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Pilsenite

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Formula:
Bi
 
4
Te
 
3
System:TrigonalColour:Lead-gray
Hardness:1½ - 2½
Name:
Named for the type locality, Nagybörzsöny (original German name: Deutsch-Pilsen), Hungary.
This page provides mineralogical data about Pilsenite.

Classification of Pilsenite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.11-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.DC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
C : Variable M:S
Dana 8th edition ID:2.6.2.5

2 : SULFIDES
6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.7.27

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi
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Type Occurrence of Pilsenite

Type Locality:Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen), Börzsöny Mtns, Pest Co., Hungary
Year of Discovery:1853

Physical Properties of Pilsenite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Lead-gray
Hardness (Mohs):1½ - 2½

Crystallography of Pilsenite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:R3m {R3 2/m}
Cell Parameters:a = 4.451(1) Å, c = 41.888(5) Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 9.411
Unit Cell Volume:V 718.68 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:3
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
4.68 (m)
3.25 (vs)
2.36 (s)
2.22 (s)
1.998 (s)
1.833 (s)
1.485 (s)

Chemical Properties of Pilsenite

Formula:
Bi
 
4
Te
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:Bi4Te3
Essential elements:Bi, Te
All elements listed in formula:Bi, Te
Common Impurities:Ag,Pb,Fe,S

Relationship of Pilsenite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.DC.05Hedleyite
Bi
 
7
Te
 
3
2.DC.05Ikunolite
Bi
 
4
(S,Se)
 
3
2.DC.05Ingodite
Bi
 
2
TeS
2.DC.05Joséite-B
Bi
 
4
Te
 
2
S
2.DC.05Kawazulite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
Se
2.DC.05Laitakarite
Bi
 
4
Se
 
2
S
2.DC.05Nevskite
Bi(Se,S)
2.DC.05Paraguanajuatite
Bi
 
2
(Se,S)
 
3
2.DC.05Skippenite
Bi
 
2
TeSe
 
2
2.DC.05Sulphotsumoite
Bi
 
3
Te
 
2
S
2.DC.05Tellurantimony
Sb
 
2
Te
 
3
2.DC.05Tellurobismuthite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
3
2.DC.05Tetradymite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
2.DC.05Tsumoite
BiTe
2.DC.05Baksanite
Bi
 
6
Te
 
2
S
 
3
2.DC.05Joséite-C
Bi
 
16
Te
 
3
S
 
9
2.DC.05Protojoséite
Bi
 
4
TeS
 
2
2.DC.05Sztrókayite
Bi
 
3
TeS
 
2
2.DC.05Vihorlatite
Bi
 
24
Se
 
17
Te
 
4
2.DC.05Telluronevskite
Bi
 
3
TeSe
 
2
2.DC.05UM1983-09-S:BiPbTe
PbBi
 
3
S
 
2
Te
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.7.1Patrónite
VS
 
4
3.7.2Duranusite
As
 
4
S
3.7.3Dimorphite
As
 
4
S
 
3
3.7.4Realgar
As
 
4
S
 
4
3.7.5Pararealgar
As
 
4
S
 
4
3.7.6Alacránite
As
 
8
S
 
9
3.7.7Uzonite
As
 
4
S
 
5
3.7.8Orpiment
As
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.9Jeromite
3.7.10Laphamite
As
 
2
(Se,S)
 
3
3.7.11Getchellite
AsSbS
 
3
3.7.12Wakabayashilite
[(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
9
][As
 
4
S
 
5
]
3.7.13Pääkkönenite
Sb
 
2
AsS
 
2
3.7.14Stibnite
Sb
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.15Metastibnite
Sb
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.16Tellurantimony
Sb
 
2
Te
 
3
3.7.17Bismuthinite
Bi
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.18Nevskite
Bi(Se,S)
3.7.19Guanajuatite
Bi
 
2
(Se,S)
 
3
3.7.21Ikunolite
Bi
 
4
(S,Se)
 
3
3.7.22Laitakarite
Bi
 
4
Se
 
2
S
3.7.23Poubaite
PbBi
 
2
(Se,Te,S)
 
4
3.7.24Tellurobismuthite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
3
3.7.25Součekite
PbCuBi(S,Se)
 
3
3.7.26Tsumoite
BiTe
3.7.28Hedleyite
Bi
 
7
Te
 
3
3.7.29Tetradymite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
3.7.30Joséite
Bi
 
4
TeS
 
2
3.7.31Joséite-B
Bi
 
4
Te
 
2
S
3.7.32Ingodite
Bi
 
2
TeS
3.7.33Sulphotsumoite
Bi
 
3
Te
 
2
S
3.7.34Kawazulite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
Se
3.7.36Skippenite
Bi
 
2
TeSe
 
2
3.7.37Kochkarite
PbBi
 
4
Te
 
7
3.7.38Rucklidgeite
(Bi,Pb)
 
3
Te
 
4
3.7.39Aleksite
PbBi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
 
2
3.7.40Junoite
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
8
(S,Se)
 
16

Other Names for Pilsenite

Other Languages:
German:Pilsenit
Russian:Пильзенит
Simplified Chinese:叶碲铋矿
Spanish:Pilsenita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Pilsenite

Reference List:

- +
Ozawa, T. and H. Shimazaki (1982) Pilsenite redefined and wehrlite discredited. Proc. Japan Acad., 58, Ser. B, 291–294 (in English). [Abs. in: American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 215.]

Yamana, K., K. Kihara, and T. Matsumoto (1979): Bismuth tellurides: BiTe and Bi4Te3. Acta Crystallogr. B35, 147-149.

Internet Links for Pilsenite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Pilsenite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
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  • Localities for Pilsenite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Armenia
     
    • Gelark'unik' Province (Geghark'unik')
      • Vardenis
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Bulgaria
     
    • Montana Oblast
    Dimitrova, D. et al. (2006): Bulgar. Acad. Sci. Annual Report No. 12, 19-32
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Vernon Mining Division
        • Vernon
    Previously in the Peter Gilis collection acquired from Cureton minerals. Now in the Brent Thorne collection.
    • Manitoba
      • Flin Flon District
    Healy, R.E. & Petruk, W. (1990) Petrology of Au-Ag-Hg and "invisible" gold in the Trout Lake massive sulfide deposit, Flin Flon, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 189-206.
    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Newfoundland
    Econ Geol (1985) 80:1297-1327
    • Ontario
      • Cochrane District
        • Beatty Township
    Ann P.Sabina (2000), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57, p.124
    Dana's New Mineralogy
        • Drury Township
    Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
        • Garson Township
    Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
    China
     
    • Anhui Province
      • Tongling Prefecture
        • Tongguanshan ore field
    Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
    • Henan Province
      • Nanyang Prefecture
        • Xixia Co.
    Liu Yulin (2002): Acta Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 38(4), 531-534.
      • Sanmenxia Prefecture
        • Lingbao Co.
          • Qinling Mine
    Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, Manzhi Wang, and Chuantai Wang (1999): Guizhou Geology 5(3), 69-74
    • Hunan Province
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Guiyang Co.
          • Huangshaping Pb-Zn-polymetallic ore field
    Xiangping Gu, Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., and Shibata, Y. (2001): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 289-309; Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., and Roberts, A.C. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 181-184
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Chaoyang Prefecture
        • Jianping Co.
    Liyan Zhang (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(8), 34-39
    • Shandong Province
      • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
        • Weihai Prefecture
          • Rushan Co.
            • Rushan ore field
    Baoshan Liu and Jun Lu (2006): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 30(4); Jianchao Liu, Xufen Li, Yafei Liu, Bangyao Wang, Naizhe Mi, and Xue Zhang (2010): Geological Bulletin of China 29(9), 1319-1328
    • Shanxi Province
      • Yuncheng Prefecture
        • Yuanqu Co.
          • Zhongtiaoshan ore field
    Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
    Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
    • Sichuan Province
      • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Jiulong Co.
    Xiaogang Wang, Gen Chen, and Yunfeng Yan (2010): Modern Mining 11(11), 44-48
      • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Huili Co.
          • Lalachang Cu deposit (Lala Cu deposit)
    Zhimin Zhu, Lingxi Zeng, Jiayun Zhou, Liping Luo, Jiabiao Chen, and Bing Shen (2009): Geological Journal of China Universities 15(4), 485-495
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
        • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
          • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
    Xiangcheng Bao (1994): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 15(1), 53-57
    Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Wei Feng, Fahui Xiong, and Zhiqiang Zhao (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 871-877
      • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
          • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
            • Baogutu
    Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Dobříš (Doberschisch)
          • Nový Knín
    Jiri Sejkora (2009) Journal of Geosciences, 54, #1, 73-82.
        • Příbram District
          • Psí hory gold district
            • Mokrsko
    Jiří Zachariáš, Petr Morávek, Petr Gadas, Jaroslava Pertoldová (2014): The Mokrsko-West gold deposit, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic: Mineralogy, deposit setting and classification. Ore Geology Reviews 58, 238-263.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
        • Jeseník
    Fojt, B., Hauk, J., Kotrba, Z.: Mineralogie zlata a doprovodných minerálů ze Zlatého chlumu u Jeseníku. Věstník ÚÚG, 1988, 63, 2.
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
      • Rantasalmi
    Kojonen,Kari 2008. Au-Ag tellurides-selenides in Finland. International Geological Congress, Oslo August 6-14th. Abstract
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Nivala
    Kojonen K: K., Isomäki O.-P. 2005. PGEE-minerals and tarkianite (Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8 a new mineral species from Hitura mine, Nivala, Central Finland. 10th International Platinum Symposium: Platinum-group elements from genesis to benefication and enviromental impact, August 6-11 , 2005 Finland.; Geological Survey of Finland 2006 Hitura - NICKEL Database
    • Southwestern Finland Region
      • Huittinen
    http://www.gsf.fi/explor/gold/jokisivu.htm; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Akaa
    Gervilla,H., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K. and Johanson, B. 1998. Platinum-Palladium- and Gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland) Mineralogy and Petrology (1998) 64, 163-185.
    Georgia
     
    • Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti Region
      • Svaneti District
    Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
    Greece
     
    • Macedonia Department
      • Kilkís Prefecture
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Hungary
     
    • Pest Co.
      • Börzsöny Mtns
    Das Mohs'sche Mineralsystem (1853) p. 121; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Vercelli Province
        • Sesia Valley
          • Quarona
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
          • Varallo Sesia
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Fiemme Valley
          • Predazzo
    Frizzo, P., Peruzzo, L., Dellantonio, E. (2010): The copper-wolfram deposit of Bedovina (Trento, Italy). Geo.Alp, 7, 55-70. [http://www2.uibk.ac.at/downloads/c715/geoalp_7_10/04frizzo_et_al_sml.pdf]
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Nagano Prefecture
          • Chino City
    Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Kazumi Yokoyama, Masako Shigeoka, Akira Harada, Takashi Yamada, Kazuko Kawashima, Koichi Shimizu, Hiroshi Miyajima (2010) Bi-Te minerals from the Mukaidani mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. (Meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Japan)
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Ząbkowice District
    Mikulski, S. Z. (2005, January). The telluride mineralization event (s) within the late-variscan gold deposits in the western Sudetes (NE part of the Bohemian massif, SW Poland). In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1415-1418). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    Romania
     
    • Hunedoara Co.
      • Deva
    www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Chitinskaya Oblast'
          • Vershino-Darasunskiy
    Prokof’ev, V.Y., Zorina, L.D., Kovalenker, V.A., Akinfiev, N.N., Baksheev, I.A., Krasnov, A.N., Yurgenson, G.A., and Trubkin, N.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(1), 31-68.
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Ladoga Region
          • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
    V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Brezno Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Rimavská Sobota Co.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    Ferenc Š., 2004: Nové výskyty minerálov telúru v západnej časti Slovenského rudohoria. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 317-322. (in Slovak)
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    Sweden
     
    • Hälsingland
      • Ljusdal
    No reference listed
    • Västerbotten
      • Sandfors
    No reference listed
    T. Wikström, thesis from Stockholm University
    UK
     
    • Wales
      • Gwynedd (Merionethshire)
        • Dolgellau Gold Belt
          • Bontddu
    BMS Database
    Ukraine
     
    • Zakarpats'ka Oblast' (Transcarpathian Oblasť; Zakarpattia)
      • Mukachivskyi Raion
        • Il'kivtsy
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    USA
     
    • Colorado
      • Hinsdale Co.
        • Lake City District (Lake District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Ouray Co.
        • San Juan Mts
          • Ouray District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Georgia
      • Haralson Co.
    Matrix 11:4 pp 181-190
    • New Mexico
      • Hidalgo Co.
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Virginia
      • Carroll Co.
        • Southern Section-Blue Ridge Province
          • Gossan Lead District
            • Fries
    Callahan,J.E., Craig,J.R and Bean,W.C.,1994,Telluride mineral occurrences in the southeastern United States:Geological Society of America,Southeastern Section,Abs,with Programs,v.24,n.2,p.6
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Kyzylkum Desert
      • Central Kyzylkum Region
        • Zarafshan
          • Muruntau ore field
    Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406; Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
    • Samarkand Viloyati (Samarqand)
      • North Nuratau Mts
        • Zarmitan
    Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
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