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Oldhamite

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Formula:
(Ca,Mg)S
System:
Isometric
Colour:
pale brown to dark brown
Hardness:
4
Member of:
Name:
Named after T. Oldham (1816-1878), Director of the Indian Geological Survey (1850-1876).

Classification of Oldhamite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.CD.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
D : With Sn, Pb, Hg, etc.
3.4.2

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
4 : Sulphides etc. of Group II metals other than Hg (Mg, Ca, Zn, Cd)
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Type Occurrence of Oldhamite

Year of Discovery:
1862

Physical Properties of Oldhamite

Colour:
pale brown to dark brown
Hardness (Mohs):
4
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good

Crystallography of Oldhamite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.69Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 184.22 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Oldhamite

Formula:
(Ca,Mg)S
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Mg,Na,Fe,Cu

Relationship of Oldhamite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
2.CD.05Herzenbergite(Sn,Pb)SnS2
2.CD.05Teallite(Pb,Sn)SnS2
2.CD.10AlabanditeMnS
2.CD.10AltaitePbTe
2.CD.10ClausthalitePbSe
2.CD.10GalenaPbS
2.CD.10Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
2.CD.10Keilite(Fe2+,Mg)S
2.CD.15aCinnabarHgS
2.CD.15bHypercinnabarHgS
3.4.1Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
3.4.3MátraiteZnS
3.4.4SphaleriteZnS
3.4.5Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
3.4.6StilleiteZnSe
3.4.7GreenockiteCdS
3.4.8HawleyiteCdS
3.4.9CadmoseliteCdSe

Other Names for Oldhamite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Oldhamit
Simplified Chinese:陨硫钙石
Spanish:Oldhamita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Oldhamite

Reference List:
Maskelyne (1862), Phil. Trans. (1870): 160: 195.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 208-209.

Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 144-145.

Lapis (1998): 23: 7-8, 32.

Internet Links for Oldhamite

Localities for Oldhamite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Adrar Province
Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Geiger, T. & Spettel, B. (1992) Mineralogy and Chemistry of the EL-Chondritic Melt Rock Ilafegh-009 (Abstract): LPSC XXIII: page 105. (March 1992)
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
      • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
    • Transantarctic Mts
      • Buckley Island quadrangle
        • Lewis Cliff
Grossman, J. N., MacPherson, G. J. & Crozaz, G. (1993) LEW 87223: A Unique E Chondrite with Possible Links to H Chondrites (abstract), Meteoritics 28, no. 3, #28, p. 358. (July 1993)
Lin, Y. T., Nagel, H-J., Lundberg, L. L. & El Goresy, A. (1991) MAC88136--The First EL3 Chondrite (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXII: 811-812. (March 1991)
    • Victoria Land
      • Allan Hills
bersite, troilite, daubreelite, and djerfisherite
Gannoun, A., Boyet, M., El Goresy, A., & Devouard, B. (2011). REE and actinide microdistribution in Sahara 97072 and ALHA77295 EH3 chondrites: A combined cosmochemical and petrologic investigation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(11), 3269-3289
      • Elephant Morraine
Fogel, R. A. (1997) On the significance of diopside and oldhamite in enstatite chondrites and aubrites. Meteoritics, vol. 32, pages 577-591
Weisberg, M. K., Prinz, M. & Nehru, C. E. (1997) QUE 94204 - an EH-chondritic melt rock (Conference Paper): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXVIII, pdf#1358: 525-526. (March 1997)
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Murray Basin
      • Murray Mallee
        • Pinnaroo
Alderman, A. R. (1940) A siderolite from Pinnaroo, South Australia. Transactions Royal Society South Australia. 64: 109-113.
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Azerbaijan
 
  • Naxçıvan District (Naxcivan; Nakhichevan)
    • Shusha
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/roedderite.pdf.; American Mineralogist, Volume 93, pages 902–909, 2008
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Abee
Alan E. Rubina, Klaus Keila (1983) Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite breccia and its dark inclusions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 62:118–131; Alan E. Rubin, Wdward R.D. Scott (1997) Abee and related EH chondrite impact-melt breccias. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Volume 61, Issue 2, January 1997, Pages 425–435; Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.; ones, J. H. & Boynton, W. V. (1983) Experimental Geochemistry in Very Reducing Systems: Extreme REE Fractionation by Immiscible Sulfide Liquids (Abstract), Lunar and Planetary Science XIV: 353-354. (March 1983)
  • Ontario
    • Renfrew Co.
      • Blythfield Township
Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
China
 
  • Guizhou Province
    • Guiyang Prefecture
      • Qingzhen Co.
Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335
Estonia
 
  • Viljandi Co.
    • Vohma
      • Pillistfer
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Finland
 
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Huittinen
Ramdohr, P. 1973. the opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier publishin Company, Amsterdam, sivut 82 ja 90.
    • Pargas (Parainen)
      • Nauvo
Ramdohr, P. 1972. The highly reflecting and opaque components in the minerals content of the Haverö meteorite. Meteoritics, vol 7,N:o 4 December 30, 1972.
France
 
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Aveyron
Eytier J.R. & Ch., Favreau G., Devouard B., Vigier J. (2004), Minéraux de pyrométamorphisme de Lapanouse-de Sévérac (Aveyron), Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp: 3-58
    • Haute-Garonne
Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Drôme
      • Aubres
Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Swabia
      • Allgäu
        • Füssen
Sara S. Russell, Jutta Zipfel, Luigi Folco, Rhian Jones, Monica M. Grady, Timothy McCoy & Jeffrey N. Grossman (2003). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 87, 2003 July, MAPS 38 (7, Sup): A189-A248.; Zipfel, J., Bischoff, A., Schultz, L., Spettel, B., Dreibus, G., Schönbeck, T. & Palme, H. (2010) Mineralogy, chemistry, and irradiation record of Neuschwanstein (EL6) chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45 (9): 1488-1501. (Sept 2010)
G. Simon et al. : "The Meteorite Neuschwanstein", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
India
 
  • Bihar
    • Muzaffarpur
Olivine, Enstatite, Oldhamite, Troilite
  • Uttar Pradesh
    • Basti Division
      • Basti District
        • Gorakhpur
Min Mag 37 (1969), 144
Israel
 
  • Negev
Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Sharygin, V.V., Galuskina, I.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Wirth, R. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part III: Fluormayenite, Ca12Al14O32[□4F2], and fluorkyuygenite, Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2], two new minerals from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, South Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 123-136
Malawi
 
Klaus Keil (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73, #22, 6945-6976.
Morocco
 
Harold C. Connally, Jr. & 7 others (2007). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 92, 2007 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42, 1647-1694.
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Taranaki
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company. Amsterdam, London, New York.
Nigeria
 
  • Adamawa State
Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Pakistan
 
  • Punjab
Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Prior, G. T. (1918). The Meteorite stones of Lauton, Warbreccan, Cronstad, Daniel’s Kuil, Khairpur, and Soko-Banja, and Angela. Mineralogical Magazine 18 (83): 1-25.; Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
  • Sindh
Klaus Keil & Christian A. Andersen (1965). Electron microprobe study of the Jajh deh Kot Lalu enstatite chondrite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 29, #6, p. 621.
Poland
 
  • Lubelskie
    • Zamość
The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 84, (August, 2000)
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
      • Katowice area
        • Siemianowice Śląskie
Kruszewski L. 2006: Oldhamite-periclase-portlandite-fluorite assemblage and coexisting minerals of burnt dump in Siemianowice Śląskie - Dąbrówka Wielka area (Upper Silesia, Poland) - preliminary report. Mineralogia Polonica Special Papers, vol.28, 118-120
Russia
 
  • Mordova Republic
Paul Ramdohr (1972). The Highly and Opaque Components in the Mineral Content of the Haverö Meteorite. Meteoritics 7, No.4, 565-572. (Dec 1972).
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Chelyabinsk coal basin
Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Am Min 90:1556-1562; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Kurganskaya Oblast'
Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Sahara
 
Péter Németh, Stephen W. Lehner, Michail I. Petaev, Peter R. Buseck (2013): Kumdykolite, a high-temperature feldspar from an enstatite chondrite. American Mineralogist, 98, 1070-1073.; Gannoun, A., Boyet, M., El Goresy, A., & Devouard, B. (2011). REE and actinide microdistribution in Sahara 97072 and ALHA77295 EH3 chondrites: A combined cosmochemical and petrologic investigation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(11), 3269-3289; Lehner, S. W., Nemeth, P., Petaev, M. I., & Buseck, P. R. (2013). Origin of Fine-Grained Albite in an EH3 Sulfidized Chondrule. LPI Contributions, 1719, 2500.
South Africa
 
  • Eastern Cape Province
    • Chris Hani District
Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
  • Northern Cape Province
    • ZF Mgcawu District
      • Daniëlskuil
Prior, G. T. (1918). The Meteorite stones of Lauton, Warbreccan, Cronstad, Daniel’s Kuil, Khairpur, and Soko-Banja, and Angela. Mineralogical Magazine 18 (83): 1-25.; Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Sudan
 
  • Kassala Wilayah
    • Gash delta
Hey, M. H. & Easton, A. J. in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31(10):1789-1790 (1967); Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
  • Nar an Nil
Ahmed El Goresy, Y. Lin, L. Feng, M. Boyet, J. Hao, J. Zhang & L. Dubrovinsky (2012). Almahata Sitta EL-3 Chondrites: Sinoite, Graphite, and Oldhamite (CsS) Assemblages C- and N-Isotopic Compositions and REE Patterns. 75th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, held August 12-17, 2012 in Cairns, Australia. Published in Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5108. ( Sept2012).
Tanzania
 
  • Dodoma Region
    • Kongwa District
Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
USA
 
  • California
    • El Dorado Co.
      • West Belt
        • Coloma District
          • Coloma
            • Sutter Mill Bar and River (Old Sutter Mill site)
Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014); Zhao, X., Lin,Y., Yin,Q.-Z., Zhang, J., Hao, J., Zolensky, M. & Jenniskens, P. (2014) Presolar grains in the CM2 chondrite Sutter's Mill. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 2038-2046) (Nov 2014)
  • Colorado
    • Weld Co.
      • Johnstown
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
  • Kansas
    • Norton Co.
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII (2001)
  • Kentucky
    • Whitley Co.
C. W. Neal & M. E. Lipschutz (1981). Cumberland Falls Chondritic Inclusions: a Primative Forsterite Chondrite Suite (Abstract). LUNAR AND PLANETARY SCIENCE XII, 762-764.
  • Louisiana
    • Winn Parish
Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites, Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
  • South Carolina
    • Lee Co.
      • Bishopville
Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Marathon
        • Gage Ranch
Katherina Lodders, Herbert Palme & Frank Wlotzka. (1993). Trace elements in mineral separates of the Pena Blanca Spring aubrite - Implications for the evolution of the aubrite parent body. Meteoritics 28, #4, 538-551.
    • Lubbock Co.
Meteoritics (ISSN 0026-1114), vol. 24, Dec. 1989, p. 195-208.; Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (1989), 53(12), 3291-307
Western Sahara
 
  • al-Saqiyah al-Hamra'a (Saguia el Hamra)
Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
Yemen
 
  • Hadramawt Governorate
Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39,53-60(2004); Zolensky, M. & A.Ivanov, Chemie der Erde 63,185-246(2003)
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