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Rinneite

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Formula:
K
 
3
Na[FeCl
 
6
]
System:TrigonalColour:Colourless (pure), rose, ...
Hardness:3
Member of:Rinneite Group
Name:Named in 1908 by Hendrik Enno Boeke in honor of Friedrich Wilhelm Bertold Rinne [March 16, 1863 Osterode, Harz, Germany - March 12, 1933 Guenterstal, Saxony, Germany], crystallographer and petrographer, University of Kiel, Germany
Isostructural with:Chlormanganokalite, Saltonseaite
This page provides mineralogical data about Rinneite.

Classification of Rinneite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:3/C.06-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:3.CJ.05

3 : HALIDES
C : Complex halides
J : With MX6 complexes; M = Fe, Mn, Cu
Dana 8th edition ID:11.5.3.1

11 : HALIDE COMPLEXES
5 : AmBX6
Hey's CIM Ref.:8.11.6

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
11 : Halides of Fe and Ni
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Type Occurrence of Rinneite

Type Locality:Wolkramshausen, Bleicherode, Thuringia, Germany
Year of Discovery:1908
Geological Setting of type material:Saline deposits of the oceanic type.

Occurrences of Rinneite

Geological Setting:Oceanic salt deposits.

Physical Properties of Rinneite

Lustre:Silky
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Colourless (pure), rose, violet, yellow; turns brown on exposure; colourless to yellowish in transmitted light.
Streak:white
Hardness (Mohs):3
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
On {11_20).
Fracture:Splintery, Conchoidal
Density (measured):2.347 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.406 g/cm3

Crystallography of Rinneite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:R3c {R3 2/c}
Cell Parameters:a = 11.98Å, c = 13.84Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.155
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,720.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Massive, granular. Crystals thick tabular {0001} or short prismatic [0001] (artificial crystals).
Twinning:On {0001} (artificial crystals)

Optical Data of Rinneite

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 1.589 nε = 1.589
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.001

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate

Chemical Properties of Rinneite

Formula:
K
 
3
Na[FeCl
 
6
]
Simplified for copy/paste:K3Na[FeCl6]
Essential elements:Cl, Fe, K, Na
All elements listed in formula:Cl, Fe, K, Na

Relationship of Rinneite to other Species

Member of:Rinneite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Chlormanganokalite
K
 
4
[MnCl
 
6
]
Saltonseaite
K
 
3
NaMnCl
 
6
Common Associates:
SylviteKieseriteHaliteAnhydrite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
3.CJ.05Chlormanganokalite
K
 
4
[MnCl
 
6
]
3.CJ.10Erythrosiderite
K
 
2
[Fe
3+
 
Cl
 
5
(H
 
2
O)]
3.CJ.10Kremersite
(NH
 
4
,K)
 
2
[Fe
3+
 
Cl
 
5
(H
 
2
O)]
3.CJ.15Mitscherlichite
K
 
2
CuCl
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
3.CJ.20Douglasite
K
 
2
[Fe
2+
 
Cl
 
4
(OH
 
2
)
 
2
]
3.CJ.25Redikortsevite
(NH
 
4
)MgCl
 
3
· 6H
 
2
O
3.CJ.30Zirklerite
(Fe,Mg,Ca)
 
9
Al
 
4
Cl
 
18
(OH)
 
12
· 14H
 
2
O (?)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
8.11.1Molysite
FeCl
 
3
8.11.2Hydromolysite
FeCl
 
3
· 6H
 
2
O
8.11.3Rokühnite
FeCl
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.11.4Douglasite
K
 
2
[Fe
2+
 
Cl
 
4
(OH
 
2
)
 
2
]
8.11.5Erythrosiderite
K
 
2
[Fe
3+
 
Cl
 
5
(H
 
2
O)]
8.11.7Kremersite
(NH
 
4
,K)
 
2
[Fe
3+
 
Cl
 
5
(H
 
2
O)]
8.11.8Iowaite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.11.9Nickelbischofite
NiCl
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.11.10Lawrencite
(Fe
2+
 
,Ni)Cl
 
2

Other Names for Rinneite

Other Languages:
German:Rinneit
Russian:Риннеит
Simplified Chinese:钾铁盐
Spanish:Rinneita

Other Information

Other Information:Soluble in water. Decomposed by absolute alcohol with the extraction of ferrous chloride.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rinneite

Reference List:

- +
Boeke, H.E. (1909): Rinneit, ein neugefundenes eisenchlorürhaltiges Salzmineral.- Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 72-75.

Boeke, H.E. (1909) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: II: 38.

Schneider (1909) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie: 504.

Rinne and Kolb (1911) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie: 337.

Cheng (1929) Inaugural Dissertation, Leipzig.

Cheng (1931) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 52.

Bellanca A. (1947) La rinneite: struttura e relazioni cristallochimiche con la cloromanganocalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, Roma: 199-213.

Bellanca (1948) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 16: 199.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 107-108.

Inorganic Chemistry (1982): 21: 1292-1295.

Internet Links for Rinneite

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  • Localities for Rinneite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • Nova Scotia
      • Cumberland Co.
        • Pugwash
    R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
    China
     
    Yuhua Chen, Heran Yuan, and Zhiyue Du (1998): Geological Review 44(1), 100-105
    • Yunnan Province
      • Pu'er Prefecture
        • Jiangcheng Co.
    Weihao Yue, Jianguo Gao, Yuncan Li, Yinghui Liu, and Xinkai Liu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 809-822
    Germany
     
    • Hesse
      • Werra valley
        • Heringen
    A.Dietrich, G.Behnke and T.Thonelt (2004): Kristalle aus der Tiefe - Eine Auswahl von Mineralen aus Kali- und Steinsalzlagerstatten. Kali und Steinsalz:3.p.6-14.
        • Phillippsthal
    A.Dietrich, G.Behnke and T.Thonelt (2004): Kristalle aus der Tiefe - Eine Auswahl von Mineralen aus Kali- und Steinsalzlagerstatten. Kali und Steinsalz:3.p.6-14.
    • Lower Saxony
      • Celle
        • Hänigsen
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108; Bode "Mineralien und Fundstellen BRD" from 1989 ISBN 3-925094-24-5 Pg.9
        • Wathlingen
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Hildesheim
        • Diekholzen Potash works
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108.
        • Giesen
    Aufschluss 1987(4), 114
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Schwarmstedt
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 87.
    • Saxony-Anhalt
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 102.
    • Thuringia
      • Bleicherode
    BOEKE, H.E. (1909): Rinneit, ein neugefundenes eisenchlorürhaltiges Salzmineral.- Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 72-75; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108.
    Leon Hupperichs Collection
      • Thuringian Forest
        • Merkers-Kieselbach
    XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
    Iran
     
    • Hormozgan Province
    Talbot, C., Farhadi, R., and Aftabi, P. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 352-366.
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    Turkmenistan
     
    • Lebap Province
      • Chardzhou
    Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    UK
     
    • England
      • North Yorkshire
        • Eskdale
    Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
    Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
    USA
     
    • California
      • Imperial Co.
    Mike Scott S104332 from Cureton #CRD ID by A Roberts 1993
    • Texas
      • Austin Co.
        • Racoon Bend oil field
    Excalibur Mineral Corporation specimen
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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