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Priceite

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Formula:
Ca2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White; colourless in ...
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Name:
Named for Thomas Price (b.1837), a San Francisco metallurgist who first analyzed the mineral.
Occurs as nodules or irregular masses; soft and chalky, to hard, compact and tough with porcellanous texture and sub-conchoidal fracture. Rarely also as small colourless crystals.

Classification of Priceite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
6.EB.25

6 : BORATES
E : Pentaborates
B : Ino-pentaborates
25.5.1.1

25 : ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : Pentaborates
9.3.18

9 : Borates
3 : Borates of Ca and Sr
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First Recorded Occurrence of Priceite

General Appearance of First Recorded Material:
Compact and as roundish masses to several hundred pounds (100 kg ?)
Year of Discovery:
1873
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Hot spring (?)
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Occurrences of Priceite

Geological Setting:
Evaporite deposits.

Physical Properties of Priceite

Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
White; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness (Mohs):
3 - 3½
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
2.42 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Priceite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.623Å, b = 6.976Å, c = 12.35Å
β = 110.7°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.666 : 1 : 1.77
Unit Cell Volume:
V 936.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Nodules and irregular masses. Compact and tough, chalky to hard.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.92 (100)
3.63 (100)
5.46 (80)
3.49 (70)
2.72 (60)
2.18 (50)
4.29 (40)
5.99 (20)
2.88 (20)
2.33 (20)
2.16 (20)
1.94 (20)
1.82 (20)
(
Comments:
Data from Kramer & Allen Am. Min. vol.41 (1956) [JCPDS card 9-147]

Optical Data of Priceite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.571 - 1.573 nβ = 1.590 - 1.591 nγ = 1.593 - 1.594
2V:
Measured: 32° to 44°, Calculated: 42° to 44°
Birefringence:
0.022
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v strong

Chemical Properties of Priceite

Formula:
Ca2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Priceite to other Species

6.EB.05Larderellite(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
6.EB.10EzcurriteNa4B10O17 · 7H2O
6.EB.15ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
6.EB.20TertschiteCa4B10O19 · 20H2O
9.3.1CalciboriteCa(B2O4)
9.3.2SibirskiteCa2(HB2O5)(OH)
9.3.3FabianiteCaB3O5OH
9.3.4UralboriteCa2[B3O3(OH)5 · OB(OH)3]
9.3.5VimsiteCaB2O2(OH)4
9.3.6OlshanskyiteCa3[B(OH)4]4(OH)2
9.3.7FroloviteCa[B(OH)4]2
9.3.8KorzhinskiteCa(B2O4) · H2O
9.3.9TyretskiteCa2B5O9OH · H2O
9.3.10NifontoviteCa3B6O6(OH)12(H2O)2
9.3.12InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
9.3.13GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
9.3.14ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
9.3.15PentahydroboriteCaB2O(OH)6 · 2H2O
9.3.16HexahydroboriteCa[B(OH)4]2 · 6H2O
9.3.17MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
9.3.19GinoriteCa2B14O23 · 8H2O
9.3.20ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
9.3.21UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
9.3.22HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
9.3.23InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2O
9.3.24WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
9.3.25HenmiliteCa2Cu[B(OH)4]2(OH)4
9.3.26StrontioboriteSrB8O11(OH)4
9.3.27VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
9.3.28Veatchite-ASr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
9.3.29 P-Veatchite
9.3.30 BalavinskiteSr2B6O11 · 4H2O
9.3.31TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
9.3.32Strontioginorite(Sr,Ca)2B14O23 · 8H2O

Other Names for Priceite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Priceit
Spanish:Priceita

Other Information

Other Information:
Insoluble in water. Readily soluble in acids.

Alters to colemanite and calcite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Priceite

Reference List:
Chase (1873) American Journal of Science: 5: 287 (as Cryptomorphite).

Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1873), Mineralogical notes on Utah, California, and Nevada, with a description of priceite a new borate of lime: American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 6: 126-133; …Engineering and Mining Journal: 16: 82, 98-99.

von Rath (1877) Ber. Niederhein. Ges.: 193 (as Pandermite).

Whitfield (1887) American Journal of Science: 34: 283.

Schultze analysis in: Kraut (1897) Zs. Anal. Chem.: 36: 165.

van't Hoff (1906) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin (Sitzungsberichte der): 572.

Larsen, E.S. (1917), Proof that priceite is a distinct mineral species, American Mineralogist: 2: 1.

Linck (1923) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 193.

Foshag, W.F. (1924) American Mineralogist: 9: 11.

Foshag, W.F. (1939), New mineral names – priceite, American Mineralogist: 24: 728.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 341-343.

Kramer, H.C. & R.D. Allen (1956), A restudy of bakerite, priceite, and veatchite, American Mineralogist: 41: 689-700.

Canadian Mineralogist (1981): 19: 291.

Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).

Wallwork, K.S., A. Pring, M.R. Taylor, and B.A. Hunter (2002): The structure of priceite, a basic hydrated calcium borate, by ab initio powder-diffraction methods. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1199-1206.

Sun W, Huang Y-X, Li Z, Pan Y, Mi J-X (2011): Hydrothermal synthesis and single-crystal X-ray structure refinement of three borates: sibirskite, parasibirskite and priceite. Canadian Mineralogist 49, 823-834.

Internet Links for Priceite

Localities for Priceite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
        • Penobsquis
Canadian Mineralogist (1981): 19: 291-301.
      • Hammond Parish
        • Salt Springs evaporite deposit
BURNS, P.C., HAWTHORNE, F.C. & STIRLING, J.A.R. (1992): Trembathite, (Mg,Fe)3B7O13Cl, a new borate mineral from the Salt Springs potash deposit, Sussex, New Brunswick. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 445-448.
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Pöhla
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Harz
      • Nordhausen
        • Niedersachswerfen
Siemroth, J. (2008): Das Vorkommen von Boratmineralien im Werra-Anhydrit des Steinbruchs Kohnstein bei Niedersachswerfen am Südharz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 353-366
Kazakhstan
 
  • Atyrau Province (Atyrau Oblysy; Atyrau Oblast')
    • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
World of Stones #1; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Magdalena
      • Aguja
Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates - Handbook of Deposits, Processing, Properties and Use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 475 pp.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Zheleznogorsk
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.; Mazurov et al (2007) Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 271–284.
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Vitim Plateau
Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004)
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
      • Kirka
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
  • Marmara Region
    • Balikesir Province
      • Bandırma (Panderma)
Schortmann's Minerals specimen, 1950.
      • Bigadiç
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
        • Faraşköy (Faraş)
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
      • Susurluk
        • Sultançayırı (Sultan Tschair)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 342.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.; Helvaci, C. (1994). Mineral assemblages and formation of the Kestelek and Sultancayir borate deposits. Proc. 29th Intl. Geol. Congr. Part A, 245-284.; Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • Okehampton area (Northern Dartmoor)
USA
 
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Amargosa Range
        • Black Mts
          • Monte Blanco
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 359.
Foshag, William Frederick (1924a), Famous mineral localities: Furnace Creek, Death Valley, California: American Mineralogist: 9: 8-10; Foshag, William Frederick (1924b), Priceite from Furnace Creek, Inyo County, California: American Mineralogist: 9: 11-13; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 295.
Foshag, William Frederick (1924a), Famous mineral localities: Furnace Creek, Death Valley, California: American Mineralogist: 9: 8-10; Foshag, William Frederick (1924b), Priceite from Furnace Creek, Inyo County, California: American Mineralogist: 9: 11-13; Foshag, William Frederick (1939), New Mineral names – priceite: American Mineralogist: 24: 728; Funk, B.G. (1942) Borates and associated minerals from Mount Blanco, Death Valley, California. Mineralogist: 10: 267-268, 285-289; Kramer, Henry C. & Robert D. Allen (1956), A restudy of bakerite, priceite, and veatchite: American Mineralogist: 41: 690; Allen, Robert D. & Henry C. Kramer (1957), Ginorite and sassolite from Death Valley, California, American Mineralogist: 42: 200; McAllister, James Franklin (1958) Borate minerals from weathering of late Tertiary borates in the Furnace Creek district, Death Valley, California. (abstract) Geological Society of America Bulletin: 69: 1695.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 342.
        • Ryan
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Report 26, "Guidebook: Las Vegas to Death Valley and Return," Mackay School of Mines, University of Nevada - Reno, 1976.
Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister & H. Almond (1959), Gowerite, a new hydrous calcium borate from Death Valley, California: American Mineralogist: 44: 911-919; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and G.D. Eberlein (1979) New data on hungchaoite, the second world occurrence, Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 64: 369-375; www.mineralsocal.org.
          • Mouth of Corkscrew Canyon area
Foshag, William Frederick (1939), New Mineral names – priceite: American Mineralogist: 24: 728; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 295; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 252.
Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357.
        • Twenty Mule Team Canyon
American Mineralogist (1979): 64(3-4): 369-375.; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and G.D. Eberlein (1979) New data on hungchaoite, the second world occurrence, Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 64: 369-375.
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore, et al (1965), American Mineralogist: 65: 629-640.
McAllister, James Franklin (1961), Sborgite in the Furnace Creek area, California: USGS PP 424-B, Article 129: 300-301; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 259.
    • Los Angeles Co.
      • Lang
        • Tick Canyon
          • Tick Canyon Borate deposit
www.mineralsocal.org
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Calico Mts (Calico Hills)
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 313; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 295.
Maggie Wilson
      • Death Valley National Park
        • Death Valley
          • Owlshead Mts
            • Owl Hole Springs
Bailey, Gilbert E. (1902), The saline deposits of California: California Mining Bureau Bulletin 24: 62; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 154.
      • Owlshead Mts
Bailey, Gilbert E. (1902), The saline deposits of California: California Mining Bureau Bulletin 24: 62, 102; Cloudman, H.C., F.J.H. Merrill & E. Huguenin (1919), San Bernardino County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 855; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 295.
  • Oklahoma
    • Blaine Co.
      • Southard
Rocks & Minerals 72:4 pp 252-264
  • Oregon
    • Curry Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 342.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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