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Rinkite

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Formula:
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Ca,Ce)
 
4
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
OF
 
3
System:MonoclinicColour:Yellowish-brown, yellow
Lustre:VitreousHardness:5
Name:For H. Rink.


Rinkite group
See also Mosandrite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Rinkite. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Rinkite

IMA status:Approved 2009
Explanation of status:See Can Mineral 47 (2009) 897-908
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/0.0-25
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.00.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
0 :
0 :
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Type Occurrence of Rinkite

Type Locality:Kangerluarsuk Fjord (Kangerdluarssuq Fjord), Ilímaussaq complex, Narsaq, Kujalleq, Greenland
Year of Discovery:1884

Physical Properties of Rinkite

Lustre:Vitreous
Colour:Yellowish-brown, yellow
Hardness (Mohs):5

Crystallography of Rinkite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 5.67Å, b = 7.41Å, c = 18.83Å
β = 101.26°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.765 : 1 : 2.541
Unit Cell Volume:V 775.91 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Rinkite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.665 nβ = 1.668 nγ = 1.681
2V:Measured: 43° , Calculated: 52°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.016

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:strong

Chemical Properties of Rinkite

Formula:
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Ca,Ce)
 
4
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
OF
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:(Na,Ca)3(Ca,Ce)4Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Essential elements:Ca, F, Na, O, Si, Ti
All elements listed in formula:Ca, Ce, F, Na, O, Si, Ti
Common Impurities:Zr,Th,Y,La,Fe,Mn,Mg,K,H2O

Relationship of Rinkite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
Rinkite Group
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.00.Shkatulkalita
9.00.Yegorovite
Na
 
4
[Si
 
4
O
 
8
(OH)
 
4
] · 7H
 
2
O

Other Names for Rinkite

Synonyms:
Johnstrupite
Other Languages:
German:Rinkit
Russian:Ринкит
Simplified Chinese:层硅铈钛矿
Spanish:Rinkita
Traditional Chinese:層矽鈰鈦礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rinkite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 795.

Gottardi, G. (1966). X-ray crystallography of rinkite. American Mineralogist, 51: 1529-1535.

Galli, E. & Alberti, A. (1971). The crystal structure of Rinkite. Acta Crystallographica, B27: 1277-1284.

Soviet Physics, Crystallography (1991): 36(3): 349-351.

American Mineralogist (1992): 77: 674.

Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh & Nichols (1995), Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. II: 689.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2000), 496.

Bellezza, M. (2005): Crystal-chemical study of Zr,Ti,Nb,REE-disilicates with general formula M16(Si2O7)4(O,OH,F)8, belonging to the cuspidine, gotzenite-rosenbuschite-seidozerite and rinkite families. Plinius, 31, 51-54.

Can. Mineral. 44 (2006) 1273

Sokolova, E. & Camara, F. (2008) Min. Mag., 72, 887-897.

Can Mineral 47 (2009) 897-908

Internet Links for Rinkite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Rinkite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Rinkite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Rinkite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
    No reference listed
        • Poços de Caldas
    Horstpeter H. G. J. Ulbrich (1984) A Petrografia, a Estrutura e o Quimismo de Nefelina Sienitos do Maciço Alcalino de Poços de Caldas MG-SP
    Nomura, S.F., Atencio, D., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Cutinho, J.M.V. and Karipidis, T.K. (2010): Manganoeudialyte, a new mineral from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 139 (4), 35-47..
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    CÁMARA, F., SOKOLOVA, E., and HAWTHORNE, F.C. (2011) From structure topology to chemical composition. XII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of rinkite, Na2Ca4REETi(Si2O7)OF3. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2755-2774.
        • Lajemmerais RCM
          • Varennes & St-Amable
    HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
    Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
    China
     
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Dandong Prefecture
        • Fengcheng Co.
          • Saima complex
    Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
    Greenland
     
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Igaliku (Igaliko)
    Jones, A. P. & Larsen, L.M. (1985): Geochemistry and REE minerals of nepheline syenites from the Motzfeldt Centre, South Greenland. American Mineralogist. 70, 1087-1100.; Jones, A.P. (1980) The petrology and structure of the Motzfeldt centre, Igaliko, south Greenland. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
    Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
    Lorenzen, J. (1884). Untersuchung einiger Mineralien aus Kangerdluarsuk in Grönland. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie unde Mineralogie. 9, 243-254.; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.63)
            • Qeqertaussaq Island
    Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
    Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
          • Tunulliarfik Fjord (Tunugdliarfik)
    Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Vol. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
    Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G., Leonardsen, E.S, Johnsen, O, Bollingberg, H. & Rose-Hansen, J. (1994): Leifite from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Contribution to the mineralogy of Ilímaussaq, no. 90. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1994 (2), 83-90
            • Tuperssuatsiat Bay
    Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
        • Narsarsuaq (Narssarssuaq)
          • Qôroq Firth
    Coulson, I. M. (1997). Post-magmatic alteration in eudialyte from the North Qoroq centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(1), 99-109.
    Guinea
     
    Morocco
     
    • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
      • Khénifra Province
        • Tamazeght Mountain Range
    Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576
    Namibia
     
    • Khomas Region
      • Windhoek District
        • Aris
    Yakovenchuk et al. (2011) Can. Min. 49, 1165.
    Norway
     
    • Telemark
      • Porsgrunn
        • Mørje
          • Sagåsen
    Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Langesundsfjorden
          • Arøya (Arö)
    Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
          • Arøyskjærene (Arøy skerries)
    Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
    Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
          • Barkevik area
    Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp 74-94; Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Tuva Republic
        • Sangilen Upland
          • Balygtyg-Khem River
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Khibiny Massif
    Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Men’shikov, Y.P., Konopleva, N.G., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 732-745.
              • Astrophyllite Stream
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Tony Nickischer
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
            • Koashva Mt
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Kononkova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Rabadanov, M.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 749-754.; 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2
            • Kukisvumchorr Mt
    Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
    Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
    American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 1525-1530, 2007
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Bojanala Platinum District
        • Western Bushveld Complex
    Cairncross & Dixon (1995) 138-140.
    Minerals of South Africa
    Tajikistan
     
    • Region of Republican Subordination
      • Tien Shan Mtn
        • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Pulaski Co.
        • Little Rock
    • Montana
      • Meagher Co.
    Chakhmouradian A.R. & Mitchell R.H. (2002) The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114. ; Chakhmouradian, A. R. & Mitchell, R. H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 143, 93-114.
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