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Otavite

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Formula:
CdCO3
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
White to yellow-brown or ...
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1906 by Otto Schneider for the type locality, the Tsumeb Mine, near Otavi, Namibia.
Isostructural with:
Calcite Group.

A secondary mineral found in oxidized zones of ore bodies.

Classification of Otavite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
5.AB.05

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
B : Alkali-earth (and other M2+) carbonates
14.1.1.7

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
1 : A(XO3)
11.6.10

11 : Carbonates
6 : Carbonates of Zn and Cd
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First Recorded Occurrence of Otavite

Year of Discovery:
1906
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Physical Properties of Otavite

Adamantine
Colour:
White to yellow-brown or reddish
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
3½ - 4
Density:
4.96 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.03 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Otavite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.93Å, c = 16.27Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.3
Unit Cell Volume:
V 342.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crusts of minute rhombohedral crystals, {101¯1}.

Epitaxial Relationships of Otavite

Epitaxial Minerals:
Epitaxi Comments:
Otavite oriented growths on smithsonite (Tsumeb).
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Chemical Properties of Otavite

Formula:
CdCO3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
CAS Registry number:
513-78-0

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society

Relationship of Otavite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
5.AB.05CalciteCaCO3
5.AB.05Gaspéite(Ni,Mg,Fe)CO3
5.AB.05MagnesiteMgCO3
5.AB.05RhodochrositeMnCO3
5.AB.05SideriteFeCO3
5.AB.05SmithsoniteZnCO3
5.AB.05SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
5.AB.10AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
5.AB.10DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
5.AB.10KutnohoriteCa(Mn,Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
5.AB.10MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2
5.AB.15AragoniteCaCO3
5.AB.15CerussitePbCO3
5.AB.15StrontianiteSrCO3
5.AB.15WitheriteBaCO3
5.AB.20VateriteCaCO3
5.AB.25HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
5.AB.30NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
5.AB.35AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.40OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
5.AB.40ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.45BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.50Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
5.AB.55Benstonite(Ba,Sr)6(Ca,Mn)6Mg(CO3)13
5.AB.60JuangodoyiteNa2Cu(CO3)2
11.6.1SmithsoniteZnCO3
11.6.2HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
11.6.3Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
11.6.4Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
11.6.5Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
11.6.6Claraite(Cu,Zn)3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O
11.6.7MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2
11.6.8Loseyite(Mn2+,Zn,Mg)4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10
11.6.9Sclarite(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10

Other Names for Otavite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Otavit
Russian:Отавит
Simplified Chinese:菱镉矿
Spanish:Otavita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Otavite

Reference List:
de Schulten (1897) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 20: 196.

Schneider (1906) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 388.

Zachariasen (1928) Norske Videnskaps-Akademi, Skrifter, Oslo, no. 4.

Ramdohr and Strunz (1941a) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 97.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 181.

Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1979): 245: 1099.

American Mineralogist (1997): 82: 643-646.

Reviews in Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America: 11.

Tiegeng Liu, Lin Xie, Xingli Wang, and Rongjun Si (2005): First discovery of otavite in China. Chinese Geology 32(3), 443-446 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Internet Links for Otavite

Localities for Otavite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Gregory Ranges District
        • Braeside Station
Secondary Minerals from the Braeside Lead Field, Pilbara, Western Australia; E.A. Hancock, P.J. Downes, A.W.R. Bevan; Australian Journal of Mineralogy; Vol 13, No 2, Dec 2007; pp 55-63
    • Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire
      • Kununurra
Mafic-Hosted Secondary Mineralisation from the Shangri-La Pb-Ag-Au-Cu Mine, Kimberley, Western Australia; P Downes, A Bevan, D Costeo, M Verrall; Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol 16, nov 2011, pp 15-24
China
 
  • Guizhou Province
    • Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Duyun Co.
Tiegeng Liu, Lin Xie, Xingli Wang, and Rongjun Si (2005): Chinese Geology 32(3), 443-446; Tiegeng Liu, Qian Zhang, Lin Ye, and Shuxun Shao (2004): Geology in China 31(1), 40-45
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Fushun Prefecture
      • Fushun Co.
Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Liberec Region
Sejkora, J., Bureš, B., Škoda, R.: Nové nálezy supergenních minerálů na rudním ložisku Horní Rokytnice v Krkonoších. Minerál, 2010, 18, 2, 108-115.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Wülfrath
        • Rohdenhaus
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988): Der Niederbergische Erzbezirk des Werdener Bergreviers in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Lapis 13(1): 11-35
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Zemplén Mts (Tokaj Mts)
      • Legyesbénye
Ireland
 
  • Co. Clare
    • The Burren
      • Carron
Dr. David Green
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Arbus
Binotto, C., Boi, G., Cocco, E., Preite, D., Sitta, S. (1988): Minerali dalle miniere di Montevecchio e da altri giacimenti collegati al granito dell'Arburese. 4° Parte, 1/1988, 5-16.
    • Sassari Province
      • Ozieri
Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki prefecture
      • Hinokage-cho
Takashi Yamada (2009) JAKOKA: 2009 Annual Meeting of the Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, R4-04; Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
National Bureau of Standards, Circular 539/7 (1957), 11
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Probistip
Collection of NHM, Vienna
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Verkhoyansk
M.I. Novgorodova
UK
 
  • England
    • North Yorkshire
      • North Pennines
        • Pateley Bridge District
          • Greenhow
Young, B.; Ryback, G.; Braithwaite, R. S. W.; Francis, J. G. (1997): Prosopite, doyleite and otavite from Coldstones quarry, Pateley bridge, North Yorkshire. Mineral. Mag. 61, 895-897.
  • Scotland
    • Strathclyde (Renfrewshire)
      • Bishopton
[J. Russell Soc. 2001 - 94]
  • Wales
    • Powys (Radnorshire)
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
British Micromount Society; Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Huachuca Mts
        • Hartford District (Huachuca Mountains District)
          • Carr Canyon
"The Accidental Pocket" talk presented by Robert E. Walstrom at 2012 NCMA meeting.
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
      • Huron River
Rocks & Minerals 82:298-308
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
The Picking Table:28(2):3 (per Dr. Sidney Williams); Dunn(1995):Pt4:613.
  • New Mexico
    • Socorro Co.
      • Hansonburg District
        • Bingham
M Massis collection
Rocks & Minerals: 78(6): 380-389.
Vietnam
 
  • Thai Nguyen Province
Johan, Z.: Mineralogie kadmia na ložisku Mo Ba, Vietnamská demokratická republika. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1962, roč. 7, č. 2, s. 132-138.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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