Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Parkerite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Ni3Bi2S2
Colour:
Pale bronze
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For mineralogist/petrologist Robert Lüling Parker (1893-1973) of Zurich, Switzerland.
Comments: The name parkerite was given to mineral-G, a poorly and incompletely characterized species from S. Africa by Scholz (1937). The mineral was presented by Scholz as a nickel sulfide with a suggested formula of Ni2S3 or NiS2, and inexplicably without the Bi (51-64%) and Pb (~9%) being detected. In his study of the ore minerals of the Sudbury area, Michener (1940) noticed a nickel-bismuth sulfide mineral, which appeared to be a new species. The mineral was further investigated by Michener & Peacock (1943), who realized that although the composition and other data did not match that given by Scholz for parkerite, their X-ray powder data was in agreement with the data of Niggli for parkerite, which was appended to Scholz (1937). Rather than describing their mineral as a new species, they fully characterized and redefined it retaining the name parkerite on a specimen from the Frood mine, as well as using synthetic material, retaining the parkerite name given by Scholz (Michener & Peacock 1943). The Frood mine could not be specifically identified by Michener & Peacock at the time due to wartime restrictions. Additional data on parkerite from both type localities are given in Petruk et al. (1969). [Horváth 2003]
See also "lead-parkerite" and the chemically related bismutohauchecornite.
An Sb-bearing parkerite has been reported, too (Goryachev et al., 2004).


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of ParkeriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.BE.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
E : With Pb (Bi)
2.3.4.1

2 : SULFIDES
3 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
5.8.14

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
8 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Mn, Fe, Co and Ni

Physical Properties of ParkeriteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Pale bronze
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of ParkeriteHide

Formula:
Ni3Bi2S2
IMA Formula:
Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2

Crystallography of ParkeriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.06 Å, b = 8.08 Å, c = 11.45 Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.369 : 1 : 1.417
Unit Cell V:
1,023.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of ParkeriteHide

Other Language Names for ParkeriteHide

German:Parkerit
Spanish:Parkerita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Chalcopyrite6 photos of Parkerite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Stumpflite4 photos of Parkerite associated with Stumpflite on mindat.org.
Taimyrite4 photos of Parkerite associated with Taimyrite on mindat.org.
Sobolevskite4 photos of Parkerite associated with Sobolevskite on mindat.org.
Magnetite3 photos of Parkerite associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.
Galena2 photos of Parkerite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Talnakhite2 photos of Parkerite associated with Talnakhite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.BE.05Betekhtinite(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Immm
2.BE.10Furutobeite(Cu,Ag)6PbS4Mon.
2.BE.15RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2Trig.
2.BE.15ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
2.BE.25Schlemaite(Cu,◻)6(Pb,Bi)Se4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.BE.30PašavaitePd3Pb2Te2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.8.1SamsoniteAg4MnSb2S6Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.8.2UchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
5.8.3BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.8.4BerthieriteFeSb2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.8.5JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.8.6ParajamesoniteOrth.
5.8.7GaravelliteFeSbBiS4Orth.
5.8.8IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
5.8.9MiharaiteCu4FePbBiS6Orth.
5.8.10Sakharovaite(Pb,Bi)4FeSb6S14Mon.
5.8.11ArsenohauchecorniteNi18Bi3AsS16Tet.
5.8.12TučekiteNi9Sb2S8Tet.
5.8.13BismutohauchecorniteNi9Bi2S8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
5.8.15HauchecorniteNi9BiSbS8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
5.8.16TellurohauchecorniteNi9Bi(Te,Bi)S8Tet.
5.8.17LapieiteNiCuSbS3Orth.
5.8.18MückeiteNiCu(Bi,Sb)S3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
5.8.19Vozhminite(Ni,Co)4(As,Sb)S2Hex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ParkeriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
SCHOLZ, D.L. (1937): The magmatic nickeliferous ore deposits of East Griqualand and Pondoland I. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 39, 83-212.
MICHENER, C.E. (1940): Minerals Associated with Large Sulphide Bodies of the Sudbury Type. Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.
MICHENER, C.E. & PEACOCK, M.A. (1943): Parkerite (Ni3Bi2S2) from Sudbury, Ontario: redefinition of the species. American Mineralogist 28, 343-355.
FLEET, M.E. (1973): The crystal structure of parkerite (Ni3Bi2S2). American Mineralogist 58, 435-439.
BROWER, W.S., PARKER, H.S. & ROTH, R.S. (1974): Re-examination of synthetic parkerite and shandite. Am. Mineral. 59, 296-301.
PETRUK, W., HARRIS, D.C. & STEWART, J.M. (1969): Langisite, a new mineral, and the rare minerals cobalt pentlandite, siegenite, parkerite and bravoite from the Langis mine, Cobalt-Gowganda area, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 610-612.
Goryachev, N. A.; Gamyanin, G. N.; Zayakina, N. V.; Popova, S. K.; Sidorov, V. A. (2004): The first find of Sb-parkerite in the Russian northeast. Doklady Earth Sciences 399A, 1260-1263.

Internet Links for ParkeriteHide

Localities for ParkeriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Nullagine
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Frohnleiten
      • Kirchdorf
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1666) Ein vorläufiger Bericht über seltene Ni- und Cr-Mineralien vom Kirchdorftunnel der Brucker Schnellstraße, Steiermark. Pp. 250-252 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Obertalbach valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • New Westminster Mining Division
      • Hope
Manor, M.J., Scoates, J.S., Nixon,G.T., and Ames, D.E., 2014. Platinum-group mineralogy of the Giant Mascot Ni-CuPGE deposit, Hope, B.C. In: Geological Fieldwork 2013, British Columbia Ministry of Energy and Mines, British Columbia Geological Survey Paper 2014-1, pp. 141-156.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Great Slave Lake
Badham, J. P. N. and Muda, M. M. Z, 1980, Mineralogy and Paragenesis of Hydrothermal Mineralizations in the East Arm of Great Slave Lake, Economic Geology, 75:1220-1238.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Blezard Township
; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Creighton-Davies Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Denison Township
Szentpeteri, K., Molnar, Watkinson & Jones (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada,
      • Drury Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Levack Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Springer, G. (1989): Chlorine-bearing and other uncommon minerals in the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury District, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 311-313
      • MacLennan Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • McKim Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
SCHOLZ, D.L. (1937): The magmatic nickeliferous ore deposits of East Griqualand and Pondoland I. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 39, 83-212. MICHENER, C.E. (1940): Minerals Associated with Large Sulphide Bodies of the Sudbury Type. Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario. MICHENER, C.E. & PEACOCK, M.A. (1943): Parkerite (Ni3Bi2S2) from Sudbury, Ontario: redefinition of the species. American Mineralogist 28, 343-355. FLEET, M.E. (1973): The crystal structure of parkerite (Ni3Bi2S2). American Mineralogist 58, 435-439. PETRUK, W., HARRIS, D.C. & STEWART, J.M. (1969): Langisite, a new mineral, and the rare minerals cobalt pentlandite, siegenite, parkerite and bravoite from the Langis mine, Cobalt-Gowganda area, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 610-612.
      • Snider Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
Dana's New Mineralogy
          • Casey Township
Canadian Mineralogist (1969): 9: 597-605.; Can Mineral December 1971 v. 11 no. 1 p. 108-139; Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
Dana's New Mineralogy
China
 
  • Beijing Municipality
    • Yanqing Co.
Chengmu Fan and Chongyao Cao (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(3), 234-242
  • Guizhou Province
    • Zunyi Prefecture
      • Zunyi Co.
        • Zunyi Ni-Mo-PGE-Au ore field
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
  • Hunan Province
    • Zhangjiajie Prefecture
      • Cili Co.
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Baoji Prefecture
      • Taibai Co.
Jingwen Mao, Yumin Qiu, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhaochong Zhang, Garwin, S., and Ren Fengshou (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 352-377; Zuoheng Zhang, Jingwen Mao, and Xiaofeng Li (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(2), 241-252; Xishun Hu (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(2), 17-22, 27
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Jinping Co.
Wang, C., and Zhou, M.-F. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41(8), 771-783
    • Qujing Prefecture
      • Zhanyi Co.
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
  • Zhejiang Province
    • Shaoxing Prefecture
      • Yuecheng District
        • Lizhu ore field (Lichu ore field)
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
        • Horní Slavkov uranium ore district
Sejkora J., Litochleb J., Susser C.: Výskyt parkeritu v uranovém rudním revíru Horní Slavkov (Česká republika). Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 29-32.
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • South Moravia Region
      • Letovice (Lettowitz)
Fojt B., Dobeš P., Malý K., Škoda R., 2008 : Ore minerals from dolomitic veins in the serpertinite rocks of the letovice crystalline complex . Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 93, 3-18
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
      • Wadi Haimur
Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Finland
 
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Nivala
Kojonen K: K., Isomäki O.-P. 2005. PGEE-minerals and tarkianite (Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8 a new mineral species from Hitura mine, Nivala, Central Finland. 10th International Platinum Symposium: Platinum-group elements from genesis to benefication and enviromental impact, August 6-11 , 2005 Finland.; Geological Survey of Finland 2006 Hitura - NICKEL Database
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
        • Schönbrunn
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
India
 
  • Jharkhand
    • Singhbhum District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)
 
  • Dix-Huit Montagnes region
    • Biankouma department
Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Kasama City
          • Iwama
Haruna, Makoto et al. (2002) Mineralogical and oxygen isotope constraints on the origin of the contact-metamorphosed bedded manganese deposit at Nagasawa, Japan. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 1069-1089.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p320
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov collection; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Geology of Ore Deposits (2009) 50:755-762
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Pechengsky District
Anatoly Kasatkin analytical data
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Malyshevo
            • Izumrudnye Kopi area
Koroteev, V.A., Popov, M.P., Erokhin, Yu.V., Khiller, V.V. (2017): Parkerite and Bismutohauchecornite in Chromitites of the Urals: Example of the Uralian Emerald Mines. Doklady Earth Sciences, 473, 438-440
South Africa (TL)
 
  • Eastern Cape Province
    • Alfred Nzo District
      • Insizwa
Am Min 59 (1974), 296; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Mijas
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
      • Ojén
        • Ojén lherzolite massif
Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
      • Sierra Alpujata
I. S. Oen, C. Kieft, E.A.J. Burke, A.B. Westerhof : "Orcelite and associated minerals in the Ni-Fe-As-S system in chromitites and orthopyroxenites of Nebral, Malaga, Spain", Bull. Minéral., 1980, 103, 198-208
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Loscos
Lopez Ciriano,A. Yuste Oliete,A.y Fernandez Nieto,C. (1997). Aspectos estructurales y mineralógicos de los filones polimetálicos de Loscos (norte de Teruel, Cadena Ibérica Oriental). Boletin de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 20, 89-114.
Sweden
 
  • Närke
    • Askersund
      • Zinkgruvan
Bjärnborg, K. (2009): The copper sulphide mineralization of the Zinkgruvan deposit, Bergslagen, Sweden. Examensarbeten i Geologi vid Lunds Universitet- Bergrundsgeologi NR 24,1-6
  • Södermanland
    • Nyköping
      • Tunaberg
Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
Dobbe, Rene T. M. (1991): Tellurides, selenides, and associated minerals in the Tunaberg copper deposits, SE Bergslagen, central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology 44, 89-106
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Peter Tavy
          • Devon United Mines
UKJMM Vol.25 p.19; UKJMM Vol.29 p.49-52
Vietnam
 
  • Son La Province
    • Bac Yen District
      • Ban Phuc
Can Min 39, (2), 2001, 573-589
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 17, 2017 21:37:04 Page generated: August 27, 2017 17:59:02
Go to top of page