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Pilsenite

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Formula:
Bi4Te3
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Lead-gray
Hardness:
1½ - 2½
Name:
Named for the type locality, Nagybörzsöny (original German name: Deutsch-Pilsen), Hungary.
This page provides mineralogical data about Pilsenite.

Classification of Pilsenite

Approved
2.DC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
C : Variable M:S
2.6.2.5

2 : SULFIDES
6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
3.7.27

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi
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Type Occurrence of Pilsenite

Year of Discovery:
1853

Physical Properties of Pilsenite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Lead-gray
Hardness (Mohs):
1½ - 2½

Crystallography of Pilsenite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.451(1) Å, c = 41.888(5) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 9.411
Unit Cell Volume:
V 718.68 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.68 (m)
3.25 (vs)
2.36 (s)
2.22 (s)
1.998 (s)
1.833 (s)
1.485 (s)

Chemical Properties of Pilsenite

Formula:
Bi4Te3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ag,Pb,Fe,S

Relationship of Pilsenite to other Species

2.DC.05HedleyiteBi7Te3
2.DC.05IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
2.DC.05IngoditeBi2TeS
2.DC.05Joséite-BBi4Te2S
2.DC.05KawazuliteBi2Te2Se
2.DC.05LaitakariteBi4Se2S
2.DC.05NevskiteBi(Se,S)
2.DC.05ParaguanajuatiteBi2Se3
2.DC.05SkippeniteBi2TeSe2
2.DC.05SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2S
2.DC.05TellurantimonySb2Te3
2.DC.05TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
2.DC.05TetradymiteBi2Te2S
2.DC.05TsumoiteBiTe
2.DC.05BaksaniteBi6Te2S3
2.DC.05Joséite-CBi16Te3S9
2.DC.05ProtojoséiteBi4TeS2
2.DC.05SztrókayiteBi3TeS2
2.DC.05VihorlatiteBi24Se17Te4
2.DC.05TelluronevskiteBi3TeSe2
2.DC.05UM1983-09-S:BiPbTePbBi3S2Te
3.7.1PatróniteVS4
3.7.2DuranusiteAs4S
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9
3.7.7UzoniteAs4S5
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3
3.7.9Jeromite
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2(Se,S)3
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3
3.7.15MetastibniteSb2S3
3.7.16TellurantimonySb2Te3
3.7.17BismuthiniteBi2S3
3.7.18NevskiteBi(Se,S)
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3
3.7.21IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2S
3.7.23PoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4
3.7.24TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
3.7.25SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTe
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2S
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2S
3.7.32IngoditeBi2TeS
3.7.33SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2S
3.7.34KawazuliteBi2Te2Se
3.7.36SkippeniteBi2TeSe2
3.7.37KochkaritePbBi4Te7
3.7.38Rucklidgeite(Bi,Pb)3Te4
3.7.39AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16

Other Names for Pilsenite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Pilsenit
Simplified Chinese:叶碲铋矿
Spanish:Pilsenita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Pilsenite

Reference List:
Ozawa, T. and H. Shimazaki (1982) Pilsenite redefined and wehrlite discredited. Proc. Japan Acad., 58, Ser. B, 291–294 (in English). [Abs. in: American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 215.]

Yamana, K., K. Kihara, and T. Matsumoto (1979): Bismuth tellurides: BiTe and Bi4Te3. Acta Crystallogr. B35, 147-149.

Internet Links for Pilsenite

Localities for Pilsenite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Armenia
 
  • Gelark'unik' Province (Geghark'unik')
    • Vardenis
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Bulgaria
 
  • Montana Oblast
Dimitrova, D. et al. (2006): Bulgar. Acad. Sci. Annual Report No. 12, 19-32
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Vernon Mining Division
      • Vernon
Previously in the Peter Gilis collection acquired from Cureton minerals. Now in the Brent Thorne collection.
  • Manitoba
    • Flin Flon District
Healy, R.E. & Petruk, W. (1990) Petrology of Au-Ag-Hg and "invisible" gold in the Trout Lake massive sulfide deposit, Flin Flon, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 189-206.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
Econ Geol (1985) 80:1297-1327
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Beatty Township
Ann P.Sabina (2000), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57, p.124
Dana's New Mineralogy
      • Drury Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Garson Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
  • Hainan Province (Hainan Island)
    • Ledong Co.
Bin Shu, Ping'an Wang, Faxian Dong, and Zhongjian Li (2006): Geological Bulletin of China 25(6), 745-755
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Xixia Co.
Liu Yulin (2002): Acta Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 38(4), 531-534.
    • Sanmenxia Prefecture
      • Lingbao Co.
        • Qinling Mine
Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, Manzhi Wang, and Chuantai Wang (1999): Guizhou Geology 5(3), 69-74
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
        • Huangshaping Pb-Zn-polymetallic ore field
Xiangping Gu, Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., and Shibata, Y. (2001): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 289-309; Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., and Roberts, A.C. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 181-184
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Chaoyang Prefecture
      • Jianping Co.
Liyan Zhang (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(8), 34-39
  • Shandong Province
    • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
      • Weihai Prefecture
        • Rushan Co.
          • Rushan ore field
Baoshan Liu and Jun Lu (2006): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 30(4); Jianchao Liu, Xufen Li, Yafei Liu, Bangyao Wang, Naizhe Mi, and Xue Zhang (2010): Geological Bulletin of China 29(9), 1319-1328
  • Shanxi Province
    • Yuncheng Prefecture
      • Yuanqu Co.
        • Zhongtiaoshan ore field
Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
  • Sichuan Province
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Jiulong Co.
Xiaogang Wang, Gen Chen, and Yunfeng Yan (2010): Modern Mining 11(11), 44-48
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Huili Co.
        • Lalachang Cu deposit (Lala Cu deposit)
Zhimin Zhu, Lingxi Zeng, Jiayun Zhou, Liping Luo, Jiabiao Chen, and Bing Shen (2009): Geological Journal of China Universities 15(4), 485-495
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Xiangcheng Bao (1994): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 15(1), 53-57
Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Wei Feng, Fahui Xiong, and Zhiqiang Zhao (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 871-877
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
          • Baogutu
Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Dobříš (Doberschisch)
        • Nový Knín
Jiri Sejkora (2009) Journal of Geosciences, 54, #1, 73-82.
      • Příbram District
        • Psí hory gold district
          • Mokrsko
Jiří Zachariáš, Petr Morávek, Petr Gadas, Jaroslava Pertoldová (2014): The Mokrsko-West gold deposit, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic: Mineralogy, deposit setting and classification. Ore Geology Reviews 58, 238-263.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Jeseník
Fojt, B., Hauk, J., Kotrba, Z.: Mineralogie zlata a doprovodných minerálů ze Zlatého chlumu u Jeseníku. Věstník ÚÚG, 1988, 63, 2.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Rantasalmi
Kojonen,Kari 2008. Au-Ag tellurides-selenides in Finland. International Geological Congress, Oslo August 6-14th. Abstract
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Nivala
Kojonen K: K., Isomäki O.-P. 2005. PGEE-minerals and tarkianite (Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8 a new mineral species from Hitura mine, Nivala, Central Finland. 10th International Platinum Symposium: Platinum-group elements from genesis to benefication and enviromental impact, August 6-11 , 2005 Finland.; Geological Survey of Finland 2006 Hitura - NICKEL Database
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Huittinen
http://www.gsf.fi/explor/gold/jokisivu.htm; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Akaa
Gervilla,H., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K. and Johanson, B. 1998. Platinum-Palladium- and Gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland) Mineralogy and Petrology (1998) 64, 163-185.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Georgia
 
  • Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti Region
    • Svaneti District
Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Greece
 
  • Macedonia Department
    • Kilkís Prefecture
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Hungary (TL)
 
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
Das Mohs'sche Mineralsystem (1853) p. 121; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Vercelli Province
      • Sesia Valley
        • Quarona
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Varallo Sesia
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Frizzo, P., Peruzzo, L., Dellantonio, E. (2010): The copper-wolfram deposit of Bedovina (Trento, Italy). Geo.Alp, 7, 55-70. [http://www2.uibk.ac.at/downloads/c715/geoalp_7_10/04frizzo_et_al_sml.pdf]
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Chino City
Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Kazumi Yokoyama, Masako Shigeoka, Akira Harada, Takashi Yamada, Kazuko Kawashima, Koichi Shimizu, Hiroshi Miyajima (2010) Bi-Te minerals from the Mukaidani mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. (Meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Japan)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice District
Mikulski, S. Z. (2005, January). The telluride mineralization event (s) within the late-variscan gold deposits in the western Sudetes (NE part of the Bohemian massif, SW Poland). In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1415-1418). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Vershino-Darasunskiy
Prokof’ev, V.Y., Zorina, L.D., Kovalenker, V.A., Akinfiev, N.N., Baksheev, I.A., Krasnov, A.N., Yurgenson, G.A., and Trubkin, N.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(1), 31-68.
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
        • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Ferenc Š., 2004: Nové výskyty minerálov telúru v západnej časti Slovenského rudohoria. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 317-322. (in Slovak)
  • Košice Region
    • Michalovce Co.
Bálintová-Števková T., Števko M., Ozdín D., Bakos F. (2014) Pilsenit z Poruby pod Vihorlatom, Vihorlatské vrchy (Slovenská republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 22, 2, 308-310 (in Slovak with English abstract).
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Sweden
 
  • Hälsingland
    • Ljusdal
No reference listed
  • Västerbotten
    • Sandfors
No reference listed
T. Wikström, thesis from Stockholm University
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Dolgellau Gold Belt
        • Bontddu
BMS Database
Ukraine
 
  • Zakarpats'ka Oblast' (Transcarpathian Oblasť; Zakarpattia)
    • Mukachivskyi Raion
      • Il'kivtsy
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
      • Lake City District (Lake District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Ouray Co.
      • San Juan Mts
        • Ouray District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Georgia
    • Haralson Co.
Matrix 11:4 pp 181-190
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Virginia
    • Carroll Co.
      • Southern Section-Blue Ridge Province
        • Gossan Lead District
          • Fries
Callahan,J.E., Craig,J.R and Bean,W.C.,1994,Telluride mineral occurrences in the southeastern United States:Geological Society of America,Southeastern Section,Abs,with Programs,v.24,n.2,p.6
Uzbekistan
 
  • Kyzylkum Desert
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Zarafshan
        • Muruntau ore field
Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406; Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
  • Samarkand Viloyati (Samarqand)
    • North Nuratau Mts
      • Zarmitan
Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
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