Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Abernathyite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
K(UO2)(AsO4) · 4H2O
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
yellow
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Name:
Named by M. E. Thompson, B. Ingram, and E. B. Gross in 1956 after Jesse Evrett Abernathy (September 7, 1913 - November 5, 1963, Moab, UT, USA), amateur mineralogist and lapidarist and operator of the Fumarole mine.
Meta-autunite Group.

A rare secondary uranium mineral.

Classification of Abernathyite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered" 1956
7/E.02-150
8.EB.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
E : Uranyl phosphates and arsenates
B : UO2:RO4 = 1:1
40.2a.9.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2a : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
20.7.3

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
7 : Arsenates of U
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Abernathyite

General Appearance of Type Material:
Fine-grained pale yellow flaky mineral
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA
Year of Discovery:
1956
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Colorado Plateau uranium-vanadium deposit

Occurrences of Abernathyite

Geological Setting:
In the USA: from Cave Hills and Slim Buttes, Harding Co., South Dakota; at the West mine, Saguache Co. and the Clyde Long property, San Juan Co., Colorado; from near Tuba City, Coconino Co., Arizona.
In the Riviéral mine, Lodève, Hérault, France.
At Sailauf, northeast of Aschaffenburg, Bavaria, Germany.

Physical Properties of Abernathyite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Comment:
weakly vitreous, also less reflective
Colour:
yellow
Streak:
pale yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {001}
Density:
3.32 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.572 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Abernathyite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P4/ncc
Space Group Setting:
P4/ncc
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.176Å, c = 18.126Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.526
Unit Cell Volume:
V 933.40 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.14 (100 broad)
5.63 (70)
3.84 (80 broad)
3.59 (70)
3.34 (80)
2.79 (60 broad)
2.28 (60)

Optical Data of Abernathyite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.597 - 1.608 nε = 1.570
2V:
Measured: 5°
Birefringence:
0.03
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.027 - 0.038
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Optical Extinction:
Parallel
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
) = yellow, E = pale yellow

Chemical Properties of Abernathyite

Formula:
K(UO2)(AsO4) · 4H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Abernathyite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Chernikovite(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
LehneriteMn2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Meta-ankoleiteK2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
MetaheinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
MetakahleriteFe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
MetakirchheimeriteCo(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
MetalodèviteZn(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 4-8H2O
MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metauranocircite-IBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 7H2O
MetauranospiniteCa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Natrouranospinite(Na2,Ca)(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2O
Uramarsite(NH4,H3O)2(UO2)2(AsO4,PO4)2 · 6H2O
Uramphite(NH4)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.05AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
8.EB.05HeinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.05KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.05TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.05UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.05Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2O
8.EB.05ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05MetarauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.05RauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.10BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10LehneriteMn2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
8.EB.10MetasaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10Metauranocircite-IBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 7H2O
8.EB.10MetauranospiniteCa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetaheinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetakahleriteFe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetakirchheimeriteCo(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 4-8H2O
8.EB.10MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10PrzhevalskitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
8.EB.10Meta-lodèvite
8.EB.15Chernikovite(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.15Meta-ankoleiteK2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.15Natrouranospinite(Na2,Ca)(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2O
8.EB.15Trögerite(UO2)3(AsO4)2 · 12H2O (?)
8.EB.15Uramphite(NH4)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.15Uramarsite(NH4,H3O)2(UO2)2(AsO4,PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.20ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
8.EB.20ChistyakovaiteAl(UO2)2(AsO4)2(F,OH) · 6.5H2O
8.EB.25ArsenuranospathiteAl[(UO2)(AsO4)]2F(H2O)20
8.EB.25Uranospathite(Al,☐)(UO2)2(PO4)2F · 20(H2O,F)
8.EB.30Vochtenite(Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH) · 12-13H2O
8.EB.35CoconinoiteFe23+Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2O
8.EB.40RanunculiteHAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
8.EB.45TrianguliteAl3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
8.EB.50FurongiteAl13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
8.EB.55SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
20.7.1Trögerite(UO2)3(AsO4)2 · 12H2O (?)
20.7.2Natrouranospinite(Na2,Ca)(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2O
20.7.4MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.7.5ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
20.7.6MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 4-8H2O
20.7.7Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
20.7.8ArsenuranyliteCa(UO2)4(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
20.7.9MetauranospiniteCa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.7.10UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
20.7.11MetaheinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.7.12HeinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
20.7.13MetalodèviteZn(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
20.7.14ArsenuranospathiteAl[(UO2)(AsO4)]2F(H2O)20
20.7.15HallimonditePb2(UO2)(AsO4)2 · nH2O, 0 ≤ n ≤ 0.5
20.7.16HügelitePb2(UO2)3(AsO4)2O2 · 5H2O
20.7.17AsselbornitePb(BiO)3(UO2)4(AsO4)2(OH)7·4H2O
20.7.18MetakahleriteFe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.7.19KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
20.7.20MetakirchheimeriteCo(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O

Other Names for Abernathyite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Yellow-green under LW and SW.
Other Information:
radioactive
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Abernathyite

Reference List:
Thompson, M.E., B. Ingram & E.B. Gross (1956) Abernathyite, a new uranium mineral of the metatorbernite group, American Mineralogist: 41: 82-90.

Ross, M. and Evans, H.T., Jr. (1964) Studies of the torbernite minerals. I. The crystal structure of abernathyite and the structurally related compounds NH4(UO2AsO4)·3H2O and K(H3O)(UO2AsO4)2·6H2O. American Mineralogist: 49: 1578-1602.

Burns, P.C. (2005) U 6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1839-1894.

Internet Links for Abernathyite

Localities for Abernathyite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
American Mineralogist, Volume 84, pages 1195–1198, 1999
      • Sulzburg
Lapis 21(12), 44 (1996)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Aschaffenburg
          • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
        • Hösbach
          • Sailauf
            • Hartkoppe
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Izerskie Mts
      • Jelenia Góra District
Mochnacka K. 1975: Mineralizacja skał metamorficznych części Pogórza Izerskiego. Pr. Geol. kom. Nauk Geol. PAN Oddz. w Krakowie nr 89.
South Africa
 
  • Western Cape Province
    • Central Karoo District
Minerals of South Africa
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
  • Colorado
    • Saguache Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
    • San Juan Co.
      • Elk Park
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 41, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
  • Idaho
    • Custer Co.
      • Stanley Basin District
USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5264
  • Oregon
    • Lake Co.
      • Lakeview
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology NBMG Open-File Report 96-3 By Stephen B. Castor, Christopher D. Henry, Lisa A. Shevenell
  • South Dakota
    • Harding Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
      • North Cave Hills
        • Flat Top Group
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
DANA R. KELLEY AND PAUL F. KERR (1958) URANO-ORGANIC ORE AT TEMPLE MOUNTAIN, UTAH. BULLETIN OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA VOL. 69. PP. 701-756.
M. E. Thompson, B. Ingram, & E. B. Gross (1956) Abernathyite, a new uranium mineral of the metatorbernite group. American Mineralogist, 41:82-90.
    • Grand Co.
      • Moab
Kim Gorall
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: September 4, 2015 13:33:53 Page generated: August 31, 2015 10:20:15