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Reinerite

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Formula:
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
3
)
 
2
System:OrthorhombicColour:Blue to Yellow Green
Lustre:VitreousHardness:5 - 5½
Name:Named for Willy Reiner (1895–1965), Senior Chemist, Tsumeb Corporation, Tsumeb, Namibia, who analysed the type material.


A synthetic polymorph has been reported by Harrison (2010).

Classification of Reinerite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/J.01-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.JA.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
J : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites; iodates
A : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites; without additional anions, without H2O
Dana 8th edition ID:45.1.1.1

45 : ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
1 : Miscellaneous
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Type Occurrence of Reinerite

Type Locality:Tsumeb Mine (Tsumcorp Mine), Tsumeb, Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto), Namibia
Year of Discovery:1958

Physical Properties of Reinerite

Lustre:Vitreous
Colour:Blue to Yellow Green
Hardness (Mohs):5 - 5½

Crystallography of Reinerite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 6.09Å, b = 14.4Å, c = 7.8Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.423 : 1 : 0.542
Unit Cell Volume:V 684.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Reinerite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.740 nβ = 1.790 nγ = 1.820
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.080

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r > v moderate

Chemical Properties of Reinerite

Formula:
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
3
)
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:Zn3(AsO3)2
Essential elements:As, O, Zn
All elements listed in formula:As, O, Zn

Relationship of Reinerite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.JA.05Leiteite
Zn(As
 
2
O
 
4
)
4.JA.15Karibibite
Fe
 
2
As
 
4
O
 
9
4.JA.20Kusachiite
CuBi
 
2
O
 
4
4.JA.20Schafarzikite
Fe
2+
 
Sb
3+
2
O
 
4
4.JA.20Trippkeite
Cu[As
 
2
O
 
4
]
4.JA.25Apuanite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
Sb
3+
4
O
 
12
S
4.JA.30Versiliaite
Fe
 
2
Fe
 
4
Sb
 
6
O
 
16
S
4.JA.35Schneiderhöhnite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
3
[As
 
5
O
 
13
]
4.JA.40Zimbabweite
(Na,K)
 
2
PbAs
 
4
(Ta,Nb,Ti)
 
4
O
 
18
4.JA.45Ludlockite
PbFe
3+
4
As
3+
10
O
 
22
4.JA.50Paulmooreite
Pb
 
2
[As
 
2
O
 
5
]
4.JA.55Stibivanite
Sb
 
2
VO
 
5
4.JA.60Chadwickite
(UO
 
2
)[HAsO
 
3
]

Other Names for Reinerite

Other Languages:
German:Reinerit
Russian:Рейнерит
Simplified Chinese:砷锌矿
Spanish:Reinerita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Reinerite

Reference List:

- +
B. H. Geier and K. Weber. Reinerit, Zn3(AsO3)2, ein neues Mineral der Tsumeb Mine, Sudwestafrika. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh.1958, No. 7-8, 160-167 .

American Mineralogist (1959): 44: 207.

American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 1129-1134.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1983): 119.

Harrison, W.T.A. (2010): beta-Zn3(AsO3)2. Acta Crystallogr., C66, i64-i66.

Internet Links for Reinerite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Reinerite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Reinerite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Reinerite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Reinerite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Search for Reinerite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Localities for Reinerite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    China
     
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Qamdo Prefecture (Changdu Prefecture)
        • Qamdo Co. (Changdu Co.)
    Yingchao Liu, Zengqian Hou, Yushuai Yu, Shihong Tian, Yulong Li, and Zhusen Yang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(4), 1407-1426
    Germany
     
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Goslar
          • Grane Reservoir
    Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V. Aufschluss 42, 155-171.
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    B. H. Geier and K. Weber. Reinerit, Zn3(AsO3)2, ein neues Mineral der Tsumeb Mine, Sudwestafrika. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh.1958, No. 7-8, 160-167
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