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Philipsburgite

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Formula:
(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Bright green
Hardness:
3 - 4
The arsenate analogue of kipushite.

Classification of Philipsburgite

Approved
8.DA.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
A : With small (and occasionally larger) cations
42.2.4.2

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
20.3.8

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
3 : Arsenates of Zn, Cd or Hg
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First Recorded Occurrence of Philipsburgite

Year of Discovery:
1985

Physical Properties of Philipsburgite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Bright green
Streak:
Pale green
Hardness (Mohs):
3 - 4
Density:
4.07 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Philipsburgite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.33Å, b = 9.2Å, c = 10.69Å
β = 96.92°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.34 : 1 : 1.162
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,203.80 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Philipsburgite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.729 nβ = 1.774 nγ = 1.775
2V:
Measured: 17° , Calculated: 16°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.046
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r < v

Chemical Properties of Philipsburgite

Formula:
(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Philipsburgite to other Species

8.DA.05BearsiteBe2(AsO4)(OH) · 4H2O
8.DA.05MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
8.DA.10RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
8.DA.10ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
8.DA.10GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
8.DA.10AtencioiteCa2Fe32+Mg2Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
8.DA.10RuifrancoiteCa22(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)4Be4(PO4)6(OH)4(OH,H2O)2 · 4H2O
8.DA.10GuimarãesiteCa2(Zn,Mg,Fe2+)5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
8.DA.10FootemineiteCa2Mn2+Mn22+Mn22+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
8.DA.15UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.DA.20WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DA.25TiptopiteK2(Na,Ca)2Li3Be6(PO4)6(OH)2 · H2O
8.DA.30Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
8.DA.35Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
8.DA.40SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
8.DA.45GlucineCaBe4(PO4)2(OH)4 · 0.5H2O
8.DA.50Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
20.3.1AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
20.3.2ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
20.3.3KoritnigiteZn(HAsO4) · H2O
20.3.4LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
20.3.5WarikahniteZn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.3.6KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.3.7StranskiiteZn2Cu(AsO4)2
20.3.9AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
20.3.10ProsperiteCaZn2(AsO4)(HAsO4)(OH)
20.3.11GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.3.12ZincroseliteCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.3.13O'DanieliteNa(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3
20.3.14JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
20.3.15Holdenite(Mn2+,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8
20.3.16Chudobaite(Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
20.3.17Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
20.3.18LotharmeyeriteCa(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
20.3.19Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)
20.3.20OjuelaiteZnFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
20.3.21FahleiteZn5CaFe2(AsO4)6 · 14H2O
20.3.22KeyiteCu32+Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O

Other Names for Philipsburgite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Philipsburgite

Reference List:
Canadian Mineralogist (1985): 33: 255-258.

American Mineralogist (1986): 71: 1279.

Internet Links for Philipsburgite

Localities for Philipsburgite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994); Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
          • Schwaz
            • Ringenwechsel District
              • Weißer Schrofen
Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
Bulgaria
 
  • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Choapa Province
      • Combarbalá
        • Cogotí
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.; http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/philipsburgit.htm
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
BLAß, G. & GRAF, H. W. (1994): Neufunde von bekannten Fundstellen (XI). - Mineralien-Welt 5 (3), 53-55.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
      • Bad Ems District
        • Frücht
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
http://www.dergraul.de
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
[MinRec 19:308-309]
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Mine city
Shirose, Y. & Uehara, S. (2011) Philipsburgite from the Yamato mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106, 153-157.
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Krahn, L. (2010): Neu: Philipsburgit aus der Tsumeb-Mine, Namibia. Lapis 35 (1), 42-43; 62.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Jelenia Góra District
Siuda R., Kruszewski L., 2006: New data on bayldonite, cornwallite, olivenite and philipsburgite from Miedzianka (Rudawy Janowickie Mts., Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica Special Papers, 28, 202-204
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Erth - Gwithian Area
        • Gwinear-Gwithian
          • Fraddam
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
    • Cumbria
      • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
        • Caldbeck Fells
Schultenite: Symes,R.F.,Wirth,M., Mineral Mag. (1990), 54,p.659
No reference listed
No reference listed
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
          • Potts Gill
No reference listed
BMS Database
USA
 
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
[MinRec 17:342, 23:482]; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Eureka
[MinRecord 29:177]
          • Mammoth
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Rick Dalrymple Collection
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22; Adams, P.M. (2005): Zalesiite from the Gold Hill Mine, Toole County, Utah. Mineral News, 21(8), 1; 3; 5.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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