Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Rauvite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Ca(UO2)2(V10O28) · 16H2O
Colour:
Purplish black, grayish ...
Name:
Named by Frank L. Hess in 1922 from the chemical symbols of its presumed constituents: RAdium, Uranium and Vanadium.
A rare and questionable mineral species occurring in the oxidized zones of U-V ores in Colorado Plateau-type deposits.

Classification of Rauvite

Questionable/Doubtful
4.HB.40

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
H : V[5,6] Vanadates
B : Uranyl Sorovanodates
47.4.4.1

47 : VANADIUM OXYSALTS
4 : Vanadium Bronzes
21.4.9

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
4 : Vanadates of U, Mn, Fe or Ni
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3372.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Rauvite

General Appearance of First Recorded Material:
Fissure fillings or impregnations in sandstone.
Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
HArvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: #134565. U.S. National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA: #95060, R5715.
Year of Discovery:
1922
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Shinarump sandstone
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Physical Properties of Rauvite

Adamantine, Waxy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Purplish black, grayish black, pale orange-yellow, brownish red, brownish yellow-orange
Streak:
Olive-brown, yellow-brown
Tenacity:
Sectile
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.92 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Rauvite

Morphology:
Microcrystalline; a hardened gel-like precipitate in massive botryoidal crusts and thin coatings.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.7 (100)
5.83 (10)
3.87 (20)
3.49 (40)
2.95 (50)
2.62 (30)
2.22 (10)
Comments:
ICDD 8-288

Optical Data of Rauvite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
n = 1.88 - 1.95
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Rauvite

Formula:
Ca(UO2)2(V10O28) · 16H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Rauvite to other Species

4.HB.05CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
4.HB.05Margaritasite(Cs,K,H3O)2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · H2O
4.HB.10SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
4.HB.15CurienitePb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
4.HB.15Francevillite(Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
4.HB.15FritzscheiteMn(UO2)2(PO4,VO4)2 · 10H2O (?)
4.HB.20MetavanuraliteAl(UO2)2(VO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
4.HB.20VanuraliteAl(UO2)2(VO4)2(OH) · 11H2O
4.HB.25MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
4.HB.25TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
4.HB.30StrelkiniteNa2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
4.HB.35UvaniteU26+V65+O21 · 15H2O (?)
21.4.1UvaniteU26+V65+O21 · 15H2O (?)
21.4.2Vanuranylite(H3O)2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 4H2O
21.4.3StrelkiniteNa2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
21.4.4CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
21.4.5Margaritasite(Cs,K,H3O)2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · H2O
21.4.6SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
21.4.7MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
21.4.8TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
21.4.10Francevillite(Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
21.4.11MetavanuraliteAl(UO2)2(VO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
21.4.12VanuraliteAl(UO2)2(VO4)2(OH) · 11H2O
21.4.13CurienitePb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
21.4.14FritzscheiteMn(UO2)2(PO4,VO4)2 · 10H2O (?)
21.4.15Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn22+(VO4)3
21.4.16Santafeite(Na,Ca,Sr)12(Mn2+,Fe3+,Al,Mg)8Mn84+(VO4)16(OH,O)20 · 8H2O
21.4.17PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
21.4.18BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
21.4.19ČechitePb(Fe2+,Mn2+)(VO4)(OH)
21.4.20HeyitePb5Fe22+(VO4)2O4
21.4.21MounanaitePbFe23+(VO4)2(OH,F)2
21.4.22SchubneliteFe3+VO4 · H2O
21.4.23FervaniteFe43+V45+O16 · 5H2O
21.4.24KazakhstaniteFe53+V34+V125+O39(OH)9 · 9H2O
21.4.25Bokite(Al,Fe3+)1.3(V5+,V4+,Fe3+)8O20 · 7.4H2O
21.4.26Rusakovite(Fe3+,Al)5(VO4,PO4)2(OH)9 · 3H2O
21.4.27KolovratiteNixZny(VO4)0.67(x+y) · nH2O

Other Names for Rauvite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Rauvit
Spanish:Rauvita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rauvite

Reference List:
Hess, F.L. (1922): 1) Uranium-bearing asphaltic sediments of Utah. 2) New and known minerals from the Utah-Colorado Carnotite region. Engineering and Mining Journal - Press, 114, 272-276.

Hess, F.L. (1924) U.S. Geological Survey Bull. 750D: 68.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1058.

Weeks, A.D. and M.E. Thompson (1954) Identification and occurrence of uranium and vanadium minerals from the Colorado Plateaus. U.S. Geological Survey Bull.
1009-B, 34–35.

U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1036-G (1956): 128.

Frondel, C. (1958) Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium. U.S. Geological
Survey Bull. 1064: 263–264.

Internet Links for Rauvite

Localities for Rauvite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Canada
 
  • Prince Edward Island
ROSE, E.R. (1973) Geology of vanadium and vanadiferous occurrences. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Reports. 27, 130p.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache Co.
      • Navajo Indian Reservation
        • Monument Valley
          • Monument No. 2 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 294, 352; Finnell, T.L. (1957), Structural control of uranium ore at the Monument No. 2 mine, Apache Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 52: 25-35; Weeks, A.D., et al (1955), Navajoite, a new vanadium oxide from AZ, Am.Min.: 40: 207-212; Frondel, C. (1958), Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium, USGS Bull. 1064: 264; Witkind, I.J. & R.E. Thaden (1963), Geology and uranium-vanadium deposits of the Monument Valley area, Apache and Navajo Cos., AZ: 115, 117; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 78.
    • Navajo Co.
      • Navajo Indian Reservation
        • Monument Valley
          • Mystery Valley
            • Monument No. 1 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 352; Witkind, Irving J. & Thaden (1963), USGS Bull. 1103, Geology & Uranium-Vanadium Deposits of the Monument Valley Area Apache and Navajo Counties, Arizona: 68, 135; Witkind, I.J. (1961), The uranium-vanadium ore deposit at the Monument No. 1-Mitten No. 2 mine, Monument Valley, Navajo Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 1107-C: 219-242; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 78.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 352; Witkind, I.J. (1961), The uranium-vanadium ore deposit at the Monument No. 1-Mitten No. 2 mine, Monument Valley, Navajo Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 1107-C: 219-242; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 78.
  • Colorado
    • Mesa Co.
      • Uravan District
        • Calamity Mesa
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Montrose Co.
      • Uravan District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Am Min (1964) 49:1511-1526
Am Min (1964) 49:1511-1526
        • Paradox Valley
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; USGS Bull 1042F
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Van King
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Gypsum Valley District
Amended Technical Report on Energy Fuels Resources Corporation’s Willhunt Property
  • New Mexico
    • McKinley Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • San Juan Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. Rev. Ed., 1996
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
USGS Bull 1063F
    • Fall River Co.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Bull 1063D; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp345-349
        • Craven Canyon
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
          • Ridge Runner mine
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
USGS Bull 1063F
        • Red Canyon
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"; USGS Bull 1009G
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1058.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 992, 1056, 1058; UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; DANA R. KELLEY AND PAUL F. KERR (1958) URANO-ORGANIC ORE AT TEMPLE MOUNTAIN, UTAH. BULLETIN OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA VOL. 69. PP. 701-756.; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp285-297
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Grand Co.
      • Gateway District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Yellow Cat District (W. part of Thompsons District)
        • Cisco
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Marysvale District (Marysvale Uranium area)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Sevier Co.
      • Antelope Range
        • Henry District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Wyoming
    • Crook Co.
      • Northern Black Hills District
USGS Bull 1082J
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 27, 2015 12:04:06 Page generated: March 25, 2015 17:02:41