Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Rinneite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
K3Na[FeCl6]
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Colourless (pure), rose, ...
Hardness:
3
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1908 by Hendrik Enno Boeke in honor of Friedrich Wilhelm Bertold Rinne [March 16, 1863 Osterode, Harz, Germany - March 12, 1933 Guenterstal, Saxony, Germany], crystallographer and petrographer, University of Kiel, Germany
Isostructural with:
This page provides mineralogical data about Rinneite.

Classification of Rinneite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
3.CJ.05

3 : HALIDES
C : Complex halides
J : With MX6 complexes; M = Fe, Mn, Cu
11.5.3.1

11 : HALIDE COMPLEXES
5 : AmBX6
8.11.6

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
11 : Halides of Fe and Ni
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3423.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Rinneite

Year of Discovery:
1908
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Saline deposits of the oceanic type.

Occurrences of Rinneite

Geological Setting:
Oceanic salt deposits.

Physical Properties of Rinneite

Silky
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless (pure), rose, violet, yellow; turns brown on exposure; colourless to yellowish in transmitted light.
Streak:
white
Hardness (Mohs):
3
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {11_20).
Fracture:
Splintery, Conchoidal
Density:
2.347 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.406 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Rinneite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3c
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.98Å, c = 13.84Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.155
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,720.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Massive, granular. Crystals thick tabular {0001} or short prismatic [0001] (artificial crystals).
Twinning:
On {0001} (artificial crystals)

Optical Data of Rinneite

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.589 nε = 1.589
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.001
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of Rinneite

Formula:
K3Na[FeCl6]
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Rinneite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
3.CJ.05ChlormanganokaliteK4[MnCl6]
3.CJ.10ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
3.CJ.10Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
3.CJ.15MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
3.CJ.20DouglasiteK2[Fe2+Cl4(OH2)2]
3.CJ.25Redikortsevite(NH4)MgCl3 · 6H2O
3.CJ.30Zirklerite(Fe,Mg,Ca)9Al4Cl18(OH)12 · 14H2O (?)
8.11.1MolysiteFeCl3
8.11.2HydromolysiteFeCl3 · 6H2O
8.11.3RokühniteFeCl2 · 2H2O
8.11.4DouglasiteK2[Fe2+Cl4(OH2)2]
8.11.5ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
8.11.7Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
8.11.8IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
8.11.9NickelbischofiteNiCl2 · 6H2O
8.11.10Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2

Other Names for Rinneite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Rinneit
Simplified Chinese:钾铁盐
Spanish:Rinneita

Other Information

Other Information:
Soluble in water. Decomposed by absolute alcohol with the extraction of ferrous chloride.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rinneite

Reference List:
Boeke, H.E. (1909): Rinneit, ein neugefundenes eisenchlorürhaltiges Salzmineral.- Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 72-75.

Boeke, H.E. (1909) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: II: 38.

Schneider (1909) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie: 504.

Rinne and Kolb (1911) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie: 337.

Cheng (1929) Inaugural Dissertation, Leipzig.

Cheng (1931) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 52.

Bellanca A. (1947) La rinneite: struttura e relazioni cristallochimiche con la cloromanganocalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, Roma: 199-213.

Bellanca (1948) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 16: 199.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 107-108.

Inorganic Chemistry (1982): 21: 1292-1295.

Internet Links for Rinneite

Localities for Rinneite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Pugwash
R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
China
 
Yuhua Chen, Heran Yuan, and Zhiyue Du (1998): Geological Review 44(1), 100-105
  • Yunnan Province
    • Pu'er Prefecture
      • Jiangcheng Co.
Weihao Yue, Jianguo Gao, Yuncan Li, Yinghui Liu, and Xinkai Liu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 809-822
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Werra valley
      • Heringen
A.Dietrich, G.Behnke and T.Thonelt (2004): Kristalle aus der Tiefe - Eine Auswahl von Mineralen aus Kali- und Steinsalzlagerstatten. Kali und Steinsalz:3.p.6-14.
      • Phillippsthal
A.Dietrich, G.Behnke and T.Thonelt (2004): Kristalle aus der Tiefe - Eine Auswahl von Mineralen aus Kali- und Steinsalzlagerstatten. Kali und Steinsalz:3.p.6-14.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Celle
      • Hänigsen
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108; Bode "Mineralien und Fundstellen BRD" from 1989 ISBN 3-925094-24-5 Pg.9
      • Wathlingen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Hildesheim
      • Diekholzen Potash works
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108.
      • Giesen
Aufschluss 1987(4), 114
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Schwarmstedt
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 87.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 102.
  • Thuringia
    • Bleicherode
BOEKE, H.E. (1909): Rinneit, ein neugefundenes eisenchlorürhaltiges Salzmineral.- Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 72-75; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108.
Leon Hupperichs Collection
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Merkers-Kieselbach
XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
Iran
 
  • Hormozgan Province
Talbot, C., Farhadi, R., and Aftabi, P. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 352-366.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Turkmenistan
 
  • Lebap Province
    • Chardzhou
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
UK
 
  • England
    • North Yorkshire
      • Eskdale
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
USA
 
  • California
    • Imperial Co.
Mike Scott S104332 from Cureton #CRD ID by A Roberts 1993
  • Texas
    • Austin Co.
      • Racoon Bend oil field
Excalibur Mineral Corporation specimen
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: July 7, 2015 03:36:12 Page generated: June 30, 2015 22:41:18