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Omphacite

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Formula:
(Ca,Na)(Mg,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
6
System:MonoclinicColour:dark green
Hardness:5 - 6
Member of:Clinopyroxene Subgroup > Pyroxene Group
Name:From the Greek for unripe grape, in allusion to its green colour.


Pyroxene Group.
A clinopyroxene solid solution of jadeite (25%-75%), augite (25%-75%), and aegirine (0%-25%).
Retained as a distinct species for practical reasons.

A primary constituent of the rock eclogite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Omphacite. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Omphacite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/F.01-100
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.DA.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
A : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; pyroxene family
Dana 8th edition ID:65.1.3b.1

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
1 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.24.2

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
24 : Aluminosilicates of Fe, Mg, Ca and alkalis
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Type Occurrence of Omphacite

Type Locality:Eclogite outcrops, Weißenstein, Stammbach, Münchberg Metamorphic complex, Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
Year of Discovery:1815

Physical Properties of Omphacite

Colour:dark green
Streak:greenish white
Hardness (Mohs):5 - 6
Cleavage:Distinct/Good

Crystallography of Omphacite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:a = 9.66Å, b = 8.81Å, c = 5.22Å
β = 106.56°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.096 : 1 : 0.593
Unit Cell Volume:V 425.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:Space group may be C2/c or P2/n.

Optical Data of Omphacite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.662 - 1.701 nβ = 1.670 - 1.712 nγ = 1.685 - 1.723
2V:Measured: 58° to 83°, Calculated: 74° to 88°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.023

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r > v moderate

Chemical Properties of Omphacite

Formula:
(Ca,Na)(Mg,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
6
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ca,Na)(Mg,Al)Si2O6
Essential elements:Ca, Mg, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ca, Mg, Na, O, Si
Common Impurities:Ti,Cr,Mn,K,H2O

Relationship of Omphacite to other Species

Member of:Clinopyroxene Subgroup > Pyroxene Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Aegirine
NaFe
3+
 
Si
 
2
O
 
6
Augite
(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Al,Fe
3+
 
,Ti)[(Si,Al)
 
2
O
 
6
]
Clinoenstatite
MgSiO
 
3
Clinoferrosilite
Fe
2+
 
SiO
 
3
Diopside
CaMgSi
 
2
O
 
6
Esseneite
CaFe
3+
 
[AlSiO
 
6
]
Grossmanite
CaTi
3+
 
AlSiO
 
6
Hedenbergite
CaFe
2+
 
Si
 
2
O
 
6
Jadeite
Na(Al,Fe
3+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
Jervisite
(Na,Ca,Fe
2+
 
)(Sc,Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
Johannsenite
CaMn
2+
 
Si
 
2
O
 
6
Kanoite
Mn
2+
 
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
Kosmochlor
NaCrSi
 
2
O
 
6
Kushiroite
CaAl[AlSiO
 
6
]
Namansilite
NaMn
3+
 
Si
 
2
O
 
6
Natalyite
Na(V
3+
 
,Cr)Si
 
2
O
 
6
Petedunnite
Ca(Zn,Mn
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
Pigeonite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Ca)(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
Spodumene
LiAlSi
 
2
O
 
6
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.DA.05Donpeacorite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)Mg[SiO
 
3
]
 
2
9.DA.05Enstatite
MgSiO
 
3
9.DA.05Ferrosilite
FeSiO
 
3
9.DA.10Clinoenstatite
MgSiO
 
3
9.DA.10Clinoferrosilite
Fe
2+
 
SiO
 
3
9.DA.10Kanoite
Mn
2+
 
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.10Pigeonite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Ca)(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.15Augite
(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Al,Fe
3+
 
,Ti)[(Si,Al)
 
2
O
 
6
]
9.DA.15Diopside
CaMgSi
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.15Esseneite
CaFe
3+
 
[AlSiO
 
6
]
9.DA.15Hedenbergite
CaFe
2+
 
Si
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.15Johannsenite
CaMn
2+
 
Si
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.15Petedunnite
Ca(Zn,Mn
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.15Davisite
CaScAlSiO
 
6
9.DA.15Kushiroite
CaAl[AlSiO
 
6
]
9.DA.15Grossmanite
CaTi
3+
 
AlSiO
 
6
9.DA.20Aegirine-augite
(Na,Ca)(Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.25Aegirine
NaFe
3+
 
Si
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.25Jadeite
Na(Al,Fe
3+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.25Jervisite
(Na,Ca,Fe
2+
 
)(Sc,Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.25Kosmochlor
NaCrSi
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.25Namansilite
NaMn
3+
 
Si
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.25Natalyite
Na(V
3+
 
,Cr)Si
 
2
O
 
6
9.DA.30Spodumene
LiAlSi
 
2
O
 
6
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
16.24.1Aegirine-augite
(Na,Ca)(Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
6
16.24.4Ferri-katophorite
Na(CaNa)(Mg
 
4
Fe
3+
 
)(AlSi
 
7
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.24.5Ferro-ferri-katophorite
NaCaNaFe
2+
4
(Fe
3+
 
)[(AlSi
 
7
)O
 
22
](OH)
 
2
16.24.6Barroisite
☐{CaNa}{Mg
 
3
Al
 
2
}(AlSi
 
7
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.24.7Ferri-barroisite
☐(CaNa)(Mg
 
3
Fe
3+
2
)(AlSi
 
7
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.24.8Alumino-ferrobarroisite
☐{CaNa}{Fe
2+
3
Al
 
2
}(AlSi
 
7
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.24.9Ferro-barroisite
☐{CaNa}{Fe
2+
3
Al
 
2
}(AlSi
 
7
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.24.10Ferro-ferri-barroisite
☐(CaNa)(Fe
2+
3
Fe
3+
2
)(AlSi
 
7
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.24.11Hastingsite
{Na}{Ca
 
2
}{Fe
2+
4
Fe
3+
 
}(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.24.12Magnesio-hastingsite
{Na}{Ca
 
2
}{Mg
 
4
Fe
3+
 
}(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.24.13Taramite Group
A(CaNa)(Z
2+
3
Z
3+
2
)(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)(OH,F,Cl)
 
2
16.24.14Ferri-taramite
Na(CaNa)(Mg
 
3
Fe
3+
2
)(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.24.15Magnesiotaramite
{Na}{CaNa}{Mg
 
3
AlFe
3+
 
}(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.24.16Osumilite-(Mg)
KMg
 
2
Al
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
10
)O
 
30
16.24.16Osumilite
(K,Na)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(Si,Al)
 
12
O
 
30

Other Names for Omphacite

Synonyms:
DiopsidjadeiteJadeite-DiopsideMayaiteTuxtlite
Other Languages:
Dutch:Omfaciet
French:Omphacite
German:Diopsidjadeit
Mayait
Mexikanischer Jadeit
Omphacit
Omphazit
Tuxtlit
Japanese:オンファス輝石
Polish:Omfacyt
Portuguese:Onfacite
Russian:Омфацит
Simplified Chinese:绿辉石
Spanish:Diopsidjadeita
Mayaita
Omphacita
Tuxtlita
Varieties:
Chrome-OmphaciteOmphacite JadeTitanian Omphacite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Omphacite

Reference List:

- +
Clark, Joan R. & J.J. Papike (1968), Crystal chemistry characterization of omphacites: American Mineralogist: 53: 840-868.

Clark, Joan R. & J.J. Papike (1969), Cation distribution in the crystal structure of omphacite, the eclogitic pyroxene: Geological Society of America Abstract for 1968.

Edgar, A.D., A. Mottana & N.D. MacRae (1969), The chemistry and cell parameters of omphacite and related pyroxenes: Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 61-74.

Champness, P.E. (1973), Speculation on an order-disorder transformation in omphacite: American Mineralogist: 58: 540-542.

Aldridge, L.P., Bancroft, G.M., Fleet, M.E., and Herzberg, C.T. (1978): Omphacite studies. II. Mössbauer spectra of C2/c and P2/n omphacites. American Mineralogist: 63: 1107-1115.

A. Mottana, G. Rossi, A. Kracher, G. Kurat (1979): Violan revisited: Mn-bearing omphacite and diopside. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen 26, 187-201.

European Journal of Mineralogy (1998): 10: 889.

Katerinopoulou, A.; Katerinopoulos, A.; Bieniok, A.; Knop, E.; Magganas, A.; Amthauer, G. (2007): Crystal chemistry, structure analyses and phase transition experiment on an omphacite from eclogitic metagabbro from Syros island, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 91, 117-128.

Internet Links for Omphacite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Omphacite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Omphacite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
      • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
        • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
          • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
    Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yungnulgra Co.
        • White Cliffs
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 293-322.
    • Tasmania
      • Collingwood River
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Victoria
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 105-121.
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 105-121.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Hüttenberg
          • Hüttenberger Erzberg
      • Koralpe
        • Maria Rojach
    H. Meixner: Carinthia II, special ed. no. 21 (1957)
        • St Vinzenz
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Saualpe
        • Ladinger Spitze - Speikkogel area
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Mottana, A., Church, W.R., and Edgar, A.D. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 18, 338-346.
    G.Niedermayr (1984)
      • St Paul im Lavanttal
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Lower Austria
      • Mostviertel
        • Dunkelstein Forest
          • Dunkelsteinerwald
            • Gansbach
    D.A. Carswell et al., Eur.J. Mineral., 1989, 1, pp. 455-466.
      • Waldviertel
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Styria
      • Koralpe
        • Eibiswald
          • Sankt Oswald ob Eibiswald
            • Krumbach
    Heritsch, H. (1963) : Exkursion in das Kristallin der Koralpe. In : Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines für Steiermark, Band 93, 1963, p. 194 – 196.
        • Wies
          • Wernersdorf
    Aufschluss 1972(SB), 44
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Ötz valley
          • Sulz valley
    Miller, C. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 28, 42-56.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
    Chris D. Parkinson et al. , " Ultrahigh-pressure pyrope-kyanite granulites and associated eclogites in Neoproterozoic nappes of southeast Brazil", 2001, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, http://akmotoki.tripod.com/2001/Waseda/Cdp.html
    Burma (Myanmar)
     
    • Kachin State
      • Mohnyin District (Moe Hnyin District)
        • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
          • Hpakant-Tawmaw Jade Tract
            • Hpakant (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
    Jing Wang, Guanghai Shi, Jun Wang, Ye Yuan, and Mengchu Yang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(4), 1450-1460
    Canada
     
    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Labrador
    L. W. Curtis And J. Gittins (1979) Aluminous and Titaniferous Clinopyroxenes from Regionally Metamorphosed Agpaitic Rocks in Central Labrador. J. Petrology 20:165-186.; anadian Mineralogist Vol. 13, pp. 62-67 (1975)
    • Northwest Territories
      • Contwoyto Lake
    www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s2post.htm.
    • Québec
      • Nord-du-Québec
        • Baie-James
          • Otish Mts
    Van Rythoven, A.D., McCandless, T.E., Schulze, D.J., Bellis, A., Taylor, L.A. & Liu, Y. (2011): Diamond crystals and their mineral inclusions from the Lynx Kimberlite dyke complex, central Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 691-706.
    China
     
    • Anhui Province
      • Anqing Prefecture
        • Qianshan Co.
    Luo Yan, Gao Shan, Yuan Honglin, Liu Xiaomin, Günther, D., Jin Zhenmin, and Sun Min (2004): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 47(10), 920-930.
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 119-138.
        • Taihu Co.
          • Lake Hualiangting
    Castelli, D., Rolfo, F., Compagnoni, R., and Shutong Xu (1998): Island Arc 7 (1-2), 159–173.; Franz, L., Romer, R.L., Klemd, R., Schmid, R., Oberhänsli, R., Wagner, T., and Dong Shuwen (2001): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 141, 322-346.
    Wu, Xiuling, Dawei Meng, and Yujing Han (2005), α-PbO2-type nanophase of TiO2 from coesite-bearing eclogite in the Dabie Mountains, China: American Mineralogist: 90: 1458-1461
        • Tongcheng Co.
    Yican Liu, Shutong Xu, Shuguang Li, Laili Jiang, Weiping Wu, Guanbao Chen, and Wen Su (2000): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 43(suppl.), 178-188.
    Yican Liu, Shutong Xu, Shuguang Li, Laili Jiang, Weiping Wu, Guanbao Chen, and Wen Su (2000): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 43(suppl.), 178-188.
        • Yuexi Co.
    Yilin Xiao, Hoefs, J., van den Kerkhof, A.M., Fiebig, J., and Yongfei Zheng (2000): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 139, 1-16.
          • Wumiao
    A.I. Okay et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 595-598.
            • Marble quarry
    Aral, I. (1993). Petrology of a diamond and coesite-bearing metamorphic terrain: Dabie Shan. China. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 659-675.
      • Lu'an Prefecture
        • Shucheng Co.
    Yican Liu, Shutong Xu, Shuguang Li, Laili Jiang, Weiping Wu, Guanbao Chen, and Wen Su (2000): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 43(suppl.), 178-188.
    Yican Liu, Shutong Xu, Shuguang Li, Laili Jiang, Weiping Wu, Guanbao Chen, and Wen Su (2000): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 43(suppl.), 178-188.
    • Henan Province
      • Nanyang Prefecture
        • Tongbai Co.
    Chinho Tsai, Hanwen Zhou, and Yoshiyuki Iizuka (2007): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2007, A 1039.
      • Sanmenxia Prefecture
        • Lushi Co.
          • Guanpo
    Nenggao Hu, Donglin Zhao, Baiqing Xu, and Tao Wang (1995): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 16(4)
      • Xinyang Prefecture
        • Luoshan Co.
          • Sujiahe
    - Weidong Sun, Williams, I.S., and Shuguang Li (2002): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 20(9), 873-886.
    Ratschbacher, L., Franz, L., Enkelmann, E., Jonckheere, R., Pörschke, A., Hacker, B.R., Dong, S., and Zhang, Y. (2006), In: Hacker, B.R., McClelland, W.C., and Liou, J.G. (eds.): Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism: Deep continental subduction. Geological Society of America Special Paper 403, 45–75.
        • Xin Co.
    Ruyuan Zhang and Liou, J.G. (1994): European Journal of Mineralogy 6(2), 217-233.
    • Hubei Province
      • Huanggang Prefecture
        • Hong'an Co.
    Yuanbao Wu, Shan Gao, Hongfei Zhang, Saihong Yang, Wenfang Jiao, Yongsheng Liu, and Honglin Yuan (2008): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 155, 123-133.
        • Luotian Co.
          • Hejiawan
    Zhong Zengqiu, Zhang Hongfei, Suo Shutian, and You Zhendong (1999): Journal of China University of Geosciences 10(3).
        • Yingshan Co.
    Zhong Zengqiu, Zhang Hongfei, Suo Shutian, and You Zhendong (1999): Journal of China University of Geosciences 10(3).
    Guxian Lü, Jing Chen, Tiping Ding, Xiaobo Li, Fangzheng Wang, and Ruixun Li (2001): Journal of Geosciences of China 3(1), 1-12.
      • Xiaogan Prefecture
        • Dawu Co.
    Ratschbacher, L., Franz, L., Enkelmann, E., Jonckheere, R., Pörschke, A., Hacker, B.R., Dong, S., and Zhang, Y. (2006), In: Hacker, B.R., McClelland, W.C., and Liou, J.G. (eds.): Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism: Deep continental subduction. Geological Society of America Special Paper 403, 45–75.
    • Jiangsu Province
      • Lianyungang Prefecture
        • Donghai Co.
          • Maobei
    Yilin Xiao, Zheming Zhang, Hoefs, J., and van den Kerkhof, A. (2006): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 152, 443-458.
    Jinjie Yu, Pingan Wang, Jianping Huang, Hui Wang, and Xiaofeng Li (2006): Journal of China University of Geosciences 31(4), 520-526
    Xuanhua Chen, Xiaofeng Wang, Qing Zhang, Zhengle Chen (1997): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 17(2), 208-214
    Zhang, R.Y., Liou, J.G., and Shu, J.F. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 445-453; Yang, T.N. (2004): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 22(7), 653–669; Mattinson, C.G., Zhang, R.Y., Tsujimori, T., and Liou, J.G. (2004): American Mineralogist 89(11-12), 1772-1783; Rong Yan and Jianjun Yang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1621-1633
      • Xuzhou Prefecture
        • Xinyi Co.
    Jinjie Yu, Pingan Wang, Jianping Huang, Hui Wang, and Xiaofeng Li (2006): Journal of China University of Geosciences 31(4), 520-526
    Pinghuang Jian, Dongsheng Ma, Cong Liu, and Huogen Chen (2006): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 25(1), 33-42.; Jinjie Yu, Pingan Wang, Jianping Huang, Hui Wang, and Xiaofeng Li (2006): Earth Science, Journal of China University of Geosciences 31(4), 520-526
    • Qinghai Province
      • Haibei Autonomous Prefecture
        • Gangca Co. (Gangcha Co.)
    Zhang, G., Zhang, L., Song, S., Niu, Y., and Wang, Q. (2006): Eos Trans. AGU, 87(36), West. Pac. Geophys. Meet. Suppl., Abstract V32A-03.
        • Qilian Co.
    Song Shuguang, Zhang Lifei, Niu Yaoling, Song Biao, Zhang Guibing, and Wang Qianjie (2004): Chinese Science Bulletin 49(8), 848-852.
    Song Shuguang, Zhang Lifei, Niu Yaoling, Song Biao, Zhang Guibing, and Wang Qianjie (2004): Chinese Science Bulletin 49(8), 848-852.
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
    Jingsui Yang, Shuguang Song, Zhiqin Xu, Fulai Liu, Shigenori Maruyama, Liou, J.G., Jianxin Zhang, Cailai Wu, Haibing Li, and Rendeng Shi (2001): Presented at the 11th Annual V.M. Goldschmidt Conference, Abstract no. 3088.
          • Xitieshan
    Yang Jingsui et al.(2001): UHPM workshop, Waseda University.
    Chen Danling, Sun Yong, Liu Liang, Zhang Anda, and Lin Ciluan (2007): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 50(suppl. 2), 322-330.
        • Dulan Co.
    Mattinson, C.G., Wooden, J.L., Liou, J.G., Bird, D.K., and Wu, C.L. (2006): American Journal of Science 306, 683-711.; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 222–228, 2009
    • Shandong Province
      • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
        • Qingdao Prefecture
          • Jiaonan Co.
    Hongrui Fan, Jinghui Guo, Fangfang Hu, Xuelei Chu, and Chengwei Jin (2005): Acta Petrologica Sinica 21(4), 1125-1132
          • Laoshan District
    Luo Yan, Gao Shan, Yuan Honglin, Liu Xiaomin, Günther, D., Jin Zhenmin, and Sun Min (2004): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 47(10), 920-930.
        • Weihai Prefecture
          • Rongcheng Co.
    Zhao, R., Liou, J.G., Zhang, R.Y., and Li, T. (2006), In: Hacker, B.R., McClelland, W.C., and Liou, J.G. (eds.): Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism: Deep continental subduction. GSA Publications, Boulder (CO), USA, pp. 115-126.
      • Rizhao Prefecture
        • Lanshan District
    American Mineralogist, Volume 87, pages 875-881, 2002, KAI YE et al. "Ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) low-Al titanites from carbonate-bearing rocks in Dabieshan-Sulu UHP terrane, eastern China".
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
        • Qiangtang metamorphic belt
    Kaijun Zhang, Jianxin Cai, Yuxiu Zhang, and Taiping Zhao (2006): Earth and Planetary Science Letters 245(3/4), 722-729.
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Qiemo Co. (Qerqen Co.; Cherchen Co.)
          • Jianggalesayi area
    Zhang, J.X. et al. (2001): Lithos 56, 187-206.
      • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
    Wei Lin and Masaki Enami (2006): Island Arc 15(4), 483-502.
        • Zhaosu Co.
    Xin Liu, Wen Su, Jun Gao, Jilei Li, and Tuo Jiang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1675-1684
    Lifei Zhang, Jun Gao, Ekebair, S., and Zongxiu Wang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(1), 85-96; Jianrong Shi, Hong Yang, Fulai Liu, En Meng, Pinghua Liu, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(6), 2251-2264; Jianrong Shi, Fulai Liu, Pinghua Liu, En Meng, Chaohui Liu, Hong Yang, Fang Wang, and Jia Cai (2014): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 33(1), 29-50
    Colombia
     
    • La Guajira Department
      • Mun. de Uribia
    Green, D. H., Lockwood, J. P., and Kiss, E., 1968, Eclogite and Almandine-Jadeite-Quartz Rock from the Guajira Peninsula, Colombia, South America, American Mineralogist, V. 53, p. 1320-1335.
    Cuba
     
    • Guantánamo Province
    Garcia-Casco, A. et al (2009) A new jadeitite jade locality (Sierra del Convento, Cuba): first report and some petrological and archeological implications. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158, #1, 1-16.
    • Villa Clara Province
    Stanek, K. P., Maresch, W., Grafe, F., Gravel, C. H., & Baumann, A. (2006). Structure, tectonics and metamorphic development of the Sancti Spiritus Dome (eastern Escambray massif, Central Cuba). Geologica Acta, 4(1), 151.; Maresch, W. V., Grevel, C., Stanek, K. P., & Carpenter, M. A. (2007). Coexisting jadeite and omphacite in metabasites from the Escambray Massif, Cuba. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 71, A621.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
      • Ústí Region
        • Třebenice (Trebnitz)
    Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S. (2005): Bohemian garnet, Bulletin of Geosciences, Vol. 80, 113-124
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Třebíč
          • Rouchovany
    Bernard J.H. and Hyrsl J. (2004) Minerals and their Localities.
    France
     
    • Brittany
      • Finistère
        • Lesneven
    Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 683-696.
      • Morbihan
        • Groix
          • Groix Island
    Inventaire Minéralogique de la France numero 9 Morbihan ( éditions BRGM )
    • Limousin
      • Haute-Vienne
    D. Coffrant, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1974, 97, pp. 70-78.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    KAISER, H. (1984): Die Grube Clara zu Wolfach im Schwarzwald. Verlag Karl Schillinger, Freiburg im Breisgau, 102 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Münchberg Metamorphic complex
          • Bad Berneck
          • Konradsreuth
    [var: Chrome-Omphacite] F. Müller: "Bayerns steinreiche Ecke", 2nd ed., Oberfränkische Verlagsanstalt (Hof), 1984
          • Marktschorgast
    F. Müller: "Bayerns steinreiche Ecke", 2nd ed., Oberfränkische Verlagsanstalt (Hof), 1984
          • Oberkotzau
    F. Müller: "Bayerns steinreiche Ecke", 2nd ed., Oberfränkische Verlagsanstalt (Hof), 1984
          • Schwarzenbach an der Saale
    F. Müller: "Bayerns steinreiche Ecke", 2nd ed., Oberfränkische Verlagsanstalt (Hof), 1984
          • Stammbach
            • Weißenstein
    [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
          • Wölbattendorf
    F. Müller: "Bayerns steinreiche Ecke", 2nd ed., Oberfränkische Verlagsanstalt (Hof), 1984
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Andernach
          • Nickenich
    Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Clausnitz - Sayda District
          • Voigtsdorf
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 291-238.
        • Großhartmannsdorf
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 291-238.
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 291-238.
        • Pockau
          • Forchheim
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 291-238.
        • Zöblitz
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 291-238.
    Greece
     
    • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
      • Kykládes Prefecture
        • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
          • Andros Island
    Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.
          • Sifnos Island
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
    Marschall, H. R., Ertl, A., Hughes, J. M. & McCammon, C. (2004): Metamorphic Na- and OH-rich disordered dravite with tetrahedral boron, associated with omphacite, from Syros, Greece: Chemistry and structure. European Journal of Mineralogy 16, 817-823.
            • Gria Spilia
    Frank Mazdab collection (hand sample + thin section)
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Komotini Prefecture (Rodopi; Rhodope)
        • Thermes
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 733-738.
    Guatemala
     
    • Jalapa Department
    [var: Titanian Omphacite] http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2003AM/finalprogram/abstract_65497.htm.
    • Motagua Valley
    Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
    India
     
    • Maharashtra
      • Mumbai District (Bombay District)
        • Murud-Janjira
    A.G. Dessai et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1990, 2, pp. 667-685.
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Lys Valley
    Ch. Robert et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 699-711.
      • Pont-Saint-Martin
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Saint-Marcel
    Kienast, J.R. & Martin, S. (1983): I pirosseni egirin-giadeitici del livello basale di Praborna, Alpi occidentali. Ofioliti, 8(2), 245-260.
    [var: Chrome-Omphacite] Martin, S, Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): The subducted Tethys in the Aosta Valley (Italian western Alps). The 32nd international geological Congress, Field trip Guide Book B-02, 48 pp
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Genova
          • Voltri
            • Vara Valley
      • Savona Province
        • Sassello
          • Piampaludo
    Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
    • Piedmont
      • Biella Province
    Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
      • Cuneo Province
        • Po Valley
          • Monviso
    Messiga et al. : "Cr-rich Magnesiochloritoid Eclogites from the Monviso ophiolites (Western Alps Italy)", Journal of Metamorphic Geology, Vol 17, Issue 3, p. 287, May 1999.
        • Varaita Valley
    T. Hirajima and R. Compagnoni : "Petrology of a jadeite-quartz-almandine-phengite fels with retrograde ferro-nyböite from the Dora-Maira Massif, Western Alps", Eur. Journ. Mineral., 1993, 5, pp 943-955.
          • Sampeyre
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Cuorgnè
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
          • Malone Valley
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 89-104.
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 89-104.
    Eur. J. Mineral (1989): 1: 89-104.
            • Rocca Canavese
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 89-104.
    Eur. J. Mineral (1989): 1: 89-104.
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 89-104.
    Ch. Robert et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 699-711.
          • Quincinetto
        • Lanzo Valleys
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 89-104.
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 89-104.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Niigata Prefecture
    [MinRec 33:168]
    Fossa Magna Museum specimens
            • Ohmi
    Alluvial cobbles in innumerable collections; common.
    • Shikoku Island
      • Ehime Prefecture
        • Shikokuchuo City
          • Doi
    japanese collector labels
    Lesotho
     
    • Butha-Buthe District
    American Mineralogist (1968): 53: 1833-1840.
    Mexico
     
    • Baja California Sur (BC Sur)
      • Mun. de Mulegé
        • Vizcaíno Peninsula
          • Sierra San Andres
    Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
    New Caledonia
    AmMin 55:512
    • Northern Province
    Clarke, G. L., Aitchison, J. C., & Cluzel, D. (1997). Eclogites and blueschists of the Pam Peninsula, NE New Caledonia: a reappraisal. Journal of Petrology, 38(7), 843-876.
    Nigeria
     
    • Katsina State
    Langenhorst, F. and Poirier, J.-P. (2000b): ‘Eclogitic’ minerals in a shocked basaltic meteorite. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 176, 259-265.
    Norway
     
    • Møre og Romsdal
      • Haram
    Carswell, D. A., Brueckner, H. K., Cuthbert,S. J., Mehta, K. and O'Brien, P. J. (2003): The timing of stabilisation and the exhumation rate for ultra-high pressure rocks in the Western Gneiss Region of Norway. Journal of Metamorphic Geology. 21: 601–612
      • Ulstein
        • Hareidland
    [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
    Carswell et al.(2003): The timing of stabilisation and the exhumation rate for ultra-high pressure rocks in the Western Gneiss Region of Norway. Journal of Metamorphic Geology. 21, 601-612
    • Sogn og Fjordane
      • Askvoll
    Svensen, H., Jamtveit, B., Banks, D.A. & Austrheim, H.(2001): Halogen contents of eclogite facies fluid inclusions and minerals: Caledonides, western Norway. Journal of metamorphic Geology, 19, 165-178
      • Førde
        • Kvineset
    Krogh, E.J. (1980): Geochemistry and petrology of glaucophane-bearing eclogites and associated rocks from Sunnfjord, Western Norway. Lithos. 13, 355-380.
      • Naustdal
    Binns, R.A. 1967: Barroisite-bearing eclogite from Naustdal, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. Journal of Petrology, 8, 349-371
    Svensen, H., Jamtveit, B., Banks, D.A. & Austrheim, H.(2001): Halogen contents of eclogite facies fluid inclusions and minerals: Caledonides, western Norway. Journal of metamorphic Geology, 19, 165-178
      • Nordfjord
    Svensen, H., Jamtveit, B., Banks, D.A. & Austrheim, H.(2001): Halogen contents of eclogite facies fluid inclusions and minerals: Caledonides, western Norway. Journal of metamorphic Geology, 19, 165-178
        • Bryggja
    Green, D.H. & Mysen, B.O. (1972): Genetic relationship between eclogite and hornblende-plagioclase pegmatite in western Norway. Lithos 5, 147-161
    Ungaretti, L., Smith, D.C. (1981): Crystal-chemistry by x-ray structure refinement and electron microprobe analysis of a series of sodic-calcic to alkali-amphiboles from the Nybö eclogite pod, Norway. Bulletin Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie. 104: 400–412
    Carswell, D. A., Brueckner,H. K.,Cuthbert, S. J.,Mehta, K. & O'Brien,P. J. (2003): The timing of stabilisation and the exhumation rate for ultra-high pressure rocks in the Western Gneiss Region of Norway. Journal of Metamorphic Geology. 21, 601-612
      • Selje
    Wikström, A. (1970): Electron micro-probe studies of the alteration of omphacite in eclogites from the Nordfjord area, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 136-155
        • Nordpollen
    Carswell, D. A., Brueckner,H. K.,Cuthbert, S. J.,Mehta, K. & O'Brien,P. J. (2003): The timing of stabilisation and the exhumation rate for ultra-high pressure rocks in the Western Gneiss Region of Norway. Journal of Metamorphic Geology. 21, 601-612.
    Carswell, D. A., Brueckner,H. K.,Cuthbert, S. J.,Mehta, K. & O'Brien,P. J. (2003): The timing of stabilisation and the exhumation rate for ultra-high pressure rocks in the Western Gneiss Region of Norway. Journal of Metamorphic Geology. 21, 601-612.
      • Stryn
    Collection of Atle Michalsen
    Nordrum, F.S. (2006): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2005-2006. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 33: 56-62
        • Strynefjellet
          • Raudenova
    Garmo, T. T. (2013): Observasjonar frå det norske "Eklogitt-landet". Stein. 40 (4), 4-13
      • Vågsøy
    David J. Eicher photo & specimen
          • Almenningen
    Garmo, T. T. (2013): Observasjonar frå det norske "Eklogitt-landet". Stein. 40 (4), 4-13
    • Svalbard
      • Spitsbergen
        • Oscar II land
    Kanat, L. H. (1984): Jadeite from southern Oscar II Land, Svalbard. Mineralogical Magazine. 48: 30l-303
    • Troms
      • Tromsø
    Bøe, P. (1997): Eklogittfjellet Tromsdalstind. STEIN 24 (2), 48-49
    Pakistan
     
    • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
      • Mansehra District
        • Kaghan valley
          • Naran
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 613-618.
    Poland
     
    • Małopolskie
      • Olkusz District
    Ref.: Kucha H., Jędrzejczyk B. 1995: Primary minerals of mining and metallurgical Zn-Pb dumps at Bukowno, Poland, and their stability during weathering. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 26, No 2, 75-99
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
        • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
          • Alakit-Markha
    Sobolev, N. V., Logvinova, A. M., Zedgenizov, D. A., Yefimova, E. S., Taylor, L. A., Promprated, P., ... & Zinchuk, N. N. (2003). Mineral inclusions in diamonds from Komsomolskaya and Krasnopresnenskaya pipes, Yakutia: Evidence for deep lithospheric heterogeineties in Siberian craton [ext. abs.]. In 8th International Kimberlite Conference, Extented Abstracts Vol., FLA0141.
    Zinchuk, N.N., and Koptil, V.I. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 308-317.
          • Daldyn
    http://www.geology.utoronto.ca/faculty/schulze/eclogite.table.1.html
        • Mirny
    Argunov, K. P., 1990, Inclusions of potassic phases, coesite and omphacite in a coated diamond crystal from the Mir pipe: Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, v. 310, p. 129-140.
    Sobolev, N., Kaminsky, F., Griffin, W., Yefimova, E., Win, T., Ryan, C., and Botkunov, A. (1997) Mineral inclusions in diamonds from the Sputnik kimberlite pipe, Yakutia. Lithos: 39: 135-157.
    Slovenia
     
    Franz Bernhard, 2005
    South Africa
     
    • Free State Province
      • Lejweleputswa District
        • Boshof
    Am Min 62:828-830
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Riviera
        • Bellinzona
          • Gorduno
    Journal of Metamorphic Geology, Volume 20 Issue 5 Page 481 - June 2002
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
        • Saas Valley
          • Saas Almagell
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 290.
    Turkey
     
    • Central Anatolia Region
      • Eskişehir Province
        • Tavşanlı Zone
    Davis, P.B., and Whitney, D.L. (2006): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 24(9), 823-849.
    • Marmara Region
      • Balikesir Province
    Turkish J. Earth Sci. 9:47-56 (2000)
          • Bayramiç
    Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 47-56.
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • North West Highlands (Inverness-shire)
        • Glenelg
          • Glen Beag
    Paul Render
    Paul Render
      • North West Highlands (Ross-shire; Ross & Cromarty)
        • Lochalsh
          • Dornie
    Paul Render
    Paul Render
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Apache Co.
        • Navajo Indian Reservation
          • Monument Valley
            • Dinnehotso
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 102, 260, 318; Watson, K.D. & D.M. Morton (1969), Eclogite inclusions in kimberlite pipes at Garnet Ridge, northeastern AZ, Am.Min.: 54: 267-285.
    • California
      • Marin Co.
        • Tiburon Peninsula
          • Tiburon Uplands Nature Preserve
      • San Benito Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • New Idria District
            • Picacho Peak
    T. Tsujimori et al., Paper N° 21-6, The Geological Society of America, Joint Meeting Cordilleran Section and Pacific Section, 101st Annual Meeting, 29 April-1 May 2005, San Jose, California.
    Essene, E.J. and W.S. Fyfe (1967) Omphacite in California metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 15: 8; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 393.
      • Sonoma Co.
        • Coast Range
          • Cazadero
    Essene, E.J. and W.S. Fyfe (1967) Omphacite in California metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 15, 23 pp.: 4; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 394.
          • Occidental
    Coleman, R.G., D.E. Lee, L.B. Beaty & W.W. Bannock (1965), Eclogites and eclogites: their differences and similarities: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 76: 489; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 484.
          • Russian River District
            • Jenner
    Essene, E.J. and W.S. Fyfe (1967) Omphacite in California metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 15, 23 pp.: 5; Champness, P.E. (1973), Speculation on an order-disorder transformation in omphacite: American Mineralogist: 58: 540-542; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 393; http://geology.about.com/library/bl/images/bleclogite.htm
        • Healdsburg
          • Mill Creek Road
    Switzer, George S. (1945), Eclogite from the California glaucophane schists: American Journal of Science: 243: 2; Switzer, George S. (1951b) Mineralogy of the California glaucophane schists. California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 161: 56-57; Coleman, R.G., D.E. Lee, L.B. Beaty & W.W. Bannock (1965), Eclogites and eclogites: their differences and similarities: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 76: 489; Edgar, A.D., A. Mottana, and N.D. MacRae (1969) The chemistry of cell parameters of omphacite and related pyroxenes. Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 64, 67-68; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
    Armstrong, L.S., Page, F. Zeb, and Essene, E.J. (2004), Two Generations of Sphene in One Garnet from a Franciscan Eclogite, Healdsburg, California; 2004 Denver Annual Meeting (November 7–10, 2004) Geological Society of America Paper No. 50-9.
        • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
          • West Mayacmas District
            • Cloverdale
              • North of Cloverdale
    Essene, E.J. and W.S. Fyfe (1967) Omphacite in California metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 15, 23 pp.: 4; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 393.
        • Valley Ford
    Coleman, R.G., D.E. Lee, L.B. Beaty & W.W. Bannock (1965), Eclogites and eclogites: their differences and similarities: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 76: 487; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 394.
    • Colorado
      • Larimer Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Maryland
      • Montgomery Co.
        • Rockville
    David Schoeberlein Collection
    • North Carolina
      • Mitchell Co.
        • Bakersville
    J.Metamorphic Geol.(2003) 21:685-698
    J.Metamorphic Geol.(2003) 21:685-698
    • Oregon
      • Coos Co.
    Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
    • Vermont
    Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
      • Orleans Co.
    Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
    • Washington
      • Okanogan Co.
        • Colville Indian Reservation
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.39
      • Skagit Co.
        • Hamilton
    Karl Volkman Collection; Bart Cannon Identification
    Venezuela
     
    • Bolívar
    Canadian Mineralogist (2000) Vol. 38, pp. 1347-137
    • Nueva Esparta
      • Margarita Island
    Journal of Petrology (1981) Volume 22; Number 3; Pages 337-362; Handbook of Mineralogy
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