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Pollucite

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Formula:
(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Almost always colorless ...
Hardness:
Member of:
Name:
Named after Pollux, a figure from Greek mythology, brother of Castor, for its common association with "castorite" (petalite). The name was later changed to the current Pollucite.
Isostructural with:

Classification of Pollucite

Approved
9.GB.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
B : Chains of single connected 4-membered rings
Dana 7th ed.:
77.1.1.2
77.1.1.2

77 : TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
1 : Zeolite group - True zeolites
16.5.1

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
5 : Aluminosilicates of Cs, NH4 and Cu
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3255.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Pollucite

Year of Discovery:
1846

Physical Properties of Pollucite

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Rarely as strong vitreous luster as quartz
Colour:
Almost always colorless or white, also light gray, light pink, light blue, pale violet
Comment:
May be slightly pink due to montmorillonite inclusions
Streak:
white
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Comment:
Very brittle when compared with quartz; frequently shows splintery broken fragments
Density:
2.9 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.96 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Pollucite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Ia3d
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.67Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 2 ų
Z:
16
Morphology:
Almost always massive, rarely in trapezohedral or cubic crystals usually with both forms present, but either form may be dominant.
Comment:
A monoclinic variety (C2/c) has also been reported (Kamiya et al., 2008). Pollucite may probably be (as is analcime) cubic, tetragonal, orthorhombic, monoclinic or triclinic, depending on ordering.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.65 (30)
3.42 (100)
2.91 (45)
2.42 (20)
2.22 (20)
1.86 (20)
1.74 (20)
1.71 (10)
Comments:
25-194; also 29-407 (synthetic material)

Optical Data of Pollucite

Type:
Isotropic
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic
Comments:
Refractive index 1.508-1.528

Chemical Properties of Pollucite

Formula:
(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ca,K,Rb

Relationship of Pollucite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Analcime (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2O
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)
AnalcimeNa2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
Brewsterite
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Mg(Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24]·10H2O
Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Clinoptilolite-Ca(Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na(Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2O
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ferrierite
Ferrierite-K(K2,Na2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2O
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2O
GarroniteNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
Gismondine
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Gmelinite
Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gmelinite-KK4(Si8Al4O24) · 11H2O
Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ba(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)5Al9Si27O72 · 22H2O
Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Lévyne
Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2O
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2O
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2O
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrolite Subgroup
OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2O
ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2O
Paulingite
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba,◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84•34H2O
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2O
Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
Tetranatrolite
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2O
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2O
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2O
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Common Associates:
9.GB.05Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)
9.GB.05AnalcimeNa2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
9.GB.05HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
9.GB.05LithositeK6Al4Si8O25 · 2H2O
9.GB.05LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
9.GB.05WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
9.GB.05KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)
9.GB.10LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
9.GB.15YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
9.GB.20RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
9.GB.25GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
9.GB.30Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
9.GB.35ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2O
16.5.2NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
16.5.3Buddingtonite(NH4)AlSi3O8
16.5.4Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)
16.5.5Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
16.5.6Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
16.5.7PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
77.1.1.1AnalcimeNa2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
77.1.1.3WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O

Other Names for Pollucite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Pollucit
Latin:Pollux
Simplified Chinese:铯沸石
Spanish:Pollucita

Other Information

Usually non-fluorescent, rarely may have a pale yellow fluorescence in SW UV.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Pollucite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1967): 52: 1515-1518.

Černý, P. (1974) The present status of the analcime-pollucite series. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 334-341.

Černý, P. and Simpson, F.M. (1978) The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic Lake, Manitoba. X. Pollucite. Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 325-333.

Černý, P. (1979) Pollucite and its alteration in geological occurrences and in deep-burial radioactive waste disposal. Scientific basis for Nuclear Waste Management: 1: 231-236.

Wang, X.J., Zou, T.R., Xu, J.G., Yu, X.Y., and Qiu, Y.Z. (1981) Study of pegmatite minerals of the Altai region. Science Publishing House, Beijing, China.

Sebastian, A. and Lagache, M. (1990) Experimental study of the equilibrium between pollucite, albite, and hydrothermal fluid in pegamtite systems. Mineralogical Magazine: 54: 447-454.

Teertstra, D.K. and Černý, P. (1992) Controls on morphology of analcime-pollucite in natural minerals, synthetic phases, and nuclear waste products. Crystal Research Technology: 27: 931-939.

Teertstra, D.K., Černý, P., and Chapman, R. (1992) Compositional heterogeneity ad alteration of pollucite from High Grade Dyke, southeastern Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist: 30: 687-697.

Canadian Mineralogist (1994): 32: 69.

Legache, M. (1995) New experimental data on the stability of the pollucite-analcime series: application to natural assemblages. European Journal of Mineralogy: 7: 319-323.

Teertstra, D.K. and Černý, P. (1995) First natural occurrences of end-member pollucite: A product of low-temperature reequilibration. European Journal of Mineralogy: 7: 1137-1148.

Teertstra, D.K., Černý, P., and Novák, M. (1995) Compositional and textural evolution of pollucite in pegmatites of the Maldanubicum. Mineralogy and Petrology: 55: 37-51.

London, D., Morgan, G.B., VI, and Icehower, J. (1998) Stability and solubility of pollucite in granitic system at 200 MPa H2O. Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 497-510.

Zhu, J.C., Wu, C.N., Liu, C.S., Li, F.C., Huang, X.L., and Zhou, D.S. (2000) Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution and genesis of Koktokay no. 3 rare metal pegmatite dyke, Altai, China. Geological Journal of China Universities: 6(1): 40-52 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Mineralogical Record: 30: 5-6.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 129: 280-302.

Ogorodova, L.P., Melchakova, L.V., Kiseleva, I.A., and Belitsky, I.A. (2003) Thermochemical study of natural pollucite. Thermochimica Acta: 403: 251-256.

Wang, R.C., Hu, H., Zhang, A.C., Huang, X.L., and Ni., P. (2004) Pollucite and the cesium-dominant analogue of polylithionite as expressions of extreme Cs enrichment in the Yichun topaz-lepidolite granite, southern China. Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 883-896.

Wang, R.C., Hu, H., Zhang, A.C., Fontan, F., Zhang, H., and de Parseval, P. (2006) Occurrence and late re-equilibration of pollucite from the Koktokay no. 3 pegmatite, Altai, northwestern China. American Mineralogist: 91: 729-739.

Natsumi Kamiya, Koji Nishi and Yoshinobu Yokomori (2008): Crystal structure of pollucite. Z. Kristallogr. 223, 584–590.

Gatta, G. Diego, et al (2009) On the Crystal structure and crystal chemistry of pollucite, (Cs,Na)16Al16Si32O96·nH2O: A natural microporous material of interest in nuclear technology, American Mineralogist: 94(11-12): 1560-1568.

Internet Links for Pollucite

Specimens:
The following Pollucite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Pollucite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
    • Yaftali Sufla District
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
        • Talbuzanak pegmatite field
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Konar Province (Kunar Province; Konarh Province; Konarha Province; Nuristan)
    • Chapa Dara District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Laghman Province (Lagman Province; Nuristan)
    • Alingar District (Alinghar District)
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110.
    • Mihtarlam District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110.
  • Nangarhar Province (Ningarhar Province)
    • Surkh Rod District
      • Surkh-Rod (Surk-Rod) pegmatite field
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
    • Du Ab District
      • Nilaw-Kolum pegmatite field
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
David Eicher
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    • Kamdesh District
Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
    • Nuristan District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
    • Wama District (Vama District)
      • Parun (Paroon; Parown) pegmatite field
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Argentina
 
  • San Luis
    • Las Aguilas
Miguel Á. Galliski, María Florencia Márquez-Zavalía, Raúl Lira, Jan Cempírek and Radek Škoda (2012) Mineralogy and Origin of the Dumortierite-Bearing Pegmatites of Virorco, San Luis, Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 50:873-894.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire
      • Greenbushes Tinfield
Econ Geol (1995) 90:616-635
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Nepean
Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce valley
Morteani, G., Preinfalk, C., and Horn, A.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 638-655.
    • Jequitinhonha valley
      • Itinga
        • Monte Belo
[MinRec 12:74]; Quéméneur, J., & Lagache, M. (1999). Comparative study of two pegmatitic fields from Minas Gerais, Brazil, using rubidium and cesium content of the micas and feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 29(1), 27-32.
Burma (Myanmar)
 
  • Shan State
    • Kyaukme District
      • Momeik Township
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
          • Khetchel village (Cache village; Khat Che village)
Harald Schillhammer collection
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Černý, P. and Simpson, F.M. (1978) The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic Lake, manitoba. X. Pollucite. Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 325-333; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51,428; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 439–450, 2009; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 11,pp.591-608 (1972)
      • Cat Lake - Winnipeg River pegmatite field
        • Maskwa Lake
Teertstra, D.K. et al. ( 1992): "Compositional heterogeneity of pollucite from High Grade Dyke, Maskwa Lake, southeastern Manitoba". Can. Mineral., 30, pp. 687-697; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.428; Teertstra, D. K.; Černý, P.; Ottolini, L. (1999): Stranger in paradise. Liddicoatite from the High-Grade Dike pegmatite, southeastern Manitoba, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy 11, 227-235.
    • Red Cross Lake
Xianjue Wang, Xiaolin Xiong, and Cerny, P. (2002): Geochimica 5, 481-486; Černý, O., Teertstra, D.K., Chapman, R., Selway, J.B., Hawthorne, F.C., Ferreira, K., Chackowsky, L.E., Wang, X.J. & and Meintzer, R.E. (2012); Černý, P., Teertstra, D. K., Chapman, R., Selway, J. B., Hawthorne, F. C., Ferreira, K., ... & Meintzer, R. E. (2012). Extreme Fractionation And Deformation Of The Leucogranite–Pegmatite Suite At Red Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada. Iv. Mineralogy. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1839-1875.
  • Northwest Territories
    • O'Grady Lake area
CanMin 41:117-137
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Lilypad Lakes pegmatites
        • Ferguson Lake Area
J.C. Pedersen (2000) Report on 2000 Winter Diamond Drill Program Lilypad Lakes Tantalum - Cesium Property. Assessment File
      • Pakeagama Lake Area
Andrew G. Tindle, Fred W. Breaks and Julie B. Selway (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype granitic pegmatites; evidence of fractionation and contamination from the Paleagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist 40:753-78; Breaks, F. W., Tindle, A. G., & Smith, S. R. The Pakeagama Lake Pegmatite: Continued Field and Laboratory Investigation of Highly Evolved, Complex-Type, Petalite-Subtype Rare-Element Mineralization in the Berens River-Sachigo Subprovince Boundary Zone
Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • La Corne
Sabina, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 169p.
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Baie-James
Potter, E. G., Taylor, R. P., Jones, P. C., Lalonde A. E., Pearse, G. H. K., and Rowe, R., 2009, Sokolovaite and evolved lithian micas from the Eastern Moblan pegmatite, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 337-349.
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Nanping Prefecture
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
Yueqing Yang, Yunxiang Ni, Yongquan Guo, Nianming Qiu, Chenghu Chen, Chaofa Cai, Yaping Zhang, Jiabing Liu, and Yuexian Chen (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(3), 10-21; Can Rao, Rucheng Wang, and Huan Hu (2009): Geological Journal of China Universities 15(4), 496-505
  • Henan Province
    • Sanmenxia Prefecture
      • Lushi Co.
        • Guanpo
          • Guanpo pegmatite field
Fan G., Li G., Shen G., Xu J., Dai J. (2013): Luanshiweiite: A New Member of Lepidolite Series. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 33, 713-721.
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Yichun Prefecture
      • Yuanzhou District
        • Yichun complex (Yashan batholith)
Rucheng Wang, Huan Hu, Aicheng Zhang, Xiaolong Huang, and Pei Ni (2004): Canadian Mineralogist 42(3), 883-896.; Lin Yin, Pollard, P.J., Hu Shouxi, and Taylor, R.G. (1995): Economic Geology 90(3), 577-585
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuhai Co. (Burultokay Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
          • Koktokay pegmatite field (Keketuohai pegmatite field)
            • Altay Mine
Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48; Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Aicheng Zhang, and Shijin Xu (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(4), 411-421
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • South Bohemia Region
      • Český Krumlov
Welser, P. et al.: Lithný pegmatit Nová Ves. Minerál, Special volume, 2007, roč. 15.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Jihlava (Iglau)
Miškovský, J.: Doplňky k mineralogii lithného pegmatitu u Jeclova na Jihlavsku. Časopis Moravského musea v Brně, Vědy přírodní, 1960, roč. 45, s. 25-29.
Miskovsky, Josef (1955): Pollucite from Puklice near Jihlava. Casopis Moravskeho Musea, Vedy Prirodni 40, 89-92.; Bull. Minéral., 1984, 107, pp. 369-384.
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
        • Věžná
www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/556.PDF.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
Gehad M. Saleh (2007) Rare-Metal Pegmatites from the Southeastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis. International Geology Review Vol. 49:824-843.
Ethiopia
 
  • Sidamo-Borana Province
    • Kenticha pegmatite field
A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Tohmajärvi
Teertsra David K., Lahti Seppo I., Alviola Reijo, Cerny Petr. 1993. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 368, 39 s.
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Tammela
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p.294-295
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Somero
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, (p.295) ; Teerstra, D.K., Lahti, S., Alviola, R. & Černý, P. (1993): Pollucite and its alteration in Finnish Pegmatites. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 368
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Teerstra, D.K., Lahti, S., Alviola, R. & Černý, P. (1993): Pollucite and its alteration in Finnish Pegmatites. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 368 (p. 15-22)
    • Seinäjoki
      • Peräseinäjoki
Teerstra, D.K., Lahti, S., Alviola, R. & Černý, P. (1993): Pollucite and its alteration in Finnish Pegmatites. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 368. (p.22-26)
India
 
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
Monoj Maitra, B. Chattopadhyay, S. K. Sengupta and S. Nandy (2007) Presence of Niobian Rutile and Its Exsolution Phases in Rare Element Pegmatite of Belamu Area, Purulia District, West Bengal. Journal Geological Society of India 74:296-298
Monoj Maitra, B. Chattopadhyay, S. K. Sengupta and S. Nandy (2007) Presence of Niobian Rutile and Its Exsolution Phases in Rare Element Pegmatite of Belamu Area, Purulia District, West Bengal. Journal Geological Society of India 74:296-298
Italy
 
  • Latium
    • Viterbo Province
      • Vico Lake
Della Ventura, G., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Rossi, P., Tamagnini, F., Fiori, S., 2004. Dieci anni di micromineralogia laziale. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2
Luigi Mattei specimen
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Campo nell'Elba
          • San Piero in Campo
Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
A. Beithaupt (1846) - Neue Mineralien: Kastor und Pollux - Poggend. An., 69: 436-439.
F. Pezzotta, F.C. Hawthorne, M.A. Cooper, D.K. Teerstra (1996) - Fibrous foitite from S. Piero in Campo, Elba, Italy. - Canad. Min., 34: 741-744.
          • Sant'Ilario in Campo
            • Catri
              • Fosso Marcianella Pegmatite
Field Trip Excursion Programm IMA, May 29, 2005 (M.E. Ciriotti).
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Hitachiohta City
Sakurai et al (1977) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 72, 13-27.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka Prefecture
Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Betafo District
        • Andrembesoa Commune
          • FKT Antsentsindrano
Pezzotta, F.; Diella, V. & Demartin, F. (2003): Londonit aus Madagaskar- eine neue Mineralart. Lapis 35 (2), 35-38
      • Sahatany Pegmatite Field (Mt Ibity area)
        • Manandona Valley
Lefevre, M. & Thomas, L. (1998): Les pegmatites de la vallée de la Sahatany, Madagascar. Le Règne Minéral no 19, 15-28
        • Sahatany Valley
Larsen, K. E. (2003): Mineralene i Sahatany pegmatittfelt, Madagaskar. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 25, 5-18 (in norwegian)
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive
Alain Hanson Collection (Waiting to be analyzed to confirm id, photo id 499876)
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
De Ascenção Guedes, R., Lebocey, J., Bayle, L.-D. & Chappero, P.-J. (2011): Munich 2011. Le Règne Minerál. 102, 10-29 [p. 22]
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Bettencourt Dias, M. and Wilson, W.E.(2000): Famous mineral localities: The Alto Ligonha pegmatites (Mozambique. Mineralogical Record. 31, 459-497
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Etiro Farm 50
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 679 pp. (in English)
      • Okongava Ost Farm 72
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 679 pp. (in English)
Keller, P. (1991): The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communs. Geol. Surv. Namibia, 7, 21-34.
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 679 pp. (in English)
- Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Paul Keller, The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic.
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Baltistan
      • Skardu District
        • Braldu Valley
Baluwet, D., 2004. Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains and Majesty, Lapis International, 96 p.
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Reiner Mielke
        • Haramosh Mts.
          • Chamachhu
Blauwet, et al, 1997, Aguide to the Mineral Localities of the Northern Areas, Pakistan. Mineralogical Record 28(3), 183-200.
Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
No reference listed
AM Mizunaka
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Dzierżoniów District
      • Piława Górna (Ober Peilau; Gnadenfrei)
Pieczka A., Szełęg E., Szuszkiewicz A., Łodziński M., Nejbert K., Turniak K., Ilnicki S., Banach M., Michałowski P. & Różniak R. 2010: Lithium pegmatite from the DSS Piława Górna mine, Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 37, 99
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Krasnyi Chikoy
Rainer Thomas, Paul Davidson and Elena Badanina (2010) Water- and Boron-Rich Melt Inclusions in Quartz from the Malkhan Pegmatite, Transbaikalia, Russia. Minerals 2012, 2, 435-458.
[Lapis 1993:1 p13-15]
[MinRec 32:44]
International Geological Congress (2008) MRD-06 The Sosedka gem tourmaline-rich mine: Emplacement of extremely chemically heterogeneous pegmatite-forming medium; Zagorsky, V. Y. (2012). Mineralogy of pockets of the Malkhan tourmaline deposit (< i> Transbaikalia): feldspars of the Sosedka vein. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 53(6), 522-534
        • Menza District
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Voron'i Tundry
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Steinkopf
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Utö
Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31; Teertstra, D. K., Čern yacute, P., Langhof, J., Smeds, S. A., & Grensman, F. (1996). Pollucite in Sweden: Occurrences, crystal chemistry, petrology and subsolidus history. GFF, 118(3), 141-149.
Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nykopingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nykopingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Grensman, F & Langhof, J.(1991): Åkerberget. Guldgruva med litiumpegmatite. STEIN 18(2),20-22; Teertstra, D. K., Čern yacute, P., Langhof, J., Smeds, S. A., & Grensman, F. (1996). Pollucite in Sweden: Occurrences, crystal chemistry, petrology and subsolidus history. GFF, 118(3), 141-149.; Billström, K., Mattson, B., Söderlund, U., Årebäck, H., & Broman, C. (2012). Geology and Age Constraints on the Origin of the Intrusion-Related, Sheeted Vein-Type Åkerberg Gold Deposit, Skellefte District, Sweden. Minerals, 2(4), 385-416.
Sandström, F. (2008) Varuträskpegmatiten. Litofilen, 25 (2), 17-46; Teertstra, D. K., Čern yacute, P., Langhof, J., Smeds, S. A., & Grensman, F. (1996). Pollucite in Sweden: Occurrences, crystal chemistry, petrology and subsolidus history. GFF, 118(3), 141-149.
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • Okehampton area (Northern Dartmoor)
http://www.mineralman.f9.co.uk/quarries/meldon.htm
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
      • White Picacho District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 332; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 89.
  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Mesa Grande District
        • Gem Hill
Rynerson, F. J. 1967. Exploring and mining for Gems and Gold in the West. Happy Camp, California: Naturegraph Publishers, Inc., 204 pages.
      • Pala District
        • Pala
Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
      • Volcan Mts
        • Ranchita
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 370.
      • Warner Springs District
        • Warner Springs
Rocks & Minerals, May-June 2003
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Quartz Creek Pegmatite District
Rocks & Min. Vol.71, No.3, p.193
Van King; Bob Cobban
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield Co.
      • Ridgefield
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
    • Hartford Co.
      • Glastonbury
        • South Glastonbury
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World, p.148.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995): Connecticut Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue): 70(6): 402.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
Rocks & Min.: 70:382; Rocks & Minerals (1970) 45:443-449; Rocks & Minerals (1970) 45:595-600; Barton and Goldsmith (1968)
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • East Mount Apatite District
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
        • West Mount Apatite District
No reference listed
      • Minot
Van King
    • Franklin Co.
      • D Township
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
    • Oxford Co.
      • Buckfield
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1, King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1., V.2
Barton, W. & C. E. Goldsmith (1968) New England Beryllium investigations. US Bureau Mines RI 7070
No reference listed
Rocks & Min.: 62:403-404.
      • Greenwood
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
Rocks & Min.: 58:181.; Mineral News (1993) 9:2 p. 8
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
American Mineralogist; November-December 2009; v. 94; no. 11-12; p. 1560-1568
      • Hebron
No reference listed
USGS Bull 445
      • Newry
Shainin and Dellwig (1955)
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
      • Norway
No reference listed
      • Paris
King, V. and Foord, E., 2000, Mineralogy of Maine.
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates. "Maine Mineral Localites, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al. , 1998
      • Rumford
No reference listed
      • West Paris
Hess et al. (1943)
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Chesterfield
No reference listed
      • Goshen
Shaub, B. M and Schenck, B. J. (1954). Pollucite From Lithia, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 39:661); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
    • Worcester Co.
      • Leominster
Billings, 1944.Spodumene Deposits in the Leominster-Sterling Area; Richmond and Gonyer, 1937. On Pollucite (AmMin 23:783)
  • North Carolina
    • Mitchell Co.
      • Spruce Pine District
Wise MA,Brown CD (2009) Extreme rare-earth element enrichment in a muscovite -rare element class granitic pegmatite: A case study of the spodumene-amazonite McHone pegmatite,Spruce Pine,North Carolina:Southeast Geology 46:155-172
    • Yancey Co.
      • Spruce Pine District
        • Burnsville
          • Hurricane Mountain
"Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117-118; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 32 (Table A-1).Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World. ; Staatz, M. H.; Page, L. R.; Norton, J. J.; Wilmarth, V. R. (1963) Exploration for beryllium at the Helen Beryl, Elkhorn, and Tin Mountain pegmatites, Custer County, South Dakota. USGS Prof. Paper 297C.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Hill City District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Wisconsin
    • Florence Co.
      • Fern
Sirbescu, M. L. C., E. E. Hartwick, E.E., & J. J. Student (2008): Rapid crystallization of the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence county, northeastern Wisconsin: inclusion microthermometry and conductive-cooling modeling. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 156: 289-305.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland East
    • Mudzi District
Hornung. G. PhD thesis. Pegmatites of th N. Mtoko Region. University of Leeds, Research Institute of African Geology. !961
  • Masvingo
    • Bikita area
http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/GSC433/Pegmatites.htm; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
  • Matabeleland South
    • Insiza District
      • Pioneer village n°4
HARRISON (N.M.) - The geology of the country around Fort Rixon and Shangani. Rhodesia Geol. Surv., Bull. 61. 1969. 152 p.
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