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Philipsburgite

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Formula:
(Cu,Zn)
 
6
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Bright green
Hardness:3 - 4


The arsenate analogue of kipushite.

Classification of Philipsburgite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.19-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DA.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
A : With small (and occasionally larger) cations
Dana 8th edition ID:42.2.4.2

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.3.8

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
3 : Arsenates of Zn, Cd or Hg
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Type Occurrence of Philipsburgite

Type Locality:Black Pine Mine (Combination Mine; Black Pine tailings; Black Pine dump), Black Pine Ridge, John Long Mts, Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District), Granite Co., Montana, USA
Year of Discovery:1985

Physical Properties of Philipsburgite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Bright green
Streak:Pale green
Hardness (Mohs):3 - 4
Density (measured):4.07 g/cm3

Crystallography of Philipsburgite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 12.33Å, b = 9.2Å, c = 10.69Å
β = 96.92°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.34 : 1 : 1.162
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,203.80 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Philipsburgite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.729 nβ = 1.774 nγ = 1.775
2V:Measured: 17° , Calculated: 16°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.046

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r < v

Chemical Properties of Philipsburgite

Formula:
(Cu,Zn)
 
6
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6·H2O
Essential elements:As, Cu, H, O
All elements listed in formula:As, Cu, H, O, P, Zn

Relationship of Philipsburgite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DA.05Bearsite
Be
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
8.DA.05Moraesite
Be
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
8.DA.10Roscherite
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
5
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DA.10Zanazziite
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
5
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DA.10Greifensteinite
Ca
 
2
Fe
2+
5
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DA.10Atencioite
Ca
 
2
Fe
2+
3
Mg
 
2
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DA.10Ruifrancoite
Ca
 
2
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DA.10Guimarãesite
Ca
 
2
(Zn,Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
5
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DA.10Footemineite
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Mn
2+
2
Mn
2+
2
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DA.15Uralolite
Ca
 
2
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DA.20Weinebeneite
CaBe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DA.25Tiptopite
K
 
2
(Na,Ca)
 
2
Li
 
3
Be
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
8.DA.30Veszelyite
(Cu,Zn)
 
2
Zn(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DA.35Kipushite
(Cu,Zn)
 
5
Zn(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· H
 
2
O
8.DA.40Spencerite
Zn
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DA.45Glucine
CaBe
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 0.5H
 
2
O
8.DA.50Ianbruceite
[Zn
 
2
(OH)(H
 
2
O)(AsO
 
4
)](H
 
2
O)
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.3.1Adamite
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.3.2Paradamite
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.3.3Koritnigite
Zn(HAsO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
20.3.4Legrandite
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · H
 
2
O
20.3.5Warikahnite
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.3.6Köttigite
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.3.7Stranskiite
Zn
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
20.3.9Austinite
CaZn(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.3.10Prosperite
CaZn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.3.11Gaitite
Ca
 
2
Zn(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.3.12Zincroselite
Ca
 
2
Zn(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.3.13O'Danielite
Na(Zn,Mg)
 
3
H
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
20.3.14Johillerite
Na(Mg,Zn)
 
3
Cu(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
20.3.15Holdenite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
6
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
8
20.3.16Chudobaite
(Mg,Zn)
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
20.3.17Chlorophoenicite
(Mn,Mg)
 
3
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
6
20.3.18Lotharmeyerite
Ca(Zn,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
20.3.19Metaköttigite
(Zn,Fe,Fe)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8(H
 
2
O,OH)
20.3.20Ojuelaite
ZnFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
20.3.21Fahleite
Zn
 
5
CaFe
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
6
· 14H
 
2
O
20.3.22Keyite
Cu
2+
3
Zn
 
4
Cd
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O

Other Names for Philipsburgite

Synonyms:
IMA1984-029
Other Languages:
German:Philipsburgit

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Philipsburgite

Reference List:

- +
Canadian Mineralogist (1985): 33: 255-258.

American Mineralogist (1986): 71: 1279.

Internet Links for Philipsburgite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Philipsburgite on Webmineral
  • Look for Philipsburgite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Philipsburgite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Philipsburgite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Find Philipsburgite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Search for Philipsburgite on Well-Arranged Molecules
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  • Localities for Philipsburgite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Karawanken
        • Finkenstein
          • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
    [Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994); Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
            • Schwaz
              • Ringenwechsel District
                • Weißer Schrofen
    Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
    Bulgaria
     
    • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
      • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
    Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
    Chile
     
    • Coquimbo Region
      • Choapa Province
        • Combarbalá
          • Cogotí
    Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.; http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/philipsburgit.htm
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Calw
    Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    BLAß, G. & GRAF, H. W. (1994): Neufunde von bekannten Fundstellen (XI). - Mineralien-Welt 5 (3), 53-55.
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Lahn valley
        • Bad Ems District
          • Frücht
    Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Schwarzenberg District
          • Langenberg
    http://www.dergraul.de
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    No reference listed
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Domusnovas
          • Oridda
    [MinRec 19:308-309]
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Yamaguchi Prefecture
          • Mine city
    Shirose, Y. & Uehara, S. (2011) Philipsburgite from the Yamato mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106, 153-157.
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Krahn, L. (2010): Neu: Philipsburgit aus der Tsumeb-Mine, Namibia. Lapis 35 (1), 42-43; 62.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Jelenia Góra District
    Siuda R., Kruszewski L., 2006: New data on bayldonite, cornwallite, olivenite and philipsburgite from Miedzianka (Rudawy Janowickie Mts., Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica Special Papers, 28, 202-204
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Mount's Bay District
          • St Hilary
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
        • St Erth - Gwithian Area
          • Gwinear
            • Fraddam
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
    Schultenite: Symes,R.F.,Wirth,M., Mineral Mag. (1990), 54,p.659
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
    Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
            • Potts Gill
    No reference listed
    BMS Database
    USA
     
    • Montana
      • Granite Co.
        • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
          • John Long Mts
            • Black Pine Ridge
    [MinRec 17:342, 23:482]; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
            • Eureka
    [MinRecord 29:177]
            • Mammoth
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
      • Tooele Co.
        • Deep Creek Mts
          • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
            • Gold Hill
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. EDS analyzed.
    Rick Dalrymple Collection
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22; Adams, P.M. (2005): Zalesiite from the Gold Hill Mine, Toole County, Utah. Mineral News, 21(8), 1; 3; 5.
    Mineral and/or Locality  
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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