Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Alum-(K)

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Colourless, white; ...
Hardness:
2
Member of:
Name:
The name is derived from "Alum" since this species is a member of the alum group; the -(K) suffix denotes that it is the K-dominant member of the group.
Alum Group.
Previously called potassium alum.

Classification of Alum-(K)

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
7.CC.20

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
29.5.5.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
5 : AB(XO4)2·xH2O
25.6.17

25 : Sulphates
6 : Sulphates of Al and Tl
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3267.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Physical Properties of Alum-(K)

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, white; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness (Mohs):
2
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
{111}, traces.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
1.757 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.753 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Alum-(K)

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Morphology:
Crystals octahedral if precipitated from pure water solution; cubic from alkaline solutions. Commonly massive with a columnar or granular structure; stalactitic, mealy coatings.
Twinning:
On {111}, very rare.

Crystallographic forms of Alum-(K)

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Potassiumalum no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Potassiumalum no.27 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Potassiumalum no.28 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Alum-(K)

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Alum-(K)

Formula:
KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Soluble in water (11.4 g. in H2O at 20°).

Relationship of Alum-(K) to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.05KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
7.CC.10TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.15KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O Not confirmed
7.CC.15MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
7.CC.20Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.25VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
7.CC.25ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
7.CC.25PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
7.CC.25Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite(NH4)2Mg52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
7.CC.30KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
7.CC.35FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
7.CC.40GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.45LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
7.CC.50BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50Zincblödite
7.CC.55LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.55MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.60Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.65PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
7.CC.70LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
7.CC.75AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.80KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
7.CC.85WattevilleiteNa2Ca(SO4)2 · 4H2O (?)
25.6.1RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
25.6.2JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
25.6.3KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
25.6.4Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
25.6.5AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
25.6.6Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
25.6.7AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
25.6.8FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
25.6.9Basaluminite
25.6.10HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
25.6.11ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
25.6.12TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.6.13MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
25.6.14Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.6.15NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.6.16KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O Not confirmed
25.6.18AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.6.19Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.6.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O

Other Names for Alum-(K)

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Alum-(K)

Reference List:
Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 652.

Weisbach, Albin (1875) Synopsis mineralogical, systematische Übersicht des Mineralreiches. 78 pp., Freiberg: 9.

Klocke (1878) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 2: 126.

Klocke (1880) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: I: 56.

Klocke (1881) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: II: 267.

Wulff (1881) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 5: 81.

Brauns (1883) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: II: 102.

Pfaff (1884) Sitzber. bayer. Ak. Wiss.: 255.

Soret (1884) Arch. sc. phys. nat. Genève: 12: 376.

Brauns (1885) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: I: 96.

Brauns (1891) Die opt. Anom. der Kristalle, Leiopzig.

Pockels (1892) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart., Beil.-Bd: 8: 217.

Groth (1908) Chemische Krystallographie. Leipzig. 5 volumes: vol. 2: 565.

Bauhans (1913) Verh. Nat. Ver. Heidelberg: 12: 319.

Beckenkamp (1913) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51: 492.

Valeton (1921) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 56: 434.

Britton (1922) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 121: 982.

Friedel (1924) Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 179: 796.

Spangenberg (1925) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 61: 189.

Spangenberg (1928) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart. Beil.-Bd.: 57: 1197.

Alfani (1933) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 4: 395.

Wendekamm (1933) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 85, 169.

Lipson and Beevers (1935) Proceeding of the Royal Society, London: 148A: 664.

Frondel, C. (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 91.

Spangenberg and Baldermann-Fiola (1949) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatsh., Abt. A: 113.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 472-474.

Acta Crystallographica (1967): 22: 793.

Internet Links for Alum-(K)

Localities for Alum-(K)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy
    • Santa Bárbara Department
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
  • San Juan
    • Iglesia Department
Bengochea, L., Lara, R. y Mas, G., 1996. Kalinita y boyleita. Sulfatos secundarios del Área Valle del Cura; San Juan. 3ra Reunión de Mineralogía y Metalogenia. Instituto de Recursos Minerales, UNLP. Publicación 5: 63-66.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hallein
      • Dürrnberg
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Cerro Huañaquino
      • El Molino
Salomon Rivas & Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
    • Daniel Campos Province
      • San Pablo de Napa
[www.hedegaard.com]; Alfredo Petrov field collected specimens
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 473.
China
 
  • Guizhou Province
    • Qianxi'nan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Xingren Co.
Acta Mineral. Sinica: 21(3):271-277, in Chinese, English abs.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Dubá
        • Medonosy
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
      • Mnichovo Hradiště
        • Branžež
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Jičín (Jitschin; Gitschin)
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
    • Liberec Region
      • Turnov
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
      • Zell am Harmersbach
        • Biberach
Aufschluss 1984(1), 1-5
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Süss
        • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Alsdorf
Blaß, G. and Graf, H.-W. (1996): Neue mineralogische Erkenntnisse und neue Funde aus Eifel, Schwarzwald und Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 7 (2), 55-64. (in German)
  • Saarland
    • Saar coal mining area
      • Saarbrücken
        • Dudweiler (Duttweiler)
H. Schneider: "Saarland", Sammlung geologischer Führer Vol. 84, Borntraeger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 1991
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
EDX and XRD confirmed by Dr. Th. Witzke, ex Rüger-collection
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Komló
Geoda 2007/1
      • Pécs
Lovász & Szabó (2014)
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Parádfürdő
Own collecting and analysed(2005)
Geoda,2005
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Saghand (Sagand; Saqand)
Bariand, P., Cesbron, F. & Berthelon, J. P. (1977): Iron sulfates of Saghand near Yazd (Iran). Memoire Hors-Série de la Société Géologique de France 8, 77-85.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Phlegrean Volcanic complex
      • Naples Province
        • Phlegrean Fields
          • Bacoli
            • Miseno
Scacchi A. (1849): Memorie geologiche sulla Campania. Memoria 3a. Esame delle sostanze che si formano presso i fumaroli della Regione Flegrea. Rendiconto Accad. Sci. Napoli, 8, 317-335.
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
      • Sacrofano Caldera
        • Sacrofano
A. del Caldo, C. Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri ed. 1973
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
            • Porto Levante
COSSA A. (1881) : Ricerche chimiche e microscopiche su roccie e minerali d'Italia. Allume potassico dell'Isola Vulcano. - Regia Stazione Agraria Sperimentale di Torino - Tip. V. Bona.
COSSA A. (1881) : Ricerche chimiche e microscopiche su roccie e minerali d'Italia. Allume potassico dell' Isola Vulcano. - Regia Stazione Agraria Sperimentale di Torino - Tip. V. Bona.
COSSA A. (1881) : Ricerche chimiche e microscopiche su roccie e minerali d'Italia. Allume potassico dell' Isola Vulcano. - Regia Stazione Agraria Sperimentale di Torino - Tip. V. Bona.
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Vergemoli
Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Orlandi, P. (2011) Volaschioite: a new mineral from Fornovolasco, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 605-614.
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Brizzi G., Ciselli I, Santucci A. (1985) - Le Cetine di Cotorniano: storia e mineralogia - Riv. Miner. Ital., 9(1): 1-12; 9(2): 55-64; 9(3): 89-99
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Hishikari mine (Hishikari gold mine)
Ibaraki, K., and Suzuki, R. (1991): Heilongjiang Geological Information 1991(3), 47-56
Ibaraki, K., and Suzuki, R. (1991): Heilongjiang Geological Information 1991(3), 47-56
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Yakushima-cho
          • Kuchierabu Island (Kuchinoerabu Island)
Alfredo Petrov collection; July 2008 field trip.
Norway
 
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
L. Kruszewski specimen
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Lubań District
Berg G. 1935: Erläuterungen zu Blatt Lauban. Geol. Karte v. Preussen und benachbarten deutschen Ländern 1:25 000. Lief 333. Preuss. Geol. Landesanst. Berlin
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Nelspruit
Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
South Korea
 
  • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
    • Yongyang-gun
Rutgers College Geological Museum specimens
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Le Trient Valley
Erik Vercammen collection
UK
 
  • England
    • Derbyshire
      • South Darley
Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993) The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13:16-55
    • Dorset
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
    • North Yorkshire
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 473.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • Grand Canyon National Park
        • South Rim
          • Orphan District
            • Grand Canyon Village
Anatoly Kasatkin analyses
      • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
Hanson, S. L., A. U. Fastner, W. B. Simmons (2008) Mineralogy of the Fumerole deposits at Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, Northern Arizona. Rocks & Mnerals 83:6 pp 534-544.
  • California
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve
        • Nortonville
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124pp.: 473; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 82.
    • Lake Co.
      • Sulphur Creek District (Sulfur Creek District; Wilbur Springs District)
        • Clear Lake Oaks
Dana 7: I: 143; Dana 7: II: 473.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Calico Mts (Calico Hills)
        • Calico District (Daggett District)
          • Yermo
            • Mule Canyon
California State University, Desert Studies Consortium (2000), Between the Basins: Exploring the Western Mojave & Southern Basin, Range Province (April 2000). ; Joseph F. Cooper, Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A. Hadley, and William P. Moller (2001) The Sulfur Hole, Calico District, San Bernardino County, California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Banner District
        • Banner
Donnelly, Maurice (1934), Geology and mineral deposits of the Julian district, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Report 30; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 265.
  • Colorado
    • Delta Co.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 13, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Jefferson Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Indiana
    • Carroll Co.
      • Deer Creek
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    • Floyd Co.
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    • Montgomery Co.
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Alum District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD-analysis; confirmed ID); Nevada Bureau of Mines & Geology (1983), "A Mineral Inventory of the Esmeralda-Stateline Resource Area, Las Vegas District, Nevada," NBMG Open File Report 83-11
  • Ohio
    • Scioto Co.
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • Summit Co.
      • Cuyahoga Falls
        • Cuyahoga Gorge Park
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
      • Twinsburg township
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • Martic Township
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Min. Soc. of PA, Inc.: 65; Gordon, S. G. (1922), Mineralogy of PA: 146; Montgomery, Arthur (Jan, 1963), "Gordon's PA Min. List," in PA Mins. (PM), PM (3), Keystone Newsletter
    • Schuylkill Co.
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Soc. of PA, Inc.: 19 & 23, 59, 65-66; Downey, W. F., Jr. (1974), "Geol. Conditions in Burning Anthracite-NE PA," Geol. Soc. Am. Abstracts w. Programs, Vol. 5(1):19-20;
  • Tennessee
    • Sevier Co.
      • Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities, pg 480.
  • Utah
    • Sevier Co.
      • Antelope Range
        • Henry District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: April 25, 2015 09:53:04 Page generated: April 24, 2015 12:49:51