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|Colour:||White||Hardness:||4½ - 5|
Platinum Group. Gold-Palladium Series and Palladium-Silver Series.
Natural Palladium always contains some Platinum.
(Pd,Cu) alloys, some with the approximate composition PdCu4, are reported by Kapsiotis et al. (2010).
Classification of Palladium
|IMA status:||Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"|
|Strunz 8th edition ID:||1/A.14-20|
|Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:||1.AF.10|
1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
F : Platinum group elements
|Dana 7th edition ID:||188.8.131.52|
|Dana 8th edition ID:||184.108.40.206|
1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
|Hey's CIM Ref.:||1.66|
1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
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Type Occurrence of Palladium
|Type Locality:||Bom Sucesso Creek, Serro (Serro Frio; Cerrado Frio), Minas Gerais, Brazil|
|Year of Discovery:||1803|
Physical Properties of Palladium
|Hardness (Mohs):||4½ - 5|
Chemical Properties of Palladium
|All elements listed in formula:||Pd, Pt|
Relationship of Palladium to other Species
|Series:||Forms a series with Silver (see here)|
Forms a series with Gold (see here)
|Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):|
|Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:|
|Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):|
Other Names for Palladium
|Health Warning:||No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.|
References for Palladium
McKeehan (1922) Physical Review, a Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics: 20: 424.
Holgersson and Sedström (1924) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 75: 143.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 109-110.
Canadian Mineralogist (1976): 14: 410-413.
Fleet, M.E., De Almeida, C.M., and Angeli, N. (2002) Botryoidal platinum, palladium and potarite from the Bom Sucesso stream, Minas Gerais, Brazil: compositional zoning and origin. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 341-355.
Argyrios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras and Konstantinos Hatzipanagiotou (2010): Platinum-Group Mineral Characterization in Concentrates from High-Grade PGE Al-rich Chromitites of Korydallos Area in the Pindos Ophiolite Complex (NW Greece). Resource Geology 60, 178-191.
Internet Links for Palladium
Localities for Palladium
The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
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