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Oldhamite

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Formula:
(Ca,Mg)S
System:IsometricColour:pale brown to dark brown
Hardness:4
Member of:Galena Group
Name:Named after T. Oldham (1816-1878), Director of the Indian Geological Survey (1850-1876).

Classification of Oldhamite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/C.15-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.CD.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
D : With Sn, Pb, Hg, etc.
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.4.2

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
4 : Sulphides etc. of Group II metals other than Hg (Mg, Ca, Zn, Cd)
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Type Occurrence of Oldhamite

Type Locality:The Bustee meteorite, Gorakhpur, Basti District, Basti Division, Uttar Pradesh, India
Year of Discovery:1862

Physical Properties of Oldhamite

Colour:pale brown to dark brown
Hardness (Mohs):4
Cleavage:Distinct/Good

Crystallography of Oldhamite

Crystal System:Isometric
Cell Parameters:a = 5.69Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 184.22 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Oldhamite

Formula:
(Ca,Mg)S
Essential elements:Ca, S
All elements listed in formula:Ca, Mg, S
Common Impurities:Mg,Na,Fe,Cu

Relationship of Oldhamite to other Species

Member of:Galena Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Alabandite
Mn
2+
 
S
Altaite
PbTe
Clausthalite
PbSe
Galena
PbS
Niningerite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)S
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.CD.05Herzenbergite
(Sn,Pb)SnS
 
2
2.CD.05Teallite
(Pb,Sn)SnS
 
2
2.CD.10Alabandite
Mn
2+
 
S
2.CD.10Altaite
PbTe
2.CD.10Clausthalite
PbSe
2.CD.10Galena
PbS
2.CD.10Niningerite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)S
2.CD.10Keilite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)S
2.CD.15aCinnabar
HgS
2.CD.15bHypercinnabar
HgS
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.4.1Niningerite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)S
3.4.3Mátraite
ZnS
3.4.4Sphalerite
ZnS
3.4.5Wurtzite
(Zn,Fe)S
3.4.6Stilleite
ZnSe
3.4.7Greenockite
CdS
3.4.8Hawleyite
CdS
3.4.9Cadmoselite
CdSe

Other Names for Oldhamite

Other Languages:
German:Oldhamit
Russian:Ольдгамит
Simplified Chinese:陨硫钙石
Spanish:Oldhamita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Oldhamite

Reference List:

- +
Maskelyne (1862), Phil. Trans. (1870): 160: 195.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 208-209.

Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 144-145.

Lapis (1998): 23: 7-8, 32.

Internet Links for Oldhamite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Oldhamite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Oldhamite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Algeria
     
    • Adrar Province
    Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Geiger, T. & Spettel, B. (1992) Mineralogy and Chemistry of the EL-Chondritic Melt Rock Ilafegh-009 (Abstract): LPSC XXIII: page 105. (March 1992)
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
        • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
    El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
      • Transantarctic Mts
        • Buckley Island quadrangle
          • Lewis Cliff
    Grossman, J. N., MacPherson, G. J. & Crozaz, G. (1993) LEW 87223: A Unique E Chondrite with Possible Links to H Chondrites (abstract), Meteoritics 28, no. 3, #28, p. 358. (July 1993)
    Lin, Y. T., Nagel, H-J., Lundberg, L. L. & El Goresy, A. (1991) MAC88136--The First EL3 Chondrite (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXII: 811-812. (March 1991)
      • Victoria Land
        • Allan Hills
    bersite, troilite, daubreelite, and djerfisherite
    Gannoun, A., Boyet, M., El Goresy, A., & Devouard, B. (2011). REE and actinide microdistribution in Sahara 97072 and ALHA77295 EH3 chondrites: A combined cosmochemical and petrologic investigation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(11), 3269-3289
        • Elephant Morraine
    Fogel, R. A. (1997) On the significance of diopside and oldhamite in enstatite chondrites and aubrites. Meteoritics, vol. 32, pages 577-591
    Weisberg, M. K., Prinz, M. & Nehru, C. E. (1997) QUE 94204 - an EH-chondritic melt rock (Conference Paper): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXVIII, pdf#1358: 525-526. (March 1997)
    Australia
     
    • Western Australia
      • Coolgardie Shire
        • Kambalda
    Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Naxçıvan District (Naxcivan; Nakhichevan)
      • Shusha
    http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/roedderite.pdf.; American Mineralogist, Volume 93, pages 902–909, 2008
    Canada
     
    • Alberta
      • Abee
    Alan E. Rubina, Klaus Keila (1983) Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite breccia and its dark inclusions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 62:118–131; Alan E. Rubin, Wdward R.D. Scott (1997) Abee and related EH chondrite impact-melt breccias. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Volume 61, Issue 2, January 1997, Pages 425–435; Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.; ones, J. H. & Boynton, W. V. (1983) Experimental Geochemistry in Very Reducing Systems: Extreme REE Fractionation by Immiscible Sulfide Liquids (Abstract), Lunar and Planetary Science XIV: 353-354. (March 1983)
    • Ontario
      • Renfrew Co.
        • Blythfield Township
    Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
    China
     
    • Guizhou Province
      • Guiyang Prefecture
        • Qingzhen Co.
    Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335
    Estonia
     
    • Viljandi Co.
      • Vohma
        • Pillistfer
    Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
    Finland
     
    • Southwestern Finland Region
      • Huittinen
    Ramdohr, P. 1973. the opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier publishin Company, Amsterdam, sivut 82 ja 90.
      • Pargas (Parainen)
        • Nauvo
    Ramdohr, P. 1972. The highly reflecting and opaque components in the minerals content of the Haverö meteorite. Meteoritics, vol 7,N:o 4 December 30, 1972.
    France
     
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
    Eytier J.R. & Ch., Favreau G., Devouard B., Vigier J. (2004), Minéraux de pyrométamorphisme de Lapanouse-de Sévérac (Aveyron), Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp: 3-58
      • Haute-Garonne
    Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Drôme
        • Nyons
          • Aubres
    Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Swabia
        • Allgäu
          • Füssen
    Sara S. Russell, Jutta Zipfel, Luigi Folco, Rhian Jones, Monica M. Grady, Timothy McCoy & Jeffrey N. Grossman (2003). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 87, 2003 July, MAPS 38 (7, Sup): A189-A248.; Zipfel, J., Bischoff, A., Schultz, L., Spettel, B., Dreibus, G., Schönbeck, T. & Palme, H. (2010) Mineralogy, chemistry, and irradiation record of Neuschwanstein (EL6) chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45 (9): 1488-1501. (Sept 2010)
    G. Simon et al. : "The Meteorite Neuschwanstein", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
    • Thuringia
      • Gera
        • Ronneburg U deposit
    T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    India
     
    • Bihar
      • Muzaffarpur
    Olivine, Enstatite, Oldhamite, Troilite
    • Uttar Pradesh
      • Basti Division
        • Basti District
          • Gorakhpur
    Min Mag 37 (1969), 144
    Malawi
     
    Klaus Keil (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73, #22, 6945-6976.
    Morocco
     
    Harold C. Connally, Jr. & 7 others (2007). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 92, 2007 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42, 1647-1694.
    New Zealand
     
    • North Island
      • Taranaki
    Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company. Amsterdam, London, New York.
    Nigeria
     
    • Adamawa State
    Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
    Pakistan
     
    • Punjab
    Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
    Prior, G. T. (1918). The Meteorite stones of Lauton, Warbreccan, Cronstad, Daniel’s Kuil, Khairpur, and Soko-Banja, and Angela. Mineralogical Magazine 18 (83): 1-25.; Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
    • Sindh
    Klaus Keil & Christian A. Andersen (1965). Electron microprobe study of the Jajh deh Kot Lalu enstatite chondrite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 29, #6, p. 621.
    Poland
     
    • Lubelskie
      • Zamość
    The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 84, (August, 2000)
    • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
      • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
        • Katowice area
          • Siemianowice Śląskie
    Kruszewski L. 2006: Oldhamite-periclase-portlandite-fluorite assemblage and coexisting minerals of burnt dump in Siemianowice Śląskie - Dąbrówka Wielka area (Upper Silesia, Poland) - preliminary report. Mineralogia Polonica Special Papers, vol.28, 118-120
    Russia
     
    • Mordova Republic
    Paul Ramdohr (1972). The Highly and Opaque Components in the Mineral Content of the Haverö Meteorite. Meteoritics 7, No.4, 565-572. (Dec 1972).
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Chelyabinsk coal basin
    Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
    Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
    Am Min 90:1556-1562; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Kurganskaya Oblast'
    Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
    Sahara
     
    Péter Németh, Stephen W. Lehner, Michail I. Petaev, Peter R. Buseck (2013): Kumdykolite, a high-temperature feldspar from an enstatite chondrite. American Mineralogist, 98, 1070-1073.; Gannoun, A., Boyet, M., El Goresy, A., & Devouard, B. (2011). REE and actinide microdistribution in Sahara 97072 and ALHA77295 EH3 chondrites: A combined cosmochemical and petrologic investigation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(11), 3269-3289; Lehner, S. W., Nemeth, P., Petaev, M. I., & Buseck, P. R. (2013). Origin of Fine-Grained Albite in an EH3 Sulfidized Chondrule. LPI Contributions, 1719, 2500.
    South Africa
     
    • Eastern Cape Province
      • Chris Hani District
    Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
    • Northern Cape Province
      • ZF Mgcawu District
        • Daniëlskuil
    Prior, G. T. (1918). The Meteorite stones of Lauton, Warbreccan, Cronstad, Daniel’s Kuil, Khairpur, and Soko-Banja, and Angela. Mineralogical Magazine 18 (83): 1-25.; Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
    Sudan
     
    • Kassala Wilayah
      • Gash delta
    Hey, M. H. & Easton, A. J. in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31(10):1789-1790 (1967); Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
    • Nar an Nil
    Ahmed El Goresy, Y. Lin, L. Feng, M. Boyet, J. Hao, J. Zhang & L. Dubrovinsky (2012). Almahata Sitta EL-3 Chondrites: Sinoite, Graphite, and Oldhamite (CsS) Assemblages C- and N-Isotopic Compositions and REE Patterns. 75th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, held August 12-17, 2012 in Cairns, Australia. Published in Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5108. ( Sept2012).
    Tanzania
     
    • Dodoma Region
      • Kongwa District
    Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
    USA
     
    • Colorado
      • Weld Co.
        • Johnstown
    Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
    • Kansas
      • Norton Co.
    Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII (2001)
    • Kentucky
      • Whitley Co.
    C. W. Neal & M. E. Lipschutz (1981). Cumberland Falls Chondritic Inclusions: a Primative Forsterite Chondrite Suite (Abstract). LUNAR AND PLANETARY SCIENCE XII, 762-764.
    • Louisiana
      • Winn Parish
    Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites, Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
    • South Carolina
      • Lee Co.
        • Bishopville
    Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
    • Texas
      • Brewster Co.
        • Marathon
          • Gage Ranch
    Katherina Lodders, Herbert Palme & Frank Wlotzka. (1993). Trace elements in mineral separates of the Pena Blanca Spring aubrite - Implications for the evolution of the aubrite parent body. Meteoritics 28, #4, 538-551.
      • Lubbock Co.
    Meteoritics (ISSN 0026-1114), vol. 24, Dec. 1989, p. 195-208.; Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (1989), 53(12), 3291-307
    Western Sahara
     
    • al-Saqiyah al-Hamra'a (Saguia el Hamra)
    Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
    Yemen
     
    • Hadramawt Governorate
    Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39,53-60(2004); Zolensky, M. & A.Ivanov, Chemie der Erde 63,185-246(2003)
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