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Polydymite

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Formula:
Ni2+Ni23+S4
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Violet gray, copper red, ...
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4½ - 5½
Name:
From the Greek πολνς, many, and διδνμος, twin, because it was observed in twinned forms.

Classification of Polydymite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.DA.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4
2.10.1.7

2 : SULFIDES
10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
3.11.4

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni
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http://www.mindat.org/min-3258.html
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Type Occurrence of Polydymite

Year of Discovery:
1876

Physical Properties of Polydymite

Metallic
Colour:
Violet gray, copper red, light gray, or steel gray
Streak:
Black gray
Hardness (Mohs):
4½ - 5½

Crystallography of Polydymite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.48Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 851.97 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Polydymite

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Polydymite

Formula:
Ni2+Ni23+S4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,Co

Relationship of Polydymite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Linnaeite (see here)
Forms a series with Violarite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
BornhardtiteCo2+Co23+Se4
CadmoinditeCdIn2S4
CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4
Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4
Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4
GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
InditeFeIn2S4
KalininiteZnCr2S4
LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
MalaniteCu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
SiegeniteCoNi2S4
TrüstedtiteNi3Se4
TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Xingzhongite(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4
2.DA.05BornhardtiteCo2+Co23+Se4
2.DA.05CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
2.DA.05Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
2.DA.05DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
2.DA.05FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4
2.DA.05Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4
2.DA.05GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
2.DA.05InditeFeIn2S4
2.DA.05KalininiteZnCr2S4
2.DA.05LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
2.DA.05MalaniteCu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
2.DA.05SiegeniteCoNi2S4
2.DA.05TrüstedtiteNi3Se4
2.DA.05TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
2.DA.05ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
2.DA.05Xingzhongite(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4
2.DA.05Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
2.DA.05CadmoinditeCdIn2S4
2.DA.05CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4
2.DA.10RhodostanniteCu2FeSn3S8
2.DA.10ToyohaiteAg2FeSn3S8
2.DA.15BrezinaiteCr3S4
2.DA.15Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
2.DA.20InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16
2.DA.20KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16
2.DA.25Kingstonite(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4
3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
3.11.3MilleriteNiS
3.11.5VaesiteNiS2
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi8Hg3S9
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
3.11.9Pentlandite(Fe,Ni)9S8
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4
3.11.13Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSe
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSe
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSe
3.11.24Dienerite
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8
3.11.27NickelineNiAs
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2
3.11.30NickelskutteruditeNiAs3-x
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)As
3.11.33Langisite(Co,Ni)As
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsS
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSe
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSb
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbS
3.11.39Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS

Other Names for Polydymite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Polydymite

Reference List:
Zambonini (1916): Riv. min.: 47.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 262-265.

Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 733-739.

American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 1036-1043.

Internet Links for Polydymite

Localities for Polydymite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Heazlewood district
Anderson, P., Bottrill, R. & Davidson, P. (2002): Famous mineral localities: The Lord Brassey mine, Tasmania. Mineralogical Record 33, 321-332 .
  • Victoria
    • Campaspe Shire
      • Cornella
A. R. Seymon, 2006, Nickel Propectivity in Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria Technical Record 2006/3
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Ostwald, J.(1978): Linnaeite Series Minerals from the kalgoorlie District western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Mar 1978):42:93-98
          • Otter Juan mine
In the collection of Brent Thorne
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Nullagine
Nickel, E. H.; Hallbert, J. A.; Halligan, R. (1979): Unusual nickel mineralization at Nullagine, Western Australia. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia 26, 61-71. ; Am Min 73:11-12 p 1496
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Broad Arrow
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
Ostwald, J.(1978): Linnaeite series Minerals from the Kalgoorlie District Western Australia, Mineralogical magazine (Mar 1978):42: 93-98
J. Just and C.E. Feather, Am. Min., June 1978, Vol. 42, p. 278.
    • Kondinin Shire
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
    • Leonora Shire
      • Ten Mile Outcamp
Economic Geology; October 1981; v. 76; no. 6; p. 1686-1697
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Lake Way Station
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
      • Mount Keith
Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9, No. 2 , pg. 55-71.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
            • Schwarzleo District
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
            • Vogel Alp
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Rhodope Mts
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Great Bear Lake
Rod Tyson, The Port Radium District, Northwest Territories, Canada Mineralogical Record (1989) vol.20. #3, pp 201-208 .; Lang,A.H (1952) Canadian Deposits of Uranium and Thorium. Geological Survey of Canada. Economic Geology Series No.16, p.53
Lang,A.H (1952) Canadian Deposits of Uranium and Thorium. Geological Survey of Canada. Economic Geology Series No.16, p.53
Kidd & Haycock (1935).
Lang,A.H (1952) Canadian Deposits of Uranium and Thorium. Geological Survey of Canada. Economic Geology Series No.16
  • Nova Scotia
    • Victoria Co.
Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database and the primary references therein.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Denison Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; SHORT, M.N. & SHANNON, E.V. (1930): Violarite and other nickel sulphides. American Mineralogist 15, 1-22.
      • Drury Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Levack Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • McKim Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Norman Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Hagey Township
R.J. Traill 1983; Jas. E. Thomson and S. A. Ferguson, W. G. Q. Johnston, E. G. Pye, W. S. Savage, and Robert Thomson (1957) Metal Resources Circular No. 2 OF THE ONTARIO DEPARTMENT OF MINES Copper, Nickel, Lead, and Zinc Deposits in Ontario (Revised to February, 1957)
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Montmagny RCM
        • St-Fabien-de-Panet
Econ Geology (1993)88:123-138
  • Yukon Territory
    • Watson Lake Mining District
Yukon Geological Survey
      • St Cyr Range
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Canadian Mineralogist (1984): 22: 561-564.
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Luqu Co.
Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
  • Guizhou Province
    • Zunyi Prefecture
      • Zunyi Co.
        • Zunyi Ni-Mo-PGE-Au ore field
Coveney, R.M., Grauch, R.I., and Murowchick, J.B. (1993), In: Reddy, R.G., and Weizenbach, R.N. (eds): The minerals, metals and materials society, Proceedings of the Paul E. Queneau International Symposium "Extractive Metallurgy of Copper, Nickel and Cobalt", 369–375; Guangdi Zhang, Jiuling Li, Qunyao Xiong, Feng Qi, and Mingguo Zhen (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(4), 377-386
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Fengning Co.
        • Boluonuo
Zuxiang Yu, Shuren Lin, Bao Zhao, Qingsong Fang, and Qishun Huang (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218; Zuxiang Yu (1982): Bull. Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, 4, 78–81
    • Handan Prefecture
      • Wu'an Co.
Jianmin Zheng, Jingwen Mao, Maohong Chen, Guangdong Li, and Changyong Ban (2007): Geological Bulletin of China 26(2), 150-154
  • Hunan Province
    • Zhangjiajie Prefecture
      • Cili Co.
Youyu Li, Shuzhen Cheng, Yuchen Zhai, Mingxun Dai, and Guishen Xu (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(3), 15-19
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Baoji Prefecture
      • Taibai Co.
Jingwen Mao, Yumin Qiu, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhaochong Zhang, Garwin, S., and Ren Fengshou (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 352-377; Zuoheng Zhang, Jingwen Mao, and Xiaofeng Li (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(2), 241-252
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Lüeyang Co.
        • Tongchang ore field
Runsheng Han, Shichang Jin, Congqiang Liu, Yuan Li, and Deyun Ma (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(4), 11-15, 40
      • Mian Co.
Zhang Benren, Chen Dexing, and Hu Yikeng (1986): Journal of China University of Geoscience 11(4), 351-365; Ruiting Wang, Ying He, Zhongli Tang, Dongsheng Wang, and Minwu Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 1041-1044
  • Shandong Province
    • Linyi Prefecture
      • Yimeng Mts (Yimeng Shan)
        • Mengyin Co.
          • Mengyin Kimberlite field
            • Changma Kimberlite belt
              • Wangcun deposit
Gorshkov, A.I., Titkov, S.V., Yan Nan Bao, Ryabchikov, I.D., and Magazina, L.O. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 326-334.
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Yanyuan Co.
Lizhu Li, Zhigang Zhao, Jinliang He, and Zexiang Yang (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 269-280
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Zoigê Co. (Ruo'ergai Co.)
Li Chaoyang (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 508-527.
Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
        • Zoigê Uranium ore field
Chengjiang Zhang and Youliang Chen (2010): Geology and Prospecting 46(3), 434-441
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Zhuangzhi Qian, Tao Sun, Zhongli Tang, Changyi Jiang, Ke He, Mingzhe Xia, and Jianzhong Wang (2009): Geological Review 55(6), 873-884
Yuechen Li, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, Chenze Pan, Qigui Mao, and Andao Du (2006): Acta Petrologica Sinica 22(1), 245-251; Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Wei Feng, Fahui Xiong, and Zhiqiang Zhao (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 871-877
  • Yunnan Province
    • Qujing Prefecture
      • Zhanyi Co.
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Šluknov (Schluckenau)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Shinkolobwe
MinRec 20:287-288
Ethiopia
 
  • Benshangul-Gumaz Province
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Portimo complex
Iljina, M. 1994. The Portimo Layered Igneous Complex - with emphasis on diverse sulphide and platinum-group element deposits. Acta Univ. Oul. A258, 1994
  • Northern Finland Region
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Häkli, T. A., Vuorelainen, Y. and Sahama, Th. G. (1965): Kitkaite (NiTeSe), a new mineral from Kuusamo, northeast Finland. American Mineralogist. 50: 581-586
    • Taivalkoski
Jupperi Aarre 1997. The magnetite gabbro and related Mustavaara vanadium ore deposits in the Porttivaara layered intrusion north-eastern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 288
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Eifel
      • Bad Münstereifel
        • Mutscheid
          • Hummerzheim
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., (1990): Ramsbeck - Neue Minerale aus dem ehemaligen Blei-Zink-Erzrevier des Sauerlandes, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41 (4), 211-218
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Adenau
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
        • Aremberg
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
        • Fuchshofen (Wershofen)
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
        • Lückenbach
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick. PhD Thesis, Univ. Göttingen, 347 pp. (in German).
      • Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler
        • Altenahr
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
        • Hönningen
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
        • Kirchsahr
          • Plittersdorf
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
        • Lind
- Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
      • Mayen
        • Langenfeld
          • St Jost
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
    • Siegerland
      • Betzdorf
        • Schutzbach
Min Mag 43 (1980), 733; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Gebhardshain
        • Kausen
Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
      • Niederfischbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Wissen
        • Voßwinkel
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Westerwald
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Altenkirchen
          • Bürdenbach
No reference listed
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Nuuk (Godthåb)
Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Mt. Motta
Bedognè, F. (2011). Microminerali della Valmalenco. Nuove segnalazioni e aggiornamenti. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2011, 40-45
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Chichibu City
          • Urayama
K. Nishikubo, T. Yamada, A. Harada, M. Takizawa, K. Tange, Y. Kosuge, R. Miyawaki, and S. Matsubara (2005) "Rambergite from the Hirogawara mine, Urayama, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture, Japan"
    • Kinki region
      • Mie Prefecture
        • Toba City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka prefecture
      • Tagawa-gun
        • Kawara
          • Sannotake mine
Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
Drüppel, K., Wagner, T., Boyce, A.J. (2006) Evolution of sulfide mineralization in ferrocarbonatite, Swartbooissdrif, NW Namibia: constraints from mineral chemistry and sulfur isotopes. Can. Mineral., 44, 877-894.
      • Orotumba
von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
Poland
 
  • Podkarpackie
    • Tarnobrzeg
Karwowski, L. & Burek, W. (2003): Sulphides association conected (sic !) with hauerite occurences in Badenian Claystones near Tarnobrzeg. Polskie Towarystwo Mineralogiczne- Pracwe Specjalne [Mineralogical Society of Polen- Special Papers]. 22, 105-107
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Spiridonov, E.M., Gritsenko, Y.D., and Ponomarenko, A.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 755-762.
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Udokan
Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Monche-Tundra
Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rochovce (Rachensdorf)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Ďuďa R., Peterec D., 1995 : Die Mineralien der siderit - baryt lagersttäte von Rudňany ( Kotterbach ) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern/, 1, s.20 - 31
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Vhembe District
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 231 pp.
South Korea
 
  • Gyeonggi-do (Kyonggi-do)
    • Gwancheon city (Kwancheon)
Song, Y., Moon, H. S., & Chon, H. T. (1995). New occurrence and characterization of Niserpentines in the Kwangcheon area, Korea. Clay Minerals, 30(3), 211-224.
Song, Y., Moon, H. S., & Chon, H. T. (1995). New occurrence and characterization of Niserpentines in the Kwangcheon area, Korea. Clay Minerals, 30(3), 211-224.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Sierra Alpujata
I. S. Oen, C. Kieft, E.A.J. Burke, A.B. Westerhof : "Orcelite and associated minerals in the Ni-Fe-As-S system in chromitites and orthopyroxenites of Nebral, Malaga, Spain", Bull. Minéral., 1980, 103, 198-208
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Lanzuela
LAN1
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Gold Hill District
        • Gold Hill
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; Rocks & Min.: 16:413; 22:205.; American Mineralogist 28:257-271
  • Illinois
    • Hancock Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy
Mineralogical Record (1971) 2:53-56
      • Plymouth
Min Rec 36:5 pp 421-431
  • Massachusetts
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Dracut
Fairbanks, Ernest E. (1923). Notes on Massachusetts Minerals (American Mineralogist 8:130)
  • Missouri
    • Crawford Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Iron Co.
      • Viburnum Trend District
        • Bixby
Lapis 17(1), 15-23 (1992); U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rocks & Min. Mar. 1998
Min News 5:3 p6
    • Reynolds Co.
      • Viburnum Trend District
        • Centerville
Lapis 17(1), 15-23 (1992)
        • Ellington
Rocks & Min.: 64:22&26.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Washington Co.
      • Viburnum Trend District
Lapis 17(1), 15-23 (1992)
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Virgin Mts
        • Bunkerville District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3-4
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology Fall/Winter 2011; Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland Central
    • Bindura District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Shamva District
Handbook of Mineralogy
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