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Olgite

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Formula:
(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)
 
2
Na(PO
 
4
)
 
2
System:TrigonalColour:Bright blue, bluish green
Hardness:
Name:Named by Khomyakov et al. in 1980 in honor of Olga Anisimovne-Vorobiova (1902-1974), Russian mineralogist.


("Olgite" may perhaps in future become a series name, with Ba- and Sr- endmembers.) See also http://www.mindat.org/mesg-14-95789.html

Classification of Olgite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/A.12-60
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.AC.40

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 8th edition ID:38.1.3.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
1 : ABXO4
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.5.7

19 : Phosphates
5 : Phosphates of Sr and Ba
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-2973.html
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Type Occurrence of Olgite

Type Locality:Karnasurt Mt, Lovozero Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Year of Discovery:1980
Geological Setting of type material:Nepheline syenite pegmatite.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
NatrosiliteAnalcime

Physical Properties of Olgite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Bright blue, bluish green
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):3.94 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.904 g/cm3

Crystallography of Olgite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:P3m1 {P3 2/m 1}
Cell Parameters:a = 5.5606Å, c = 7.045Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.267
Unit Cell Volume:V 188.65 ų
Z:1
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
6.99 (30)
3.97 (40)
2.84 (100)
2.76 (100)
2.27 (30)
1.982 (60)
1.647 (30)
1.607 (40)
Comments:ICDD 33-1212

Optical Data of Olgite

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.623 nε = 1.619
Birefringence:0.004
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.004

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Optical Extinction:Parallel

Chemical Properties of Olgite

Formula:
(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)
 
2
Na(PO
 
4
)
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2
Essential elements:Na, O, P, Sr
All elements listed in formula:Ba, Na, O, P, Sr

Relationship of Olgite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.AC.05Howardevansite
NaCuFe
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Alluaudite
(Na,Ca)Mn
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Arseniopleite
NaCaMn
2+
 
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Caryinite
(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)(Mn
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite
(Na,Ca)Fe
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Hagendorfite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Johillerite
Na(Mg,Zn)
 
3
Cu(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite
(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe
2+
 
)Mn(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Nickenichite
Na
 
0.8
Ca
 
0.4
Cu
 
0.4
(Mg,Fe)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Varulite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Mn
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Ferrohagendorfite
NaCaFe
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Bradaczekite
NaCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Yazganite
NaFe
3+
2
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
· H
 
2
O
8.AC.10Groatite
NaCaMn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.15Bobfergusonite
Na
 
2
Mn
 
5
FeAl(PO
 
4
)
 
6
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Qingheiite
NaMn
3+
 
Mg(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Rosemaryite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe
2+
 
)(Fe
3+
 
,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Wyllieite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite
◻NaFe
2+
 
Fe
3+
 
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)
Na
 
2
Fe
2+
 
MgAl(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.18Manitobaite
Na
 
16
Mn
2+
 
 
25
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
30
8.AC.20Marićite
NaFe
2+
 
(PO
 
4
)
8.AC.25Berzeliite
NaCa
 
2
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.25Manganberzeliite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.25Palenzonaite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
CaMn
2+
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.25Schäferite
Ca
 
2
NaMg
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.30Brianite
Na
 
2
CaMg(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
(Ce,La,Nd)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.40Bario-olgite
(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)
 
2
Na(PO
 
4
)
 
2
·
8.AC.45Strontiowhitlockite
Sr
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(HPO
 
4
)
8.AC.45Whitlockite
Ca
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(HPO
 
4
)
8.AC.45Merrillite
Ca
 
9
NaMg(PO
 
4
)
 
7
8.AC.45Tuite
Ca
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.45Ferromerrillite
Ca
 
9
NaFe
2+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
7
8.AC.45Bobdownsite
Ca
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(PO
 
3
F)
8.AC.50Chladniite
{Ca}{Na
 
8
}{Ca
 
4
Na
 
4
}{(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Fillowite
{Mn
2+
 
}{Na
 
8
}{Ca
 
4
Na
 
4
}{(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Johnsomervilleite
Na
 
10
Ca
 
6
Mg
 
18
Fe
 
25
(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Galileiite
{Fe
2+
 
}{Na
 
8
}{Fe
2+
4
Na
 
4
}{Fe
2+
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y)
{(Y, Ca)}{Na
 
6
 
2
}{(Ca,Na)
 
8
}{(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Xenophyllite
Na
 
4
Fe
2+
7
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
8.AC.55Harrisonite
Ca(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.60Kosnarite
KZr
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.65Panethite
(Na,Ca)
 
2
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.70Stanfieldite
Ca
 
7
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
9
(PO
 
4
)
 
12
8.AC.75Ronneburgite
K
 
2
MnV
 
4
O
 
12
8.AC.80Tillmannsite
(Ag
 
3
Hg)(VO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
)
8.AC.85Filatovite
K(Al,Zn)
 
2
(As,Si)
 
2
O
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.5.1Strontiowhitlockite
Sr
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(HPO
 
4
)
19.5.2Belovite-(Ce)
NaCeSr
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
19.5.3Goyazite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
19.5.4Goedkenite
(Sr,Ca)
 
2
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
19.5.5Palermoite
(Li,Na)
 
2
(Sr,Ca)Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
4
19.5.6Nabaphite
NaBaPO
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
19.5.8Nastrophite
Na(Sr,Ba)PO
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
19.5.9Jagowerite
BaAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
19.5.10Gorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
19.5.11Penikisite
Ba(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Ca)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
19.5.12Curetonite
Ba
 
4
Al
 
3
Ti(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
6
19.5.13Bjarebyite
(Ba,Sr)(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
19.5.14Kulanite
Ba(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
19.5.15Perloffite
Ba(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3

Other Names for Olgite

Synonyms:
IMA1979-027
Other Languages:
German:Olgit
Russian:Ольгит
Simplified Chinese:磷钠锶石
Spanish:Olgita
Traditional Chinese:磷鈉鍶石

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Olgite

Reference List:

- +
Khomyakov, A.P., Semenov, E.I., Shumyatskaya, N.G., Timoshenkov, I.M., Laputina, I.P., and Smol'yaninova, N.N. (1980) Olgite, Na(Sr,Ba)PO4 - a new mineral. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva

American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 438 (abstract).

Sokolova, E.V., Egorov-Tismenko, Yu.K., Yamnova, N.A., and Simonov, M.A. (1984) The crystal structure of olgite Na(Sr0.52Ba0.48)(Sr0.56Na0.42)(Na0.81Sr0.19)[PO3.40][P0.76O3.88]. Soviet Physics – Crystallography: 29: 633-635.

Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., and Khomyakov, A.P. (2005), Refinement of the crystal structure and revision of the chemical formula of olgite: (Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1521-1526.

http://www.mindat.org/mesg-14-95789.html

Internet Links for Olgite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Olgite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Olgite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Žďár nad Sázavou
    Cempírek, J.: Hydroxylherderit z Rožné. Minerál, 2001, roč. 9, č. 5, s. 328-329
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Khibiny Massif
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Lovozero Massif
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
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