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Pseudobrookite

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Formula:
Fe2TiO5
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Brownish black, reddish ...
Lustre:
Adamantine, Greasy, Metallic
Hardness:
6
Name:
From the Greek ψευδής, false, and brookite since its resemblance to brookite is misleading.

Classification of Pseudobrookite

Approved
4.CB.15

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
B : With medium-sized cations
7.7.1.1

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
7 : AB2X5
7.9.16

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
9 : Oxides of Ti
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Type Occurrence of Pseudobrookite

Year of Discovery:
1878

Occurrences of Pseudobrookite

Geological Setting:
Magmatic, post-volcanic or young volcanic rocks

Physical Properties of Pseudobrookite

Adamantine, Greasy, Metallic
Colour:
Brownish black, reddish brown, or black
Streak:
Brown
Hardness (Mohs):
6
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {010}.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
4.33 - 4.39 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.39 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Pseudobrookite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.81Å, b = 9.95Å, c = 3.73Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.986 : 1 : 0.375
Unit Cell Volume:
V 364.08 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals usually tabular {100} and elongated [001]; long prismatic at times or needle-like [001]. {100} and hk0} striated [001].
Twinning:
Reported on various {hk0} planes (doubtful).

Crystallographic forms of Pseudobrookite

Crystal Atlas:
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Pseudobrookite no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Pseudobrookite no.7 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Epitaxi Comments:
Pseudobrookite on hematite with pseudobrokite {121}[21¯0] parallel to hematite {0001}[1¯100].
Pseudobrookite on magnetite with pseudobrookite {100}[001] parallel to magnetite {111}[110].
Oriented inclusions of rutile in pseudobrookite.

Optical Data of Pseudobrookite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.350 nβ = 2.390 nγ = 2.420
2V:
Measured: 50° , Calculated: 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.070
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Pseudobrookite

Formula:
Fe2TiO5
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Pseudobrookite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Armalcolite (see here)
4.CB.05BrizziiteNaSb5+O3
4.CB.05CorundumAl2O3
4.CB.05Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
4.CB.05EskolaiteCr2O3
4.CB.05GeikieliteMgTiO3
4.CB.05HematiteFe2O3
4.CB.05IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
4.CB.05KarelianiteV23+O3
4.CB.05MelanostibiteMn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3
4.CB.05PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
4.CB.05Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
4.CB.05AuroantimonateAuSbO3
4.CB.05Romanite(◻,Pb,Ca)UFe22+(Ti,Fe3+)6Ti12O38
4.CB.05UM1998-11-O-AuHSbAu2+Sb3+O2(OH)
4.CB.05TistariteTi23+O3
4.CB.10AvicenniteTl2O3
4.CB.10BixbyiteMn23+O3
4.CB.15Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N2S[(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N6S[(Zn,Mg)7(Al,Fe3+,Ti)16O31(OH)]2
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S[(Mg,Fe2+)3[Al7(Ti,Fe3+)]O15(OH)]2
4.CB.20Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
4.CB.25PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9
4.CB.25KleberiteFeTi6O11(OH)5
4.CB.30BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
4.CB.30OxyvaniteV23+V4+O5
4.CB.35Olkhonskite(Cr,V)2Ti3O9
4.CB.35SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
4.CB.40KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8
4.CB.40Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
4.CB.40RinmaniteZn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2
4.CB.40IseiteMn2Mo3O8
4.CB.40MajindeiteMg2Mo3O8
4.CB.45ClaudetiteAs2O3
4.CB.45StibioclaudetiteAsSbO3
4.CB.50ArsenoliteAs2O3
4.CB.50SénarmontiteSb2O3
4.CB.55ValentiniteSb2O3
4.CB.60BismiteBi2O3
4.CB.65SphaerobismoiteBi2O3
4.CB.70SilléniteBi12SiO20
4.CB.75KyzylkumiteTi2V3+O5(OH)
4.CB.80TietaiyangiteFe43+Fe2+TiO9
7.9.1HongquiiteTiO
7.9.2RutileTiO2
7.9.3AnataseTiO2
7.9.4BrookiteTiO2
7.9.5GeikieliteMgTiO3
7.9.6PerovskiteCaTiO3
7.9.7KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
7.9.8TausoniteSrTiO3
7.9.9Crichtonite(Sr,La,Ce,Y)(Ti,Fe3+,Mn)21O38
7.9.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6
7.9.11Hibonite(Ca,Ce)Al12O19
7.9.12Yttrocrasite-(Y)(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)2(O,OH)6
7.9.13PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
7.9.14IwakiiteMn2+Fe23+O4
7.9.15IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
7.9.17UlvöspinelFe2TiO4
7.9.18PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9
7.9.19FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
7.9.20KennedyiteMgFe23+Ti3O10
7.9.21Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
7.9.22Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
7.9.23Qandilite(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Al)O4
7.9.24Cafetite(Ca,Mg)(Fe,Al)2Ti4O12 · 4H2O
7.9.25Loveringite(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
7.9.26Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38
7.9.27PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
7.9.28Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13
7.9.29AnkangiteBa(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
7.9.30Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
7.9.31LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38

Other Names for Pseudobrookite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Pseudobrookite

Reference List:
Koch, A. (1878): "XXII. Neue Minerale aus dem Andesit des Aranyer Berges in Siebenbürgen", Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 1, Neue Folge, 331-361.

Pauling (1930) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 73: 97.

Palache, C. (1934), American Mineralogist: 19: 14.

Palache, C. (1935), American Mineralogist: 20: 660.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 736-738.

Bowles, J.F. (1988) Definition and range of composition of naturally occurring minerals with the pseudobrookite structure. American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 1377.

Internet Links for Pseudobrookite

Localities for Pseudobrookite

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