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Raspite

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Formula:
Pb(WO
 
4
)
System:MonoclinicColour:Pale yellow, yellowish ...
Lustre:AdamantineHardness:2½ - 3
Member of:Scheelite Group
Name:
Named after Mr. Charles Rasp (1846-1907), German-Australian prospector, and discoverer of the Broken Hill deposit.
Dimorph of:Stolzite


The monoclinic dimorph of Stolzite.

A rare secondary mineral occurring in the oxidized zones of tungsten-bearing hydrothermal base metal deposits.

An unusual Te-rich variety is described by Andrade et al. (2014).

Classification of Raspite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/G.01-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.DG.20

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
G : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; chains of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 8th edition ID:48.1.4.1

48 : ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
1 : AXO4
Hey's CIM Ref.:27.4.9

27 : Sulphites, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
4 : Tungstates
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Type Occurrence of Raspite

Type Locality:Broken Hill Proprietary Mine (Proprietary Mine; BHP Mine), Broken Hill, Yancowinna Co., New South Wales, Australia
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria: G6263.
Year of Discovery:1897

Occurrences of Raspite

Geological Setting:Secondary oxidation zone of tungsten containing ores.

Physical Properties of Raspite

Lustre:Adamantine
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Pale yellow, yellowish brown, gray, colorless
Hardness (Mohs):2½ - 3
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect {100}
Density (measured):8.46 g/cm3
Density (calculated):8.45 g/cm3

Crystallography of Raspite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/b {P1 1 21/b} {P21/c} {P1 21/c 1} {P21/a}
Space Group Setting:P21/a
Cell Parameters:a = 13.555Å, b = 4.976Å, c = 5.561Å
β = 107.63°
Ratio:a:b:c = 2.724 : 1 : 1.118
Unit Cell Volume:V 357.47 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Crystals typically tabular, flattened on {100}, which is striated parallel [010], and somewhat elongated parallel [010]; also elongated [100] or thin tabular {101}.
Twinning:Common on {100}; also on {102}.
Crystal Atlas:
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Raspite no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Raspite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Raspite no.4 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Optical Data of Raspite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 2.270 nβ = 2.270 nγ = 2.300
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.030

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Raspite

Formula:
Pb(WO
 
4
)
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb(WO4)
Essential elements:O, Pb, W
All elements listed in formula:O, Pb, W

Relationship of Raspite to other Species

Member of:Scheelite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Powellite
Ca(MoO
 
4
)
Scheelite
Ca(WO
 
4
)
Stolzite
Pb(WO
 
4
)
Wulfenite
Pb(MoO
 
4
)
Common Associates:
Yttrotungstite-(Y)StolziteHydrokenoelsmoreiteHydrokenoelsmoreiteCuprotungstite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.DG.05Euxenite-(Y)
(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta)
 
2
O
 
6
4.DG.05Fersmite
(Ca,Y)(Nb,Ta,Ti)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
4.DG.05Kobeite-(Y)
(Y,Zr)
 
2
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
7
4.DG.05Loranskite-(Y)
(Y,Ce,Ca)ZrTaO
 
6
(?)
4.DG.05Polycrase-(Y)
(Y,U)(Ti,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
4.DG.05Tanteuxenite-(Y)
(Y,Ce,Ca)(Ta,Nb,Ti)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
4.DG.05Uranopolycrase
(U
4+
 
,Y)(Ti,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
4.DG.05Yttrocrasite-(Y)
(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
4.DG.10β-Fergusonite-(Y)
YNbO
 
4
4.DG.10β-Fergusonite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce)NbO
 
4
4.DG.10β-Fergusonite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd)NbO
 
4
4.DG.10Yttrotantalite-(Y)
(Y,Ca,U
4+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
8
4.DG.10Beta-Fergusonite-(Nd)
4.DG.15Foordite
(Sn,Pb)(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
6
4.DG.15Thoreaulite
(Sn
2+
 
,Pb)(Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
27.4.1Cuprotungstite
Cu
 
2
(WO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
27.4.2Scheelite
Ca(WO
 
4
)
27.4.4Anthoinite
AlWO
 
3
(OH)
 
3
27.4.5Mpororoite
WAlO
 
3
(OH)
 
3
· 2(H
 
2
O)
27.4.6Yttrotungstite-(Y)
YW
 
2
O
 
6
(OH)
 
3
27.4.7Yttrotungstite-(Ce)
(Ce,Nd,Y)W
 
2
O
 
6
(OH)
 
3
27.4.8Stolzite
Pb(WO
 
4
)
27.4.10Russellite
Bi
 
2
WO
 
6
27.4.11Pinalite
Pb
 
3
WO
 
5
Cl
 
2
27.4.12Uranotungstite
(Fe
2+
 
,Ba,Pb)(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(WO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 12H
 
2
O
27.4.13Hübnerite
MnWO
 
4
27.4.14Ferberite
FeWO
 
4
27.4.15Wolframite
(Fe
2+
 
)WO
 
4
 
 
to (Mn
2+
 
)WO
 
4
27.4.16Ferritungstite
27.4.17Phyllotungstite
(H
 
2
O,M)
 
x
(W,Fe)(O,OH)
 
3
· yH
 
2
O (M = Ca, Cs, Pb or K)
27.4.18Qitianlingite
(Fe,Mn)
 
2
(Nb,Ta)
 
2
WO
 
10

Other Names for Raspite

Other Languages:
German:Raspit
Russian:Распит
Simplified Chinese:斜钨铅矿
Spanish:Raspita

Other Information

Thermal Behaviour:Inverts to Stolzite above 410°C.
Other Information:Decomposed by HCl with separation of yellow tungstic acid.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Raspite

Reference List:

- +
Hlawatsch, C. (1897): Ueber den Stolzit und ein neues Mineral »Raspit
von Brokenhill. Annalen des kaiserlich-königlichen naturhistorischen Hofmuseums 12, 33-41. [http://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/ANNA_12_0033-0041.pdf]

Hlawatsch (1898) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 29: 137.

Hlawatsch (1899) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 31: 8.

Hussak (1903) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 723.

Hlawatsch (1905) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 423.

Hlawatsch (1907) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 42: 587.

Jaeger and Germs (1921) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 119: 145.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 125.

Jung (1931) Jb. Min., Beil.-Bd.: 64A: 197.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1089-1090.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 29: 137.

Fujita, T., I. Kawada, and K. Kato (1977) Raspite from Broken Hill. Acta Crystallographica: B33, 162–164.

Andrade, M.B., Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Jenkins, R.A., Fay, I. (2014): Te-rich raspite, Pb(W0.56Te0.44)O4, from Tombstone, Arizona, USA: the first natural example of Te6+ substitution for W6+. American Mineralogist, 99, (in press).

Internet Links for Raspite

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  • Localities for Raspite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Georgiana Co.
        • Tuena
          • Kangaloolah
    Brent Thorne
      • Yancowinna Co.
    [MinRec 7:31, 19:423-424, 19:363] Birch et al., 1982, Minerals of Broken Hill
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1090.
    Annal.Naturhist.Hofmus. Wien (1897) 12, 33-41; Rocks & Min.:62:224-225.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Iron Quadrangle
        • Mariana (Marianna de Itacolumy)
    Hlawatsch, K. (1905): Der Raspit von Sumidouro, Minas Geraës (Brasilien). Centralbl. Min. Geol. Paläont., 1905, 422–427.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1090.
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Nord-du-Québec
        • Baie-James
          • Otish Mts
    SASSANO, G. & ROCHELEAU, M. (1987) Quelques minéraux d'uranium des Bassin d'Otish et de Mistassini, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 25, 185-193.
    China
     
    • Hunan Province
      • Hengyang Prefecture
        • Nanyue District
    Guangming Yang (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(7), 35-40
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Ébreuil
          • Échassières
    Pierre Le Roch & Jean-Marc Johannet collections; U. Kolitsch (SXRD-analysis)
    Le Règne Minéral, (33), 5-25.
    • Burgundy
      • Nièvre
        • Villapourçon
          • Châtillon Forest
    GOURAULT C. (2011) - Minéralogie de la mine du Prabis ( Villapourcon, Nievre, France) . BOURGOGNE NATURE, n° 13, p. 96-116, 5 fig.
    • Limousin
      • Corrèze
        • Meymac
    Ansermet, S., Cuchet, S. & Meisser, N. (2010): Minéralogie de la mine de La grange, Meymac, Corrèze. Le Règne Minéral, 91: 23-31
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Compolibat
    Gayraud, L., Gineste, C., Bernadi, G. & Johannet, J.-M. (2011) - Bleys et Puech de Compolibat: deux localités minéralogiques remarquables du massif de leucogranite de La Capelle-Bleys (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 111(1), 7-23; Mills et al. (2012) AM, 97, 415–418
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kinki Region
        • Kyoto Prefecture
          • Kameoka City
    Fujiwara, T. (1977) Chigaku Kenkyu, 28, 279-283.
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
        • Santa Eulalia District
          • East Camp
    Megaw, P.K.M., 1990b, Geology and geochemistry of the Santa Eulalia mining district, Chihuahua, Mexico.: Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 549 p
    • Guanajuato
      • Mun. de Guanajuato
        • Guanajuato
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1090.
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
    Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:272-275; JAHN, St.; SCHNAITMANN, E.A.; NIEDERMAYR, G. (2010): Spektakuläre Neufunde aus dem Erongo (IV). - MINERALIEN-Welt (5), 60-66.
    Portugal
     
    • Viana do Castelo District
      • Ponte de Lima
        • Estorãos
    Hydrothermal tungstates from Serra de Arga, Northern Portugal - Relation to Be mineralization. VIII CIGEOQ. 2011 C. Leal Gomes, P. Alves, P. Dias, R. Alves, G. Verduzco
    C. Leal Gomes, P. Alves, P. Dias, R. Alves, G. Verduzco (2011)Hydrothermal tungstates from Serra de Arga, Northern Portugal - Relation to Be mineralization. VIII CIGEOQ. 2011
    Rwanda
     
    • Northern Province
      • Cyeru Commune
        • Gifurwe sector
    J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997), 17
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Callington District
          • Calstock
            • Gunnislake
    David P. Clough Collection. Collected 14 June 2013. Natural History Museum (London) identification 12 July 2013.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Huachuca Mts
          • Hartford District (Huachuca Mountains District)
            • Carr Canyon
    "The Accidental Pocket" talk presented by Robert E. Walstrom at 2012 NCMA meeting.
        • Tombstone Hills
          • Tombstone District
            • Contention-Grand Central Mine group
    Tony Kampf identification 2011
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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