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Robinsonite

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Formula:
Pb
 
4
Sb
 
6
S
 
13
System:MonoclinicColour:Lead-gray
Hardness:2½ - 3
Name:Named in 1951 by Leonard Gascoigne Berry, Joseph John Fahey, and Edgar Herbert Bailey in honor of Stephen Clive Robinson (1911-1981), Canadian mineralogist, Geological Survey of Canada, and former Professor of Mineralogy, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario. Robinson synthesized the compound in 1947 (Robinson 1948) before the mineral was found in nature.
This page provides mineralogical data about Robinsonite.

Classification of Robinsonite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.24-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.HC.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
C : With only Pb
Dana 8th edition ID:3.6.16.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.6.17

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone
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Type Occurrence of Robinsonite

Type Locality:Red Bird Mine, Lovelock, Antelope District, Pershing Co., Nevada, USA
Year of Discovery:1951
Geological Setting of type material:Low temperature hydrothermal deposit
Associated Minerals at type locality:
QuartzBoulangeriteBindheimite

Physical Properties of Robinsonite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Lead-gray
Streak:Gray
Hardness (Mohs):2½ - 3
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):6.7 g/cm3
Density (calculated):6.87 g/cm3

Crystallography of Robinsonite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/m {P1 1 21/m} {P21/m} {P1 21/m 1}
Space Group Setting:P21/m
Cell Parameters:a = 23.642(4) Å, b = 3.9761(6) Å, c = 24.420(4) Å
β = 93.808(3)°
Ratio:a:b:c = 5.946 : 1 : 6.142
Unit Cell Volume:V 2,290.48 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Comment:Non-standard space-group setting I2/m.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.74 (60)
3.51 (100)
3.50 (90)
3.26 (60)
3.06 (50)
2.91 (100)
2.88 (70)
2.82 (70)
Comments:ICDD 19-703

Chemical Properties of Robinsonite

Formula:
Pb
 
4
Sb
 
6
S
 
13
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb4Sb6S13
Essential elements:Pb, S, Sb
All elements listed in formula:Pb, S, Sb
Common Impurities:Bi

Relationship of Robinsonite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.HC.05bBaumhauerite-2a
Pb
 
11
Ag(As,Sb)
 
18
S
 
36
2.HC.05bBaumhauerite
Pb
 
12
As
 
16
S
 
36
2.HC.05eChabournéite
Tl
 
21-x
Pb
 
2x
(Sb,As)
 
91-x
S
 
147
(x = 0-17.5)
2.HC.05dDufrénoysite
Pb
 
2
As
 
2
S
 
5
2.HC.05aGuettardite
Pb(Sb,As)
 
2
S
 
4
2.HC.05cLiveingite
Pb
 
9
As
 
13
S
 
28
2.HC.05fParapierrotite
Tl(Sb,As)
 
5
S
 
8
2.HC.05fPierrotite
Tl
 
2
Sb
 
6
As
 
4
S
 
16
2.HC.05dRathite
Pb
 
8
Pb
 
4-x
(Tl
 
2
As
 
2
)
 
x
(Ag
 
2
As
 
2
)As
 
16
S
 
40
2.HC.05aSartorite
PbAs
 
2
S
 
4
2.HC.05aTwinnite
Pb
 
0.8
Tl
 
0.1
Sb
 
1.3
As
 
0.8
S
 
4
2.HC.05dVeenite
Pb
 
2
(Sb,As)
 
2
S
 
5
2.HC.05gMarumoite
Pb
 
32
As
 
40
S
 
92
2.HC.05eDalnegroite
(Tl
 
4
Pb
 
2
)(As
 
12
Sb
 
8
)S
 
34
2.HC.10aFülöppite
Pb
 
3
Sb
 
8
S
 
15
2.HC.10cHeteromorphite
Pb
 
7
Sb
 
8
S
 
19
2.HC.10bPlagionite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
8
S
 
17
2.HC.10dRayite
Pb
 
8
(Ag,Tl)
 
2
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
2.HC.10dSemseyite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
2.HC.15Boulangerite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
4
S
 
11
2.HC.15Falkmanite
Pb
 
5.4
Sb
 
3.6
S
 
11
2.HC.25Moëloite
Pb
 
6
Sb
 
6
S
 
14
(S
 
3
)
2.HC.30Dadsonite
Pb
 
23
Sb
 
25
S
 
60
Cl
2.HC.35Owyheeite
Ag
 
3+x
Pb
 
10-2x
Sb
 
11+x
S
 
28
, -0.13 < x > +0.20
2.HC.35Zoubekite
AgPb
 
4
Sb
 
4
S
 
10
2.HC.40Parasterryite
Ag
 
4
Pb
 
20
Sb
 
14
As
 
10
S
 
58
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.6.1Sartorite
PbAs
 
2
S
 
4
5.6.2Dufrénoysite
Pb
 
2
As
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.3Liveingite
Pb
 
9
As
 
13
S
 
28
5.6.4Baumhauerite
Pb
 
12
As
 
16
S
 
36
5.6.5Gratonite
Pb
 
9
As
 
4
S
 
15
5.6.6Jordanite
Pb
 
14
(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
23
5.6.7Fülöppite
Pb
 
3
Sb
 
8
S
 
15
5.6.8Zinkenite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
22
S
 
42
5.6.9Plagionite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
8
S
 
17
5.6.10Heteromorphite
Pb
 
7
Sb
 
8
S
 
19
5.6.11Launayite
CuPb
 
10
(Sb,As)
 
12
S
 
20
5.6.12Playfairite
Pb
 
16
Sb
 
18
S
 
43
5.6.13Semseyite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
5.6.14Madocite
Pb
 
19
(Sb,As)
 
16
S
 
43
5.6.15Boulangerite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
4
S
 
11
5.6.18Guettardite
Pb(Sb,As)
 
2
S
 
4
5.6.19Twinnite
Pb
 
0.8
Tl
 
0.1
Sb
 
1.3
As
 
0.8
S
 
4
5.6.20Veenite
Pb
 
2
(Sb,As)
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.21Sorbyite
CuPb
 
9
(Sb,As)
 
11
S
 
26
5.6.22Geocronite
Pb
 
14
(Sb,As)
 
6
S
 
23
5.6.23Galenobismutite
PbBi
 
2
S
 
4
5.6.24Cosalite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.25Cannizzarite
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
6
S
 
13
5.6.26Lillianite
Pb
 
3-2x
Ag
 
x
Bi
 
2+x
S
 
6
5.6.27Giessenite
Pb
 
27
Cu
 
2
(Bi,Sb)
 
19
S
 
57
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29Xilingolite
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
2
S
 
6
5.6.30Weibullite
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
8
Se
 
7
S
 
11
5.6.31Wittite
Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
(S,Se)
 
27
5.6.32Kirkiite
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
3
As
 
3
S
 
19
5.6.33Ustarasite
Pb(Bi,Sb)
 
6
S
 
10
(?)

Other Names for Robinsonite

Other Languages:
German:Robinsonit
Russian:Робинсонит
Simplified Chinese:纤硫锑铅矿
Spanish:Robinsonita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Robinsonite

Reference List:

- +
ROBINSON, S.C. (1948): Studies of mineral sulphosalts, XIV - artificial sulphantimonides of lead. Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy, University of Toronto Studies, Geological Series No. 42, 54-70.

BERRY, L.G., FAHEY, J.J. & BAILEY, E.H. (1952): Robinsonite, a new lead antimony sulfide. American Mineralogist 37, 438-446.

JAMBOR, J.L. (1967): New lead sulfantimonides from Madoc, Ontario - Part 2. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 191-213.

J. L. Jambor and G. R. Lachance (1968): Bismuthian robinsonite. Can. Mineral. 9, 426-428.

PETROVA, I.V., KAPLUNNIK, L.N., BORTNIKOV, N.S., POBEDIMSKAYA, E.A. & BELOV, N.V. (1972) Crystal structure of synthetic robinsonite. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR. 241, 88-90.

Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 321-335.

JAMBOR, J.L. & PLANT, A.G. (1976): The composition of lead sulphantimonide, robinsonite. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 415-417.

Acta Crystallographica (1990): C46: 527-531.

Franzini M., Orlandi P., Pasero M.(1992): Morphological, chemical and structural study of robinsonite (Pb4Sb6S13) from Apuan Alps, Italy. Acta Vulcanol., 2, 231-235.

Pruseth, K. L., Mishra, B., Bernhardt, H. J. (1998): Solid solution in synthetic zinkenite, robinsonite and meneghinite in the system Cu2S-PbS-Sb2S3. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 207-213.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (2003): 179(3): 295-310.

Makovicky, Emil, Tonci Balic-Zunic, Ljiljana Karanovic, Dejan Poleti, Jaroslav Pršek (2004): Structure refinement of natural robinsonite, Pb4Sb6S13: cation distribution and modular description: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Monatshefte 2004, 49-67.

Internet Links for Robinsonite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Robinsonite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Robinsonite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Lower Austria
      • Waldviertel
        • Senftenberg
    Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1764) Robinsonit vom Pegmatit von der Königsalm, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 164-165 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
      • Rhodope Mts
    Min.Mag.(1982) 46, 357-361
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Nelson Mining Division
        • Salmo
    Encyclopedia of Mins., 2nd. ed.:448.; Harris D C, Jambor J L, Lachance G R, Thorpe R I (1968) Tintinaite, the antimony analogue of kobellite, The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 371-382
    • Ontario
      • Hastings Co.
        • Madoc area
          • Huntingdon Township
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Jambor (1967b) Can. Min. 9, 191-213
    • Yukon Territory
      • Watson Lake Mining District
        • Tintina
    Y. Moëlo, J.L. Jambor, D.C. Harris, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 22, pp 219-226, 1984
    China
     
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
        • Hexigten Banner (Keshiketeng Co.)
    Yan Liu, Sihong Jiang, Zhigang Zhang, Yifei Liu, and Fengjun Nie (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(5), 837-854
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Qamdo Prefecture (Changdu Prefecture)
        • Zhag'yab Co. (Chaya Co.)
          • Jitang
    Yao Tan, Xianwu Bi, Zhonglei Xin, Feilin Zhu, Minyang Liao, and Yubang Li (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(4), 599-615
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
    Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    No reference listed
    Italy
     
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Seravezza
    Franzini M., Orlandi P., Pasero M., 1992. Morphological, chemical and structural study of robinsonite (Pb4Sb6S13) from Alpi Apuane, Italy. Acta Vulcanologica, Marinelli Volume, 2: 231-235; Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Min. Rec., 27: 47-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
          • Stazzema
            • Ponte Stazzemese
    Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Abuta-gun
        • Takarada
    Matsubara et al (1996) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 20.
    Luxembourg
     
    • Goesdorf commune
      • Goesdorf
    Simon Philippo analysis (to be published)
    Peru
     
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Castrovirreyna Province
        • Castrovirreyna District
    American Mineralogist 87:753-764
    • La Libertad Department
      • Santiago de Chuco Province
        • Quiruvilca District
    Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
    Serbia
     
    • Podrinje District
      • Boranja orefield
        • Krupanj
    Moelo, Yves; Borodaev, Youri S.; Mozgova, Nadja N. (1983): The twinnite-zinckenite-plagionite association from the antimony-lead-zinc deposit, Rujevac (Yugoslavia). Bull. Minéral. 106, 505-510.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Aleksandar M. Pačevski, Hg-bearing sphalerite from the Rujevac polymetallic ore deposit, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: Compositional variations and zoning, Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry, Volume 72, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 237-244, ISSN 0009-2819, 10.1016/j.chemer.2011.12.003.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Brezno Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Poltár Co.
    Maťo,Ľ., Maťová, 1994: Mineralizácia v okolí Ozdína, výskyt zlata s obsahom Sb-Ni v tmavých bridliciach, JZ časti veporského kryštalinika (stredné Slovensko). Min.Slovaca, 26,1,30 – 37
      • Revúca Co.
        • Chyžné
    Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8
    • Prešov Region
      • Prešov Co.
    Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
    • Žilina Region
      • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
    Chovan, M., Majzlan, J., Ragan, M., Siman, P., Krištín, J. (1998): Pb-Sb and Pb-Sb-Bi sulfosalts and associated sulphides from Dúbrava antimony deposit, Nízké Tatry Mts. Acta Geologica Universitatis Comenianae, 53, 37-49.
        • Liptovské Kľačany
    Bakoš, F., Chovan, M., Michálek, J., 2000 : Minerálne zloženie hydrotermálnej Sb, Cu, Pb, Zn, As mineralizácie na SV od Magurky v Nízkych Tatrách. Mineralia Slovaca, 32, 6,497 – 506 ; Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Makovicky, E., Pršek, J., Ozdín, D., Putz, H., Dittrich, H. & Karup-Møller, S. (2012): Chovanite, Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2), a new sulphosalt species from the Low Tatra Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 727-740.
    Bakoš, F., Chovan, M., Michálek, J., 2000 : Minerálne zloženie hydrotermálnej Sb, Cu, Pb, Zn, As mineralizácie na SV od Magurky v Nízkych Tatrách. Mineralia Slovaca, 32, 6,497 – 506
        • Partizánska Lupča
    No reference listed
    Pauliš, P., Ďuďa, R.: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Slovenska. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2002, s. 41 - 42. ; Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Makovicky, E., Pršek, J., Ozdín, D., Putz, H., Dittrich, H. & Karup-Møller, S. (2012): Chovanite, Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2), a new sulphosalt species from the Low Tatra Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 727-740.
    Spain
     
    • Catalonia
      • Girona (Gerona)
        • Ripollès
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Calanda
        • Taminser Calanda
    Bächtiger K. (1986): Der alte Goldbergbau an der «Goldenen Sonne» am Calanda bei Chur. Bergknappe 38, 2-14.
    UK
     
    • Wales
      • Conwy (Gwynedd; Caernarvonshire)
        • Deganwy
    BMS Database
    USA
     
    • Idaho
    Jambor (1967a) Can. Min. 9, 7-24
    • Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Iron Point District
          • Valmy
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lander Co.
        • McCoy District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Pershing Co.
        • Antelope District
          • Lovelock
    BERRY, L.G., FAHEY, J.J. & BAILEY, E.H. (1952): Robinsonite, a new lead antimony sulfide. American Mineralogist 37, 438-446.
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