Mindat Logo

Alum-(K)

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
KAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
System:IsometricColour:Colourless, white; ...
Hardness:2
Member of:Alum Group
Name:The name is derived from "Alum" since this species is a member of the alum group; the -(K) suffix denotes that it is the K-dominant member of the group.


Alum Group.
Previously called potassium alum.

Classification of Alum-(K)

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/C.14-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.CC.20

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 8th edition ID:29.5.5.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
5 : AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:25.6.17

25 : Sulphates
6 : Sulphates of Al and Tl
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-3267.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Physical Properties of Alum-(K)

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Colourless, white; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness (Mohs):2
Cleavage:Poor/Indistinct
{111}, traces.
Fracture:Conchoidal
Density (measured):1.757 g/cm3
Density (calculated):1.753 g/cm3

Crystallography of Alum-(K)

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Morphology:Crystals octahedral if precipitated from pure water solution; cubic from alkaline solutions. Commonly massive with a columnar or granular structure; stalactitic, mealy coatings.
Twinning:On {111}, very rare.
Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Potassiumalum no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Potassiumalum no.27 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Potassiumalum no.28 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Alum-(K)

Type:Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Alum-(K)

Formula:
KAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:KAl(SO4)2·12H2O
Essential elements:Al, H, K, O, S
All elements listed in formula:Al, H, K, O, S
Analytical Data:Soluble in water (11.4 g. in H2O at 20°).

Relationship of Alum-(K) to other Species

Member of:Alum Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Alum-(Na)
NaAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Lanmuchangite
Tl
+
 
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Tschermigite
(NH
 
4
)Al(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.CC.05Krausite
KFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
7.CC.10Tamarugite
NaAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.15Kalinite
KAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O Not confirmed
7.CC.15Mendozite
NaAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O
7.CC.20Lonecreekite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CC.20Alum-(Na)
NaAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CC.20Tschermigite
(NH
 
4
)Al(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CC.20Lanmuchangite
Tl
+
 
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CC.25Voltaite
K
 
2
Fe
2+
5
Fe
3+
3
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O
7.CC.25Zincovoltaite
K
 
2
Zn
 
5
Fe
3+
3
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O
7.CC.25Pertlikite
K
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
Mg
 
4
Fe
3+
2
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O
7.CC.25Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Mg
2+
5
Fe
3+
3
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O
7.CC.30Kröhnkite
Na
 
2
Cu(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CC.35Ferrinatrite
Na
 
3
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
7.CC.40Goldichite
KFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.45Löweite
Na
 
12
Mg
 
7
(SO
 
4
)
 
13
· 15H
 
2
O
7.CC.50Blödite
Na
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.50Nickelblödite
Na
 
2
(Ni,Mg)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.50Changoite
Na
 
2
Zn(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.50Zincblödite
7.CC.55Leonite
K
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.55Mereiterite
K
 
2
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.60Boussingaultite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.60Cyanochroite
K
 
2
Cu(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.60Mohrite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.60Nickelboussingaultite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Ni(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.60Picromerite
K
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.65Polyhalite
K
 
2
Ca
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CC.70Leightonite
K
 
2
Ca
 
2
Cu(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CC.75Amarillite
NaFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.80Konyaite
Na
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CC.85Wattevilleite
Na
 
2
Ca(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O (?)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
25.6.1Rostite
Al(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
25.6.2Jurbanite
Al(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
25.6.3Khademite
Al(SO
 
4
)F · 5H
 
2
O
25.6.4Meta-aluminite
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
25.6.5Aluminite
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
25.6.6Meta-alunogen
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 12H
 
2
O
25.6.7Alunogen
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 17H
 
2
O
25.6.8Felsőbányaite
Al
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
25.6.9Basaluminite
25.6.10Hydrobasaluminite
Al
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 12-36H
 
2
O
25.6.11Zaherite
Al
 
12
(SO
 
4
)
 
5
(OH)
 
26
· 20H
 
2
O
25.6.12Tamarugite
NaAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
25.6.13Mendozite
NaAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O
25.6.14Alum-(Na)
NaAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
25.6.15Natroalunite
(Na,K)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.6.16Kalinite
KAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O Not confirmed
25.6.18Alunite
KAl
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.6.19Natroalunite-2c
(Na,Ca
 
0.5
,K)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.6.20Tschermigite
(NH
 
4
)Al(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O

Other Names for Alum-(K)

Synonyms:
Potassium Alum
Other Languages:
German:Kalialaun
Russian:Алюмокалиевые квасцы
Simplified Chinese:钾明矾
钾明矾石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Alum-(K)

Reference List:

- +
Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 652.

Weisbach, Albin (1875) Synopsis mineralogical, systematische Übersicht des Mineralreiches. 78 pp., Freiberg: 9.

Klocke (1878) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 2: 126.

Klocke (1880) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: I: 56.

Klocke (1881) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: II: 267.

Wulff (1881) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 5: 81.

Brauns (1883) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: II: 102.

Pfaff (1884) Sitzber. bayer. Ak. Wiss.: 255.

Soret (1884) Arch. sc. phys. nat. Genève: 12: 376.

Brauns (1885) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: I: 96.

Brauns (1891) Die opt. Anom. der Kristalle, Leiopzig.

Pockels (1892) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart., Beil.-Bd: 8: 217.

Groth (1908) Chemische Krystallographie. Leipzig. 5 volumes: vol. 2: 565.

Bauhans (1913) Verh. Nat. Ver. Heidelberg: 12: 319.

Beckenkamp (1913) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51: 492.

Valeton (1921) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 56: 434.

Britton (1922) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 121: 982.

Friedel (1924) Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 179: 796.

Spangenberg (1925) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 61: 189.

Spangenberg (1928) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart. Beil.-Bd.: 57: 1197.

Alfani (1933) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 4: 395.

Wendekamm (1933) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 85, 169.

Lipson and Beevers (1935) Proceeding of the Royal Society, London: 148A: 664.

Frondel, C. (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 91.

Spangenberg and Baldermann-Fiola (1949) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatsh., Abt. A: 113.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 472-474.

Acta Crystallographica (1967): 22: 793.

Internet Links for Alum-(K)

Search Engines:
  • Look for Alum-(K) on Google
  • Look for Alum-(K) images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Alum-(K) on Webmineral
  • Look for Alum-(K) on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Alum-(K) on Wikipedia
  • Look for Alum-(K) on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Potassium Alum details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Alum-(K) specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Alum-(K) specimens
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Search for Alum-(K) on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • Localities for Alum-(K)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Jujuy
      • Santa Bárbara Department
    Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
    • San Juan
      • Iglesia Department
    Bengochea, L., Lara, R. y Mas, G., 1996. Kalinita y boyleita. Sulfatos secundarios del Área Valle del Cura; San Juan. 3ra Reunión de Mineralogía y Metalogenia. Instituto de Recursos Minerales, UNLP. Publicación 5: 63-66.
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Hallein
        • Dürrnberg
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Cerro Huañaquino
        • El Molino
    Salomon Rivas & Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
      • Daniel Campos Province
        • San Pablo de Napa
    [www.hedegaard.com]
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • El Loa Province
        • Calama
          • Chuquicamata District
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 473.
    China
     
    • Guizhou Province
      • Qianxi'nan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Xingren Co.
    Acta Mineral. Sinica: 21(3):271-277, in Chinese, English abs.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Dubá
          • Medonosy
    Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
        • Mnichovo Hradiště
          • Branžež
    Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
    Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
      • Hradec Králové Region
        • Jičín (Jitschin; Gitschin)
    Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
      • Liberec Region
        • Turnov
    Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
        • Zell am Harmersbach
          • Biberach
    Aufschluss 1984(1), 1-5
    • Hesse
      • Richelsdorf District
        • Süss
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Aachen
        • Alsdorf
    Blaß, G. and Graf, H.-W. (1996): Neue mineralogische Erkenntnisse und neue Funde aus Eifel, Schwarzwald und Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 7 (2), 55-64. (in German)
    • Saarland
      • Saar coal mining area
        • Saarbrücken
          • Dudweiler (Duttweiler)
    H. Schneider: "Saarland", Sammlung geologischer Führer Vol. 84, Borntraeger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 1991
    • Thuringia
      • Gera
        • Ronneburg U deposit
    EDX and XRD confirmed by Dr. Th. Witzke, ex Rüger-collection
    T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    Hungary
     
    • Baranya Co.
      • Mecsek Mtns
        • Komló
    Geoda 2007/1
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Parádfürdő
    Own collecting and analysed(2005)
    Geoda,2005
    Iran
     
    • Yazd Province
      • Saghand (Sagand; Saqand)
    Bariand, P., Cesbron, F. & Berthelon, J. P. (1977): Iron sulfates of Saghand near Yazd (Iran). Memoire Hors-Série de la Société Géologique de France 8, 77-85.
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
    Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
      • Phlegrean Volcanic complex
        • Naples Province
          • Phlegrean Fields
            • Cape Miseno
    • Latium
      • Rome Province
        • Sacrofano Caldera
          • Sacrofano
    A. del Caldo, C. Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri ed. 1973
    • Sicily
      • Messina Province
        • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
          • Lipari
            • Vulcano Island
    Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
              • Porto Levante
    COSSA A. (1881) : Ricerche chimiche e microscopiche su roccie e minerali d'Italia. Allume potassico dell'Isola Vulcano. - Regia Stazione Agraria Sperimentale di Torino - Tip. V. Bona.
    COSSA A. (1881) : Ricerche chimiche e microscopiche su roccie e minerali d'Italia. Allume potassico dell' Isola Vulcano. - Regia Stazione Agraria Sperimentale di Torino - Tip. V. Bona.
    COSSA A. (1881) : Ricerche chimiche e microscopiche su roccie e minerali d'Italia. Allume potassico dell' Isola Vulcano. - Regia Stazione Agraria Sperimentale di Torino - Tip. V. Bona.
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Vergemoli
    Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Orlandi, P. (2011) Volaschioite: a new mineral from Fornovolasco, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 605-614.
      • Siena Province
        • Chiusdino
    Brizzi G., Ciselli I, Santucci A. (1985) - Le Cetine di Cotorniano: storia e mineralogia - Riv. Miner. Ital., 9(1): 1-12; 9(2): 55-64; 9(3): 89-99
    Japan
     
    • Kyushu Region
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Hishikari gold deposit (Hishikari gold mine)
    Ibaraki, K., and Suzuki, R. (1991): Heilongjiang Geological Information 1991(3), 47-56
    Ibaraki, K., and Suzuki, R. (1991): Heilongjiang Geological Information 1991(3), 47-56
      • Nansei Archipelago
        • Kagoshima Prefecture
          • Yakushima-cho
            • Kuchierabu Island (Kuchinoerabu Island)
    Alfredo Petrov collection; July 2008 field trip.
    Norway
     
    • Svalbard
      • Spitsbergen
    L. Kruszewski specimen
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Lubań District
    Berg G. 1935: Erläuterungen zu Blatt Lauban. Geol. Karte v. Preussen und benachbarten deutschen Ländern 1:25 000. Lief 333. Preuss. Geol. Landesanst. Berlin
    South Africa
     
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Ehlanzeni District
        • Nelspruit
    Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
    South Korea
     
    • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
      • Yongyang-gun
    Rutgers College Geological Museum specimens
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Le Trient Valley
    Erik Vercammen collection
    UK
     
    • England
      • Derbyshire
        • South Darley
    Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993) The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13:16-55
      • Dorset
    Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
      • North Yorkshire
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 473.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Coconino Co.
        • Grand Canyon National Park
          • South Rim
            • Orphan District
              • Grand Canyon Village
    Anatoly Kasatkin analyses
        • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
    Hanson, S. L., A. U. Fastner, W. B. Simmons (2008) Mineralogy of the Fumerole deposits at Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, Northern Arizona. Rocks & Mnerals 83:6 pp 534-544.
    • California
      • Contra Costa Co.
        • Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve
          • Nortonville
    Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124pp.: 473; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 82.
      • Lake Co.
        • Sulphur Creek District (Sulfur Creek District; Wilbur Springs District)
          • Clear Lake Oaks
    Dana 7: I: 143; Dana 7: II: 473.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Calico Mts (Calico Hills)
          • Calico District (Daggett District)
            • Yermo
              • Mule Canyon
    California State University, Desert Studies Consortium (2000), Between the Basins: Exploring the Western Mojave & Southern Basin, Range Province (April 2000). ; Joseph F. Cooper, Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A. Hadley, and William P. Moller (2001) The Sulfur Hole, Calico District, San Bernardino County, California
      • San Diego Co.
        • Banner District
          • Banner
    Donnelly, Maurice (1934), Geology and mineral deposits of the Julian district, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Report 30; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 265.
    • Colorado
      • Delta Co.
    "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 13, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
      • Jefferson Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Indiana
      • Carroll Co.
        • Deer Creek
    Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
      • Floyd Co.
    Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
      • Montgomery Co.
    Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    • Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Alum District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD-analysis; confirmed ID); Nevada Bureau of Mines & Geology (1983), "A Mineral Inventory of the Esmeralda-Stateline Resource Area, Las Vegas District, Nevada," NBMG Open File Report 83-11
    • Ohio
      • Scioto Co.
    Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
      • Summit Co.
        • Cuyahoga Falls
          • Cuyahoga Gorge Park
    Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
        • Twinsburg township
    Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • Pennsylvania
      • Lancaster Co.
        • Martic Township
    Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Min. Soc. of PA, Inc.: 65; Gordon, S. G. (1922), Mineralogy of PA: 146; Montgomery, Arthur (Jan, 1963), "Gordon's PA Min. List," in PA Mins. (PM), PM (3), Keystone Newsletter
      • Schuylkill Co.
    Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Soc. of PA, Inc.: 19 & 23, 59, 65-66; Downey, W. F., Jr. (1974), "Geol. Conditions in Burning Anthracite-NE PA," Geol. Soc. Am. Abstracts w. Programs, Vol. 5(1):19-20;
    • Tennessee
      • Sevier Co.
        • Great Smoky Mountains National Park
    Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities, pg 480.
    • Utah
      • Sevier Co.
        • Antelope Range
          • Henry District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: July 19, 2014 08:06:39
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds