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Penzhinite

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Formula:
(Ag,Cu)
 
4
Au(S,Se)
 
4
System:Hexagonal
Name:Named for the occurrence near the Penzhina River.
This page provides mineralogical data about Penzhinite.

Classification of Penzhinite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/B.07-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.BA.75

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
A : With Cu, Ag, Au
Dana 8th edition ID:2.16.18.1

2 : SULFIDES
16 : Miscellaneous
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.3.10

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
3 : Sulphides etc. of Au
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Type Occurrence of Penzhinite

Type Locality:Sergeevskoye Au-Ag occurrence, Penzhina River, Penzhina Bay, Kamchatka Oblast', Far-Eastern Region, Russia
Year of Discovery:1984

Physical Properties of Penzhinite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque

Crystallography of Penzhinite

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:a = 13.77Å, c = 16.98Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.233
Unit Cell Volume:V 2,788.28 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Penzhinite

Formula:
(Ag,Cu)
 
4
Au(S,Se)
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ag,Cu)4Au(S,Se)4
Essential elements:Ag, Au, S
All elements listed in formula:Ag, Au, Cu, S, Se

Relationship of Penzhinite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.BA.05Chalcocite
Cu
 
2
S
2.BA.05Djurleite
Cu
 
31
S
 
16
2.BA.05Geerite
Cu
 
8
S
 
5
2.BA.05Roxbyite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
2.BA.10Anilite
Cu
 
7
S
 
4
2.BA.10Digenite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
2.BA.15Bornite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
4
2.BA.20Bellidoite
Cu
 
2
Se
2.BA.20Berzelianite
Cu
 
2
Se
2.BA.25Athabascaite
Cu
 
5
Se
 
4
2.BA.25Umangite
Cu
 
3
Se
 
2
2.BA.30Rickardite
Cu
 
7
Te
 
5
2.BA.30Weissite
Cu
 
2-x
Te
2.BA.35Acanthite
Ag
 
2
S
2.BA.40Mckinstryite
Ag
 
5-x
Cu
 
3+x
S
 
4
2.BA.40Stromeyerite
AgCuS
2.BA.40dUM2003-13-S:AgAuCu
Ag
 
6
AuCu
 
2
S
 
5
2.BA.45Jalpaite
Ag
 
3
CuS
 
2
2.BA.45Selenojalpaite
Ag
 
3
CuSe
 
2
2.BA.50Eucairite
AgCuSe
2.BA.55Aguilarite
Ag
 
4
SeS
2.BA.55Naumannite
Ag
 
2
Se
2.BA.60Cervelleite
Ag
 
4
TeS
2.BA.60Hessite
Ag
 
2
Te
2.BA.60Chenguodaite
Ag
 
9
Fe
3+
 
Te
 
2
S
 
4
2.BA.65Henryite
Ag
 
3
Cu
 
4
Te
 
4
2.BA.65Stützite
Ag
 
5-x
Te
 
3
, x = 0.24-0.36
2.BA.70Argyrodite
Ag
 
8
GeS
 
6
2.BA.70Canfieldite
Ag
 
8
SnS
 
6
2.BA.70Putzite
(Cu
 
4.7
Ag
 
3.3
)GeS
 
6
2.BA.75Fischesserite
Ag
 
3
AuSe
 
2
2.BA.75Petrovskaite
AuAg(S,Se)
2.BA.75Petzite
Ag
 
3
AuTe
 
2
2.BA.75Uytenbogaardtite
Ag
 
3
AuS
 
2
2.BA.80Bezsmertnovite
(Au,Ag)
 
4
Cu(Te,Pb)
2.BA.80Bilibinskite
PbCu
 
2
Au
 
3
Te
 
2
2.BA.80Bogdanovite
(Au,Te,Pb)
 
3
(Cu,Fe)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.3.1Calaverite
AuTe
 
2
3.3.2Krennerite
(Au,Ag)Te
 
2
3.3.3Kostovite
CuAuTe
 
4
3.3.4Uytenbogaardtite
Ag
 
3
AuS
 
2
3.3.5Fischesserite
Ag
 
3
AuSe
 
2
3.3.6Petrovskaite
AuAg(S,Se)
3.3.7Petzite
Ag
 
3
AuTe
 
2
3.3.8Muthmannite
AuAgTe
 
2
3.3.9Sylvanite
(Au,Ag)
 
2
Te
 
4
3.3.11Bezsmertnovite
(Au,Ag)
 
4
Cu(Te,Pb)
3.3.12Bilibinskite
PbCu
 
2
Au
 
3
Te
 
2
3.3.13Bogdanovite
(Au,Te,Pb)
 
3
(Cu,Fe)
3.3.14Montbrayite
(Au,Sb)
 
2
Te
 
3

Other Names for Penzhinite

Synonyms:
IMA1982-027
Other Languages:
German:Penzhinit
Spanish:Penzhinita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Penzhinite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 875-876.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 113: 356-360.

Internet Links for Penzhinite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Penzhinite on Google
  • Look for Penzhinite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Penzhinite on Webmineral
  • Look for Penzhinite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Penzhinite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Penzhinite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Penzhinite

    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
        • Penzhina Bay
          • Penzhina River
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
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    Current server date and time: January 5, 2014 05:47:39
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    Locality Updated: JordanFrom Uwe Kolitsch, 30th Aug 2014 20:07:54