Mindat Logo

Phosphophyllite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
Zn
 
2
Fe(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Bright blue-green to ...
Lustre:Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, WaxyHardness:3 - 3½
Name:Named in 1920 by Heinrich Laubmann and Hermann Steinmetz in allusion to its composition, a phosphate, and its physical structure, from the Greek φύλλον (phyllos) for leaf, referring to its perfect cleavage.


Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Phosphophyllite. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Phosphophyllite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/C.11-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.CA.40

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
A : With small and large/medium cations
Dana 8th edition ID:40.2.7.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2 : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.6.14

19 : Phosphates
6 : Phosphates of Zn
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-3181.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Phosphophyllite

Type Locality:Hagendorf North Pegmatite (Meixner Feldspar Pit), Hagendorf, Waidhaus, Vohenstrauß, Oberpfälzer Wald, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germany
Year of Discovery:1920
Geological Setting of type material:Granite Pegmatite
Associated Minerals at type locality:
VivianiteTripliteTriphyliteStrengiteSphalerite
RockbridgeitePhosphosideriteFairfielditeFluorapatite

Occurrences of Phosphophyllite

Geological Setting:A secondary mineral in zoned complex granitic pegmatites, an alteration product of sphalerite and Mn-Fe phosphates, hydrothermal vein deposits.

Physical Properties of Phosphophyllite

Lustre:Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Bright blue-green to colourless; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness (Mohs):3 - 3½
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {100}, distinct on {010} and {102}.
Density (measured):3.08 - 3.13 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.12 g/cm3

Crystallography of Phosphophyllite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/b {P1 1 21/b} {P21/c} {P1 21/c 1} {P21/a}
Space Group Setting:P21/c
Cell Parameters:a = 10.387(9) Å, b = 5.09(1) Å, c = 10.563(9) Å
β = 121.07(7)°
Ratio:a:b:c = 2.041 : 1 : 2.075
Unit Cell Volume:V 478.35 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Thick tabular {100} to acutely terminated. X-twinning common.
Twinning:Common on {100} giving fishtail twins; may by polysynthetic. Rarely on {102}.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
8.886 (80)
4.55 (20)
4.44 (100)
3.38 (60)
2.83 (50)
2.82 (40)
2.22 (30)
1.481 (30)
Comments:ICDD 29-1427; also 17-774.

Optical Data of Phosphophyllite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.595 - 1.599 nβ = 1.614 - 1.617 nγ = 1.616 - 1.620
2V:Measured: 44° , Calculated: 34°
Birefringence:0.021
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.021

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:r > v perceptible
Optical Extinction:Y ^ c = 50°
Pleochroism:Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Phosphophyllite

Formula:
Zn
 
2
Fe(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Zn2Fe(PO4)2·4H2O
Essential elements:Fe, H, O, P, Zn
All elements listed in formula:Fe, H, O, P, Zn
Analytical Data:Soluble in mineral acids
Common Impurities:Mn

Relationship of Phosphophyllite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.CA.05Fransoletite
Ca
 
3
Be
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CA.05Parafransoletite
Ca
 
3
Be
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CA.10Ehrleite
Ca
 
4
Be
 
3
Zn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
· 9H
 
2
O
8.CA.15Faheyite
(Mn,Mg,Na)Be
 
2
Fe
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
8.CA.20Gainesite
Na(Na,K)(Be,Li)Zr
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 1.5-2H
 
2
O
8.CA.20Mccrillisite
NaCs(Be,Li)Zr
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 1-2H
 
2
O
8.CA.20Selwynite
NaK(Be,Al)Zr
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CA.25Pahasapaite
Li
 
8
(Ca,Li,K)
 
10.5
Be
 
24
(PO
 
4
)
 
24
· 38H
 
2
O
8.CA.30Hopeite
Zn
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CA.30Arsenohopeite
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CA.35Warikahnite
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CA.45Parascholzite
CaZn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CA.45Scholzite
CaZn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CA.50Keyite
Cu
2+
3
Zn
 
4
Cd
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CA.55Pushcharovskite
K
 
0.6
Cu
 
18
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)
 
10
(H
 
2
AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
9.6
·18.6H
 
2
O
8.CA.60Prosperite
CaZn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.CA.65Gengenbachite
KFe
3+
3
(HPO
 
4
)
 
4
(H
 
2
PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.CA.70Parahopeite
Zn
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.6.1Tarbuttite
Zn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
19.6.2Spencerite
Zn
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.6.3Hopeite
Zn
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.6.4Parahopeite
Zn
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.6.5Veszelyite
(Cu,Zn)
 
2
Zn(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.6.6Kipushite
(Cu,Zn)
 
5
Zn(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· H
 
2
O
19.6.7Scholzite
CaZn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.6.8Parascholzite
CaZn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.6.9Ehrleite
Ca
 
4
Be
 
3
Zn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
· 9H
 
2
O
19.6.10Faustite
(Zn,Cu)Al
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
19.6.11Aheylite
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)Al
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
19.6.12Jungite
Ca
 
2
Zn
 
4
Fe
3+
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
9
(OH)
 
9
· 16H
 
2
O
19.6.13Schoonerite
ZnMn
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
Fe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
2
· 9H
 
2
O

Other Names for Phosphophyllite

Other Languages:
German:Phosphophyllit
Japanese:りんようせき
フォスフォフィライト
Russian:Фосфофиллит
Simplified Chinese:磷叶石
Traditional Chinese:磷葉石

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Violet in SW UV.
Other Information:Soluble in acids.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Phosphophyllite

Reference List:

- +
Laubmann and Steinmetz (1920) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 55: 566.

Steinmetz (1926) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 64: 405.

Palache, C. and Berman (1927) American Mineralogist: 12: 180.

Kleber (1935) Jb. Min., Beil.-Bd.: 70A: 203.

Wolfe (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 792.

Strunz (1942) Naturwissenschaften: 34.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 738-739.

American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 812-817.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 460.

Internet Links for Phosphophyllite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Phosphophyllite on Google
  • Look for Phosphophyllite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Phosphophyllite on Webmineral
  • Look for Phosphophyllite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Phosphophyllite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Phosphophyllite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Phosphophyllite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Search for Phosphophyllite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Find Phosphophyllite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Specimens:The following Phosphophyllite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Phosphophyllite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • South Flinders Ranges
          • Martins Well
    Johnston, C.W . & Hill, R.J. (1978): Zinc phosphates at Reaphook Hill South Australia. Mineralogical Record 9,(1), 20-24
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • North Mt Lofty Ranges
          • Barossa Valley
            • Angaston
    Peter Elliott
    Bolivia
     
    • Oruro Department
      • Dalence Province
        • Santa Fé Mining District
    [MinRec 32:475] Powder XRD by Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl, Karlovy University, Prague.
    • Potosí Department
      • Cornelio Saavedra Province
        • Machacamarca District (Colavi District)
          • Huallani (Huayllani)
    Alfredo Petrov specimens; PXRD confirmation by John Attard
    XRD and microprobe confirmations by Dr. Anthony Kampf.
      • Potosí City
    [MinRec 32:465]
    Rocks & Min.: 63:138.
      • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
        • Llallagua
    Gems, Sixth Edition, Michael O’Donoghue, 2006, p. 437
      • Sud Chichas Province
        • San Vicente District
    Salomon Rivas And Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes (Santa Cruz); Geology and Mineral Resources of the Altiplano and Cordillera Occidental, Bolivia (USGS Bulletin no. 1975)
    Canada
     
    • Nova Scotia
      • Yarmouth Co.
        • Argyle
          • East Kemptville
    J.M. Richardson, et. al., "Mcauslanite, a Supergene Hydrated Iron Aluminum Fluorophosphate from the East Kemptville Tin Mine, Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia", Can. Min., vol. 26, pg. 917-921, 1988. and J.A. Mandarino, J.M.G. Richardson, P.J. Dunn, E.T.C. Sp
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
    Povondra, P., Pivec, E. (eds.) et al.: Přibyslavice peraluminuous granite. Acta universitatis carolinae, Geologica, 1987, no. 3, s . 183 – 283.
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Oberpfälzer Wald
          • Vohenstrauß
            • Waidhaus
              • Hagendorf
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 739; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Laubmann, H. & Steinmetz, H.: Z. Krist.55, 1920, 523: "Phosphatführenbde Pegmatite des Oberpfälzer und Bayrischen Waldes.; Dill H.G.: "Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Hagendorf-North Pegmatite, SE Germany - a monographic study", J. Min. Geochem, 2013
    Am Min 62 (1977), 812; Lapis 6 (2000), 9; http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Aachen
        • Stolberg
    Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    Sweden
     
    • Södermanland
      • Norrö
    Gustafson, Lars.(1989): Norrö glimmerbrott.Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 8-12; Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
    USA
     
    • Connecticut
      • Middlesex Co.
        • East Hampton (Chatham)
          • Cobalt
    Schooner (1958); Schooner (1961)
    • Maine
      • Oxford Co.
        • Newry
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
        • Rumford
    Van King specimen
    King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol.1, p.264.
    • New Hampshire
      • Grafton Co.
        • Groton
    Rocks & Minerals 82:145; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; Anthony R. Kampf, Stuart J. Mills, W.B. Simmons, James W. Nizamoff, and R.W. Whitmore (2012) Falsterite, A New Zinc-Bearing Secondary Phosphate From The Palermo #1 Mine, North Groton, New Hampshire. 39th Rochester Symposium abstracts.
    Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004: The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.96.
    • North Carolina
      • Cleveland Co.
        • Kings Mountain District
    SEM-EDS, New Orleans University, 12/02
    • South Dakota
      • Pennington Co.
        • Keystone District
          • Glendale
    Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
    • Virginia
      • Amelia Co.
        • Winterham
    USGS Bulletin 248B (1952)
    Zambia
     
    • Central Province
      • Kabwe District
        • Kabwe (Broken Hill)
    Geological Survey, Lusaka:XRD 1975
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: June 27, 2014 20:27:49
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds