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Rinkite

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Formula:
(Na,Ca)3(Ca,Ce)4Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Yellowish-brown, yellow
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5
Name:
For H. Rink.

Classification of Rinkite

Approved 2009
Explanation of status:
See Can Mineral 47 (2009) 897-908
9.00.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
0 :
0 :
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3422.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Rinkite

Year of Discovery:
1884

Physical Properties of Rinkite

Vitreous
Colour:
Yellowish-brown, yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
5

Crystallography of Rinkite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.67Å, b = 7.41Å, c = 18.83Å
β = 101.26°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.765 : 1 : 2.541
Unit Cell Volume:
V 775.91 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Rinkite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.665 nβ = 1.668 nγ = 1.681
2V:
Measured: 43° , Calculated: 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.016
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
strong

Chemical Properties of Rinkite

Formula:
(Na,Ca)3(Ca,Ce)4Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Zr,Th,Y,La,Fe,Mn,Mg,K,H2O

Relationship of Rinkite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):

Other Names for Rinkite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Rinkit
Russian:Ринкит
Simplified Chinese:层硅铈钛矿
Spanish:Rinkita
Traditional Chinese:層矽鈰鈦礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rinkite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 795.

Gottardi, G. (1966). X-ray crystallography of rinkite. American Mineralogist, 51: 1529-1535.

Galli, E. & Alberti, A. (1971). The crystal structure of Rinkite. Acta Crystallographica, B27: 1277-1284.

Soviet Physics, Crystallography (1991): 36(3): 349-351.

American Mineralogist (1992): 77: 674.

Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh & Nichols (1995), Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. II: 689.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2000), 496.

Bellezza, M. (2005): Crystal-chemical study of Zr,Ti,Nb,REE-disilicates with general formula M16(Si2O7)4(O,OH,F)8, belonging to the cuspidine, gotzenite-rosenbuschite-seidozerite and rinkite families. Plinius, 31, 51-54.

Can. Mineral. 44 (2006) 1273

Sokolova, E. & Camara, F. (2008) Min. Mag., 72, 887-897.

Can Mineral 47 (2009) 897-908

Internet Links for Rinkite

Localities for Rinkite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
No reference listed
      • Poços de Caldas
Horstpeter H. G. J. Ulbrich (1984) A Petrografia, a Estrutura e o Quimismo de Nefelina Sienitos do Maciço Alcalino de Poços de Caldas MG-SP
Nomura, S.F., Atencio, D., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Cutinho, J.M.V. and Karipidis, T.K. (2010): Manganoeudialyte, a new mineral from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 139 (4), 35-47..
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
CÁMARA, F., SOKOLOVA, E., and HAWTHORNE, F.C. (2011) From structure topology to chemical composition. XII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of rinkite, Na2Ca4REETi(Si2O7)OF3. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2755-2774.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
China
 
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Saima complex
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
Jones, A. P. & Larsen, L.M. (1985): Geochemistry and REE minerals of nepheline syenites from the Motzfeldt Centre, South Greenland. American Mineralogist. 70, 1087-1100.; Jones, A.P. (1980) The petrology and structure of the Motzfeldt centre, Igaliko, south Greenland. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Lorenzen, J. (1884). Untersuchung einiger Mineralien aus Kangerdluarsuk in Grönland. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie unde Mineralogie. 9, 243-254.; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.63)
          • Qeqertaussaq Island
Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
        • Tunulliarfik Fjord (Tunugdliarfik)
Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Vol. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G., Leonardsen, E.S, Johnsen, O, Bollingberg, H. & Rose-Hansen, J. (1994): Leifite from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Contribution to the mineralogy of Ilímaussaq, no. 90. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1994 (2), 83-90
          • Tuperssuatsiat Bay
Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
      • Narsarsuaq (Narssarssuaq)
        • Qôroq Firth
Coulson, I. M. (1997). Post-magmatic alteration in eudialyte from the North Qoroq centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(1), 99-109.
Guinea
 
Morocco
 
  • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Yakovenchuk et al. (2011) Can. Min. 49, 1165.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Arøya (Arö)
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
        • Arøyskjærene (Arøy skerries)
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
        • Barkevik area
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp 74-94; Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sangilen Upland
        • Balygtyg-Khem River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Men’shikov, Y.P., Konopleva, N.G., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 732-745.
            • Astrophyllite Stream
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Tony Nickischer
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
          • Koashva Mt
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Kononkova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Rabadanov, M.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 749-754.; 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2
          • Kukisvumchorr Mt
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 1525-1530, 2007
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
Cairncross & Dixon (1995) 138-140.
Minerals of South Africa
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.
Chakhmouradian A.R. & Mitchell R.H. (2002) The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114. ; Chakhmouradian, A. R. & Mitchell, R. H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 143, 93-114.
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