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Rauvite

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Formula:
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(V
 
10
O
 
28
) · 16H
 
2
O
Colour:Purplish black, grayish ...
Name:Named by Frank L. Hess in 1922 from the chemical symbols of its presumed constituents: RAdium, Uranium and Vanadium.


A rare and questionable mineral species occurring in the oxidized zones of U-V ores in Colorado Plateau-type deposits.

Classification of Rauvite

IMA status:Questionable/Doubtful
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/G.05-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.HB.40

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
H : V[5,6] Vanadates
B : Uranyl Sorovanodates
Dana 8th edition ID:47.4.4.1

47 : VANADIUM OXYSALTS
4 : Vanadium Bronzes
Hey's CIM Ref.:21.4.9

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
4 : Vanadates of U, Mn, Fe or Ni
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Type Occurrence of Rauvite

Co-type Localities:Flat Top Mesa, San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell), Emery Co., Utah, USA
Temple Mountain, San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell), Emery Co., Utah, USA
General Appearance of Type Material:Fissure fillings or impregnations in sandstone.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:HArvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: #134565. U.S. National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA: #95060, R5715.
Year of Discovery:1922
Geological Setting of type material:Shinarump sandstone
Associated Minerals at type locality:
UvaniteTyuyamuniteMetatorberniteHewettiteGypsum
CorvusiteCarnotite

Physical Properties of Rauvite

Lustre:Adamantine, Waxy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Purplish black, grayish black, pale orange-yellow, brownish red, brownish yellow-orange
Streak:Olive-brown, yellow-brown
Tenacity:Sectile
Cleavage:None Observed
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):2.92 g/cm3

Crystallography of Rauvite

Morphology:Microcrystalline; a hardened gel-like precipitate in massive botryoidal crusts and thin coatings.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
10.7 (100)
5.83 (10)
3.87 (20)
3.49 (40)
2.95 (50)
2.62 (30)
2.22 (10)
Comments:ICDD 8-288

Optical Data of Rauvite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: n = 1.88 - 1.95
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.000

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High

Chemical Properties of Rauvite

Formula:
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(V
 
10
O
 
28
) · 16H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca(UO2)2(V10O28)·16H2O
Essential elements:Ca, H, O, U, V
All elements listed in formula:Ca, H, O, U, V

Relationship of Rauvite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.HB.05Carnotite
K
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
4.HB.05Margaritasite
(Cs,K,H
 
3
O)
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
4.HB.10Sengierite
Cu
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
4.HB.15Curienite
Pb(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
4.HB.15Francevillite
(Ba,Pb)(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
4.HB.15Fritzscheite
Mn(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
,VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O (?)
4.HB.20Metavanuralite
Al(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 8H
 
2
O
4.HB.20Vanuralite
Al(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 11H
 
2
O
4.HB.25Metatyuyamunite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3-5H
 
2
O
4.HB.25Tyuyamunite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5-8H
 
2
O
4.HB.30Strelkinite
Na
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
4.HB.35Uvanite
U
6+
2
V
5+
6
O
 
21
· 15H
 
2
O (?)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
21.4.1Uvanite
U
6+
2
V
5+
6
O
 
21
· 15H
 
2
O (?)
21.4.2Vanuranylite
(H
 
3
O)
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
21.4.3Strelkinite
Na
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
21.4.4Carnotite
K
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
21.4.5Margaritasite
(Cs,K,H
 
3
O)
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
21.4.6Sengierite
Cu
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
21.4.7Metatyuyamunite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3-5H
 
2
O
21.4.8Tyuyamunite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5-8H
 
2
O
21.4.10Francevillite
(Ba,Pb)(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
21.4.11Metavanuralite
Al(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 8H
 
2
O
21.4.12Vanuralite
Al(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 11H
 
2
O
21.4.13Curienite
Pb(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
21.4.14Fritzscheite
Mn(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
,VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O (?)
21.4.15Palenzonaite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
CaMn
2+
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
21.4.16Santafeite
(Na,Ca,Sr)
 
12
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Al,Mg)
 
8
Mn
4+
8
(VO
 
4
)
 
16
(OH,O)
 
20
· 8H
 
2
O
21.4.17Pyrobelonite
PbMn
2+
 
(VO
 
4
)(OH)
21.4.18Brackebuschite
Pb
 
2
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
21.4.19Čechite
Pb(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)(VO
 
4
)(OH)
21.4.20Heyite
Pb
 
5
Fe
2+
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
4
21.4.21Mounanaite
PbFe
3+
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,F)
21.4.22Schubnelite
Fe
3+
 
VO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
21.4.23Fervanite
Fe
3+
4
V
5+
4
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
21.4.24Kazakhstanite
Fe
3+
5
V
4+
3
V
5+
12
O
 
39
(OH)
 
9
· 9H
 
2
O
21.4.25Bokite
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
1.3
(V
5+
 
,V
4+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
8
O
 
20
· 7.4H
 
2
O
21.4.26Rusakovite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
5
(VO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
9
· 3H
 
2
O
21.4.27Kolovratite
Ni
 
x
Zn
 
y
(VO
 
4
)
 
0.67(x+y)
· nH
 
2
O

Other Names for Rauvite

Other Languages:
German:Rauvit
Spanish:Rauvita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rauvite

Reference List:

- +
Hess, F.L. (1922): 1) Uranium-bearing asphaltic sediments of Utah. 2) New and known minerals from the Utah-Colorado Carnotite region. Engineering and Mining Journal - Press, 114, 272-276.

Hess, F.L. (1924) U.S. Geological Survey Bull. 750D: 68.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1058.

Weeks, A.D. and M.E. Thompson (1954) Identification and occurrence of uranium and vanadium minerals from the Colorado Plateaus. U.S. Geological Survey Bull.
1009-B, 34–35.

U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1036-G (1956): 128.

Frondel, C. (1958) Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium. U.S. Geological
Survey Bull. 1064: 263–264.

Internet Links for Rauvite

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  • Localities for Rauvite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • Prince Edward Island
    ROSE, E.R. (1973) Geology of vanadium and vanadiferous occurrences. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Reports. 27, 130p.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Apache Co.
        • Navajo Indian Reservation
          • Monument Valley
            • Monument No. 2 channel
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 294, 352; Finnell, T.L. (1957), Structural control of uranium ore at the Monument No. 2 mine, Apache Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 52: 25-35; Weeks, A.D., et al (1955), Navajoite, a new vanadium oxide from AZ, Am.Min.: 40: 207-212; Frondel, C. (1958), Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium, USGS Bull. 1064: 264; Witkind, I.J. & R.E. Thaden (1963), Geology and uranium-vanadium deposits of the Monument Valley area, Apache and Navajo Cos., AZ: 115, 117; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 78.
      • Navajo Co.
        • Navajo Indian Reservation
          • Monument Valley
            • Mystery Valley
              • Monument No. 1 channel
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 352; Witkind, Irving J. & Thaden (1963), USGS Bull. 1103, Geology & Uranium-Vanadium Deposits of the Monument Valley Area Apache and Navajo Counties, Arizona: 68, 135; Witkind, I.J. (1961), The uranium-vanadium ore deposit at the Monument No. 1-Mitten No. 2 mine, Monument Valley, Navajo Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 1107-C: 219-242; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 78.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 352; Witkind, I.J. (1961), The uranium-vanadium ore deposit at the Monument No. 1-Mitten No. 2 mine, Monument Valley, Navajo Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 1107-C: 219-242; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 78.
    • Colorado
      • Mesa Co.
        • Uravan District
          • Calamity Mesa
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Montrose Co.
        • Uravan District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Am Min (1964) 49:1511-1526
    Am Min (1964) 49:1511-1526
          • Paradox Valley
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; USGS Bull 1042F
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Van King
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • San Miguel Co.
        • Gypsum Valley District
    Amended Technical Report on Energy Fuels Resources Corporation’s Willhunt Property
    • New Mexico
      • McKinley Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • San Juan Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. Rev. Ed., 1996
    • South Dakota
      • Custer Co.
    USGS Bull 1063F
      • Fall River Co.
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Bull 1063D; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp345-349
          • Craven Canyon
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
            • Ridge Runner mine
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    USGS Bull 1063F
          • Red Canyon
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"; USGS Bull 1009G
    • Utah
      • Emery Co.
        • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1058.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 992, 1056, 1058; UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; DANA R. KELLEY AND PAUL F. KERR (1958) URANO-ORGANIC ORE AT TEMPLE MOUNTAIN, UTAH. BULLETIN OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA VOL. 69. PP. 701-756.; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp285-297
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Grand Co.
        • Gateway District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Yellow Cat District (W. part of Thompsons District)
          • Cisco
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Piute Co.
        • Marysvale District (Marysvale Uranium area)
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Sevier Co.
        • Antelope Range
          • Henry District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Wyoming
      • Crook Co.
        • Northern Black Hills District
    USGS Bull 1082J
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