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Ranciéite

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Formula:
(Ca,Mn)Mn4O9 · 3H2O
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Black, brownish, violet.
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, the Le Rancié Mine, Sem, Vicdessos, Ariège, Midi-Pyrénées, France.

Classification of Ranciéite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
4.FL.40

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
L : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
7.10.1.1

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
10 : AB4X9
7.4.16

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
4 : Oxides of Be, Mg and the alkaline earths
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First Recorded Occurrence of Ranciéite

Physical Properties of Ranciéite

Metallic
Colour:
Black, brownish, violet.
Streak:
Dark brown
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3

Crystallography of Ranciéite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:
P3
Cell Parameters:
a = 2.485Å, c = 7.485Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.012
Unit Cell Volume:
V 40.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Flaky
Comment:
Data from Ertl et al. (2005)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.55 (2)
7.50 (10)
3.71 (5)
2.70 (4)
2.46 (4)
2.34 (4)
2.04 (1)
Comments:
Variable, depending on hydration state. [Reflection at 2.70 (4) questionable?]

Chemical Properties of Ranciéite

Formula:
(Ca,Mn)Mn4O9 · 3H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Ranciéite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Takanelite (see here)
Structurally related to group(s):
4.FL.TrébeurdeniteFe22+Fe43+O2(OH)10CO3·3H2O
4.FL.05WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05Jamborite(Ni2+1-x,Cox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x·nH2O [x ≤ ⅓; n ≤ (1 - x)]
4.FL.05MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05MuskoxiteMg7Fe4O13 · 10H2O
4.FL.05FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
4.FL.10HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
4.FL.15KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
4.FL.20Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.20Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.20ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.20Jianshuiite(Mg,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.25WoodruffiteZn(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10·3½H2O
4.FL.30Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
4.FL.35BuseriteNa4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
4.FL.40Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
4.FL.45Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
4.FL.55CianciulliiteMn(Mg,Mn)2Zn2(OH)10 · 2-4H2O
4.FL.60JenseniteCu3[TeO6] · 2H2O
4.FL.65LeisingiteCu(Mg,Cu,Fe,Zn)2[TeO6] · 6H2O
4.FL.70Akdalaite4Al2O3 · H2O
4.FL.75Cafetite(Ca,Mg)(Fe,Al)2Ti4O12 · 4H2O
4.FL.80MouriteUMo5O12(OH)10
4.FL.85DeloryiteCu4(UO2)(MoO4)2(OH)6
7.4.1BromelliteBeO
7.4.2BehoiteBe(OH)2
7.4.3ClinobehoiteBe(OH)2
7.4.4ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
7.4.5Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
7.4.6Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12
7.4.7PericlaseMgO
7.4.8BruciteMg(OH)2
7.4.9SpinelMgAl2O4
7.4.10MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
7.4.11LimeCaO
7.4.12PortlanditeCa(OH)2
7.4.13ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32Cl2
7.4.14HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
7.4.15MarokiteCaMn23+O4
7.4.17HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
7.4.18Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2Mn5O10
7.4.19Todorokite(Ca,K,Na,Mg,Ba,Mn)(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3H2O

Other Names for Ranciéite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Ranciéit
Simplified Chinese:钙硬锰矿
Spanish:Ranciéita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ranciéite

Reference List:
Leymérie (1859): 2: 329.

Lacroix (1910): 4: 24.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 572.

American Mineralogist(1969): 54: 1741-1742.

American Mineralogist (1991): 76: 1426-1430.

Ertl, A., Pertlik, F., Prem, M., Post, J.E., Kim, S.J., Brandstätter. F., Alfschuster, R. (2005): Ranciéite crystals from Friesach, Carinthia, Austria. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 163-172.

Post, J.E., Heaney, P.J. & Ertl, A. (2008): Rietveld refinement of the ranciéite structure using synchrotron powder diffraction data. Powder Diffr. 23, 10-14.

Internet Links for Ranciéite

Localities for Ranciéite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Hampshire district
      • Kara Mines
Bottrill (unpub)
    • Zeehan district
      • Dundas mineral field
R Bottrill, unpub data
  • Victoria
    • Flinders area
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Großpetersdorf
      • Badersdorf
Ertl, A. (2002): Ranciéit, Hollandit und Braunit von Steinbruch Holler, Badersdorf, Burgenland. In: Niedermayr, G. et al. Neue Mineralfunde aus Österrich Li. Carinthia II, 192/112, 215-244.
  • Carinthia
    • Frantschach-St Gertraud
matrixx 4, p.39-51
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Friesach
        • Olsa
A. Ertl, F. Pertlik, M. Prem, J. E. Post, S. J. Kim, F. Brandstätter, R. Schuster (2005): Eur. J. Mineral. 17(1):163-172
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberger Erzberg
H. Meixner: Carinthia II 171./91.:36-37 (1981)
Zirkl, E. J. (1984): Rancieit im Wald von Maria Waitschach, Kärnten. Die Eisenblüte, NF 5 (12), 16-17.
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Bleiberg District
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Hermagor
        • Poludnig
G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 187./107.:175 (1997)
    • Gurktaler Alpen
      • St Veit an der Glan
        • Tauchendorf
          • Grassendorf
G. Blass, H. W. Graf: Carinthia II 191./111.:145-147 (2001)
    • Packalpe
      • Bad St Leonhard
Taucher, J. (1995): Matrixx - Mineralogische Nachrichten aus Österreich 4, 52-56
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Payerbach
Ertl (2002)
    • Mostviertel
      • Schwarzenbach an der Pielach
U. Kolitsch, G. Knobloch, F. Brandstätter, E. Löffler und P. Tomazic (2012): Malachit und Strontianit vom Schwarzenberg bei Türnitz (NÖ) und Ranciéit vom Fuchsriegel bei Schwarzenbach an der Pielach (NÖ). Der Steirische Mineralog 26, 48-49.
  • Salzburg
    • Schwarzach
      • Lend
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs, 1993
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
Taucher, J. et al. (1989)
    • Eisenerz
Lapis 8(4), 14-24 (1983)
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Rettenegg
        • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
          • Prinzkogel mines
            • Southern District
Jakely, D. et al. (2008); Taucher, J. (1996)
      • St. Jakob-Breitenau
        • Hochlantsch
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1772) Chalkoalumit, ein Chalkoalumit-ähnliches Mineral, Magnesiochromit, Pyrolusit, Ranciéit und Todorokit vom Magnesitbergbau Breitenau am Hochlantsch, Steiermark. Pp. 169-171 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
    • Graz
      • Gratkorn
        • Kanzelkogel
Postl, W. (1992), Exel, R. (1993)
    • Kalsdorf
      • Großsulz
Matrixx 1, p.9-22
    • Leoben
Postl, W. (1998)
      • Galgenberg
Annalen 1999, p.11-22
Bulgaria
 
  • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
    • Karnobat Obshtina
Banushev, B. and Vasileva, M. (1994): New manganese ore showings in the Eastern Srednogorie. Dokladi na Bulgarskata Akademiya na Naukite 47, 33-36.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Laszlo Horvath pers. comm 10/06/2006
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
          • Saint-Amable sill
HORVÁTH, L. (2010) The minerals of the Saint-Amable sill: an update. MICRONEWS 44(4), 23-28.
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Chongzuo Prefecture
      • Tiandeng Co.
Shouquan Zhu (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(2), 58-61
  • Hubei Province
    • Huanggang Prefecture
      • Luotian Co.
        • Hejiawan
Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
    • Wuhan Prefecture
      • Huangpi District
Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Mian Co.
Zhongtang Yang, Zhiming Li, Gengbiao Qiao, Zhongbao Song, Xiaozhou Liu, and Wei Wan (2008): Geology and Prospecting 44(2), 38-44; Zhongtang Yang, Gengbiao Qiao, Zhiming Li, Xiaoyong Yang, Hongping Huang, Xianghua Lan, Zhongbao Song, Xiaozhou Liu, and Wei Wan (2009): Chinese Journal of Geology 44(1), 88-102
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Heqing Co.
Yuchun Yang (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(8), 20-23
Cuba
 
  • Santiago de Cuba Province
AmMin 64:1199-1218.
France
 
  • Alsace
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Lembach
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997, 15-17
    • Haut-Rhin
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Paul De Bondt.
      • Thur valley (Thann valley)
        • Bitschwiller-les-Thann
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
        • Mollau
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
        • Urbès
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Franche-Comté
    • Haute-Saône
      • Faucogney-et-la-Mer
        • Esmoulières
          • Saphoz
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Aude
      • Palairac
        • Couise pass
          • Montauch
Berbain, C., Favreau, G., Aymar, G. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, 176-178.
    • Lozère
[MinRec 8:517]
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Corneilla-de-Conflent
        • Plateau d'Ambulla (Las Ambollas)
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
      • Corsavy
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 39-44. and collection Guitard CERP Tautavel
      • Massif du Canigou
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 91-93.
      • Olette
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
      • Oms
Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2007, 95, 3-24.
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Ariège
      • Vicdessos
        • Sem
[American Mineralogist, 54, 1741-1742 (1969); MinRec 9:133]
    • Tarn
      • Alban - Le Fraysse area
- PIERROT, R., PICOT, P., FORTUNE, J.-P. & TOLLON, F., (1976) - Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°6 - Tarn, Editions du BRGM, 47.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Aschaffenburg
          • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
        • Schöllkrippen
          • Huckelheim
Schmitt, R. T. (1997): Erstfunde von Ranciéit aus dem Spessart. Der Aufschluss, 48, 353-355
  • Brandenburg
    • Rüdersdorf
Andreas Gerstenberg collection
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Grund
        • Iberg
Schnorrer, G. & Klänhardt, K. (2002): Die Minerale des Iberg-Winterberg-Massives bei Bad Grund/Harz. Aufschluss, 53 (4), 181-199; Jahn, S., K. Stedingk & K. Klänhardt (2012): Das Iberg-Winterberg-Massiv bei Bad Grund. Mineralien-Welt, 23 (4), 30-67.
      • Bad Lauterberg
Gröbner, J. & Kloss, D. (2010): Neufunde von der Grube Wolkenhügel bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Lapis 35 (1), 39-41; 62.
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Zellerfeld veins
Gröbner, J. & Nikoleizig, J. (2009): Die Mineralien der Gruben Kahlenbergsglück & Grüne Tanne am Kahlenberg bei Zellerfeld. Mineralien-Welt 20 (4), 34-39.
      • Lautenthal
J. Gröbner, I. Dittrich & R. Dittrich (2006): Mangan-Mineralien aus dem Innerste-Tal im Harz. Lapis 31 (4), 32-33; 50.
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Beerberg
J. Gröbner: Neufunde aus den Bergbaurevieren St. Andreasberg, Bad Lauterberg und von Oberschulenberg im Harz, MINERALIEN-WELT 18 (2007), 43-51.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Eifel
      • Düren
        • Untermaubach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Mechernich
        • Kall
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Marcus Vau Collection
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
      • Müsen
Reinhardt, M. (2010): Die Mineralien der Grube Wildermann bei Müsen im Siegerland. Lapis 35 (11), 13-28; 54
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Blass, G., Graf, HW., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 5/1993
      • Hillesheim
Blass, G., Graf, HW., Kolitsch, U., Neue Funde und Mineralien aus der Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 1/2002
    • Palatinate
      • Dahn (Dahner Felsenland)
        • Nothweiler
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
        • Rottleberode
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
      • Tanne
        • Trautenstein
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Marienberg District
        • Wolkenstein
XRD and SEM-EDX analysis (T. Witzke)
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Helgoland Island
Markus Gerstmann - Collection
  • Thuringia
    • Harz
      • Nordhausen
        • Ilfeld
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch and J. Wesiger (2011): New finds of vanadate and rare-earth minerals from the manganese mine Ilfeld, Harz. Mineralien-Welt 22 (1), 41-49. (in German)
      • Stempeda
J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
    • Szendrői Mts
      • Rakacaszend
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    • Zemplén Mts (Tokaj Mts)
Sándor Szakáll; Tamás Weiszburg (1994) Minerals of Telkibánya, NE-Hungary. Miskolc Herman Ottó Múzeum
  • Fejér Co.
    • Szár Hill
      • Kőszárhegy
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
      • Szabadbattyán
Szakáll: Minerals of Szár Hill, 2004
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Abasár
Szakáll-Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
      • Kisnána
Szakáll, S., Földessy, J., Less, G., Fűköh, Dávid, A., Németh, N., Hadobás, S. & Piros, O. (2010): Mineralizations in Mesozoic-Tertiary volcanic and sedimentary units of NE Hungary (with a tour in the Baradla Cave, Aggtelek). Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica Field Guide Series 14, 1-32.
  • Nógrád Co.
    • Cserhát Mts
      • Sámsonháza
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    • Karancs-Medves Mts
      • Somoskő
Szakáll: 100 Hungarian Mineral Locality, 2004
  • Vas Co.
    • Kőszegi Mts
      • Velem
Indonesia
 
  • Jawa Island (Java Island)
    • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
      • Bogor District
Milési, J.P., Marcoux, E., Sitorus, T., Simandjuntak, M., Leroy, J., and Bailly, L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 131-149.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
• Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
          • Reppia
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Scerscen Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
          • Torre di Santa Maria
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993): I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Marche
    • Macerata Province
P. Mattias- M. Guerra (2008) - Le miniere nelle Marche II° parte Miniere e mineralizzazioni-Giacimenti e vicende Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze detta dei XL
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Brosso
          • Cavallaria Mount
Barresi, A. A., & Ambrino, P., 2006. Monte Cavallaria. I minerali delle cave di quarzo "Alpetta, Piani e Rio Freddo". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30 (2): 76-97.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Gonnesa
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Volume 1 & 2. Nine Italian Mineralogical Groups/Associations, 192 + 239 pp.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. AMI-Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 344 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Valsugana
        • Roncegno
-Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
  • Veneto
    • Verona Province
      • Arbizzano
        • Novare
A. Longhi, Miniere e Minerali del Veronese, (1979), edizioni libreria cortina Verona
      • Negrar
        • Montecchio
          • Vajo Siresol
A. Longhi, Miniere e Minerali del Veronese, (1979), edizioni libreria cortina Verona
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Contrada Trentini
-Atti della giornata di Studio – L’argento e le “terre bianche” del Tretto e della val Leogra – Comune di Schio, 2000. A cura di Pietro Frizzo.
      • Tretto di Schio
        • Val Munari
          • Contrade Maglio-Pornaro
EDX + XRD analysis by Gunter Blass
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi Prefecture
        • Kita-Shidara-gun
          • Shidara-cho
Yamada collection (Crystal World, Japan)
      • Shizuoka prefecture
        • Shimoda City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kanto Region
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Hadano City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 17 (1994) , No. 5 pp 211-218
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Chichibu City
          • Ohtaki-mura
            • Nakatsugawa
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kuzumaki
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Seiyo City
        • Shirokawa
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Luxembourg
 
  • Putscheid commune
    • Stolzembourg
Philippo Simon (éditeur) 2007 - Inventaire minéralogique du Luxembourg: Stolzembourg,
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aldama
Cross, B. & Culp Zeitner J. (2006), Geodes Natures Treasures, P.26
Norway
 
  • Vest-Agder
    • Kristiansand
Breivik, H. ; Myre, K. & Larsen, A. O. (2007): Manganforekomster på Sørlandet: Kvivikdalen (Kostøl, Ålefjær): Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift, 35, 25-31
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
        • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
Pieczka A. 2006: An unusual manganoan apatite from the Szklary pegmatite (Lower Silesia, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 178-180
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
    • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
      • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Lovozero Massif
Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(6), 63–67
          • Seidozero Lake
            • Lepkhe-Nel'm Mt (Lepkhe-Nelm; Nepkha)
I.V. Pekov et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(1):49-59 (2004); Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
        • Orsk
          • Khalilovskii District
            • Khabarninskii massif
Sharkov, A.A. (2009): Lithology and Mineral Resources 44(1), 19-35.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
      • Ust'-Koksa district
Vera N. Smol'yaninova data
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
      • Družstevná pri Hornáde
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Trenčín Region
    • Ilava Co.
Aubrecht,R., Mišík,M., ,Sýkora,M., Šamajová,E., 1998: Kontroverzné bradlo czorsztynskej jednotky v Bolešovskej doline medzi Nemšovou a Pruským. Min.slovaca, 30,5,431 - 442
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 237.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Granada
      • Busquístar
- Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Ojos Negros
Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames, Zaragoza. 463 pags.
  • Cantabria
    • Sierra de Arnero
      • La Florida mining area
Rossi, C., Lozano, R.P., Isanta, N. y Hellstrom, J. (2010). Manganese stromatolites in caves: El Soplao (Cantabria, Spain). Geology, 38, 1119–1122
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
        • Gavà
          • Bruguers
Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • El Molar
Joan Abella i Creus, pers. comm.
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Llano del Beal
Oen, I.S. et al. (1974). Hawleyite and grenockite in the ores of Los Blancos, Sierra de Cartagena, Spain.Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie Monatschefte, 11, 507-513.
Switzerland
 
  • Aargau
    • Frick
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 399.
    • Wildegg
      • Holderbank
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 399.
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Maroz Valley
Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Ausserferrera
Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data (2013)
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Denizli Province
      • Kale
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
UK
 
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Island Magee
Tindle A. G. (2008) Minerals of Britain and Ireland, p429
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
Geologiya SSSR (The geology of USSR) (1969) - Nedra (Moscou), 1969, vol. VIII, 575 p.
        • Kerchenskyi (Fe)-ore basin
          • Kerchenskoe deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov data
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Copper River District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 352.
            • Casey Hill
Rolf Luetcke
    • Pima Co.
      • Ajo District
        • Little Ajo Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 352.
  • Arkansas
    • Independence Co.
Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Plainfield
"Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Copper Harbor
Travis Olds collection
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Eddy Co.
      • Carlsbad
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Socorro Co.
      • San Lorenzo District
Patrick Haynes
  • North Dakota
    • Bottineau Co.
      • Turtle Mts
NDGS B-15(Hendricks,1943)
    • Rolette Co.
Geology of Bottineau County, North Dakota. Bulletin (North Dakota Geological Survey) ;, 78,
  • Virginia
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Bolling Springs
AmMin: 64:1199-1218
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