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Overite

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Formula:
CaMgAl(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicColour:Light apple-green to ...
Hardness:3½ - 4
Name:
After Mr. Edwin J. Over (1903-1963) American mineral collector, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA, who worked with Arthur Montgomery at the Fairfield locality and who discovered the first material.


Overite Group.

A secondary phosphate mineral found in altered phosphate nodules in sediments and in granitic pegmatites.

Classification of Overite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.28-10
Strunz 9th edition ID:8.DH.20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DH.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
H : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 < 1:1
Dana 8th edition ID:42.11.1.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
11 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.8.11

19 : Phosphates
8 : Phosphates of Al and other metals
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Type Occurrence of Overite

Type Locality:Clay Canyon, Fairfield, Oquirrh Mts, Utah Co., Utah, USA
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: #95482. U.S. National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA: R7898.
Year of Discovery:1938
Geological Setting of type material:Altered phosphate nodules in sedimentary rocks.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
VarisciteApatite

Occurrences of Overite

Geological Setting:Complex granitic pegmatite.

Physical Properties of Overite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Light apple-green to colourless; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness (Mohs):3½ - 4
Cleavage:Perfect
On {010}, perfect; on {100}, poor.
Density (measured):2.53 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.51 g/cm3

Crystallography of Overite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:Pbca {P21/b 21/c 21/a}
Cell Parameters:a = 14.723Å, b = 18.746Å, c = 7.107Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.785 : 1 : 0.379
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,961.51 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:8
Morphology:Crystals platy to lathlike, flattened on {010} and elongated along [001]. Forms exhibited include {010}, {100}, {110}, {121}, and {021}. Commonly forms subparallel aggregates; massive.

Optical Data of Overite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.568 nβ = 1.574 nγ = 1.580
2V:Measured: 75° , Calculated: 88°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.012

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:r > v strong

Chemical Properties of Overite

Formula:
CaMgAl(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:CaMgAl(PO4)2(OH)·4H2O
Essential elements:Al, Ca, H, Mg, O, P
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ca, H, Mg, O, P

Relationship of Overite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
Overite Group
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DH.05Minyulite
KAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F) · 4H
 
2
O
8.DH.10Leucophosphite
KFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
8.DH.10Spheniscidite
(NH
 
4
,K)(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
8.DH.10Tinsleyite
KAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Fe
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Mn
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Keckite
CaMn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
(H
 
2
O)
 
7
8.DH.15Rittmannite
{(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)}{Mn
2+
 
}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
}{(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Whiteite-(CaFeMg)
{Ca}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Whiteite-(CaMnMg)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Whiteite-(MnFeMg)
{(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(MnMnMn)
{Mn
2+
 
}{Mn
2+
 
}{Mn
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Kaluginite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)MgFe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaFeFe)
{Ca}{Fe
2+
 
}{Fe
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(NaFeMg)
NaFe
3+
 
Mg
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(NaMnMg)
{Na}{Mn
3+
 
}{Mg
 
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMgMg)
{Ca}{Mg}{Mg
 
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.20Manganosegelerite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)Fe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
8.DH.20Segelerite
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DH.20Wilhelmvierlingite
CaMnFe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
8.DH.20Juonniite
CaMgSc(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
8.DH.25Calcioferrite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH) · 7H
 
2
O
8.DH.25Kingsmountite
Ca
 
4
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 12H
 
2
O
8.DH.25Montgomeryite
Ca
 
4
MgAl
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 12H
 
2
O
8.DH.25Zodacite
Ca
 
4
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 12H
 
2
O
8.DH.30Arseniosiderite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DH.30Kolfanite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DH.30Mitridatite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DH.30Pararobertsite
Ca
 
2
Mn
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DH.30Robertsite
Ca
 
3
Mn
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DH.30Sailaufite
(Ca,Na,☐)
 
2
Mn
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DH.35Mantienneite
KMg
 
2
Al
 
2
Ti(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
· 15H
 
2
O
8.DH.35Paulkerrite
K(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Al,Ti,Mg)
 
2
Ti(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
· 15H
 
2
O
8.DH.35Benyacarite
(H
 
2
O,K)
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Ti)
 
2
Ti(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(O,F)
 
2
· 14H
 
2
O
8.DH.40Xanthoxenite
Ca
 
4
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DH.45Mahnertite
NaCu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
Cl · 5H
 
2
O
8.DH.50Andyrobertsite
KCdCu
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(H
 
2
AsO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
8.DH.50Calcioandyrobertsite
KCaCu
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(H
 
2
AsO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
8.DH.55Englishite
K
 
3
Na
 
2
Ca
 
10
Al
 
15
(PO
 
4
)
 
21
(OH)
 
7
· 26H
 
2
O
8.DH.60Bouazzerite
Bi
 
6
(Mg,Co)
 
11
Fe
3+
14
(AsO
 
4
)
 
18
(OH)
 
4
O
 
12
· 86H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.8.1Montebrasite
LiAl(PO
 
4
)(OH)
19.8.2Brazilianite
NaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
19.8.3Wardite
NaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
19.8.4Tancoite
LiNa
 
2
Al(PO
 
4
)(HPO
 
4
)(OH)
19.8.5Bertossaite
(Li,Na)
 
2
(Ca,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,F)
 
4
19.8.6Tinsleyite
KAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
19.8.7Taranakite
(K,NH
 
4
)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
19.8.8Francoanellite
K
 
3
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)
 
3
· 12H
 
2
O
19.8.9Gordonite
MgAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.8.10Aldermanite
Mg
 
5
Al
 
12
(PO
 
4
)
 
8
(OH)
 
22
· 32H
 
2
O
19.8.12Montgomeryite
Ca
 
4
MgAl
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 12H
 
2
O
19.8.14Foggite
CaAl(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.8.15Gatumbaite
CaAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.8.16Crandallite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
19.8.17Matulaite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)Al
 
7
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(PO
 
3
OH)
 
2
(OH)
 
8
(H
 
2
O)
 
8
· 8H
 
2
O
19.8.19Lehiite
19.8.20Millisite
(Na,K)CaAl
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
9
· 3H
 
2
O
19.8.21Englishite
K
 
3
Na
 
2
Ca
 
10
Al
 
15
(PO
 
4
)
 
21
(OH)
 
7
· 26H
 
2
O
19.8.22Kleemanite
ZnAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.8.23Mantienneite
KMg
 
2
Al
 
2
Ti(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
· 15H
 
2
O
19.8.24Paulkerrite
K(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Al,Ti,Mg)
 
2
Ti(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
· 15H
 
2
O

Other Names for Overite

Other Languages:
German:Overit
Russian:Оверит
Spanish:Overita

Other Information

Other Information:Readily soluble in hot nitric acid.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Overite

Reference List:

- +
Larsen, E.S. (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 315.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 979-980.

Moore, P.B. (1974) I. Jahnsite, segelerite, and robertsite, three new transition metal phosphate species. II. Redefinition of overite, an isotype of segelerite. III. Isotypy of robertsite, mitridatite, and arseniosiderite. American Mineralogist (1974): 59: 48-59.

Moore, P.B. and T. Araki (1977) Overite, segelerite, and jahnsite: a study in combinatorial polymorphism. American Mineralogist: 62: 692-702.

Internet Links for Overite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Overite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Overite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Overite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Overite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Overite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Western Australia
      • Meekatharra Shire
        • Milgun Station
    Min.Mag. 39, 577(1974)
    Canada
     
    • Manitoba
      • Lac-du-Bonnet area
        • Bernic Lake
    Can. Min. 47,1225(2009)
    Portugal
     
    • Viseu District
      • Mangualde
    Can.Min. 47, 1225, see 1227(2009)
    USA
     
    • Utah
      • Utah Co.
        • Oquirrh Mts
          • Fairfield
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 980; UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah.
    Rocks & Minerals (1970): 45(11): 667-674.; Wilson, W. (2010): The Clay Canyon Variscite Mine, Fairfield Utah. Mineralogical Record. 41:321-349.
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