 50:1029-1037
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Aggteleki Mtns
        • Aggtelek
    Szakáll S.,2007
    Italy
     
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
        • Adige Valley (Etsch Valley)
    Vannucci S. –(1975) Su un nuovo ritrovamento di nordstrandite a Terlano (Bolzano). Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, pp. 55-67
    Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    • Tuscany
      • Massa-Carrara Province
        • Apuan Alps
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    • Veneto
      • Vicenza Province
        • Tretto di Schio
          • Val Munari
            • Contrade Maglio-Pornaro
    Saccardo D., Zordan A., 2002. Il giacimento metamorfico di contatto di Maglio-Pornaro al Tretto di Schio (Vicenza). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 234-236.
    Jamaica
    AmMin 60:285-291 (1975)
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Gunma Prefecture
          • Fujioka
    American Mineralogist (1986): 71, 1022-1027.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
      • Rudny
    Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    Malaysia
     
    • Borneo Island
      • Sarawak
        • Kuching
          • Bau
    Wall J R D, Wolfenden E B, Beard E H, Deams T (1962) Nordstrandite in soil from West Sarawak, Borneo, Nature, 196, 264-265
    Mauritania
     
    • Adrar Region
    Guillaumen Matton (2008) Le Complexe Crétacé Du Rlchat (Mauritanie); Un Processus Alcalin Péri-Atlantiqu. PhD Thesis University of Montreal.
    Montenegro
    AmMin 60:285-291 (1975)
    Norway
     
    • Telemark
      • Porsgrunn
        • Langesundsfjorden
          • Siktesøya
    Larsen, A.O. & Raade, G. (1991): Gaidonnayite from the nepheline syenite pegmatite on Siktesøya in the southern part of the Oslo Region, norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 71: 303-306
        • Mørje
          • Sagåsen
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Hedrum
          • Lågendalen
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
        • Malerød
    Nordrum, F.S. (2012): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2011-2012. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 117-124; Peter Andresen collection
    Peter Andresen collection.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
        • Enisei Range (Yenisei Ridge; Enisei Ridge)
    http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/nordstrandite.pdf.
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Khibiny Massif
            • Kukisvumchorr Mt
    Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004)
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
        • Northern Karelia
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
    Spain
     
    • Canary Islands
      • Las Palmas Province
        • Lanzarote
          • Haría
    Strasser, A., Kirchner, E., (2006): Minerale aus einem Alkali-Basalt-Differentiat vom Risco Famara, Lanzarote, Kanarische Inseln, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 57, 335-338
    • Catalonia
      • Barcelona
        • Baix Llobregat
          • Gavà
            • Bruguers
    Bareche, E (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona, 269 p.
    UK
     
    • England
      • East Sussex
    http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/nordstrandite.pdf.
    USA
     
    • Colorado
    AmMin 60:285
        • Piceance Creek Basin
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Montana
      • Mineral Co.
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    • New Mexico
      • Eddy Co.
        • Carlsbad
    NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 6-7
    • Utah
      • Duchesne Co.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Uintah Co.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
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