Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Olenite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Light pink, blue
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
7
Name:
Named for the Type Locality area, an unspecified granite pegmatite on the small Olenii Ridge, Kola Peninsula, Russia

Classification of Olenite

Approved
9.CK.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
K : [Si6O18]12- 6-membered single rings, with insular complex anions
Dana 7th ed.:
61.3.1.9
61.3.1.7

61 : CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
3 : Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
17.5.4

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
5 : Borosilicates
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-2972.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Olenite

Year of Discovery:
1986

Physical Properties of Olenite

Vitreous
Colour:
Light pink, blue
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
7

Crystallography of Olenite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.8Å, c = 7.08Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.448
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,530.66 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Olenite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.654 nε = 1.635
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.019
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of Olenite

Formula:
Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ti,Zn,Li,Fe,Mn,Mg,Ca,K,F,H2O

Relationship of Olenite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-tsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Luinaite-(OH)Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MaruyamaiteK(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O
Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Oxy-rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Oxy-schorlNa(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O
PovondraiteNaFe33+(Mg2Fe43+)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
TsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMgK, Mg, Fe, Si, B, O, H
Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
UviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vanadio-oxy-chromium-draviteNa(V)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Vanadio-oxy-draviteNaV3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
9.CK.Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
9.CK.05Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
9.CK.05Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
9.CK.05DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
9.CK.05ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
9.CK.05FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
9.CK.05Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
9.CK.05LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
9.CK.05PovondraiteNaFe33+(Mg2Fe43+)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
9.CK.05SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
9.CK.05Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
9.CK.05Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
9.CK.05Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O
9.CK.05Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
9.CK.05Oxy-rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
9.CK.05Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
9.CK.05Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
9.CK.05Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
9.CK.10Abenakiite-(Ce)Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO3)
9.CK.15ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
9.CK.20Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn22+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
9.CK.20ThorosteenstrupineCaMnThSi4O11(OH)F · 6H2O
17.5.1ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
17.5.2ReedmergneriteNa[BSi3O8]
17.5.3SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
17.5.5ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.6KalborsiteK6Al4BSi6O20(OH)4Cl
17.5.7BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
17.5.8PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
17.5.9LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.10DatoliteCa(HBSiO5)
17.5.11DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
17.5.12HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
17.5.13BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)
17.5.14OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
17.5.15KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
17.5.16HarkeriteCa12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2O
17.5.17Serendibite(Ca,Na)2(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)3[O2|(Si,Al,B)6O18]
17.5.18Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
17.5.19Tadzhikite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce)4(Ce,Y)2(Ti4+,Fe3+,Al)[B4Si4O22](OH)2
17.5.20Melanocerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
17.5.21Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
17.5.22Tritomite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Y,Th)5(Si,B)3(O,OH,F)13
17.5.23Tritomite-(Y)(Y,Ca,La,Fe)5(Si,B,Al)3(O,OH,F)13
17.5.24Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
17.5.25Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
17.5.26Holtite(Ta0.60.4)Al6BSi3O18(O,OH)2.25
17.5.27DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.28 Ferridravite
17.5.29Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
17.5.30UviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
17.5.31GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
17.5.32TienshaniteKNa3Na6Ca2Ba6Mn6(Ti4+,Nb)6B12Si36O114(O,OH,F)11
17.5.33LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
17.5.34TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
17.5.35TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
17.5.36NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2Cl
17.5.37Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.38WawayandaiteCa6Mn2BBe9Si6O23(OH,Cl)15
17.5.39Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
17.5.40Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
17.5.41Axinite
17.5.42Tinzenite(Ca,Mn2+)2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
17.5.44SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.45Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
17.5.46FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.47Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
17.5.48HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
17.5.49Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
17.5.50Hyalotekite(Pb,Ba,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)
17.5.51Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al(Be,Li)2-xB4Si4O22(OH)2
61.3.1.1Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
61.3.1.2Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
61.3.1.3Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
61.3.1.4LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
61.3.1.5UviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
61.3.1.5Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
61.3.1.6FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
61.3.1.7Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
61.3.1.8PovondraiteNaFe33+(Mg2Fe43+)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
61.3.1.10ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
61.3.1.11DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
61.3.1.12SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
61.3.1.13Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
61.3.1.14Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O

Other Names for Olenite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Olenit
Russian:Оленит
Spanish:Olenita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Olenite

Reference List:
Sokolov, P.B., Gorskaya, M.G., Gordienko, V.V., Petrova, M.G., Kretser, Y.L., and Frank-Kamenetskii, V.A. (1986) Olenite, Na1-xAl3Al6B3Si6O27(O,OH)4 - a new high-alumina mineral of the tourmaline group. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 115: 119-123 (in Russian).

American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 441.

Soviet Physics – Crystallography: 27: 63-66.

Ertl, A., Pertlik, F. and Bernhardt, H.-J. (1997) Investigations on olenite with excess boron from the Koralpe, Styria, Austria. Österreichische Akad. Wissenschaften, Math-Naturewiss Klasse, Abt. 1, Anzeiger. 134: 3-10.

Hughes, J.M., Ertl, A., Dyar, M.D., Grew, E.S., Shearer, C.K., and Yates, M.G. (1999) Boron in the tourmaline tetrahedral site: Chemistry and structure of a boron-rich olenite. 2nd. European Workshop on Tourmaline and Borosilicates Abstracts.

Hughes, J.M., Ertl, A., Dyar, M.D., Grew, E.S., Shearer, C.K., Yates, M.G., and Guidotti, C.V. (2000) Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in a tourmaline: boron-rich olenite from Stoffhütte, Koralpe, Austria. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 861-868.

Ertl, A., Pertlik, F., and Bernhardt, H.-J. (2001b) Ein hell-blauer Olenit-Schörl-Dravit Mischkristall von Ebersdorf, Niederösterreich: Strukturanalyse und Chemie. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges.: 146: 75-77.

Ertl, A., Hughes, J. (2002) Structural and chemical response to varying [4]B content in olenite from Koralpe, Austria. EMPG IX, Ninth International Symposium on Experimental Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Zürich, Switzerland, 24.-27.3 Book of Abstracts (2002): 47.

Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).

Marler, B. and Ertl, A. (2002) Nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopic study of excess-boron olenite from Austria. American Mineralogist: 87: 364-367.

Schreyer, W., Ertl, A., Hughes, J., Bernhardt, H.-J., Kalt, A., Prowatke, S. (2002) Tetrahedral boron in olenite from the type locality: A Chemical and Structural investigation., EMPG IX, Ninth International Symposium on Experimental Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Zürich, Switzerland, 24.-27.3, Book of Abstracts (2002): 97.

Schreyer, W., Hughes, J.M., Bernhardt, H.-J., Kalt, A., Prowatke, S., and Ertl, A. (2002) Reexamination of olenite from the type locality: detection of boron in tetrahedral coordination. European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 935-942.

Ertl, A., J.M. Hughes, F. Brandstätter, M.D. Dyar, and P.S.R. Prasad (2003a), Disordered Mg-bearing olenite from a granitic pegmatite at Goslarn, Austria: A chemical, structural, and infrared spectroscopic study: Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1363-1370.

Hughes, J.M., A. Ertl, M.D. Dyar, E. Grew, M. Wiedenbeck, and F. Brandstätter (2004), Structural and chemical response to varying [4]B content in zoned Fe-bearing olenite from Koralpe, Austria: American Mineralogist: 89: 447-454.

Cempírek, Jan, Milan Novák, Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, George R. Rossman and M. Darby Dyar (2006): Fe-bearing olenite with tetrahedrally coordinated Al from an abyssal pegmatite at Kutná Hora, Czech Republic: structure, crystal chemistry, optical and XANES spectra: Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 23-30.

Internet Links for Olenite

Localities for Olenite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah district
      • Waratah
Bottrill
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Leiben
        • Ebersdorf (Lehen-Ebersdorf)
Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges.: 146: 75-77.
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall
http://minerals.caltech.edu/manuscripts/in-prep/Submitted/V_Olenite/Index.html Ertl A, Rossman GR, Hughes JM, Ma C, Brandstätter F (2008) V3+-bearing, Mg-rich strongly disordered olenite from a graphite deposit near Amstall, Lower Austria: A structural, chemical and spectroscopic investigation. Neues Jarhbuch für Mineralogie 184, 243-253.
      • Raabs an der Thaya
        • Eibenstein an der Thaya
Ertl, A., Pertlik, F., Dyar, M. D., Prowatke, S., Hughes, J. M., Ludwig, T., Bernhardt, H.-J. (2004): Fe-rich olenite with tetrahedrally coordinated Fe3+ from Eibenstein, Austria: Structural, chemical, and Mössbauer data. Canadian Mineralogist 42, 1057-1063.
Ertl, A., Hughes, J. M., Prowatke, S., Rossman, G. R., London, D., Fritz, E. A. (2003): Mn-rich tourmaline from Austria: Structure, chemistry, optical spectra, and relations to synthetic solid solutions. American Mineralogist 88, 1369-1376; Ertl, A., Schuster, R., Prowatke, S., Brandstätter, F., Ludwig, T., Bernhardt, H.-J., Koller, F., Hughes, J. M. (2004): Mn-rich tourmaline and fluorapatite in a Variscan pegmatite from Eibenstein an der Thaya, Bohemian massif, Lower Austria. European Journal of Mineralogy 16, 551-560.
      • Weinzierl am Walde
ERTL, A. (1995): Elbait, Olenit und Dravit aus Maigen bei Weinzierl am Walde, Niederösterreich
  • Styria
    • Koralpe
      • Deutschlandsberg
        • St Oswald
Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Kl., Abt. 1, Anzeiger. 134: 3-10.
Burma (Myanmar)
 
  • Shan State
    • Kyaukme District
      • Momeik Township
        • Molo quarter
          • Khetchel village (Cache village; Khat Che village)
Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Can. Mineral. 45, 891-899.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kuklík
[var: Fe-bearing Olenite] Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 23-30.
Finland
 
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Forssa
Ilkka Mikkola data
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
U. Kolitsch, J. Gröbner, G. Blaß and H.-W. Graf (2007): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (III): Cerianit-(Ce), Dravit, Florencit-(La), Gilmarit, Olenit und Scotlandit. Lapis 32 (6), 19-23; 70.
  • Saxony
    • Limbach-Oberfrohna
      • Pegmatite occurrences
Uwe Kolitsch & Andreas Ertl (single-crystal structure refinements)
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
Luigi Chiappino photo
    • Varese Province
      • Veddasca Valley
        • Curiglia con Monteviasco
Pezzotta, F. & Guastoni, A. (2006): Olenite. Nuovo ritrovamento in Val Veddasca (VA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30(2), 116-119.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
Gunnar Farber
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Dzierżoniów District
      • Piława Górna (Ober Peilau; Gnadenfrei)
PIECZKA et al. 2010: Mn-Fe fractionation in tourmalines from pegmatites in the DSS mine at PiławaGórna, Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland (preliminary data). Mineralogia - Special Papers, 37.
Portugal
 
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Ponte de Lima
Rui Nunes collection
Monteiro collection
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Voron'i Tundry
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA
 
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Rumford
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 1.
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
Lupulescu, M. & Rakovan, J. (2008) The 35th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 10.
  • North Carolina
    • Yancey Co.
      • Spruce Pine District
        • Burnsville
          • Hurricane Mountain
"Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, N.C." by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
Mineral and/or Locality  
Copyright © mindat.org 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: February 27, 2015 00:30:12 Page generated: February 26, 2015 03:06:05