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Parnauite

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Formula:
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 7H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicColour:Pale blue, green, dark ...
Name:
After John L. Parnau (1906-1990), American mineral collector, of Campbell, California, USA, who made contributions to knowledge of the type locality.


An uncommon secondary Cu-sulphate-arsenate. Fibrous varieties and crusts may be confused with strashimirite.


Classification of Parnauite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.20-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DF.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
F : With only medium-sized cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 > 3:1
Dana 8th edition ID:43.5.13.1

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
5 : Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hey's CIM Ref.:22.3.1

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates
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Type Occurrence of Parnauite

Type Locality:Majuba Hill Mine (Majuba Mine; Mylar Mine; Tin Mine; Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology sample sites 2844 & 2846), Antelope District, Pershing Co., Nevada, USA
Year of Discovery:1978

Physical Properties of Parnauite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Pale blue, green, dark green, blue-green, yellow-green
Density (measured):3.09(4) g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.09 g/cm3

Crystallography of Parnauite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 14.98Å, b = 14.22Å, c = 6.01Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.053 : 1 : 0.423
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,280.22 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Lath-like crystals (subparallel), bowties, rosettes, scales, compact crusts.

Optical Data of Parnauite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.680 nβ = 1.704 nγ = 1.712
2V:Measured: 60° (5), Calculated: 58°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.032

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r > v strong
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:X= pale green
Y= yelow-green
Z= blue-green

Chemical Properties of Parnauite

Formula:
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 7H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10·7H2O
Essential elements:As, Cu, H, O, S
All elements listed in formula:As, Cu, H, O, S

Relationship of Parnauite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DF.05Hotsonite
Al
 
11
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
21
· 16H
 
2
O
8.DF.10Bolivarite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
3
· 4-5H
 
2
O
8.DF.10Evansite
Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DF.10Liskeardite
[(Al,Fe)
 
32
(AsO
 
4
)
 
18
(OH)
 
42
(H
 
2
O)
 
22
] · 52H
 
2
O
8.DF.10Rosièresite
(Pb, Cu, Al, P, O, H)
8.DF.15Rusakovite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
5
(VO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
9
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DF.20Liroconite
Cu
 
2
Al(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DF.25Sieleckiite
Cu
 
3
Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DF.30Chalcophyllite
Cu
 
18
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
27
· 33H
 
2
O
8.DF.40Gladiusite
Fe
 
2
(Fe,Mg)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
11
(H
 
2
O)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
22.3.2Ardealite
Ca
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
) · 4H
 
2
O
22.3.3Machatschkiite
(Ca,Na)
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.4Clinotyrolite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
10
· 10H
 
2
O
22.3.5Peisleyite
Na
 
2
Al
 
9
[(P,S)O
 
4
]
 
8
(OH)
 
6
•28H
 
2
O
22.3.6Chalcophyllite
Cu
 
18
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
27
· 33H
 
2
O
22.3.7Woodhouseite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.8Schlossmacherite
(H
 
3
O)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
22.3.9Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.10Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.11Sanjuanite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.12Kribergite
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.13Hotsonite
Al
 
11
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
21
· 16H
 
2
O
22.3.14Weilerite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.15Tsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.16Arsentsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.17Hinsdalite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.18Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.19Orpheite
22.3.20Coconinoite
Fe
3+
2
Al
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· 20H
 
2
O
22.3.21Sasaite
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
14
(PO
 
4
)
 
11
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
7
· 83H
 
2
O
22.3.22Tristramite
(Ca,U,Fe)(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
22.3.23Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.24Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.25Diadochite
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.26Sarmientite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.27Bukovskýite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.28Zýkaite
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.29Tooeleite
Fe
3+
6
(As
3+
 
O
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.30Pitticite
(Fe, SO
 
4
, AsO
 
4
, H
 
2
O) ?
22.3.31Xiangjiangite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 22H
 
2
O

Other Names for Parnauite

Synonyms:
IMA1978-014
Other Languages:
German:Parnauit
Simplified Chinese:砷铜矾
Spanish:Parnauita
Varieties:
Debaoite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Parnauite

Reference List:

- +
Wise, W. S. (1978) Parnauite and goudeyite, two new copper arsenate minerals from the Majuba Hill Mine, Pershing County, Nevada. American Mineralogist 63, 704-708.

Walenta, K. (1981) Parnauit von Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Aufschluss 32, 135-140. (in German).

Lairen Lai, Yi Li, and Nicheng Shi (1997) Discovery and Study of Parnauite. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(1), 50-55 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Riviéra Scientifique (1997) 3-58.

Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., McDonald, A. M., Bindi, L., Christy, A. G., Kolitsch, U. & Favreau, G. (2013) The crystal structure of parnauite: a copper arsenate‒sulphate with translational disorder of structural rods. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 693–704.

Internet Links for Parnauite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Parnauite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Parnauite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Karawanken
        • Bad Eisenkappel (Bad Eisenkappl)
          • Ebriach
    G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 191./111.:97-102 (2001)
          • Rijavitzagraben (Jeravitzagraben; Remscheniggraben)
    G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 191./111.:97-102 (2001)
        • Finkenstein
          • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
    [Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
    • Salzburg
      • Saalfelden
        • Leogang
          • Hütten
            • Schwarzleograben
              • Inschlag Alp
    C.L. Lengauer, G. Giester, E. Kirchner: Mineralogy and Petrology 81:187-201 (2004)
              • Schwarzleo District
    C.L. Lengauer, G. Giester, E. Kirchner: Mineralogy and Petrology 81:187-201 (2004)
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    Poeverlein, R. (2008): Euchroit und seine Begleiter vom prähistorischen Bergbau, Leogang, Österreich. Lapis, 33 (5), 13-22.
    • Styria
      • Bruck an der Mur
        • Laming valley
          • Oberort-Tragöß
    Postl, W. (1990); Exel, R. (1993)
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
    Lapis 29(9):9-11 (2004)
              • Geyer - Silberberg District
                • Silberberg
    Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
    R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
    Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
              • Hof
    Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2010): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen: 7. Die Minerale des Bergbaus Hofer Tratte bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 61, 147-156.
    Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2005): Schwaz-Brixlegger-Fundstellen: 3. Die Minerale vom Bergbau Maukenötz bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Der Aufschluss, 56, 223-234.
            • Schwaz
              • Ringenwechsel District
                • Weißer Schrofen
    Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
        • Stanz valley
          • Flirsch
    J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch, R. Poeverlein & M. Strasser (2009): Ein ungewöhnliches Fahlerzvorkommen bei der Flirscher Schihütte im Stanzer Tal, Tirol. Lapis 34, 13-19; 58.
    Brazil
     
    • Bahia
      • Piatã
        • Inúbia
    Lapis 32 (12) 44
    Bulgaria
     
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Svoge Obshtina
        • Bov
    Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001): Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. - Compt. rend. Acad. bulg. Sci., 54, 6, 39-42.
    • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
      • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
    Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
    Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Copiapó Province
        • Tierra Amarilla
          • Pampa Larga district
    maurizio dini collection - quantitative analysis
    • Coquimbo Region
      • Choapa Province
        • Combarbalá
          • Cogotí
    Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany, and Dr. Hubert Putz (Salzburg Department of Mineralogy)
    China
     
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Baise Prefecture
        • Debao Co.
    Lairen Lai, Yi Li, and Nicheng Shi (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(1), 50-55.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Aude
        • Carcassonne
          • Mas-Cabardès
            • Salsigne
    Le Règne Minéral, Hors série (3), 36-54
        • Padern
    http://www.zampano.com/minmax/fundort.php3?lang=US&fp=1975&foid=1549]
    • Limousin
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Nantiat
          • Vaulry
    Queneau Patrice collection
    • Lorraine
      • Vosges
        • Val-d'Ajol
    Lheur C., Moreau F. (1994), Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d'Ajol (Vosges), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 3-14
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Saint-Rome-de-Tarn
    Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-Maritimes
        • Guillaumes
          • Daluis
    Mari G., Sarp H., Dalia A. (1997), Le gîte cuprifère de l'Hubac de Jourdan (Daluis et la Croix-sur-Roudoule, Alpes-Maritimes, France), Le Règne Minéral, n° 13, pp: 30-37
      • Var
        • Le Pradet
    1) Sarp, H., Deferne, J. and Liebich, B. W. (1978): Presence of parnauite, a new copper sulfoarsenate, in the Garonne mine (Var, France). Arch. Sci. Genève 31, 213-217. (in French) 2) [UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Gronne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
    trouvaille 1980 _ collection personnelle
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Rhône
        • Beaujeu
          • Les Ardillats
    Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Calw
    Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).; American Mineralogist: 67: 854.
        • Freudenstadt
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
    Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
        • Schapbach
          • Tiefenbach valley
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Burgfelsen
    No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
    No reference listed
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
        • Gosenbach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Müsen
    Schnorrer, G. (2004): Mineralogische Notizen VIII. Der Aufschluss, 55 (6), 381-384.; Reinhardt, M. (2010): Die Mineralien der Grube Wildermann bei Müsen im Siegerland. Lapis 35 (11), 13-28; 54
        • Niederschelden
    Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Lahn valley
        • Bad Ems District
          • Frücht
    Möhn, G., Frohwein, J. & Blaß, G. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Friedrichssegen bei Bad Ems. Lapis 34 (5), 35-40; 58.
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
          • Bärenstein
            • Niederschlag
    Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
        • Schwarzenberg District
          • Langenberg
            • Graul
    http://www.dergraul.de
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
              • Hilarion area
    Lapis, 28/5 (May 2003)
    Hungary
     
    • Fejér Co.
      • Velencei Mtns
        • Lovasberény
          • Meleg Hill
    HOM Collection-Szakáll S. 2010
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Galway
      • Killimor
    de Haller, series of article in Bull. Soc. Genevoise de Minéralogie in the 1980s.
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Ne
    [MinRec 32:360]
      • La Spezia Province
        • Rocchetta Vara
    Palenzona, A., Balestra, C., Marchesini, M. (2002): La geigerite della miniera di Monte Nero (Rocchetta Vara, La Spezia). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2002, 75-76.
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Muravera
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi G., (1993): Sarrabus Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", 208 pp.
    • Tuscany
      • Massa-Carrara Province
        • Apuan Alps
    Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    • Veneto
      • Vicenza Province
        • Torrebelvicino
          • Mercanti Valley
            • Zuccanti Valley
    Saccardo D., Benincasa E., Malferrari D., Medici L., 2002. I minerali di Monte Cengio (Torrebelvicino, Vicenza). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 42-47.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Shizuoka Prefecture
          • Shimoda City
            • Rendaiji
    Matsubara, S. (2002) The Mineral Species of Japan, 5th edition (Kobutsu Joho)
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
          • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
            • Khder
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Bystrica Co.
        • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
    Sejkora, J. (1993): Zajímavé nálezy nerostu v České republice a na Slovesnku. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz., 1, 108-113.
        • Poniky
    Števko M., Sejkora J., Bačík P., 2011: Mineralogy and origin of supergene mineralization at the Farbište ore occurrence near Poniky, central Slovakia. Journal of Geosciences, 57, 3, 273-298.
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Huércal-Overa
          • Cuesta Alta
            • Cerro Minado Mines
    VIÑALS, J., CALVO, M., and MARTÍ, J. (2004): Parnauita, paratacamita y otros minerales secundarios de Cerro Minado, Almería. Revista de Minerales, 2, 5, 47-49.(in Spanish). Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya) and in English version (Mineral Up)
        • Níjar
          • Rodalquilar
    S.Rust collection
    • Valencian Community
      • Castellón
    Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España
          • San Rafael claim
    - Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
    Switzerland
     
    • Glarus
      • Murg Valley
    No reference listed
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Grimentz
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
          • Marais Alp
    Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
      • Sion (Sitten)
        • Granges
    Le Règne Minéral, 44, p15-21
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Camborne
            • Pendarves United Mines
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
          • Carharrack
            • West Clifford United Mines
    [Ian Bruce collected material, XRD confirmed Manchester Museum]; Bruce, I, & D. Aubrey-Jones (1998) UKJMM 19:18-23
          • Gwennap
            • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
        • Liskeard District
          • Linkinhorne
            • Upton Cross
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
        • Mount's Bay District
          • St Hilary
    No reference listed
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
        • St Austell District
          • Lanivet
            • Mulberry Downs
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
    Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
      • Leicestershire
        • Stanton under Bardon
    UKJMM 26:31-42
    • Wales
      • Ceredigion (Dyfed; Cardiganshire)
        • Trefeirig
          • Goginan
    Rust S.A. & Mason, J.S.(1994): An unusual occurrence of arsenate minerals at Gwaith-yr-Afon mine, Dyfed, Walws. J.of the Russell Society, 5(2),109-113.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Coconino Co.
        • Grandview District
          • Grand Canyon National Park
            • Horseshoe Mesa
              • Cape Royal
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 322.
    • Colorado
      • Hinsdale Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997)
    • Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Weepah District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Pershing Co.
        • Antelope District
    American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 704-708, 1978
    Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
      • Washoe Co.
        • Pyramid District
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
    Collected by Brent Thorne
            • Mammoth
    collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
      • Tooele Co.
        • Deep Creek Mts
          • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
            • Gold Hill
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. EDS analyzed.
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
    • Washington
      • Snohomish Co.
        • Monte Cristo District
          • Monte Cristo
    www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
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