Mindat Logo

Okenite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
CaSi
 
2
O
 
5
· 2H
 
2
O
System:TriclinicColour:White to slightly ...
Hardness:4½ - 5
Name:
Named in 1828 in honor of the German biologist Lorenz Oken (Lorenz Ocken) (August 1, 1779 Bohlsbach (now part of Offenburg), Ortenau, Baden, Germany - August 11, 1851 Zurich, Switzerland), professor at University of Munich, Germany and later professor at University of Zürich, Switzerland. The original name, ockenite, was later shortened to okenite. On September 11, 1802, "Lorenz Oken came up with a new system of animal classification that demonstrated the path of evolution." (From Cell Theory Timeline, http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/71438) In 1805, Oken was the first to recognize the significance of biological cell structure: "All living organisms originate from and consist of cells" (Lefalophodon: Welcome to NCEAS | NCEAS. Web. 04 Oct. 2011.) His full birth-name was Lorenz Okenfuss.


WARNING: Many colourful specimens of Okenite, said to be from China or India, are currently available for sale. These are fake, the bright colours are artificial dyes added to the okenite.

Classification of Okenite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/G.01-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.EA.40

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
A : Single nets of tetrahedra with 4-, 5-, (6-), and 8-membered rings
Dana 8th edition ID:72.3.2.5

72 : PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
3 : Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.5.18

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
5 : Silicates of Ca
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-2967.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Okenite

Type Locality:Qutdligssat (Kudlisat), Qeqertarsuaq Island (Disko Island), Qaasuitsup, Greenland
Year of Discovery:1828

Occurrences of Okenite

Geological Setting:Amygdules in basalts

Physical Properties of Okenite

Lustre:Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:White to slightly yellow, blue
Hardness (Mohs):4½ - 5
Tenacity:Elastic
Cleavage:Perfect
on {001}
Density (measured):2.28 - 2.33 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.33 g/cm3

Crystallography of Okenite

Crystal System:Triclinic
Class (H-M):1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:P1
Cell Parameters:a = 9.69(1) Å, b = 7.28(1) Å, c = 22.02(4) Å
α = 92.7°, β = 100.1°, γ = 110.9°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.331 : 1 : 3.025
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,418.48 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Bladed crystals to laths. Commonly as fibers.
Twinning:About [010], composition plane {102}, lamellar

Optical Data of Okenite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.512 - 1.532 nβ = 1.514 - 1.535 nγ = 1.515 - 1.542
2V:Measured: 60° , Calculated: 68° to 70°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.003 - 0.010

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:none

Chemical Properties of Okenite

Formula:
CaSi
 
2
O
 
5
· 2H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:CaSi2O5·2H2O
Essential elements:Ca, H, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Ca, H, O, Si
Common Impurities:Al,Fe,Sr,Na,K

Relationship of Okenite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.EA.05Cuprorivaite
CaCu[Si
 
4
O
 
10
]
9.EA.05Gillespite
BaFe
2+
 
[Si
 
4
O
 
10
]
9.EA.05Effenbergerite
BaCu[Si
 
4
O
 
10
]
9.EA.05Wesselsite
SrCu[Si
 
4
O
 
10
]
9.EA.10Ekanite
(Ca,Fe
2+
 
,Pb)
 
2
(Th,U)[Si
 
8
O
 
20
]
9.EA.15Fluorapophyllite-(K)
KCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(F,OH) · 8H
 
2
O
9.EA.15Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
KCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH,F) · 8H
 
2
O
9.EA.15Fluorapophyllite-(Na)
NaCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)F · 8H
 
2
O
9.EA.20Magadiite
Na
 
2
Si
 
14
O
 
29
· 11H
 
2
O
9.EA.25Dalyite
K
 
2
ZrSi
 
6
O
 
15
9.EA.25Davanite
K
 
2
TiSi
 
6
O
 
15
9.EA.30Sazhinite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
Ce[Si
 
6
O
 
15
] · 6H
 
2
O
9.EA.30Sazhinite-(La)
Na
 
3
La[Si
 
6
O
 
15
] · 2H
 
2
O
9.EA.35Armstrongite
CaZr[Si
 
6
O
 
15
] · 3H
 
2
O
9.EA.45Nekoite
Ca
 
3
Si
 
6
O
 
15
·7H
 
2
O
9.EA.50Cavansite
Ca(VO)Si
 
4
O
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EA.55Pentagonite
Ca(VO)Si
 
4
O
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EA.60Penkvilksite
Na
 
4
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
22
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EA.60Tumchaite
Na
 
2
Zr(Si
 
4
O
 
11
) · 2H
 
2
O
9.EA.65Nabesite
Na
 
2
BeSi
 
4
O
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EA.70Ajoite
(K,Na)Cu
 
7
AlSi
 
9
O
 
24
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
9.EA.75Zeravshanite
Na
 
2
Cs
 
4
Zr
 
3
[Si
 
18
O
 
45
]*2H
 
2
O
9.EA.80Bussyite-(Ce)
(Ce,REE)
 
3
(Na,H
 
2
O)
 
6
MnSi
 
9
Be
 
5
(O,OH)
 
30
F
 
4
9.EA.85Plumbophyllite
Pb
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
10
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.5.1Wollastonite
CaSiO
 
3
14.5.2Wollastonite-7T
14.5.3Wollastonite-2M
CaSiO
 
3
14.5.4Rankinite
Ca
 
3
Si
 
2
O
 
7
14.5.5Kilchoanite
Ca
 
6
(SiO
 
4
)(Si
 
3
O
 
10
)
14.5.6Larnite
Ca
 
2
SiO
 
4
14.5.7Bredigite
Ca
 
7
Mg(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
14.5.8Hatrurite
Ca
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)O
14.5.9Rosenhahnite
HCa
 
3
[Si
 
3
O
 
9
(OH)]
14.5.10Dellaite
Ca
 
6
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
14.5.11Afwillite
Ca
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
14.5.12Xonotlite
Ca
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
17
)(OH)
 
2
14.5.13Foshagite
Ca
 
4
(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)(OH)
 
2
14.5.14Hillebrandite
Ca
 
2
(SiO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
14.5.15Jaffeite
Ca
 
6
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(OH)
 
6
14.5.16Suolunite
Ca
 
2
(H
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
7
) · H
 
2
O
14.5.17Killalaite
Ca
 
6.4
(H
 
0.6
Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
14.5.19Riversideite
Ca
 
5
(HSi
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
14.5.20Trabzonite
Ca
 
4
(Si
 
3
O
 
10
) · 2H
 
2
O
14.5.21Gyrolite
NaCa
 
16
Si
 
23
AlO
 
60
(OH)
 
8
· 14H
 
2
O
14.5.22Foshallasite
Ca
 
3
[Si
 
2
O
 
7
] · 3H
 
2
O(?)
14.5.23Tobermorite
[Ca
 
4
Si
 
6
O
 
17
· 2H
 
2
O]·(Ca·3H
 
2
O)
14.5.24Clinotobermorite
[Ca
 
4
Si
 
6
O
 
17
· 2H
 
2
O]·(Ca·3H
 
2
O)
14.5.25Nekoite
Ca
 
3
Si
 
6
O
 
15
·7H
 
2
O
14.5.26Plombièrite
[Ca
 
4
Si
 
6
O
 
16
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O]·(Ca·5H
 
2
O)
14.5.27Jennite
Ca
 
9
(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(OH)
 
8
· 8H
 
2
O

Other Names for Okenite

Synonyms:
BorditeDisclasiteOckenite
Other Languages:
German:Bordit
Disclasit
Okenit
Italian:Okenite
Russian:Окенит
Spanish:Bordita
Disclasita
Okenita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Okenite

Reference List:

- +
von Kobell, F. (1828): Ueber den Ockenit, eine neue Mineralspecies. Archiv für die Gesammte Naturlehre, 14, 333-337.

Gard, John Alan & H.F.W. Taylor (1956): Okenite and nekoite: Mineralogical Magazine: 31: 5-20.

Mamedov, K.S. and Belov, N.V. (1958): Crystal structure of mica-like hydrous calcium silicates: okenite, nekoite, truscottite, and gyrolite - New silicate radical [Si6O15]. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 121, 713-716.

Merlino, S. (1983): Okenite, Ca10Si18O46.18H2O: the first example of a chain and sheet silicate. American Mineralogist 68, 614-622.

Internet Links for Okenite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Okenite on Google
  • Look for Okenite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Okenite on Webmineral
  • Look for Okenite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Okenite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Okenite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Okenite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Okenite specimens
  • Buy rare minerals from Excalibur Minerals
  • Find Okenite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Okenite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Specimens:The following Okenite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Okenite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Victoria Land
        • Mawson Glacier
    Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.184.
    Australia
     
    • Tasmania
      • Burnie district
        • Ridgley
    R Bottrill coll.
      • Central Plateau
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
      • Moina District (Middlesex District)
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Western Australia
      • Leonora Shire
        • Leinster
    Grguric, B.A., Nickel, E.H. (2005) Okenite from the Perseverance nickel mine, Western Australia: a first Australian occurrence. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 11, pg. 25-26.
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Bad Radkersburg
        • Klöch
    "Aus der Tiefe der Vulkane", Fritz-Jandl-Postl (2011)
      • Frohnleiten
        • Kirchdorf
    Kolitsch, U. et al. (2008)
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
      • Caspian Sea
    Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
    Canada
     
    • Nova Scotia
      • Kings Co.
        • Bay of Fundy
    Walker, T.L. and Parsons, A.L., "The Zeolites of Nova Scotia", Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy, University of Toronto Press, pp. 13-73, 1922.
    • Québec
      • Chaudière-Appalaches
        • Les Appalaches RCM
          • Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine
    Horváth Collection XRD ID
      • Estrie
        • Les Sources RCM
          • Asbestos
    Grice, J.D. and Williams, R. (1979): Famous mineral localities: The Jeffrey Mine, Asbestos, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 10(2):69-80
    Chile
     
    • Maule Region
      • José María Linares Province
    Tschernich, Rudy W. (1992) Zeolites of the World
    Costa Rica
     
    • San José Province
      • Bajo Chacones
    Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
    Denmark
     
    • Faroe Islands
    Merlino, S. (1983): Okenite, Ca10Si18O46 *18H2O: the first example of a chain and sheet silicate. American Mineralogist, 66:614-622
    Schmitter, F. J. (2008): Zeolithe aus dem Hohen Norden: Sammeltouren auf den Faroer-Inseln. Lapis, 33 (2): 29-35
    Zeolite collection of Volker Betz
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Fichtelgebirge
          • Marktredwitz
            • Pechbrunn
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Maroldsweisach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Lower Saxony
      • Göttingen
        • Adelebsen
    Koritnig, S. (1972). Gyrolith, Okenit und Tacharanit als metasomatische Reaktionsprodukte aus dem Basaltvorkommen der Bramburg bei Göttingen, Deutschland. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 35, 293-301. (in German); Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Greenland
     
    • Qaasuitsup
    [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
    Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages, p. 3499
    Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8., p.78.
    Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p. 349)
        • Queertarsuaq (Godhavn)
    Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p. 349)
    von Kobell, F. (1828): Ueber den Ockenit, eine neue Mineralspecies, Archiv für die Gesammte Naturlehre, 14, 333-337; Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8., p.78.
    Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages, p. 349
    Hungary
     
    • Fejér Co.
      • Szár Hill
        • Kőszárhegy
    Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995; Fehér, B. & Sajó, I. E. (2000): Okenite and nekoite from the Szár Hill, Polgárdi, Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica (Szeged), XLI, Suppl., 40.
    • Veszprém Co.
      • Balaton Uplands
        • Bazsi
          • Prága Hill
    KOVÁCS-PÁLFFY, P. et al. (2005): A Karikás-tető (Prága-hegy, Balaton-felvidék) bazaltjának üregkitöltő ásványai [The cavity filling minerals of the basalt from Karikás-tető (Prága Hill, Balaton Highland, Transdanubia)]. A Magyar Állami Földtani Intézet Évi Jelentése, 95-118. [http://www.mafi.hu/microsites/EJ_digi/EJ_2005PDF/Kovacs_Palffy.pdf]
        • Tapolcai Basin
          • Uzsa (Uzsabánya)
    Kovács, I. et al. (2009): Guide to the Bakony-Balaton Volcanic Highland, Field Trip 1, 7th September 2009. MinPet2009 field trip booklet, 23 pp.
    Iceland
     
    • Capital Region
    Selbekk, R. S. & Mattsson, H. (2004): Zeolitt mineraliseringer i Hvalfjördur, Island. STEIN 31 (1), 28-33
    • Eastern Region
      • Suður-Múlasýsla
    Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
    India
     
    • Maharashtra
      • Ahmadnagar District (Ahmednagar District; Ahmed Nagar District)
    http://www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com/jhbnyc/mineralmuseum/picshow.php?id=32586
      • Mumbai District (Bombay District)
        • Mumbai (Bombay)
    Moore, T. (2002) What's New in Minerals?. Tucson Show 2002. Mineralogical Record. 33: 274
          • Ward 38
            • Malad
    Many specimens in many collections. Original analysis done by Dr. W. Wise, U. of CA at Santa Barbara
    [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Wise, W.S. (1978): Yugawaralite from Bombay, India. Mineralogical Record 9 (5): 296; No reference listed
    [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
      • Nashik District (Nasik District)
    P Haas collection
    Rob Lavinsky
    Reiner Mielke
        • Talegaon
    Praszkier, T. (2009): Cavansit und Pentagonit aus Indien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (6), 16-25.
        • Wagholi
          • Wagholi quarries
    Enrico Bonacina
    Israel
     
    • Negev
    Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
    Italy
     
    • Latium
      • Rome Province
        • Campagnano di Roma
    • Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
    • Veneto
      • Padova Province
        • Euganei Hills
          • Faedo
    Passaglia E. and Taglavini A. (1995): Erionite from Faedo, Colli Euganei, Italy. N.Jb.Miner.Mh.,4, pagg.185-191.
        • Galzignano Terme
          • Euganei Hills
    Zorzi F. and Boscardin M. (2014): Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Cierre Ed.. Sommacampagna (VR), p. 332.
      • Vicenza province
    Boscardin, M., Mietto, P., Pegoraro, S., Orlandi, P., Secco, L.(2000):
    Mexico
     
    • Zacatecas
      • Mun. de Mazapil
        • Noche Buena
    Panczner (1987): 100-378.
    New Zealand
     
    • North Island
      • Northland
        • Kaipara
          • Aranga
    Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Fauske
        • Sulitjelma
    Nordrum, F.S. (2004): Mineralene i Sulitjelma kobbergruver, Fauske. STEIN 31 (3): 3-25
    Peter Andresen collection
    Nordrum, F.S. (2004): Mineralene i Sulitjelma kobbergruver, Fauske. STEIN 31 (3): 3-25
    Romania
     
    • Brașov Co.
      • Racoş Commune
    Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
    • Harghita Co.
      • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
        • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
    Szakáll, S., Almási, E., Köllı, A., Sajó, I., Vezzalini, G. (2006): New data about the minerals of the copper ore deposit at Balan (East Carpathians) and of limestone xenolithes from basalt at Racosu de Jos (Persani Mts.), Romania. Acta Mineral.-Petrogr., Abstr. Ser. 5, p. 112. [http://www.mineral.hermuz.hu/acta_05/pdf/szakalls1.pdf]; Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    • Hunedoara Co.
      • Brad
    www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
    Szakall, S. (editor)(2002): Minerals of the Carpathians. Granit, Prague 2002, 450p. (p.52)
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Putoran Plateau
    Spiridonov, E.M., Gritsenko, Y.D., and Ponomarenko, A.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 755-762.
              • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
    Sergei F. Sluzhenikin data
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Northern Karelia
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
    UK
     
    • Northern Ireland
      • Co. Antrim
        • Larne
    Tilley, C. E., & Alderman, A. R. (1934). Progressive metasomatism in the flint nodules of the Scawt Hill contact-zone. Mineral Mag, 23, 513-518.
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
      • Crimea peninsula
        • Bakhchisaray area
          • Trudolyubovka Village
    Karpenko V., Ignatenko K. Babingtonite form the Pervomaiskii quarry in the Crimea // Novye dannye o mineralakh (New Data on Minerals), 1991, #37, 58 - 63 (in Russ.) Getling R.V. Datolith of the Bodrak area in the Crimea and some features of his genesis // ZVMO, 1960, vol. 89, #1, 102 - 106 (in Russ.)
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Maricopa Co.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 316; Shannon, D.M. (1983b), Zeolites and associated minerals from Horseshoe Dam, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 115-117.
    • California
      • Riverside Co.
        • Crestmore
          • Crestmore quarries
            • Sky Blue Hill
    Eakle, Arthur Starr (1917), Minerals associated with the crystalline limestone at Crestmore, Riverside County, California: University of California Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 10: 327-360; Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 366.
    • Idaho
      • Idaho Co.
        • Skookumchuck Creek
    Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • New Mexico
      • Grant Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
          • Georgetown
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • North Carolina
      • Durham Co.
        • Durham
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Kenny Gay message 15.09.2005; Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 394-395
    • Oregon
      • Columbia Co.
        • Goble
    Micro Probe Vol. 7 No. 2 Fall 1990; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 116
    Micro Probe Vol. 6 No. 5 Fall 1987; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 117
      • Deschutes Co.
        • East Lake
    aragonite; Mineralogy of 10 Geothermal boreholes drilled in and around the Newberry Caldera U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, Issue 1578 By Keith E. Bargar, Terry E. C. Keith 1999
    • Pennsylvania
      • Berks Co.
        • Birdsboro
          • Gickerville (Gibralter)
    Colflesh, S. (2010) Mineral News, 26, #5, 2. EDS and XRD confirmation by Lance Kearns.
    • Utah
      • Salt Lake Co.
        • Oquirrh Mts
          • Bingham District (West Mountain District)
    James R. Wilson (1995) A Collector's Guide to Rock, Mineral, & Fossil Localities of Utah UGS Miscellaneous Publication 95-4; North, Jerry (2010) Displays of Nature : History, Minerals & Crystals of Utah's Bingham Canyon Copper Mine.
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Virginia
      • Fairfax Co.
        • Culpeper Basin
          • Centreville
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Washington
      • Douglas Co.
    Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Thurston Co.
        • Bucoda
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, ; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 71
    • Wyoming
      • Park Co.
        • Yellowstone National Park
    Bargar, K.E.; Beeson, M.H. & Keith, T.E.C. (1981): Zeolites in Yellowstone National Park. Mineralogical Record 12, 29-38
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: December 5, 2014 22:45:25
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds