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Ramsbeckite

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Formula:
(Cu,Zn)
 
15
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
22
· 6H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Green
Lustre:VitreousHardness:
Name:Named after its discovery locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Ramsbeckite.

Classification of Ramsbeckite

IMA status:Approved 1984
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/D.03-75
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.DD.60

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 8th edition ID:31.4.9.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:25.5.5

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg
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Type Occurrence of Ramsbeckite

Type Locality:Bastenberg Mine, Ramsbeck, Meschede, Sauerland, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Year of Discovery:1984

Physical Properties of Ramsbeckite

Lustre:Vitreous
Colour:Green
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Ramsbeckite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:a = 16.06Å, b = 15.57Å, c = 7.1Å
β = 90.2°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.031 : 1 : 0.456
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,775.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Comment:Space group P21/a. Unit-cell parameters are slightly variable, depending on Cu:Zn ratio: a = 16.088–16.110, b = 15.576–15.602, c = 7.102–7.112 A, β = 90.0-90.27°.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
7.090 (100)
4.40 (12)
3.549 (25)
3.254 (13)
3.244 (11)
3.232 (12)
1.776 (20)

Optical Data of Ramsbeckite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.635 nβ = 1.675 nγ = 1.680
2V:Measured: 37° , Calculated: 38°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.045

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r > v

Chemical Properties of Ramsbeckite

Formula:
(Cu,Zn)
 
15
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
22
· 6H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22·6H2O
Essential elements:Cu, H, O, S
All elements listed in formula:Cu, H, O, S, Zn

Relationship of Ramsbeckite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.DD.05Felsőbányaite
Al
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
7.DD.10Langite
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
7.DD.10Posnjakite
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· H
 
2
O
7.DD.10Wroewolfeite
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
7.DD.15Spangolite
Cu
 
6
Al(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
Cl · 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.20Ktenasite
Zn(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.25Christelite
Cu
 
2
Zn
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Campigliaite
Mn
2+
 
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Devilline
CaCu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Orthoserpierite
Ca(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Serpierite
Ca(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Niedermayrite
CdCu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Edwardsite
Cu
 
3
Cd
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
·4H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Carrboydite
[(Ni
 
1-x
Al
 
x
)(OH)
 
2
][SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite
(Zn
 
1-x
Al
 
x
)(OH)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Honessite
(Ni
 
1-x
Fe
3+
x
)(OH)
 
2
[SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite
(Ni
 
1-x
Fe
3+
x
)(OH)
 
2
[SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Motukoreaite
Mg
 
6
Al
 
3
(OH)
 
18
[Na(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][SO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Mountkeithite
[(Mg
 
1-x
Fe
3+
x
)(OH)
 
2
][SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Shigaite
Mn
 
6
Al
 
3
(OH)
 
18
[Na(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][SO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Wermlandite
Mg
 
7
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
18
[Ca(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][SO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Woodwardite
Cu
 
1-x
Al
 
x
(OH)
 
2
[SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Zincaluminite
Zn
 
6
Al
 
6
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite
(Cu
 
1-x
Al
 
x
)(OH)
 
2
[SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Zincowoodwardite
Zn
 
1-x
Al
 
x
(OH)
 
2
[SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Natroglaucocerinite
Na
 
x
Zn
 
8-y
Al
 
y
(SO
 
4
)
 
(x+y)/2
(OH)
 
16
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Nikischerite
Fe
2+
6
Al
 
3
(OH)
 
18
[Na(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][SO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
9
Zn
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
22
· 8H
 
2
O
7.DD.40Torreyite
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
7
 
2
Mn
2+
2
Zn
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
22
· 8H
 
2
O
7.DD.45Mooreite
Mg
 
9
 
2
Mn
 
2
Zn
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
26
· 8H
 
2
O
7.DD.50Namuwite
(Zn,Cu)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
7.DD.55Bechererite
(Zn,Cu)
 
6
Zn
 
2
(SO
 
4
,HSiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
12
7.DD.65Vonbezingite
Ca
 
6
Cu
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
7.DD.70Redgillite
Cu
 
6
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· H
 
2
O
7.DD.75Chalcoalumite
CuAl
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.75Nickelalumite
(Ni,Cu)Al
 
4
(SO
 
4
,(NO
 
3
)
 
2
)(OH)
 
12
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.75Kyrgyzstanite
ZnAl
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
·3H
 
2
O
7.DD.80Guarinoite
(Zn,Co,Ni)
 
6
(SO
 
4
)(OH,Cl)
 
10
· 5H
 
2
O
7.DD.80Schulenbergite
(Cu,Zn)
 
7
(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.80Thérèsemagnanite
(Co,Zn,Ni)
 
6
(SO
 
4
)(OH,Cl)
 
10
· 8H
 
2
O
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn
(Zn,Cu)
 
7
(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.85Montetrisaite
Cu
 
6
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
25.5.1Zinkosite
ZnSO
 
4
25.5.2Goslarite
ZnSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
25.5.3Namuwite
(Zn,Cu)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
25.5.4Ktenasite
Zn(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 6H
 
2
O
25.5.6Boyleite
(Zn,Mg)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
25.5.7Serpierite
Ca(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
25.5.8Orthoserpierite
Ca(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
25.5.9Zincaluminite
Zn
 
6
Al
 
6
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite
(Zn
 
1-x
Al
 
x
)(OH)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
25.5.11Gunningite
ZnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
25.5.12Chaidamuite
ZnFe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
25.5.13Bianchite
(Zn,Fe)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
25.5.15Zincmelanterite
(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
25.5.16Zincobotryogen
(Zn,Mg,Mn
2+
 
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 7H
 
2
O
25.5.17Schuetteite
Hg
2+
3
(SO
 
4
)O
 
2
25.5.18Gianellaite
(Hg
 
2
N)
 
2
SO
 
4

Other Names for Ramsbeckite

Synonyms:
IMA1984-067
Other Languages:
German:Ramsbeckit
Russian:Рамсбекит
Spanish:Ramsbeckita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ramsbeckite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist(1987): 72: 225.

Effenberger, H. (1988): Ramsbeckite, (Cu,Zn)15(OH)22(SO4)4.6H2O: Revision of the chemical formula based on a structure determination. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1988): 38-48.

American Mineralogist(1989): 74: 505.

Internet Links for Ramsbeckite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Ramsbeckite on Google
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Ramsbeckite on Webmineral
  • Look for Ramsbeckite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Ramsbeckite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Ramsbeckite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • Specimens:The following Ramsbeckite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Ramsbeckite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Gurktaler Alpen
        • St Veit an der Glan
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Karawanken
        • Finkenstein
          • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
    [Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
    • Styria
      • Niedere Tauern
        • Öblarn
          • Walchen
    Schebesta, K. (1992): Schlackenminerale aus der Walchen bei Öblarn. Lapis 17 (2), 19-30; 50.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Příbram
    RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Lozère
        • Marvejols
          • St Léger-de-Peyre
    Patrice Queneau Collection
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
        • Caixas
          • Fontcouverte
    BERBAIN, C., FAVREAU, G. & MORENO, C. (2010): Mas Vicenç, Fontcouverte, Caixas (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 107, 20-25.
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Ariège
        • Auzat
    Remy Ph. (2003), La mine du Couloumier, Auzat (Ariège), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°4, pp: 9-12
      • Aveyron
        • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
    Jean Claude Dol
      • Hautes-Pyrénées
        • Aure Valley
    Patrice Queneau Collection
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Spessart
          • Schöllkrippen
            • Sommerkahl
    No reference listed
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
          • Bockswies veins
            • Oberschulenberg
    Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
        • Goslar
          • Astfeld
    No reference listed
          • Grane Reservoir
    van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
        • Lautenthal
    van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Bergisches Land
        • Engelskirchen
          • Loope
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    Heckmann, H. & Schertl, H.-P. (1990): Der Niederbergische Erzbergbau und seine Mineralien. Emser Hefte, 11 (2), 2-40.
        • Velbert
    Lapis 1988(1), 13-35
      • Sauerland
        • Meschede
          • Ramsbeck
    Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Mh., 1985, 550-556; N. Jb. Mineral. Mh., 1988, 38-48.
      • Siegerland
        • Burbach
    Leon Hupperichs Collection
        • Eiserfeld
          • Kohlenbach Valley
    Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
        • Müsen
    Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
        • Wilnsdorf
    Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Mayen
          • Langenfeld
            • St Jost
    Graf, HW., (1991): Die Grube Bendisberg, bei Virneburg / Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/91
          • St Johann
    added by Frank de Wit
      • Hunsrück
        • St Goar
    A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland, Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
      • Lahn valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Frücht
    Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
      • Siegerland
        • Niederfischbach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
          • Niederndorf
    Henrich, J. M. (2007: Die Mineralien der Grube Fürst Moritz bei Niederndorf. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 20-26. (in German)
      • Taunus
        • St Goarshausen
          • Wellmich
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Trier
        • Hockweiler
    Marko Burkhardt collection
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Schwarzenberg District
          • Beierfeld
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Rudabányai Mtns
        • Rudabánya
    GEODA 2007/1
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Saint-Marcel
        • Servette-Chuc mining complex
    Tumiati, S.; Casartelli, P.; Mambretti, A.; Martin, S.; Frizzo, P.; Rottoli, M. (2005): The ancient mine of Servette (Saint-Marcel, Val d' Aosta, western Italian Alps): A mineralogical, metallurgical and charcoal analysis of furnace slags. Archaeometry 47, 317-340.
    • Sardinia
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Arbus
    Preite, D., & Zuanel, A. (2007). Montevecchio: storia, miniere e minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (4), 230-246.
      • Sassari Province
        • Porto Torres
    Orlandi, P., & Gelosa, M. (2007). Argentiera della Nurra. I minerali di alterazione della miniera di sfalerite e galena argentifera. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (1), 22-31.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Valsugana
          • Roncegno
    -Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
    • Tuscany
      • Livorno Province
        • Campiglia Marittima
    Chinellato Matteo
        • Piombino
    Muenchener Micromounter-Lithothek
    • Veneto
      • Belluno Province
        • Auronzo di Cadore
    Ara, D., Sanna, L., Rossi, A., Galli, E., & De Waele, J. (2013). Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale).
      • Vicenza Province
        • Torrebelvicino
          • Contrada Trentini
    - Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
          • Mercanti Valley
    Orlandi P. & Perchiazzi N.(1989): Ramsbeckite, (Cu,Zn)15(OH)22(SO4)4.6H2O, a first occurrence for Italy from "La Veneziana" mine, Valle dei Mercanti, Vicenza. European Journal of Mineralogy 1, 147-9; Pegoraro, S., Orlandi, P., Chiereghin, P., Contin, A. & Toniolo, E. (2009). I minerali del Monte Trisa (Torrebelvicino, Vicenza). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2009, 160-179.
    American Mineralogist, 85 :231–235
    Pegoraro S., Orlandi P., Chiereghin P., Contin.A. and Toniolo E. (2009): I minerali del Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 160-179
    Pegoraro S., Orlandi P., Chiereghin P., Contin.A. and Toniolo E. (2009): I minerali del Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 160-179
            • Zuccanti Valley
    Saccardo D., Benincasa E., Malferrari D., Medici L., 2002. I minerali di Monte Cengio (Torrebelvicino, Vicenza). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 42-47.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kinki Region
        • Osaka Prefecture
          • Minoo
            • Onsen-cho
    Chigaku-Kenkyu 50:137-159 (2001)
        • Shiga Prefecture
          • Konan City
            • Ishibe
    Ohnishi, M., Okada, H., Fujiwara, T. (2011) Ramsbeckite from Haiyama quarry in Shiga Prefecture, Japan. Chigaku Kenkyu, 60 (1), 33-36.
    Luxembourg
     
    • Goesdorf commune
      • Goesdorf
    Activity report 1998 of the Musée d'histoire naturelle de Luxembourg
    Romania
     
    • Bihor Co.
      • Brusturi
    G.Koller 2008-2009
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
    Schmutz, L., Graeser, S., Eichin, R., Stöcklin, D., Rüegg, H.R. & Duggelin, M. (1982): Kupfer-Sekundärmineralien aus der Schweiz, Teil 1. Urner Mineralienfreund, 20, 1-24. [as "Unnamed Cu-Zn Sulphate"; for details see text in http://www.mindat.org/min-45872.html).]
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Callington District
          • Calstock
            • Harrowbarrow & Prince of Wales Mines (Calstock United Tin and Copper Mines)
    Steve Rust
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
    Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006; Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
    Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
            • Roughton Gill
    Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
      • Staffordshire
        • Ecton
          • Back of Ecton
    UKJMM 15
    • Wales
      • Ceredigion (Dyfed; Cardiganshire)
        • Ceulanymaesmawr
          • Talybont
            • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
    BMS Database
        • Cwmrheidol
          • Ystumtuen
    No reference listed
        • Llangynfelyn
          • Tre-Taliesin
    BMS Database
        • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
          • Cwmystwyth
    S.Rust Collection
          • Pontrhydygroes
    BMS Database, UKJMM 17
        • Ysgubor-y-coed
          • Furnace
    BMS Database, UKJMM No18
      • Powys (Montgomeryshire)
        • Llangynog
    S.Rust collection
        • Machynlleth
          • Dylife
    BMS Database
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Gila Co.
        • Dripping Spring Mts
          • Banner District
            • Hayden area
              • Chilito
    RRUFF Project Specimen ID: R050295
    • New Hampshire
      • Coos Co.
        • Gorham
    L. Rantos collection (Athens, Greece); A. Plante collection; B. Janules collection; Scott Whittemore collection; et.al.
    • Pennsylvania
      • Montgomery Co.
        • Lower Providence Township
          • Audubon
            • Perkiomen Mines
    [MinRec 18:131-132]
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