Mindat Logo

Rhenium

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
Re
System:Hexagonal
Name:Named after the Rhine River.


Originally described as tiny grains in wolframite from a Russian locality (Rafalson & Sorokin, 1976). Later discredited because of uncertain origin. Also observed as microscopic grains (no size given) in calcium- and aluminum-rich inclusions in the Allende Meteorite, a carbonaceous chondrite.

Classification of Rhenium

IMA status:Discredited 1987
Strunz 8th edition ID:1/A.13-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.AB.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
B : Zinc-brass family
Dana 7th edition ID:1.2.2.3
Dana 8th edition ID:1.2.2.4

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Hey's CIM Ref.:1.56

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-3401.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Physical Properties of Rhenium

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque

Crystallography of Rhenium

Crystal System:Hexagonal

Chemical Properties of Rhenium

Formula:
Re
Essential elements:Re
All elements listed in formula:Re
Analytical Data:
Allende Meteorite
Re     97.
Ru      3.
Total 100. 
Empirical Formula:
Re
Common Impurities:Ru

Relationship of Rhenium to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
1.AB.Magnesium
Mg
1.AB.05Cadmium
Cd
1.AB.05Zinc
Zn
1.AB.05Titanium
Ti
1.AB.10bDanbaite
CuZn
 
2
1.AB.10aZhanghengite
CuZn
1.AB.10aα-Brass
Cu
 
3
Zn
1.AB.10bTongxinite
Cu
 
2
Zn
1.AB.10aZinccopperite
Cu
 
7
Zn
 
4
(?)
1.AB.10UM2003-03-E:AgAuCuZn
(Cu,Au,Ag)
 
4
Zn
1.AB.10UM1980-01-E:CuZn
Cu
 
3
Zn
1.AB.10UM1980-02-E:CuZn
Cu
 
4.45
Zn
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
1.1Copper
Cu
1.2Silver
Ag
1.5Gold
Au
1.6Auricupride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.7Tetra-auricupride
AuCu
1.8Zinc
Zn
1.9Cadmium
Cd
1.10Danbaite
CuZn
 
2
1.11Zhanghengite
CuZn
1.12Mercury
Hg
1.13Kolymite
Cu
 
7
Hg
 
6
1.14Moschellandsbergite
Ag
 
2
Hg
 
3
1.15Eugenite
Ag
 
11
Hg
 
2
1.16Schachnerite
Ag
 
1.1
Hg
 
0.9
1.17Paraschachnerite
Ag
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.18Luanheite
Ag
 
3
Hg
1.19Weishanite
(Au,Ag)
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.20Indium
In
1.21Aluminium
Al
1.22Khatyrkite
(Cu,Zn)Al
 
2
1.23Cupalite
(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24Diamond
C
1.25Graphite
C
1.26Chaoite
C
1.27Lonsdaleite
C
1.28Silicon
Si
1.29Tin
Sn
1.30Lead
Pb
1.31Anyuiite
Au(Pb,Sb)
 
2
1.31Novodneprite
AuPb
 
3
1.32Leadamalgam
Pb
 
0.7
Hg
 
0.3
1.33Arsenic
As
1.34Arsenolamprite
As
1.35Paxite
CuAs
 
2
1.36Koutekite
Cu
 
5
As
 
2
1.37Domeykite
Cu
 
3
As
1.38Algodonite
(Cu
 
1-x
As
 
x
)
1.39Novakite
Cu
 
20
AgAs
 
10
1.40Kutinaite
Ag
 
6
Cu
 
14
As
 
7
1.41Antimony
Sb
1.42Stibarsen
AsSb
1.43Paradocrasite
Sb
 
3
As
1.44Horsfordite
Cu, Sb
1.45Cuprostibite
Cu
 
2
(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum
(Ag
 
1-x
Sb
 
x
)
1.47Aurostibite
AuSb
 
2
1.48Dyscrasite
Ag
 
3
Sb
1.49Bismuth
Bi
1.50Maldonite
Au
 
2
Bi
1.51Sulphur
S
 
8
1.52Rosickýite
S
1.53Selenium
Se
1.54Tellurium
Te
1.55Chromium
Cr
1.57Iron
Fe
1.58Chromferide
Fe
 
3
Cr
 
1-x
(x=0.6)
1.59Ferchromide
Cr
 
3
Fe
 
1-x
1.60Wairauite
CoFe
1.61Nickel
Ni
1.62Kamacite
(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite
(Fe,Ni)
1.64Tetrataenite
FeNi
1.65Awaruite
Ni
 
3
Fe
1.66Palladium
(Pd,Pt)
1.67Potarite
PdHg
1.68Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.70Cabriite
Pd
 
2
CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.72Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.73Rustenburgite
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.75Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.76Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium
(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82Platinum
Pt
1.83Hongshiite
PtCu
1.84Niggliite
PtSn
1.85Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.86Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.87Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.88Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.89Rhodium
(Rh,Pt)
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
1.2.2.1Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.2.2.2Ruthenium
(Ru,Ir)

Other Names for Rhenium

Other Languages:
Russian:Рений
Simplified Chinese:自然铼

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rhenium

Reference List:

- +
Rafalson M.B. & Sorokin N.D. (1976): Determination of native rhenium in wolframites by method of X-ray spectral analysis. Voprosy geochimii i tipomorphisma mineralov, v.1, 62-66 (in Russ.).

El Goresy, A., Nagel, K., Dominik, B., and Ramdohr, P. (1977) Fremdlinge: Potential Presolar Material in Ca, Al rich inclusions of Allende, Meteoritics, vol 12, pp 215-216.

American Mineralogist (1978): 63: 1283-1284.

American Mineralogist (1987): 72, 1040, Appendix 1 [discreditation]

Transactions (Doklady) of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Earth Science Sections 382 (2002), 83 [Occurrence, Chemistry].

Transactions (Doklady) of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Earth Science Sections 395A (2004), 448 [Occurrence]

Bogatikov, O.A., A.V. Mokhov, P.M. Kartashov, A.I. Gorshkov, E.V. Koporulina, L.O. Magazina & N.A. Ashikhmina (2004) Microparticles of ore minerals found in Lunar regolith from Mare Fecundidatis: (Cu,A,Ag)4Zn, Ag, Au, Sn, Pb, Sb, Re, MoS2, CdS, AuS, RhI3, - Doklady, Russian Academy of Sciences, Earth Sciences Section,v. 395, N6, pp. 803-807 (in Rus.).

A.V. Mokhov, O.A. Bogatikov, P.M. Kartashov, A.I. Gorshkov, E.V. Koporulina, L.O. Magazina & N.A. Ashikhmina (2006): Rhenium oxide, potassium perrhenate, iron and aluminium hydroxychlorides, barite, and celestine in lunar regolith. Doklady, Russian Academy of Sciences, Earth Sciences Section, 407A, 460–464.

Internet Links for Rhenium

Search Engines:
  • Look for Rhenium on Google
  • Look for Rhenium images on Google
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Buy from Dave Bunk Minerals
  • Search for Rhenium on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Find Rhenium on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Rhenium specimens
  • Buy minerals from YourMineralCollection
  • Localities for Rhenium

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Pueblito de Allende
    El Goresy, A., Nagel, K., Dominik, B., and Ramdohr, P. (1977) Fremdlinge: Potential Presolar Material in Ca, Al rich inclusions of Allende, Meteoritics, vol 12, pp 215-216.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
    Rafalson M.B. & Sorokin N.D. (1976): Determination of native rhenium in wolframites by method of X-ray spectral analysis. Voprosy geochimii i tipomorphisma mineralov, v.1, 62-66 (in Russ.).
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    Vikentyev I.V. e.a. (2004) Gold and PGE in massive sulfide ore of the Uzelginsk deposit, Southern Urals, Russia, - Can. Miner., v.42, p.2, pp.651-665.
    The Moon
    www.informnauka.ru/eng/sci-2003-01_e.shtml.
    • Mare Crisium
    Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.).
    • Mare Fecunditatis
    Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.).; Mokhov, A.V., Kartashov, P.M., Bogatikov, O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Russian).; Mokhov, A. V., Bogatikov, O. A., Kartashov, P. M., Gorshkov, A. I., Koporulina, E. V., Magazina, L. O., & Ashikhmina, N. A. (2006, March). Rhenium oxide, potassium perrhenate, iron and aluminum hydroxychlorides, barite, and Celestine in lunar regolith. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 407, No. 2, pp. 460-464). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: September 1, 2014 16:46:54
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds