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Parnauite

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Jack Parnau
Formula:
Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Pale blue, green, dark ...
Name:
After John L. Parnau (1906-1990), American mineral collector, of Campbell, California, USA, who made contributions to knowledge of the type locality.
An uncommon secondary Cu-sulphate-arsenate. Fibrous varieties and crusts may be confused with strashimirite.


Classification of Parnauite

Approved
8.DF.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
F : With only medium-sized cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 > 3:1
43.5.13.1

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
5 : Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
22.3.1

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3124.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Parnauite

Year of Discovery:
1978

Physical Properties of Parnauite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Pale blue, green, dark green, blue-green, yellow-green
Density:
3.09(4) g/cm3 (Measured)    3.09 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Parnauite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 14.98Å, b = 14.22Å, c = 6.01Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.053 : 1 : 0.423
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,280.22 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Lath-like crystals (subparallel), bowties, rosettes, scales, compact crusts.

Optical Data of Parnauite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.680 nβ = 1.704 nγ = 1.712
2V:
Measured: 60° (5), Calculated: 58°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.032
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X= pale green
Y= yelow-green
Z= blue-green

Chemical Properties of Parnauite

Formula:
Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Parnauite to other Species

8.DF.05HotsoniteAl11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2O
8.DF.10BolivariteAl2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2O
8.DF.10EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
8.DF.10Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
8.DF.10Rosièresite(Pb, Cu, Al, P, O, H)
8.DF.15Rusakovite(Fe3+,Al)5(VO4,PO4)2(OH)9 · 3H2O
8.DF.20LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
8.DF.25SieleckiiteCu3Al4(PO4)2(OH)12 · 2H2O
8.DF.30ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(SO4)3(AsO4)3(OH)27 · 33H2O
8.DF.40GladiusiteFe2(Fe,Mg)4(PO4)(OH)11(H2O)
22.3.2ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
22.3.3Machatschkiite(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4) · 15H2O
22.3.4ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
22.3.5PeisleyiteNa2Al9[(P,S)O4]8(OH)6•28H2O
22.3.6ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(SO4)3(AsO4)3(OH)27 · 33H2O
22.3.7WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.8Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
22.3.9SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.10KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.11SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
22.3.12KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
22.3.13HotsoniteAl11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2O
22.3.14WeileriteBaAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.15TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
22.3.16ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
22.3.17HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.18HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.19Orpheite
22.3.20CoconinoiteFe23+Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2O
22.3.21Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
22.3.22Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
22.3.23CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.24BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.25DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
22.3.26SarmientiteFe23+(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
22.3.27BukovskýiteFe23+(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
22.3.28ZýkaiteFe43+(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2O
22.3.29TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
22.3.30Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
22.3.31Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2O

Other Names for Parnauite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Parnauit
Simplified Chinese:砷铜矾
Spanish:Parnauita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Parnauite

Reference List:
Wise, W. S. (1978) Parnauite and goudeyite, two new copper arsenate minerals from the Majuba Hill Mine, Pershing County, Nevada. American Mineralogist 63, 704-708.

Walenta, K. (1981) Parnauit von Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Aufschluss 32, 135-140. (in German).

Lairen Lai, Yi Li, and Nicheng Shi (1997) Discovery and Study of Parnauite. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(1), 50-55 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Riviéra Scientifique (1997) 3-58.

Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., McDonald, A. M., Bindi, L., Christy, A. G., Kolitsch, U. & Favreau, G. (2013) The crystal structure of parnauite: a copper arsenate‒sulphate with translational disorder of structural rods. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 693–704.

Internet Links for Parnauite

Specimens:
The following Parnauite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Parnauite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Karawanken
      • Bad Eisenkappel (Bad Eisenkappl)
        • Ebriach
G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 191./111.:97-102 (2001)
        • Rijavitzagraben (Jeravitzagraben; Remscheniggraben)
G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 191./111.:97-102 (2001)
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Inschlag Alp
C.L. Lengauer, G. Giester, E. Kirchner: Mineralogy and Petrology 81:187-201 (2004)
            • Schwarzleo District
C.L. Lengauer, G. Giester, E. Kirchner: Mineralogy and Petrology 81:187-201 (2004)
peter neschen collection
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Poeverlein, R. (2008): Euchroit und seine Begleiter vom prähistorischen Bergbau, Leogang, Österreich. Lapis, 33 (5), 13-22.
  • Styria
    • Bruck an der Mur
      • Laming valley
        • Oberort-Tragöß
Postl, W. (1990); Exel, R. (1993)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
Lapis 29(9):9-11 (2004)
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
            • Hof
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2010): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen: 7. Die Minerale des Bergbaus Hofer Tratte bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 61, 147-156.
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2005): Schwaz-Brixlegger-Fundstellen: 3. Die Minerale vom Bergbau Maukenötz bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Der Aufschluss, 56, 223-234.
          • Schwaz
            • Ringenwechsel District
              • Weißer Schrofen
Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
      • Stanz valley
        • Flirsch
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch, R. Poeverlein & M. Strasser (2009): Ein ungewöhnliches Fahlerzvorkommen bei der Flirscher Schihütte im Stanzer Tal, Tirol. Lapis 34, 13-19; 58.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Piatã
      • Inúbia
Lapis 32 (12) 44
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Svoge Obshtina
      • Bov
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001): Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. - Compt. rend. Acad. bulg. Sci., 54, 6, 39-42.
  • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
maurizio dini collection - quantitative analysis
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Choapa Province
      • Combarbalá
        • Cogotí
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany, and Dr. Hubert Putz (Salzburg Department of Mineralogy)
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Debao Co.
Lairen Lai, Yi Li, and Nicheng Shi (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(1), 50-55.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Mas-Cabardès
          • Salsigne
Le Règne Minéral, Hors série (3), 36-54
      • Padern
http://www.zampano.com/minmax/fundort.php3?lang=US&fp=1975&foid=1549]
  • Limousin
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Nantiat
        • Vaulry
          • Vaulry Mines
Queneau Patrice collection
Queneau, P. & Husson, F. (2013): 1812-2012, 200 ans d'histoire aux anciennes mines de Vaulry et dans les monts de Blond (Haute-Vienne); La minéralogie. Béryl Limousin, Société de Géologie du Limousin, Limoges Ed., HS n°3, 61-89.
  • Lorraine
    • Vosges
      • Val-d'Ajol
Lheur C., Moreau F. (1994), Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d'Ajol (Vosges), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 3-14
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Aveyron
      • Monteils
- Favreau G., Eytier J-R., Eytier C. (2010), Les minéraux de la mine de Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°109
      • Saint-Rome-de-Tarn
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Guillaumes
        • Daluis
Mari G., Sarp H., Dalia A. (1997), Le gîte cuprifère de l'Hubac de Jourdan (Daluis et la Croix-sur-Roudoule, Alpes-Maritimes, France), Le Règne Minéral, n° 13, pp: 30-37
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
1) Sarp, H., Deferne, J. and Liebich, B. W. (1978): Presence of parnauite, a new copper sulfoarsenate, in the Garonne mine (Var, France). Arch. Sci. Genève 31, 213-217. (in French) 2) [UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Gronne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
trouvaille 1980 _ collection personnelle
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).; American Mineralogist: 67: 854.
      • Freudenstadt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Schapbach
        • Tiefenbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
      • Gosenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Müsen
Schnorrer, G. (2004): Mineralogische Notizen VIII. Der Aufschluss, 55 (6), 381-384.; Reinhardt, M. (2010): Die Mineralien der Grube Wildermann bei Müsen im Siegerland. Lapis 35 (11), 13-28; 54
      • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
      • Bad Ems District
        • Frücht
Möhn, G., Frohwein, J. & Blaß, G. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Friedrichssegen bei Bad Ems. Lapis 34 (5), 35-40; 58.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
        • Bärenstein
          • Niederschlag
Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
          • Graul
http://www.dergraul.de
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
            • Hilarion area
Lapis, 28/5 (May 2003)
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Lovasberény
        • Meleg Hill
HOM Collection-Szakáll S. 2010
Ireland
 
  • Co. Galway
    • Killimor
de Haller, series of article in Bull. Soc. Genevoise de Minéralogie in the 1980s.
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Forni Avoltri
Bortolozzi G,M., Ciriotti M.E., Bittarello E. and Moeckel S. (2015): Monte Avanza, Forni Avoltri; Carnia (Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia): conferme e nuovi ritrovamenti. Micro,1-2015, 2-39.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
[MinRec 32:360]
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
Palenzona, A., Balestra, C., Marchesini, M. (2002): La geigerite della miniera di Monte Nero (Rocchetta Vara, La Spezia). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2002, 75-76.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Muravera
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi G., (1993): Sarrabus Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", 208 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Apuan Alps
Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
          • Zuccanti Valley
Saccardo D., Benincasa E., Malferrari D., Medici L., 2002. I minerali di Monte Cengio (Torrebelvicino, Vicenza). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 42-47.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Matsubara, S. (2002) The Mineral Species of Japan, 5th edition (Kobutsu Joho)
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
          • Khder
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
Sejkora, J. (1993): Zajímavé nálezy nerostu v České republice a na Slovesnku. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz., 1, 108-113.
      • Poniky
Števko M., Sejkora J., Bačík P., 2011: Mineralogy and origin of supergene mineralization at the Farbište ore occurrence near Poniky, central Slovakia. Journal of Geosciences, 57, 3, 273-298.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
VIÑALS, J., CALVO, M., and MARTÍ, J. (2004): Parnauita, paratacamita y otros minerales secundarios de Cerro Minado, Almería. Revista de Minerales, 2, 5, 47-49.(in Spanish). Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya) and in English version (Mineral Up)
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
S.Rust collection
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España
        • San Rafael claim
- Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
Switzerland
 
  • Glarus
    • Murg Valley
No reference listed
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Grimentz
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Marais Alp
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
    • Sion (Sitten)
      • Granges
Le Règne Minéral, 44, p15-21
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Camborne
          • Pendarves United Mines
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
        • Carharrack
          • West Clifford United Mines
[Ian Bruce collected material, XRD confirmed Manchester Museum]; Bruce, I, & D. Aubrey-Jones (1998) UKJMM 19:18-23
        • Gwennap
          • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • Liskeard District
        • Linkinhorne
          • Upton Cross
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
No reference listed
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Austell District
        • Lanivet
          • Mulberry Downs
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
    • Leicestershire
      • Stanton under Bardon
UKJMM 26:31-42
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Trefeirig
        • Goginan
Rust S.A. & Mason, J.S.(1994): An unusual occurrence of arsenate minerals at Gwaith-yr-Afon mine, Dyfed, Walws. J.of the Russell Society, 5(2),109-113.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • Grandview District
        • Horseshoe Mesa
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 322.
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997)
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Weepah District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 704-708, 1978
Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
    • Washoe Co.
      • Pyramid District
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Mammoth
Collected by Brent Thorne
collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
  • Washington
    • Snohomish Co.
      • Monte Cristo District
        • Monte Cristo
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
Mineral and/or Locality  
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