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Plattnerite

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Formula:
PbO2
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
Jet-black; iron-black, ...
Lustre:
Adamantine, Metallic, Dull
Hardness:
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1845 by Karl Wilhelm von Haidinger in honor of Karl Friedrich Plattner [January 2, 1800 Kleinwaltersdorf, Saxony, Germany – January 22, 1858 Freiburg, Saxony, Germany], Professor of Metallurgy and Assaying at the Bergacademie of Freiberg, Saxony, Germany.
Dimorph of:

Classification of Plattnerite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
4.DB.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
B : With medium-sized cations; chains of edge-sharing octahedra
4.4.1.6

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
4 : AX2
7.11.23

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
11 : Oxides of Sn and Pb
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First Recorded Occurrence of Plattnerite

Year of Discovery:
1845

Physical Properties of Plattnerite

Adamantine, Metallic, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Jet-black; iron-black, brownish black
Streak:
Dark brown
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal, Fibrous
Density:
9.4 - 9.44 g/cm3 (Measured)    9.63 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Plattnerite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.95Å, c = 3.38Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.683
Unit Cell Volume:
V 82.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Prismatic [001]; also distorted platy. Usually nodular or botryoidal masses. Dense to fibrous, or in concentric shells.
Twinning:
On {011}, as penetration twins.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.500 (100)
2.793 (94)
2.469 (40)
1.855 (80)
1.568 (19)
1.524 (23)
0.823 (20)

Optical Data of Plattnerite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.350 nε = 2.250
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.100
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Type:
Anisotropic
Colour in reflected light:
Gray-white
Internal Reflections:
Red-brown
Pleochroism:
Weak

Chemical Properties of Plattnerite

Formula:
PbO2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Plattnerite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
4.DB.05ArgutiteGeO2
4.DB.05CassiteriteSnO2
4.DB.05PyrolusiteMnO2
4.DB.05RutileTiO2
4.DB.05TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
4.DB.05TugarinoviteMoO2
4.DB.05Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
4.DB.10ByströmiteMgSb2O6
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
4.DB.10OrdoñeziteZnSb2O6
4.DB.15bAkhtenskiteε-Mn4+O2
4.DB.15cNsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
4.DB.15aParamontroseiteV4+O2
4.DB.15aRamsdelliteMn4+O2
4.DB.20Scrutinyitealpha-PbO2
4.DB.25IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
4.DB.25Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
4.DB.25SrilankiteZrTi2O6
4.DB.25Yttrocolumbite-(Y)Y(U4+,Fe2+)Nb2O8
4.DB.25Calciosamarskite(Ca,Fe3+,Y)2(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O8
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Yb)(Yb,Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
4.DB.30FerberiteFeWO4
4.DB.30HübneriteMnWO4
4.DB.30Sanmartinite(Zn,Fe)WO4
4.DB.30KrasnoselskiteCoWO4
4.DB.30HeftetjerniteScTaO4
4.DB.30HuanzalaiteMgWO4
4.DB.35Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
4.DB.35Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
4.DB.35Columbite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
4.DB.35Qitianlingite(Fe,Mn)2(Nb,Ta)2WO10
4.DB.35Magnocolumbite
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6
4.DB.40FerrowodginiteFeSnTa2O8
4.DB.40LithiotantiteLi(Ta,Nb)3O8
4.DB.40LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
4.DB.40TitanowodginiteMnTiTa2O8
4.DB.40WodginiteMn(Sn,Ta)Ta2O8
4.DB.40FerrotitanowodginiteFe2+TiTa2O8
4.DB.40WolframowodginiteMn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
4.DB.45TivaniteV3+TiO3(OH)
4.DB.50Carmichaelite(Ti,Cr,Fe)[O2-x(OH)x]
4.DB.55AlumotantiteAlTaO4
4.DB.60Biehlite((Sb,As)O)2[MoO4]
7.11.1RomarchiteSnO
7.11.2CassiteriteSnO2
7.11.4SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.5BurtiteCa[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.6VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.7WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.8TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
7.11.9Jeanbandyite(Fe2+,Mn2+)[Sn4+(OH)6]
7.11.10NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.11Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.12Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
7.11.13Magnesionigerite
7.11.14ArgutiteGeO2
7.11.15BrunogeieriteFe22+Ge4+O4
7.11.16StottiteFe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]
7.11.17CarboiriteFeAl2(GeO4)O(OH)2
7.11.18OtjisumeitePbGe4O9
7.11.19BartelkeitePb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2O
7.11.20MassicotPbO
7.11.21LithargePbO
7.11.22MiniumPb3O4
7.11.24Scrutinyitealpha-PbO2
7.11.25MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
7.11.26MacedonitePbTiO3
7.11.27CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
7.11.28CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
7.11.29QuenselitePbMnO2(OH)
7.11.30PlumboferritePb2Fe3+11-xMnx2+O19-2x, x = 1/3
7.11.31Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
7.11.32SenaitePb(Ti,Fe,Mn)21O38

Other Names for Plattnerite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Plattnerite

Reference List:
Yeates and Ayres (1892), American Journal of Science: 43: 407.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 581-583

Acta Crystallographica (1980): B36: 2394.

Internet Links for Plattnerite

Specimens:
The following Plattnerite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Plattnerite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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