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Diatomite

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A variety of Opal

An opaline silica consisting of the fossil skeletal remains of diatoms (diatomea).

Classification of Diatomite

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Other Names for Diatomite

Synonyms:
Diatomaceous Earth
Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Warning:

References for Diatomite

Reference List:

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Kamatani, A., Riley, J.P. , Skirrow, G. (1980) The dissolution of diatom tests in sea water. Journal of the Oceanographical Society of Japan 36, 201-208.

Pisciotto, K.A. (1981) Diagenetic trends in the siliceous facies of the Monterey Shale in the Santa Maria region, California. Sedimentology 28, 547-571.

Inglethorpe, S.D.J. (1993) Industrial Minerals Laboratory Manual: Diatomite. British Geological Survey, Technical report WG/92/39.

Thyberg, B.I., Stabell, B., Faleide, J.I, Bjørlykke, K. (1999) Upper Oligocene diatomaceous deposits in the northern North Sea - silica diagenesis and paleogeographic implications. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 79, 3-18.

DeMaster, D.J. (2004) The diagenesis of biogenic silica: Chemical transformations occurring in the water column, seabed, and crust. In: Treatise of Geochemistry, Volume 7. Sediments, Diagenesis, and Sedimentary Rock, 87-98.

R.O.Y. Breese, F.M. Bodycomb (2006) Diatomite. In: Industrial Minerals and Rocks. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 433-450.

Armbrust, E.V. (2009) The life of diatoms in the world's oceans. Nature 459, 185-192.

Internet Links for Diatomite

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  • Localities for Diatomite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Balkh Province (Balh Province)
      • Chimtal District
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    Australia
     
    • Western Australia
    Geology of the Northern Perth Basin, Western Australia- a field guide; A.J. Mory, D.W. Haig, S. Mcloughlin, R.M. Hockisly; Department of Industry and Resources; Perth 2005
        • Cervantes
    Geology of the Northern Perth Basin- a field guide; A.J. Mory, D.W. Haig, S. McLoughlin, R.M. Hocking; Dept of Industry and Resources, Western Australian Government; Perth 2005; p51
    Austria
     
    • Lower Austria
      • Waldviertel
        • Maissau
          • Limberg
    Götzinger, M. A., Beran, A. & Libowitzky, E. (1994): Exkursion A: Mineralvorkommen und Lagerstätten im östlichen Waldviertel. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 139, 389-405.
          • Oberdürnbach
    Götzinger, M. A., Beran, A. & Libowitzky, E. (1994): Exkursion A: Mineralvorkommen und Lagerstätten im östlichen Waldviertel. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 139, 389-405.
      • Weinviertel
        • Ravelsbach
          • Parisdorf
    ötzinger, M. A., Beran, A. & Libowitzky, E. (1994): Exkursion A: Mineralvorkommen und Lagerstätten im östlichen Waldviertel. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 139, 389-405.
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Sicasica Province
    Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
    • Oruro Department
      • Poopó Province
    Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
    • Potosí Department
      • Sud Lípez Province
    USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 258 (1992)
    China
     
    • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Baishan Prefecture
        • Fusong Co.
    Jie Yao, Honglin Yu, Anping Wang, and Yixing He (2002): Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) 32(1), 43-50
    • Yunnan Province
      • Baoshan Prefecture
        • Tengchong Co.
          • Longchuanjiang basin
    Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
    Costa Rica
     
    • Guanacaste Province
    www.mineralmundi.com
    www.mineralmundi.com
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Ishikawa Prefecture
    Hiroaki Tano specimens
      • Tohoku Region
        • Miyagi Prefecture
          • Zao-machi
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    Portugal
     
    • Leiria District
    Rui Nunes information
    Rui Nunes
        • São Pedro
    Rui Nunes 2012
    • Santarém District
    Rui Nunes 2011
        • Rio Maior
    Rui Nunes 2011
    • Setúbal District
      • Barreiro
        • Palhais
    LNEG - Siorminp
      • Grândola
        • Melides
    LNEG - Siorminp database information
    South Africa
     
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
        • Henkries
    Eriksson, P.G. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 419-422.
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Nome Borough
        • Kougarok District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Curtis
    Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 87; MRDS database Dep. ID file #10060237, MRDS ID #TC10206.
        • Post Ranch
    MRDS database Dep. ID file #10060238, MRDS ID #TC10207.
      • Graham Co.
        • Gila Mts
          • Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District)
            • Gila Valley
              • Fort Thomas
    MRDS database Dep. ID #10060232.
            • Solomon Pass
    Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 87; MRDS database Dep. ID #10060233.
        • Whitlock Mts
          • Slick Rock Wash
    MRDS database Dep. ID #10210079.
      • Greenlee Co.
        • Steeple Rock District (Duncan District)
          • Duncan area Diatomite deposits
    MRDS database Dep. ID file #10161567.
      • Pima Co.
        • Santa Rita Mts
          • Helvetia-Rosemont District
    MRDS database Dep. ID file #10060227, MRDS ID #TC10194.
      • Santa Cruz Co.
        • Redrock District
    Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, 2nd. Edition, Arizona Department of Mines & Minerals Mineral Report 4, 185 pp.
          • Huachuca Mountains Northwestern foothills
    Peirce, H.Wesley (1969), Diatomite, in USGS & Arizona Bureau of Mines & U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Mineral and Water Resources of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 180 (USGS Bull.871): 337-342.
      • Yavapai Co.
        • Camp Verde District
    MRDS database Dep. ID #10060244, MRDS ID #TC10214.
    • Arkansas
      • Hot Spring Co.
        • Hot Springs
          • Indian Mountain
    Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
    • California
      • Contra Costa Co.
        • Bayview-Montalvin
    Davis, Fenelon Francis & J.W. Vernon (1951), Mines and mineral resources of Contra Costa County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology (Report 47): 47(4): 574, 610; Davis, Fenelon Francis and H.B. Goldman (1958) Mines and mineral resources of Contra Costa County. California Journal of Mines and Geology: 54(4): 521, 571, Pl. 5.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
        • Diablo Range
          • Little Panoche Detention Dam
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10212376.
          • Tumey Hills
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10212435.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
        • Saline Valley
          • Badwater Springs
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10114829.
      • Kern Co.
    Braitwaite, R., Paar, W., and Chisholm, J., 1989, Phurcalite from Dartmoor, Southwest England,and its Identity with 'Nisaite' from Portugal, Mineralogical Magazine, 53:583-589.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
        • Red Rock
    California Division of Mines and Geology (1981), Mines & Mineral Producers Active in California during 1980, Special Publication 58; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10163240.
        • Westwood
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10138895.
      • Los Angeles Co.
        • Charter Oak
    Sampson, Reid J. (1937), Mineral resources of Los Angeles County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau (Report 33): 33(3): 202; Gay, T.E. and Hoffman, S.R. (1954) Mines and mineral deposits of Los Angeles County, California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 50): 50(3&4): No. 144, p. 664.
        • Lomita
    Merrill, Frederick James Hamilton (1916), San Diego, Imperial Counties: Calif. Min Bureau Report 14: 635-743; …(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 27: 395 (1922): 507; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
        • Malibu
          • Point Dume
    Gay, T.E. and Hoffman, S.R. (1954) Mines and mineral deposits of Los Angeles County, California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 50): 50(3&4): 664.
        • Palos Verdes peninsula
          • Rolling Hills
    California Division of Mines and Geology, Mineral Information Service: California Mineral Production 1962: 16(11): 11, 13; USGS MRDS database (2005).
        • Rolling Hill Estates
    California Journal of Mines and Geology (1937): 33: 201-202; Gay, T.E. and Hoffman, S.R. (1954) Mines and mineral deposits of Los Angeles County, California. California Journal of Mines and Geology: 50: No. 143, p. 664.
        • San Gabriel Mts
          • Kagel Canyon
    Gay, T.E. and Hoffman, S.R. (1954) Mines and mineral deposits of Los Angeles County, California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 50): 50(3&4): No. 207, p. 688.
    Fleischer, P. (1972) Sepiolite associated with Miocene diatomite, Santa Cruz basin, California. American Mineralogist: 57: 903-913; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 441.
      • Madera Co.
        • Indian Springs
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10256808.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
        • California Aquaduct Dos Amigos Pumping Station
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10139878.
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10207641.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
      • Monterey Co.
        • King City
    Hart, E.W. (1966) Mines and mineral resources of Monterey County, California. California Division Mines and Geology County Report 5, 142 pp.: 40-41.
        • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
          • Bradley
    Hart, E.W. (1966) Mines and mineral resources of Monterey County, California. California Division Mines and Geology County Report 5, 142 pp.: 39; USGS MRDS database (2005).
    Hart, E.W. (1966) Mines and mineral resources of Monterey County, California. California Division Mines and Geology County Report 5, 142 pp.: 39-40; USGS MRDS database (2005).
    Hart, E.W. (1966) Mines and mineral resources of Monterey County, California. California Division Mines and Geology County Report 5, 142 pp.: 40.
    Hart, E.W. (1966) Mines and mineral resources of Monterey County, California. California Division Mines and Geology County Report 5, 142 pp.: 40; USGS MRDS database (2005).
          • Bryson
    Hart, E.W. (1966) Mines and mineral resources of Monterey County, California. California Division Mines and Geology County Report 5, 142 pp.: No. 31, p. 123; USGS MRDS database (2005).
    California Geology (1981): 185, figure 2 (September, 1981): 185, figure 2; USGS MRDS database (2005).
          • Del Rey Oaks
    Hart, E.W. (1966) Mines and mineral resources of Monterey County, California. California Division Mines and Geology County Report 5, 142 pp.: 41.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
        • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
          • Oakville District
            • Oakville
    California Geology (1981): 185, figure 2 (September, 1981); USGS MRDS database (2005), loc. file ID #10212662.
        • Vichy Springs
    Weaver, C.E. (1949), Geology and Mineral Deposits of an Area North of San Francisco Bay, California: California Division of Mines Bulletin 149: 87, Pls. 4 & 6.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
        • Laguna Woods
    California Preliminary Report: 15: Pls. 4 and 1.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
      • San Benito Co.
        • Diablo Range
    Anderson, Robert, and Robert W. Pack (1915), Geology and oil resources of the west border of the San Joaquin valley north of Coalinga, California, USGS Bulletin 603, 220 pp.: 211; USGS MRDS database (2005), loc. file ID #10285956.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
        • Los Osos
    Laizure, Clyde McK (1925), San Francisco field division: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau (Report 21): 21: 512; Franke, Herbert A. (1935a), Mines and mineral resources of San Luis Obispo County, California: California Division Mines (Report 31): 31(4): 419; USGS MRDS database (2005).
    Laizure, Clyde McK (1925), San Francisco field division: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau (Report 21): 21: 512-513; Franke, Herbert A. (1935a), Mines and mineral resources of San Luis Obispo County, California: California Division Mines (Report 31): 31(4): 419-420.
    Minobras (1973), Southern California Industrial Minerals: 91; USGS MRDS database (2005).
        • Pismo Beach
    Laizure, Clyde McK (1925), San Francisco field division: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau (Report 21): 21: 513; Minobras (1973), Southern California Industrial Minerals: 90.
        • San Luis Obispo
    Laizure, Clyde McK (1925), San Francisco field division: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau (Report 21): 21: 512; USGS MRDS database (2005).
        • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
          • Arroyo Grande
    Laizure, Clyde McK (1925), San Francisco field division: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau (Report 21): 21: 512; USGS MRDS database (2005), loc. file ID #10286912.
        • Shell Beach
    Franke, Herbert A. (1935a), Mines and mineral resources of San Luis Obispo County, California: California Division Mines (Report 31): 31(4): 419; USGS MRDS database (2005).
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
      • Santa Barbara Co.
        • Buellton
    California Geology (1981): 185, figure 2 (September, 1981); USGS MRDS database (2005).
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 4; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10262279.
        • Las Cruces
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 3; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10262074.
        • Lompoc
    USGS MRDS database (2005).
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 3; California Division of Mines (1962): Mineral Information Service: 15(2): 6; USGS MRDS database (2005).
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: 77-78; USGS MRDS database (2005).
    California Division of Mines and Geology (1990), Mines and mineral producers active in California (1988-89), California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, Special Publication 103; USGS MRDS database (2005).
    Huguenin, Emile (1919), Santa Barbara, Ventura Counties: California Division Mines Report 15: 737; Mulryan, Henry (1936), Geology, mining and processing of diatomite at Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, California: A.I.M.E. Tech. Pub. 687, 30 pp.: 133; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 3; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10213713.
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 3; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10286715.
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 3; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10116715.
    California Division of Mines Bulletin 186 (1966): Pl. 3; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10117036.
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 3; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10286712.
        • Los Olivos
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 4; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10213477.
        • Santa Ynez
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 4.
        • Solvang
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 4; USGS MRDS database (2005).
        • Vandenberg Air Force Base
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 3; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10189485.
    Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1950) Geology of southwestern Santa Barbara County, California, Point Arguello, Lompoc, Point Conception, Los Olivos, and Gaviota Quadrangles, California Division of Mines Bulletin 150: Pl. 3; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10286976.
      • Shasta Co.
        • Cascade Range
          • Brush Mountain
    Diller, J.S. (1895), Description of the Lassen Peak quadrangle, California: USGS Geol. Atlas, Lassen Peak folio (No. 15); […(abstract): Journal of Geology: 3: 974-976]; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10117079.
          • Burney Spring Mountain
    Bradley, W.W. (1940), Thirty-sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 36: 107; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 382.
    California Division of Mines and Geology (1990), Mines and mineral producers active in California (1988-89), California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, Special Publication 103; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10256731.
    California Division of Mines and Geology (1981), Mines & Mineral Producers Active in California during 1980, Special Publication 58; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10286607.
    Logan, Clarence August (1926), El Dorado, Shasta and Trinity Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 22: 1-67, 163-166; Averill, Charles V. (1939), Mineral resources of Shasta County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 35): 35(2): 128-129; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10077513, 10111066, & 10237834.
    Averill, Charles V. (1939), Mineral resources of Shasta County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 35): 35(2): 128-129; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10111066 & 10237834.
    California Division of Mines and Geology, Mineral Information Service (1963): 16(2); USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10116501.
          • Chalk Mountain
    Averill, Charles V. (1939), Mineral resources of Shasta County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 35): 35(2): 128; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10111067 & 10286850.
          • Haney Mountain
    California Geology (1981): 185, figure 2 (September, 1981); USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10213865.
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10237757.
          • Lookout Mountain
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10262263.
          • Shingletown
    California Journal of Mines and Geology (1928) (Report 24): 24: 166; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10077512 & 10164811.
      • Siskiyou Co.
        • Cascade Range
          • Copco Lake
    California Division of Mines Bulletin 151: 59.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
        • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
          • Fetters Hot Springs
    Honke, Martin T., Jr. & Wm. E. Ver Planck, Jr. (1950), Mines and mineral resources of Sonoma County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 46(1): 97; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 282.
          • West Mayacmas District
            • Mark West Springs
    Honke, Martin T., Jr. & Wm. E. Ver Planck, Jr. (1950), Mines and mineral resources of Sonoma County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 46(1): 94; USGS MRDS database (2005).
        • Sonoma Mts
          • El Verano
    Honke, Martin T., Jr. & Wm. E. Ver Planck, Jr. (1950), Mines and mineral resources of Sonoma County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 46(1): 94, 97 (?); USGS MRDS database (2005).
          • Glen Ellen
    Honke, Martin T., Jr. & Wm. E. Ver Planck, Jr. (1950), Mines and mineral resources of Sonoma County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 46(1): 94.
      • Stanislaus Co.
        • Cooperstown
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10166124.
        • Crows Landing
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10166026.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
      • Tuolumne Co.
        • East Belt
          • Big Oak Flat District
            • Groveland
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10111242 & 10263044.
      • Ventura Co.
        • Fillmore
    Huguenin, Emile (1919), Santa Barbara, Ventura Counties: California Division Mines Report 15: 761; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 288.
    • Idaho
      • Ada Co.
        • Boise District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Adams Co.
        • Indian Valley Area
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Camas Co.
        • Fairfield Area
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Elmore Co.
        • Glenns Ferry Area
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • King Hill Area
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Gem Co.
        • Cascade Area
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Owyhee Co.
        • French District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Marsing Area
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Reynolds Area
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Riddle Area
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Rough Mountain District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Twin Falls Co.
        • Buhl Area
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Washington Co.
        • Monroe District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Weiser
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Weiser District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Maryland
      • Calvert Co.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • North Carolina
      • Swain Co.
        • Bryson City Feldspar District
    U.S Geological Survey ,2005,Mineral Resources Data System:U.S Geological Survey,Reston,Virginia
    • Oregon
      • Harney Co.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Utah
      • Box Elder Co.
        • Crater Island District (Crater Island)
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Hogup Mtns
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Garfield Co.
        • Hatch
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Millard Co.
        • House Range
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Tooele Co.
        • Grassy Mts
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Lakeside Mts
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Stansbury Island
    Tripp, B.T. (1980), On-site Investigation, Utah Geologic and Mineral Survey; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10087547.
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