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Perite

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Formula:
PbBiClO
 
2
System:OrthorhombicColour:Yellow
Hardness:3
Member of:Nadorite Group

Classification of Perite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:3/D.10-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:3.DC.30

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
C : With Pb (As,Sb,Bi), without Cu
Dana 8th edition ID:10.2.5.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
2 : A(O,OH)Xq
Hey's CIM Ref.:8.9.7

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
9 : Halides of Sb and Bi
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Type Occurrence of Perite

Type Locality:Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden
Year of Discovery:1960

Physical Properties of Perite

Lustre:Adamantine
Colour:Yellow
Hardness (Mohs):3

Crystallography of Perite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:Cmcm {C2/m 2/c 21/m}
Cell Parameters:a = 5.62Å, b = 5.57Å, c = 12.42Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.009 : 1 : 2.23
Unit Cell Volume:V 388.79 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:SG setting Bmmb.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.77 (8)
2.86 (10)
2.78 (7)
2.07 (7)
1.970 (7)
1.620 (9)
1.251 (8)

Optical Data of Perite

Type:Biaxial (+)
Dispersion:none

Chemical Properties of Perite

Formula:
PbBiClO
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:PbBiClO2
Essential elements:Bi, Cl, O, Pb
All elements listed in formula:Bi, Cl, O, Pb

Relationship of Perite to other Species

Member of:Nadorite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Nadorite
PbSbClO
 
2
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
3.DC.05Laurionite
PbCl(OH)
3.DC.05Paralaurionite
PbCl(OH)
3.DC.10Fiedlerite
Pb
 
3
FCl
 
4
(OH) · H
 
2
O
3.DC.15Penfieldite
Pb
 
2
Cl
 
3
(OH)
3.DC.20Laurelite
Pb
 
7
F
 
12
Cl
 
2
3.DC.25Bismoclite
(BiO)Cl
3.DC.25Daubréeite
(BiO)(OH,Cl)
3.DC.25Matlockite
PbFCl
3.DC.25Rorisite
CaFCl
3.DC.25Zavaritskite
(BiO)F
3.DC.25Zhangpeishanite
BaFCl
3.DC.30Nadorite
PbSbClO
 
2
3.DC.35Aravaipaite
Pb
 
3
F
 
3
[AlF
 
6
] · H
 
2
O
3.DC.37Calcioaravaipaite
PbCa
 
2
AlF
 
9
3.DC.40Thorikosite
Pb
 
3
Cl
 
2
(OH)(SbO
 
3
,AsO
 
3
)
3.DC.45Mereheadite
Pb
 
47
Cl
 
25
(OH)
 
13
O
 
24
(CO
 
3
)(BO
 
3
)
 
2
3.DC.50Blixite
Pb
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
Cl
3.DC.55Pinalite
Pb
 
3
WO
 
5
Cl
 
2
3.DC.60Symesite
Pb
 
10
(SO
 
4
)O
 
7
Cl
 
4
· H
 
2
O
3.DC.65Ecdemite
Pb
 
6
Cl
 
4
(As
 
2
O
 
7
)
3.DC.65Heliophyllite
Pb
 
6
Cl
 
4
(As
 
2
O
 
7
)
3.DC.70Mendipite
Pb
 
3
Cl
 
2
O
 
2
3.DC.75Damaraite
Pb
 
3
Cl(OH)O
 
2
3.DC.80Onoratoite
Sb
 
8
Cl
 
2
O
 
11
3.DC.85Cotunnite
PbCl
 
2
3.DC.90Pseudocotunnite
K
 
2
PbCl
 
4
3.DC.95Barstowite
Pb
 
4
Cl
 
6
(CO
 
3
) · H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
8.9.1Onoratoite
Sb
 
8
Cl
 
2
O
 
11
8.9.2Kelyanite
(Hg
+
2
)
 
6
Sb
3+
 
BrCl
 
2
O
 
6
8.9.3Gananite
BiF
 
3
8.9.4Zavaritskite
(BiO)F
8.9.5Bismoclite
(BiO)Cl
8.9.6Daubréeite
(BiO)(OH,Cl)

Other Names for Perite

Other Languages:
German:Perit
Russian:Перит
Spanish:Perita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Perite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1961): 46: 765.

Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi (1969): 4: 528.

A. Pring, W. Aird and U. Kolitsch (2003): Perite and russellite from South Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 9, 87-90.

Internet Links for Perite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Perite on Google
  • Look for Perite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Perite on Webmineral
  • Look for Perite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Perite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Perite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Perite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Find Perite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Perite specimens
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Search for Perite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • Localities for Perite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Olary Province
        • Manna Hill (Mannahill)
    A. Pring, W. Aird and U. Kolitsch (2003): Perite and russellite from South Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 9, 87-90.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
    (misidentification of schwartzembergite)
    Germany
     
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Goslar
          • Astfeld
    No reference listed
        • Lautenthal
    Schnorrer, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
    No reference listed
    Schnorrer, G. (1993): Mineralogische Notizen VI. Aufschluss, 44, 44-58.
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
    Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
          • Passa Limani area
    Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Domusnovas
          • Oridda
    Ciriotti, M.E., Kolitsch, U., Blass, G., Sancassani, A., Ambrino, P. (2010): Secondo ritrovamento di perite in Sardegna: Sa Duchessa, Oridda, Domusnovas. Micro (UK report), 1/2010, 128-133.
      • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
        • La Maddalena
          • La Maddalena Island
    Cossu, C., Tovo, A., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1998): I minerali presenti nelle apliti dell'isola de La Maddalena (SS). Il Cercapietre, 24, 15-38.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
    Kartashov P.M., Pekov I.V., Marsiy I.M. The first occurence of perite in the CIS,- Doklady RAN,1995,v.333, pp.74-78
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    Arkiv Min.Geol.(1961) 2, 565-570; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Dragoon Mts
    Sidney A. Williams specimen
            • Tres Alamos Wash
    Rolf Luetcke
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 325, 343, 412.
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
          • Russ District
            • Reward
    Sugar White collection; Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Baker
          • Otto Mountain
    Joe Marty specimens
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    in the collection of Eckhard D. Stuart, SEM by R. Housley
        • Soda Lake Mts
          • Baker
    "The Blue Bell Claims San Bernardaino County, California", Maynard, M. et al, pg. 46.; Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., Kolitsch, U., Housley, R. M. & Raudsepp, M. (2010) The crystal chemistry and crystal structure of kuksite, Pb3Zn3Te6+P2O14, and a note on the crystal structure of yafsoanite, (Ca,Pb)3Zn(TeO6)2. American Mineralogist, 95(7), 933–938.
        • Stedman District
          • Stedman
    Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, Vol. 76 No. April 2006
    • Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Tule Canyon District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    Mineral and/or Locality  
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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