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Perite

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Formula:
PbBiClO2
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Yellow
Hardness:
3
Member of:

Classification of Perite

Approved
3.DC.30

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
C : With Pb (As,Sb,Bi), without Cu
10.2.5.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
2 : A(O,OH)Xq
8.9.7

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
9 : Halides of Sb and Bi
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Type Occurrence of Perite

Year of Discovery:
1960

Physical Properties of Perite

Adamantine
Colour:
Yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
3

Crystallography of Perite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cmcm
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.62Å, b = 5.57Å, c = 12.42Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.009 : 1 : 2.23
Unit Cell Volume:
V 388.79 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:
SG setting Bmmb.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.77 (8)
2.86 (10)
2.78 (7)
2.07 (7)
1.970 (7)
1.620 (9)
1.251 (8)

Optical Data of Perite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Perite

Formula:
PbBiClO2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Perite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
NadoritePbSbClO2
3.DC.05LaurionitePbCl(OH)
3.DC.05ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
3.DC.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
3.DC.15PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
3.DC.20LaurelitePb7F12Cl2
3.DC.25Bismoclite(BiO)Cl
3.DC.25Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)
3.DC.25MatlockitePbFCl
3.DC.25RorisiteCaFCl
3.DC.25Zavaritskite(BiO)F
3.DC.25ZhangpeishaniteBaFCl
3.DC.30NadoritePbSbClO2
3.DC.35AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2O
3.DC.37CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
3.DC.40ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
3.DC.45MereheaditePb47Cl25(OH)13O24(CO3)(BO3)2
3.DC.50BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
3.DC.55PinalitePb3WO5Cl2
3.DC.60SymesitePb10(SO4)O7Cl4 · H2O
3.DC.65EcdemitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
3.DC.65HeliophyllitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
3.DC.70MendipitePb3Cl2O2
3.DC.75DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2
3.DC.80OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11
3.DC.85CotunnitePbCl2
3.DC.90PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4
3.DC.95BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
8.9.1OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11
8.9.2Kelyanite(Hg2+)6Sb3+BrCl2O6
8.9.3GananiteBiF3
8.9.4Zavaritskite(BiO)F
8.9.5Bismoclite(BiO)Cl
8.9.6Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)

Other Names for Perite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Perit
Russian:Перит
Spanish:Perita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Perite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1961): 46: 765.

Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi (1969): 4: 528.

A. Pring, W. Aird and U. Kolitsch (2003): Perite and russellite from South Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 9, 87-90.

Internet Links for Perite

Localities for Perite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Manna Hill (Mannahill)
A. Pring, W. Aird and U. Kolitsch (2003): Perite and russellite from South Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 9, 87-90.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
(misidentification of schwartzembergite)
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
      • Lautenthal
Schnorrer, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
No reference listed
Schnorrer, G. (1993): Mineralogische Notizen VI. Aufschluss, 44, 44-58.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
        • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
        • Sounion area
Gelaude, Piet, Piet van Kalmthout amd Christian Rewitzer, "Laurion" The minerals in the ancient slags.
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
Ciriotti, M.E., Kolitsch, U., Blass, G., Sancassani, A., Ambrino, P. (2010): Secondo ritrovamento di perite in Sardegna: Sa Duchessa, Oridda, Domusnovas. Micro (UK report), 1/2010, 128-133.
    • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Cossu, C., Tovo, A., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1998): I minerali presenti nelle apliti dell'isola de La Maddalena (SS). Il Cercapietre, 24, 15-38.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
Kartashov P.M., Pekov I.V., Marsiy I.M. The first occurence of perite in the CIS,- Doklady RAN,1995,v.333, pp.74-78
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Arkiv Min.Geol.(1961) 2, 565-570; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
Sidney A. Williams specimen
          • Tres Alamos Wash
Rolf Luetcke
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 325, 343, 412.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Russ District
          • Reward
Sugar White collection; Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Baker
        • Otto Mountain
Joe Marty specimens
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
in the collection of Eckhard D. Stuart, SEM by R. Housley
      • Soda Lake Mts
        • Baker
"The Blue Bell Claims San Bernardaino County, California", Maynard, M. et al, pg. 46.; Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., Kolitsch, U., Housley, R. M. & Raudsepp, M. (2010) The crystal chemistry and crystal structure of kuksite, Pb3Zn3Te6+P2O14, and a note on the crystal structure of yafsoanite, (Ca,Pb)3Zn(TeO6)2. American Mineralogist, 95(7), 933–938.
      • Stedman District
        • Stedman
Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, Vol. 76 No. April 2006; Robert M. Housley (2005) Recent rare mineral finds in southern California and Nevada desert mines. Abstracts from the 2005 Desert Symposium. California State University, Desert Studies Consortium and LSA Associates, Inc.
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Tule Canyon District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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