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Ranciéite

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Formula:
(Ca,Mn)Mn
 
4
O
 
9
· 3H
 
2
O
System:TrigonalColour:Black, brownish, violet.
Lustre:MetallicHardness:2½ - 3
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, the Le Rancié Mine, Sem, Vicdessos, Ariège, Midi-Pyrénées, France.

Classification of Ranciéite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/D.12-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.FL.40

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
L : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 8th edition ID:7.10.1.1

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
10 : AB4X9
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.4.16

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
4 : Oxides of Be, Mg and the alkaline earths
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Type Occurrence of Ranciéite

Type Locality:Le Rancié Mine, Sem, Vicdessos, Ariège, Midi-Pyrénées, France

Physical Properties of Ranciéite

Lustre:Metallic
Colour:Black, brownish, violet.
Streak:Dark brown
Hardness (Mohs):2½ - 3

Crystallography of Ranciéite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:P3
Cell Parameters:a = 2.485Å, c = 7.485Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 3.012
Unit Cell Volume:V 40.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:1
Morphology:Flaky
Comment:Data from Ertl et al. (2005)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
9.55 (2)
7.50 (10)
3.71 (5)
2.70 (4)
2.46 (4)
2.34 (4)
2.04 (1)
Comments:Variable, depending on hydration state. [Reflection at 2.70 (4) questionable?]

Chemical Properties of Ranciéite

Formula:
(Ca,Mn)Mn
 
4
O
 
9
· 3H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ca,Mn)Mn4O9·3H2O
Essential elements:Ca, H, Mn, O
All elements listed in formula:Ca, H, Mn, O

Relationship of Ranciéite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Takanelite (see here)
Structurally related to group(s):
Birnessite Group
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.FL.Trébeurdenite
Fe
2+
2
Fe
3+
4
O
 
2
(OH)
 
10
CO
 
3
·3H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Woodallite
Mg
 
6
Cr
 
2
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Iowaite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Jamborite
(Ni
2+
1-x
,Co
3+
x
(OH)
 
2-x
(SO
 
4
)
 
x
·nH
 
2
O [x ≤ ⅓; n ≤ (1 - x)] ·
4.FL.05Meixnerite
Mg
 
6
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
16
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Muskoxite
Mg
 
7
Fe
 
4
O
 
13
· 10H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Fougèrite
Fe
2+
4
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
]·3H
 
2
O
4.FL.10Hydrocalumite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
(Cl,CO
 
3
,OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.15Kuzelite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[SO
 
4
] · 6H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Aurorite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ag,Ca)Mn
4+
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Chalcophanite
(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn
 
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Ernienickelite
NiMn
 
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Jianshuiite
(Mg,Mn)Mn
 
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.25Woodruffite
Zn(Mn
4+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)
 
5
O
 
10
·3½H
 
2
O
4.FL.30Asbolane
(Ni,Co)
 
2-x
Mn
4+
 
(O,OH)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
4.FL.35Buserite
Na
 
4
Mn
 
14
O
 
27
· 21H
 
2
O
4.FL.40Takanelite
(Mn,Ca)Mn
 
4
O
 
9
· H
 
2
O
4.FL.45Birnessite
(Na,Ca)
 
0.5
(Mn
4+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
O
 
4
· 1.5H
 
2
O
4.FL.55Cianciulliite
Mn(Mg,Mn)
 
2
Zn
 
2
(OH)
 
10
· 2-4H
 
2
O
4.FL.60Jensenite
Cu
 
3
[TeO
 
6
] · 2H
 
2
O
4.FL.65Leisingite
Cu(Mg,Cu,Fe,Zn)
 
2
[TeO
 
6
] · 6H
 
2
O
4.FL.70Akdalaite
4Al
 
2
O
 
3
· H
 
2
O
4.FL.75Cafetite
(Ca,Mg)(Fe,Al)
 
2
Ti
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.80Mourite
UMo
 
5
O
 
12
(OH)
 
10
4.FL.85Deloryite
Cu
 
4
(UO
 
2
)(MoO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.4.1Bromellite
BeO
7.4.2Behoite
Be(OH)
 
2
7.4.3Clinobehoite
Be(OH)
 
2
7.4.4Chrysoberyl
BeAl
 
2
O
 
4
7.4.5Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S
Mg
 
3
Al
 
8
BeO
 
16
7.4.6Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S
Mg
 
2
BeAl
 
6
O
 
12
7.4.7Periclase
MgO
7.4.8Brucite
Mg(OH)
 
2
7.4.9Spinel
MgAl
 
2
O
 
4
7.4.10Meixnerite
Mg
 
6
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
16
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.4.11Lime
CaO
7.4.12Portlandite
Ca(OH)
 
2
7.4.13Chlormayenite
Ca
 
12
Al
 
14
O
 
32
Cl
 
2
7.4.14Hydrocalumite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
(Cl,CO
 
3
,OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.4.15Marokite
CaMn
 
2
O
 
4
7.4.17Hollandite
Ba(Mn
4+
6
Mn
3+
2
)O
 
16
7.4.18Romanèchite
(Ba,H
 
2
O)
 
2
Mn
 
5
O
 
10
7.4.19Todorokite
(Ca,K,Na,Mg,Ba,Mn)(Mn,Mg,Al)
 
6
O
 
12
· 3H
 
2
O

Other Names for Ranciéite

Synonyms:
Calcium PsilomelaneRanciérite
Other Languages:
German:Ranciéit
Japanese:ランシー鉱
Russian:Рансьеит
Simplified Chinese:钙硬锰矿
Spanish:Ranciéita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ranciéite

Reference List:

- +
Leymérie (1859): 2: 329.

Lacroix (1910): 4: 24.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 572.

American Mineralogist(1969): 54: 1741-1742.

American Mineralogist (1991): 76: 1426-1430.

Ertl, A., Pertlik, F., Prem, M., Post, J.E., Kim, S.J., Brandstätter. F., Alfschuster, R. (2005): Ranciéite crystals from Friesach, Carinthia, Austria. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 163-172.

Post, J.E., Heaney, P.J. & Ertl, A. (2008): Rietveld refinement of the ranciéite structure using synchrotron powder diffraction data. Powder Diffr. 23, 10-14.

Internet Links for Ranciéite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Ranciéite on Google
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Ranciéite on Webmineral
  • Look for Ranciéite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Ranciéite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Ranciéite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Find Ranciéite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Ranciéite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Search for Ranciéite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Localities for Ranciéite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Tasmania
      • Hampshire district
        • Kara Mines
    Bottrill (unpub)
      • Zeehan district
        • Dundas mineral field
    R Bottrill, unpub data
    • Victoria
      • Flinders area
    Austria
     
    • Burgenland
      • Großpetersdorf
        • Badersdorf
    Ertl, A. (2002): Ranciéit, Hollandit und Braunit von Steinbruch Holler, Badersdorf, Burgenland. In: Niedermayr, G. et al. Neue Mineralfunde aus Österrich Li. Carinthia II, 192/112, 215-244.
    • Carinthia
      • Frantschach-St Gertraud
    matrixx 4, p.39-51
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Friesach
          • Olsa
    A. Ertl, F. Pertlik, M. Prem, J. E. Post, S. J. Kim, F. Brandstätter, R. Schuster (2005): Eur. J. Mineral. 17(1):163-172
        • Hüttenberg
          • Hüttenberger Erzberg
    H. Meixner: Carinthia II 171./91.:36-37 (1981)
    Zirkl, E. J. (1984): Rancieit im Wald von Maria Waitschach, Kärnten. Die Eisenblüte, NF 5 (12), 16-17.
      • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
        • Bleiberg District
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
        • Hermagor
          • Poludnig
    G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 187./107.:175 (1997)
      • Gurktaler Alpen
        • St Veit an der Glan
          • Tauchendorf
            • Grassendorf
    G. Blass, H. W. Graf: Carinthia II 191./111.:145-147 (2001)
      • Packalpe
        • Bad St Leonhard
    Taucher, J. (1995): Matrixx - Mineralogische Nachrichten aus Österreich 4, 52-56
    • Lower Austria
      • Industrieviertel
        • Payerbach
    Ertl (2002)
      • Mostviertel
        • Schwarzenbach an der Pielach
    U. Kolitsch, G. Knobloch, F. Brandstätter, E. Löffler und P. Tomazic (2012): Malachit und Strontianit vom Schwarzenberg bei Türnitz (NÖ) und Ranciéit vom Fuchsriegel bei Schwarzenbach an der Pielach (NÖ). Der Steirische Mineralog 26, 48-49.
    • Salzburg
      • Schwarzach
        • Lend
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs, 1993
    • Styria
      • Bad Radkersburg
        • Klöch
    Taucher, J. et al. (1989)
      • Eisenerz
    Lapis 8(4), 14-24 (1983)
      • Fischbacher Alpen
        • Rettenegg
          • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
            • Prinzkogel mines
              • Southern District
    Jakely, D. et al. (2008); Taucher, J. (1996)
        • St. Jakob-Breitenau
          • Hochlantsch
    Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1772) Chalkoalumit, ein Chalkoalumit-ähnliches Mineral, Magnesiochromit, Pyrolusit, Ranciéit und Todorokit vom Magnesitbergbau Breitenau am Hochlantsch, Steiermark. Pp. 169-171 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
      • Graz
        • Gratkorn
          • Kanzelkogel
    Postl, W. (1992), Exel, R. (1993)
      • Kalsdorf
        • Großsulz
    Matrixx 1, p.9-22
      • Leoben
    Postl, W. (1998)
        • Galgenberg
    Annalen 1999, p.11-22
    Bulgaria
     
    • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
      • Karnobat Obshtina
    Banushev, B. and Vasileva, M. (1994): New manganese ore showings in the Eastern Srednogorie. Dokladi na Bulgarskata Akademiya na Naukite 47, 33-36.
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    Laszlo Horvath pers. comm 10/06/2006
        • Lajemmerais RCM
          • Varennes & St-Amable
            • Saint-Amable sill
    HORVÁTH, L. (2010) The minerals of the Saint-Amable sill: an update. MICRONEWS 44(4), 23-28.
    China
     
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Chongzuo Prefecture
        • Tiandeng Co.
    Shouquan Zhu (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(2), 58-61
    • Hubei Province
      • Huanggang Prefecture
        • Luotian Co.
          • Hejiawan
    Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
    Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
      • Wuhan Prefecture
        • Huangpi District
    Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
    • Shaanxi Province
      • Hanzhong Prefecture
        • Mian Co.
    Zhongtang Yang, Zhiming Li, Gengbiao Qiao, Zhongbao Song, Xiaozhou Liu, and Wei Wan (2008): Geology and Prospecting 44(2), 38-44; Zhongtang Yang, Gengbiao Qiao, Zhiming Li, Xiaoyong Yang, Hongping Huang, Xianghua Lan, Zhongbao Song, Xiaozhou Liu, and Wei Wan (2009): Chinese Journal of Geology 44(1), 88-102
    • Yunnan Province
      • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
        • Heqing Co.
    Yuchun Yang (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(8), 20-23
    Cuba
     
    • Santiago de Cuba Province
    AmMin 64:1199-1218.
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Bas-Rhin
        • Lembach
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997, 15-17
      • Haut-Rhin
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    Paul De Bondt.
        • Thur valley (Thann valley)
          • Bitschwiller-les-Thann
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
          • Mollau
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
          • Urbès
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    • Franche-Comté
      • Haute-Saône
        • Faucogney-et-la-Mer
          • Esmoulières
            • Saphoz
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
    Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Aude
        • Palairac
          • Couise pass
            • Montauch
    Berbain, C., Favreau, G., Aymar, G. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, 176-178.
      • Lozère
    [MinRec 8:517]
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
        • Corneilla-de-Conflent
          • Plateau d'Ambulla (Las Ambollas)
    Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
        • Corsavy
    Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 39-44. and collection Guitard CERP Tautavel
        • Massif du Canigou
    Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 91-93.
        • Olette
    Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
        • Oms
    Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2007, 95, 3-24.
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Ariège
        • Vicdessos
          • Sem
    [American Mineralogist, 54, 1741-1742 (1969); MinRec 9:133]
      • Tarn
        • Alban - Le Fraysse area
    - PIERROT, R., PICOT, P., FORTUNE, J.-P. & TOLLON, F., (1976) - Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°6 - Tarn, Editions du BRGM, 47.
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Spessart
          • Aschaffenburg
            • Dörrmorsbach
    A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
          • Schöllkrippen
            • Huckelheim
    Schmitt, R. T. (1997): Erstfunde von Ranciéit aus dem Spessart. Der Aufschluss, 48, 353-355
    • Brandenburg
      • Rüdersdorf
    Andreas Gerstenberg collection
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Grund
          • Iberg
    Schnorrer, G. & Klänhardt, K. (2002): Die Minerale des Iberg-Winterberg-Massives bei Bad Grund/Harz. Aufschluss, 53 (4), 181-199; Jahn, S., K. Stedingk & K. Klänhardt (2012): Das Iberg-Winterberg-Massiv bei Bad Grund. Mineralien-Welt, 23 (4), 30-67.
        • Bad Lauterberg
    Gröbner, J. & Kloss, D. (2010): Neufunde von der Grube Wolkenhügel bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Lapis 35 (1), 39-41; 62.
        • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
          • Zellerfeld veins
    Gröbner, J. & Nikoleizig, J. (2009): Die Mineralien der Gruben Kahlenbergsglück & Grüne Tanne am Kahlenberg bei Zellerfeld. Mineralien-Welt 20 (4), 34-39.
        • Lautenthal
    J. Gröbner, I. Dittrich & R. Dittrich (2006): Mangan-Mineralien aus dem Innerste-Tal im Harz. Lapis 31 (4), 32-33; 50.
        • St Andreasberg District
          • Beerberg
    J. Gröbner: Neufunde aus den Bergbaurevieren St. Andreasberg, Bad Lauterberg und von Oberschulenberg im Harz, MINERALIEN-WELT 18 (2007), 43-51.
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Eifel
        • Düren
          • Untermaubach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Mechernich
          • Kall
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    Marcus Vau Collection
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
    Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
        • Müsen
    Reinhardt, M. (2010): Die Mineralien der Grube Wildermann bei Müsen im Siegerland. Lapis 35 (11), 13-28; 54
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Daun
          • Üdersdorf
    Blass, G., Graf, HW., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 5/1993
        • Hillesheim
    Blass, G., Graf, HW., Kolitsch, U., Neue Funde und Mineralien aus der Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 1/2002
      • Palatinate
        • Dahn (Dahner Felsenland)
          • Nothweiler
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Stolberg
          • Rottleberode
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
        • Tanne
          • Trautenstein
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Marienberg District
          • Wolkenstein
    XRD and SEM-EDX analysis (T. Witzke)
    • Thuringia
      • Harz
        • Nordhausen
          • Ilfeld
    J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch and J. Wesiger (2011): New finds of vanadate and rare-earth minerals from the manganese mine Ilfeld, Harz. Mineralien-Welt 22 (1), 41-49. (in German)
        • Stempeda
    J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Rudabányai Mtns
        • Rudabánya
    Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
    Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
      • Szendrői Mtns
        • Rakacaszend
    Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
      • Zemplén Mtns (Tokaj Mtns)
    Sándor Szakáll; Tamás Weiszburg (1994) Minerals of Telkibánya, NE-Hungary. Miskolc Herman Ottó Múzeum
    • Fejér Co.
      • Szár Hill
        • Kőszárhegy
    Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
        • Szabadbattyán
    Szakáll: Minerals of Szár Hill, 2004
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Abasár
    Szakáll-Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
        • Kisnána
    Szakáll, S., Földessy, J., Less, G., Fűköh, Dávid, A., Németh, N., Hadobás, S. & Piros, O. (2010): Mineralizations in Mesozoic-Tertiary volcanic and sedimentary units of NE Hungary (with a tour in the Baradla Cave, Aggtelek). Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica Field Guide Series 14, 1-32.
    • Nógrád Co.
      • Cserhát Mtns
        • Sámsonháza
    Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
      • Karancs-Medves Mtns
        • Somoskő
    Szakáll: 100 Hungarian Mineral Locality, 2004
    • Vas Co.
      • Kőszegi Mtns
        • Velem
    Indonesia
     
    • Jawa Island (Java Island)
      • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
        • Bogor District
    Milési, J.P., Marcoux, E., Sitorus, T., Simandjuntak, M., Leroy, J., and Bailly, L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 131-149.
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Nus
        • Saint-Barthélemy
    • Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Ne
          • Graveglia Valley
    Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
            • Reppia
    Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Valtellina
          • Malenco Valley
            • Lanterna Valley
              • Lanzada
                • Scerscen Valley
    Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
            • Torre di Santa Maria
    Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993): I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
    • Marche
      • Macerata Province
    P. Mattias- M. Guerra (2008) - Le miniere nelle Marche II° parte Miniere e mineralizzazioni-Giacimenti e vicende Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze detta dei XL
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Brosso
            • Cavallaria Mount
    Barresi, A. A., & Ambrino, P., 2006. Monte Cavallaria. I minerali delle cave di quarzo "Alpetta, Piani e Rio Freddo". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30 (2): 76-97.
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Gonnesa
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Volume 1 & 2. Nine Italian Mineralogical Groups/Associations, 192 + 239 pp.
    • Sicily
      • Messina Province
        • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
          • Lipari
            • Vulcano Island
    Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. AMI-Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 344 pp.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Valsugana
          • Roncegno
    -Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
    • Veneto
      • Verona Province
        • Arbizzano
          • Novare
    A. Longhi, Miniere e Minerali del Veronese, (1979), edizioni libreria cortina Verona
        • Negrar
          • Montecchio
            • Vajo Siresol
    A. Longhi, Miniere e Minerali del Veronese, (1979), edizioni libreria cortina Verona
      • Vicenza Province
        • Torrebelvicino
          • Contrada Trentini
    -Atti della giornata di Studio – L’argento e le “terre bianche” del Tretto e della val Leogra – Comune di Schio, 2000. A cura di Pietro Frizzo.
        • Tretto di Schio
          • Val Munari
            • Contrade Maglio-Pornaro
    EDX + XRD analysis by Gunter Blass
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Aichi Prefecture
          • Kita-Shidara-gun
            • Shidara-cho
    Yamada collection (Crystal World, Japan)
        • Shizuoka prefecture
          • Shimoda City
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Kanto Region
        • Kanagawa Prefecture
          • Hadano City
    Mineralogical Journal Vol. 17 (1994) , No. 5 pp 211-218
        • Saitama Prefecture
          • Chichibu City
            • Ohtaki-mura
              • Nakatsugawa
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Tohoku Region
        • Iwate Prefecture
          • Kuzumaki
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Shikoku Island
      • Ehime Prefecture
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    Luxembourg
     
    • Putscheid commune
      • Stolzembourg
    Philippo Simon (éditeur) 2007 - Inventaire minéralogique du Luxembourg: Stolzembourg,
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Aldama
    Cross, B. & Culp Zeitner J. (2006), Geodes Natures Treasures, P.26
    Norway
     
    • Vest-Agder
      • Kristiansand
    Breivik, H. ; Myre, K. & Larsen, A. O. (2007): Manganforekomster på Sørlandet: Kvivikdalen (Kostøl, Ålefjær): Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift, 35, 25-31
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Ząbkowice District
        • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
          • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
    Pieczka A. 2006: An unusual manganoan apatite from the Szklary pegmatite (Lower Silesia, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 178-180
    Romania
     
    • Harghita Co.
      • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
        • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
    Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    • Suceava Co.
      • Suceava district
        • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
    http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Lovozero Massif
    Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(6), 63–67
            • Seidozero Lake
              • Lepkhe-Nel'm Mt (Lepkhe-Nelm; Nepkha)
    I.V. Pekov et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(1):49-59 (2004); Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
          • Orsk
            • Khalilovskii District
              • Khabarninskii massif
    Sharkov, A.A. (2009): Lithology and Mineral Resources 44(1), 19-35.
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
        • Ust'-Koksa district
    Vera N. Smol'yaninova data
    Slovakia
     
    • Košice Region
      • Košice Co.
        • Družstevná pri Hornáde
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Trenčín Region
      • Ilava Co.
    Aubrecht,R., Mišík,M., ,Sýkora,M., Šamajová,E., 1998: Kontroverzné bradlo czorsztynskej jednotky v Bolešovskej doline medzi Nemšovou a Pruským. Min.slovaca, 30,5,431 - 442
    South Africa
     
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Kalahari manganese field
        • Hotazel
    Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 237.
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Granada
        • Busquístar
    - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
    • Aragón
      • Teruel
        • Ojos Negros
    Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames, Zaragoza. 463 pags.
    • Cantabria
      • Sierra de Arnero
        • La Florida mining area
    Rossi, C., Lozano, R.P., Isanta, N. y Hellstrom, J. (2010). Manganese stromatolites in caves: El Soplao (Cantabria, Spain). Geology, 38, 1119–1122
    • Catalonia
      • Barcelona
        • Baix Llobregat
          • Gavà
            • Bruguers
    Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
      • Tarragona
        • Priorat
          • El Molar
    Joan Abella i Creus, pers. comm.
    • Murcia
      • Cartagena
        • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
          • Llano del Beal
    Oen, I.S. et al. (1974). Hawleyite and grenockite in the ores of Los Blancos, Sierra de Cartagena, Spain.Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie Monatschefte, 11, 507-513.
    Switzerland
     
    • Aargau
      • Frick
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 399.
      • Wildegg
        • Holderbank
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 399.
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Albula Valley
        • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
          • Tinizong (Tinzen)
      • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
        • Maroz Valley
    Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
      • Hinterrhein Valley
        • Ferrera Valley
          • Ausserferrera
    Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data (2013)
    Turkey
     
    • Aegean Region
      • Denizli Province
        • Kale
    Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
    UK
     
    • Northern Ireland
      • Co. Antrim
        • Island Magee
    Tindle A. G. (2008) Minerals of Britain and Ireland, p429
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
      • Crimea peninsula
    Geologiya SSSR (The geology of USSR) (1969) - Nedra (Moscou), 1969, vol. VIII, 575 p.
          • Kerchenskyi (Fe)-ore basin
            • Kerchenskoe deposit
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Valdez-Cordova Borough
        • Copper River District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Dragoon Mts
          • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 352.
      • Pima Co.
        • Ajo District
          • Little Ajo Mts
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 352.
    • Arkansas
      • Independence Co.
    Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas
    • Massachusetts
      • Hampshire Co.
        • Plainfield
    "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
    • Nevada
      • Nye Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Mexico
      • Eddy Co.
        • Carlsbad
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. Rev. Ed., 1996
    • North Dakota
      • Bottineau Co.
        • Turtle Mts
    NDGS B-15(Hendricks,1943)
      • Rolette Co.
    Geology of Bottineau County, North Dakota. Bulletin (North Dakota Geological Survey) ;, 78,
    • Virginia
      • Alleghany Co.
        • Bolling Springs
    AmMin: 64:1199-1218
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