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Pseudorutile

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Formula:
Fe2Ti3O9
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
Black
Hardness:
Name:
Named for the relation to rutile.
Closely related to kleberite.

See also Arizonite (of Palmer).

Classification of Pseudorutile

Approved
4.CB.25

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
B : With medium-sized cations
8.4.2.1

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
4 : A2B3O9
7.9.18

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
9 : Oxides of Ti
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Type Occurrence of Pseudorutile

Year of Discovery:
1994

Physical Properties of Pseudorutile

Colour:
Black
Streak:
Reddish brown
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Pseudorutile

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 14.37Å, c = 4.61Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.321
Unit Cell Volume:
V 824.41 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Pseudorutile

Formula:
Fe2Ti3O9
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Pseudorutile to other Species

4.CB.05BrizziiteNaSb5+O3
4.CB.05CorundumAl2O3
4.CB.05Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
4.CB.05EskolaiteCr2O3
4.CB.05GeikieliteMgTiO3
4.CB.05HematiteFe2O3
4.CB.05IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
4.CB.05KarelianiteV23+O3
4.CB.05MelanostibiteMn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3
4.CB.05PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
4.CB.05Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
4.CB.05AuroantimonateAuSbO3
4.CB.05Romanite(◻,Pb,Ca)UFe22+(Ti,Fe3+)6Ti12O38
4.CB.05UM1998-11-O-AuHSbAu2+Sb3+O2(OH)
4.CB.05TistariteTi23+O3
4.CB.10AvicenniteTl2O3
4.CB.10BixbyiteMn23+O3
4.CB.15Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
4.CB.15PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N2S[(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N6S[(Zn,Mg)7(Al,Fe3+,Ti)16O31(OH)]2
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S[(Mg,Fe2+)3[Al7(Ti,Fe3+)]O15(OH)]2
4.CB.20Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
4.CB.25KleberiteFeTi6O11(OH)5
4.CB.30BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
4.CB.30OxyvaniteV23+V4+O5
4.CB.35Olkhonskite(Cr,V)2Ti3O9
4.CB.35SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
4.CB.40KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8
4.CB.40Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
4.CB.40RinmaniteZn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2
4.CB.40IseiteMn2Mo3O8
4.CB.40MajindeiteMg2Mo3O8
4.CB.45ClaudetiteAs2O3
4.CB.45StibioclaudetiteAsSbO3
4.CB.50ArsenoliteAs2O3
4.CB.50SénarmontiteSb2O3
4.CB.55ValentiniteSb2O3
4.CB.60BismiteBi2O3
4.CB.65SphaerobismoiteBi2O3
4.CB.70SilléniteBi12SiO20
4.CB.75KyzylkumiteTi2V3+O5(OH)
4.CB.80TietaiyangiteFe43+Fe2+TiO9
7.9.1HongquiiteTiO
7.9.2RutileTiO2
7.9.3AnataseTiO2
7.9.4BrookiteTiO2
7.9.5GeikieliteMgTiO3
7.9.6PerovskiteCaTiO3
7.9.7KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
7.9.8TausoniteSrTiO3
7.9.9Crichtonite(Sr,La,Ce,Y)(Ti,Fe3+,Mn)21O38
7.9.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6
7.9.11Hibonite(Ca,Ce)Al12O19
7.9.12Yttrocrasite-(Y)(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)2(O,OH)6
7.9.13PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
7.9.14IwakiiteMn2+Fe23+O4
7.9.15IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
7.9.16PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
7.9.17UlvöspinelFe2TiO4
7.9.19FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
7.9.20KennedyiteMgFe23+Ti3O10
7.9.21Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
7.9.22Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
7.9.23Qandilite(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Al)O4
7.9.24Cafetite(Ca,Mg)(Fe,Al)2Ti4O12 · 4H2O
7.9.25Loveringite(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
7.9.26Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38
7.9.27PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
7.9.28Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13
7.9.29AnkangiteBa(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
7.9.30Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
7.9.31LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38

Other Names for Pseudorutile

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Pseudorutile

Reference List:
Teufer, G. & Temple, A.K. (1966): Pseudorutile, a new mineral intermediate between ilmenite and rutile in the natural alteration of ilmenite. Nature 211, 179–181. [177-189?]

Grey, I.E. & Reid, A.F. (1975): The structure of pseudorutile and its role in the natural alteration of ilmenite. American Mineralogist 60, 898-906.

Melcher, F. (1991): Fe-Ti-Oxide assemblages in the basal parts of the Central Alpine Brenner Mesozoic, Tyrol/Austria. Mineralogy and Petrology 44, 197-212.

Mineralogical Magazine (1994): 58: 597-600.

American Mineralogist (1995): 80: 1077.

Internet Links for Pseudorutile

Localities for Pseudorutile

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Algiers Province
C. Hejny et al. (2002) Eur. J. Mineral. 14, 957-967
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
        • Prydz Bay
          • Larsemann Hills (Larseman Hills)
Edward S. Grew, et al (2007) European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 29-245
Australia (TL)
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
MM (1994), 58, 597-600
  • Tasmania
    • King Island
      • Naracoopa
Bottrill & Bacon in prep
  • Victoria
    • Northern Grampians Shire
      • Carapooee
W.D.Birch in Australian Journal of Earth Sciences (2007) 54 (609-628); Birch, W. D. (2008): Gem corundum from the St Arnaud district, Western Victoria, Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 73-78.
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
Mills, S.J. (2004)
    • Wemen
[var: Hydroxylian Pseudorutile] Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Sill valley (Wipp valley)
        • Stubai valley
          • Fulpmes
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Cameroon
 
  • North-West Region
    • Nkambe
Tetsopgang, S., Koyanagi, J., Enami, M., and Kihara, K. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(3), 509-516.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
CanMin 41:117-137
  • Ontario
    • Parry Sound District
      • Chapman Township
T. S. Ercit (1994) The geochemistry and crystal chemistry of columbite-group minerals from granitic pegmatites, southwestern Grenville Province, Canadian Shield. The Canadian Mineralogist 32:421-438
  • Québec
    • Montréal
TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Bitterfeld
H.-J. Bautsch, G. Rohde, P. Sedlacek & A. Zedler (1978) Kleberit – ein neues Eisen-Titan-Oxidmineral aus tertiären Sanden. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 6, 661-671.
  • Saxony
    • Chemnitz
      • Markersdorf
http://www.uni-wuerzburg.de/mineralogie/schuessler/Pegmatit.pdf
    • Erzgebirge
      • Freiberg District
        • Mohorn
          • Hetzdorf
H.-J. Bautsch, G. Rohde, P. Sedlacek & A. Zedler (1978) Kleberit – ein neues Eisen-Titan-Oxidmineral aus tertiären Sanden. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 6, 661-671.
    • Frohburg
H.-J. Bautsch, G. Rohde, P. Sedlacek & A. Zedler (1978) Kleberit – ein neues Eisen-Titan-Oxidmineral aus tertiären Sanden. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 6, 661-671.
    • Mittweida
      • Königshain
H.-J. Bautsch, G. Rohde, P. Sedlacek & A. Zedler (1978) Kleberit – ein neues Eisen-Titan-Oxidmineral aus tertiären Sanden. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 6, 661-671.
Russia
 
  • Central Region
    • Tambovskaya Oblast'
Patyk-Kara, N.G., Levchenko, E.N., Stekhin, A.I., Barsegyan, V.V., Bochneva, A.A., Chizhova, I.A., Andrianova, E.A., and Dubinchuk, V.T. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 218-239.
South Africa
 
  • Western Cape Province
    • West Coast District
      • Papendorp
Macdonald, W.G., Rozendaal, A., and de Meijer, R.J. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 371-381.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
Hanson, S.L. and Zito, G. (2013) Mineralogy of Miarolitic Pegmatites in the Stove Mountain Area, Colorado. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 14-15.
    • Park Co.
AmMin 84:754-763
www.smmp.net/IMA-CM/ctms_p.pdf.
  • New Jersey
    • Ocean Co.
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/pseudorutile.pdf.
  • Wisconsin
    • Sauk Co.
      • North Freedom Village
55TH INSTITUTE ON LAKE SUPERIOR GEOLOGY (2009) PROCEEDINGS VOLUME 55 p. 57-58
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